14. Islamophobia

We Stand With You

“A  strong democracy 

requires a majority

that stands up for the

minority, refusing

to remain silent when

others fuel the fires

of division and hatred.”

“We are appalled by the recent
escalation of demonizing attacks
against Arabs and Muslims. 
These are attacks on people we
are proud to call our neighbors,
colleagues, loved ones and fellow
citizens…[W]e know too well 
the price when others remain silent.
To our Arab and Muslim friends, we
say we 
stand with you.” Click here to
visit Jewish 
Voice for Peace’s
“Network Against Islamophobia.

For online, introductory information
on the origins, history, and beliefs
of Islam click here.

Read more about the term “Islamophobia”
[and the origins of the word] here.

Palestinian, American, Muslim, woman, poet,
Suheir Hammad: “First Writing Since”

Websites with Information about Islamophobia

Americans Against Islamophobia (Facebook group)

American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee
“Immigrant and Muslim Ban ToolKit”

American Civil Liberties Union
“Protecting the Religious Freedom of Muslims” https://www.aclu.org/protecting-religious-freedom-muslims

The American Muslim
(An extensive collection of resources:)

The Bridge Initiative
(“Based in Georgetown University’s Prince Alwaleed bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding, The Bridge Initiative is a multi-year research project that connects the academic study of Islamophobia with the public square”)

     Factsheet: Sharia
     Factsheet: Common Anti-Muslim Tropes
     Factsheet: Jihad
     Factsheet: Allahu Akbar
     Factsheet: Dawah

The Carter Center
"Countering the Islamophobia Industry: Toward More Effective Strategies,” May, 2018. [132 page, downloadable report (pdf)]

The Council of Islamic Organizations of Greater Chicago [CIOCG]
(An extensive collection of resources:)

Council on American-Islamic Relations [CAIR] (America's largest Muslim civil liberties advocacy organization)

Enough Coalition Against Islamophobia (Facebook group)

European Network Against Racism

Europeans Against Islamophobia (Facebook group)

Forum Against Islamophobia & Racism (“promoting a multi-faith, multi ethnic Britain”) http://www.fairuk.org/

Forum of European Muslim Youth and Student Organisations (FEMYSO) http://www.femyso.org/campaigns/fighting-islamophobia

Hate Hurts (Tracking Islamophobia and the communities affected by it. / “a special project of CAIR-AZ, to help highlight the global impact of bigotryhttp://hatehurts.net/

Interfaith Alliance (“protecting Faith and Freedom”)
Includes the booklet “What is the Truth About American Muslims? Questions and Answers” [downloadable pdf]
[Also available online at the website for First Amendment Center]

Islamophobia Is Racism: Resource for Teaching & Learning about anti-Muslim Racism in the United States. ["This syllabus reframes “Islamophobia” as “anti-Muslim racism” to more accurately reflect the intersection of race and religion as a reality of structural inequality and violence rooted in the longer history of US (and European) empire building. Conceptually, a focus on anti-Muslim racism is connected to an analysis of history and forms of dominance – from white supremacy, slavery and settler colonialism, to multiculturalism and the security logics of war and imperialism – that produce various forms of racial exclusion as well as incorporation into racist structures. Our primary focus is on the manifestation and impact of anti-Muslim racism in the United States.  At the same time, this syllabus insists on thinking about anti-Muslim racism as a global project that overlaps and intersects with the exclusion of other marginalized groups (e.g. Black, queer, Latinx, immigrant, indigenous, etc). It also connects the histories of various racial logics that reinforce one another, including anti-Muslim racism, anti-Black racism, anti-Latinx racism, anti-Arab racism, and anti-South Asian racism. By focusing on understanding Islamophobia as anti-Muslim racism, this syllabus challenges the idea that the problem is one of individual bias and that simply knowing more about Islam will necessarily lead to a decrease in anti-Muslim racism. Instead, it suggests that learning more about how structures of violence, inequality, and war have produced anti-Muslim racism and discrimination and its wide-ranging impact on everyday life is essential in order to challenge its assumptions, logics, and practices.” ]https://islamophobiaisracism.wordpress.com/

Islamophobia Research and Documentation Project (Center for Race and Gender, University of California, Berkeley) [CRG] (highlights research and projects that explore the maintenance and extension of existing power paradigms by bringing together academics, thinkers, practitioners and researchers from around the globe who engage, question and challenge the existing disparities in economic, political, social and cultural relations” / “Led by Dr. Hatem Bazian”) http://crg.berkeley.edu/content/islamophobia

Islamophobia.org [“A project of Council on American-Islamic Relatons (CAIR) Department to Monitor and Combat Islamophobia" / "While this site calls attention to the groups and individuals promoting Islamophobia in the United States, we hope users will find the materials developed to counter prejudice can be used to counter hate against other groups as well.”]

Islamophobia Today (e-newspaper) 

Islamophobia Watch  http://www.islamophobia-watch.com/

Jewish Voice for Peace: Network Against Islamophobia (NAI)
http://jewishvoiceforpeace.org/campaigns/standing-against-islamophobia  [Resources on Islamophobia & Anti-Arab Racism in the United States / FAQs on U.S. Islamophobia and Israel Politics (downloadable pdf) / Challenging Islamophobia: Jewish Scripture & TeachingsChallenging the Pamela Geller/American Freedom Defense Initiative (AFDI) Anti-Muslim Ads]

Jews Against Islamophobia

Joint CRG and CAIR report “Same Hate, New Target: Islamophobia and Its Impact in the United States, January 2009-December 2010,” June 23, 2011, is downloadable as a free pdf here.

Loon Watch

Muslim Advocates [“a national legal advocacy and educational organization (which acts to) counter anti-Muslim hate by challenging bigotry and hate crimes, empower communities by strengthening American Muslim charities and educating people about their legal rights, (and) fight discrimination with high impact lawsuits against those who wrongfully target American Muslims”]

The Muslim Vibe: Islamophobia News Stories https://themuslimvibe.com/muslim-current-affairs-news/islamophobia-news-stories

Southern Poverty Law Center [SPLC]: Field Guide to Anti-Muslim Extremists

Tell Mama: Measuring Anti-Muslim Attacks, Standing Against
Bigotry and Prejudice [UK]

In December 2007, over 2,000 American
Muslims were asked what they would wish
to say to the rest of the world. This is
what they said.

Suhaiymah Manzoor-Khan: “This Is
Not A Humanizing Poem” ● “This
will not be a ‘Muslims are like us’
poem.” ● “If you need me to prove
my humanity I’m not the one
who’s not human.”

• Educational Resources

From the American-Arab
Anti-Discrimination Committee [ADC]:

Political Cartoons & Stereotypes (Powerpoint Presentation)

Arab Stereotypes and American Educators

Arab American Students in Public Schools

Anti-Arab Discrimination: What Teachers Can Do

Facts About Islam

Lesson Plan: Anti-Arab Stereotypes, Discrimination, and Hate Crimes

Lesson Plan: Arab Culture and Society

How to Respond to Discrimination in Schools: Advice to Parents

From #IslamophobiaIsRacism:

Su’ad Abdul Khabeer, Arshad Ali, Evelyn Alsultany, Sohail Daulatzai, Lara Deeb, Carol Fadda, Zareena Grewal, Juliana Hammer, Nadine Naber, and Junaid Rana, “Islamophobia is Racism: Resource for Teaching & Learning about anti-Muslim Racism in the United States,” IslamophobiaIsRacism Syllabus, 2017.

From JVP Network Against Islamophobia:

Network Against Islamophobia Syllabus

Handouts for the NAI Workshops and Modules

NAI Updates in Response to the Current Moment

From The Carter Center:

"Countering the Islamophobia Industry,
Toward More Effective Strategies,” pdf, May, 2018.

From "The ADL Is Not an Ally"

Islamophobia/Anti-Muslim Racism & Anti-Arab Racism


"Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-MN) pushed back on an audience
member's "appalling" question about female genital
mutilation at the Muslim Caucus Education Collective’s
2019 Conference.” // Mehdi Hasan: "Most Muslims
born and brought up in the west - including, erm, me
- have been waiting our whole lives for a politician
who is Muslim to get elected and deliver an answer
like this to the ‘usual’ Qs. I felt like cheering as I
listened to @IlhanMN deliver this powerful riposte."

"This film is the 2010 recipient of
the Grand Prize award for
LinkTV's One Chicago, One
Nation film competition….
Central to the video is an
unapologetic poem, a response
to injustices directed against the
Muslim community that reflect
both the absurdity and dangers
of racially-motivated fears. "1700%”
refers to the rate of increase in
hate crimes committed against
people perceived as Muslim or
Arab after 9/11."

• Articles about Islamophobia


Abbas, Tahir. "Gary Jones has told the truth about the British media's Islamophobic reporting. The newly appointed editor of the Daily Express offered an honest account about his own paper's culpability in spreading hate and bigotry against Muslims. Other editors should follow suit,” Middle East Eye, April 26, 2018.

Abbas, Tahir. “Islamophobia and radicalisation in an age of disinformation. We are experiencing the hyper-normalisation of Islamophobia and radicalisation yet we are no closer to fixing either,” Middle East Eye, December 27, 2017.

Abdelaziz, Rowaida. "Over Two-Thirds Of Muslim Americans Have Faced Islamophobia, New Survey Finds. An overwhelming 94% of respondents said Islamophobia affects their emotional and mental well-being,” Huffington Post, October 1, 2021. 

Abdelaziz, Rowaida. "Trump's Travel Ban Forever Changed the Lives of Muslims Around the World. A HuffPost investigation found hundreds of immigration cases where the ban irrevocably affected life--and death,” Huffington Post, January 26, 2022.

Abdelaziz, Rowaida, Akbar Shahid Ahmed, and Nick Robins-Early. "Islamophobia Is A Global Crisis — And It’s Time We View It That Way. The attack in New Zealand shows the problem is only getting worse, as anti-Muslim rhetoric has emboldened extremists across the globe,” Huffington Post, March 17, 2019.

Abdo, Alex. “How the NSA Got Away with Spying on American–Muslim Civil Rights Activists," ACLU [blog], July 11, 2014.

Su’ad Abdul Khabeer, Arshad Ali, Evelyn Alsultany, Sohail Daulatzai, Lara Deeb, Carol Fadda, Zareena Grewal, Juliana Hammer, Nadine Naber, and Junaid Rana, “Islamohobia is Racism: Resource for Teaching & Learning about anti-Muslim Racism in the United States,” IslamophobiaIsRacism Syllabus, 2017.

Abiade, Kalia. “Liberal Islamophobia Reader: A DNC Companion,” Imagine 2050, July 28, 2016.

Abraham, Yvonne. Ending the Muslim ban is just a start. Lifting the ban will change lives, and save them. But some of its damage can never be undone,” Boston Globe, January 27, 2021. [Excerpt: "Lifting the ban will change lives, and save them. But here, as with so many Trumpist abominations, it will take a great deal more than an executive order and good intentions to undo the damage done. Nor does ending the ban deal with the intolerance that made it possible in the first place.”] 

AbuKhalil, As’ad. “The Legacies and Fallacies of Bernard Lewis,” Consortium News, June 29, 2018.

Abulhawa, Susan. “Ayaan Hirsi Ali: Another book perpetuating the logic of hate," Middle East Eye, April 13, 2015.

Abu-Lughod, Lila. “Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving? Anthropological Reflections on Cultural Relativism and Its Others,” American Anthropologist, Vol. 104, No. 3, September, 2002. [Excerpt: "This article explores the ethics of the current "War on Terrorism,   asking whether anthropology, the discipline devoted to understanding  and dealing with cultural difference, can provide us with critical  purchase on the justifications made for American intervention in Afghanistan in terms of liberating, or saving, Afghan women.”]

Abunimah, Ali. “Geert Wilders’ Dutch anti-Muslim party forced to reveal US donor," Electronic Intifada, September 29, 2015. [Donor is David Horowitz]

Abunimah, Ali. “Islamophobia bankroller behind organizer of Israel junket for US “Muslim leaders,” The Electronic Intifada, January 4, 2015. ["Internal Revenue Service filings show that the Jerusalem-based Shalom Hartman Institute has received generous funding from the Russell Berrie Foundation in recent years. This foundation was named in the 2011 Center for American Progress report “Fear, Inc.: The Roots of the Islamophobia Network in America” as one of the top seven donors to anti-Muslim hate groups in the United States. The Shalom Hartman Institute has received funding from other extremely Islamophobic donors as well. Major beneficiaries of the Russell Berrie Foundation include Steven Emerson’s Investigative Project on Terrorism and Daniel Pipes’ Middle East Forum. According to the Center for American Progress, Pipes and Emerson are members of a key group of prominent “misinformation experts” who “are primarily responsible for orchestrating the majority of anti-Islam messages polluting our national discourse today.”]

Abunimah, Ali.  Islamophobia, Zionism, and the Norway massacre: Anti-Defamation League Director Abraham Foxman condemned Breivik's ideology, but he is still an enabler of Islamophobia," Al-Jazeera English, August 2, 2011. [Excerpt: “...Foxman himself has done much to bestow credibility on extremists who have helped popularise the Islamophobic views he now condemns. And he did it all to shore up support for Israel. After Norway, Foxman may fear that the Islamophobic genie he helped unleash is out of control, and is a dangerous liability for him and for Israel.”] Also see excerpt in Adam Horowitz, "Norway attack reveals Israel's embrace of Islamophobia," Mondoweiss, August 2, 2011. 

Abunimah, Ali. Mitt Romney, Palestinian culture and white supremacism: responses worth reading," Electronic Intifada, August 2, 2012.

Abunimah, Ali. The struggle for Palestinian rights is incompatible with any form of racism or bigotry: a statement by Palestinians," Electronic Intifada, October 12, 2012.

Ackerman, Spencer. "Muslims inside FBI describe culture of suspicion and fear: 'It is cancer’; Said ‘Sam’ Barodi was fired after he refused to cooperate with customs agents who he believed were targeting him because of his ethnicity and religion. His and other accounts paint a stark picture of the bureau in the era of Trump,” Guardian [UK], March 22, 2017.

Ackerman, Spencer and Noah Shachtman, 'Institutional Failures' Led Military to Teach War on Islam," Wired, June 20, 2012.

ACLU. "Nothing to Fear: Debunking the Mythical "Sharia Threat" to Our Judicial System," May 17, 2011. [A downloadable report; pdf.]

Agence France-Presse. "FBI pressured Muslims into committing terrorist acts, then arrested them: report," July 21, 2014.

Agence France-Presse. “'Islamophobia' Fuelling Terrorism: UN Chief Antonio Guterres,” February 12, 2017.

Ahmed, Nafeez. Unworthy victims: Western wars have killed four million Muslims since 1990,” Middle East Eye, April 18, 2016.

Ahmed, Sophia. Muslimah Pride: We Reject Femens Islamophobic and Neo-Colonialist Crusade to Save Us," The Huffington Post [UK], September 6, 2013.

Ahmed, Tanzila. Islamophobia After San Bernardino: Fear Within the Muslim Community,” Truthout, December 27,2015.

Aked, Hilary. Is Notorious Islamophobic Think Tank Inspiring More Far-Right Terrorism? More worrying is the prestige that the Gatestone Institute seems to be able to flaunt along with its considerable resources," AlterNet, August 26, 2015.

Aked, Hilary. “UK anti-Muslim leaders embrace Israel,” Electronic Intifada, June 9, 2016.

Akhtar, Amani Sharmin. Muslims shouldn’t feel guilt-tripped into showcasing their humanity,” The Muslim Vibe, February 3, 2018.

Alarian, Riad. How Attempts to Humanize Muslims Often Do the Exact Opposite,” Muftah,  June 18, 2016.

Alawa, Laila. 50 Actual Facts That Challenge What You've Been Told About Muslims," PolicyMic, May 20, 2014.

Alessandrini, Anthony. “Guilty of being Muslim: A review of 'Entrapped,'" Mondoweiss, October 19, 2010.

Ali, Lorraine. “Exploiting fear of Muslims? The far right has nothing on liberal Hollywood,” Los Angeles Times, January 9, 2017.

Ali, Tariq. “The Perils of Islamophobia," video of address to British Socialst Workers Party, July 2010.

Ali, Wajahat. “Fighting the defamation of Muslim Americans: For the first time, the fear-mongering and hate-preaching of US Islamophobes – and their funding – have been exposed,” The Guardian [UK], August 26, 2011.

Ali, Wajahat. “Peter King's subversive fantasy: Most US terrorist plots have no Muslim connection, and many others are foiled with Muslim help, so what is this hearing for?” The Guardian [UK], March 11, 2011.

Ali, Wajahat. “Wade Michael Page: Islamophobia Unleashed," Tikkun Daily, August 15, 2012.

Ali, Wajahat, and Matthew Duss. “Understanding Sharia Law: Conservatives' Skewed Interpretation Needs Debunking," Center for American Progress, March 2011.

Ali, Wajahat, Eli Clifton, Matthew Duss, Lee Fang, Scott Keyes, and Faiz Shakir. “Fear Inc.: The Roots of Islamophobia Network in America," Center for American Progress, August 26, 2011. The report can be downloaded as a PDF here.

Ali, Zahir. “Islamophobia Did Not Start at Ground Zero,” The Root, September 7, 2010.

Allam, Hannah. “Muhammad Ali’s Muslim Faith Is Being Scrubbed From His Legacy“The Greatest” was one of America’s most famous Muslims, but you wouldn’t know that from his official social media accounts — and that’s a problem. “To ignore Muhammad Ali as a Muslim is to ignore Muhammad Ali as a man,”  BuzzFeed, July 8, 2017.

Allen, Bob. "Huckabee draws heat for anti-Islam remarks,” The Christian Century, February 21, 2011.

Allen, Dr. Chris, Dr. Arshas Isakjee, Özlem Ögtem Young. “Maybe we are hated": The experience and impact of anti-Muslim hate on British Muslim women," Institute of Applied Social Studies, School of Social Policy, University of Birmingham, 2013. The report can be downloaded as a PDF here.

Allon, Janet. “NYPD's Practice of Targeting Innocent Muslims to Become Informants Blasted by Civil Rights Lawyers, Petty crimes lead to biased questions like: 'Do you attend mosque?'" Alternet, May 12, 2014.

al-Malky, Rania. “Sisi's false narrative about the Islamist bogeyman. Egypt's president is blaming the Muslim Brotherhood and the 2011 uprising for everything that went wrong in Egypt since then,” Middle East Eye, October 29, 2019. 

Alnatour, Omar. “Muslims Are Not Terrorists: A Factual Look at Terrorism and Islam,” Huffington Post, [date is not clear … probably June 14, 2016].

American Civil Liberties Union. Protecting the Religious Freedom of Muslims," [news, blogs, legal docs, multimedia], 2011 to present.

American Civil Liberties Union. "Abdeen Jabara: Targeting Palestinian Activists," Tracked in America.

American-Arab Anti-Discrimiation Committee [ADC]. "ADC Condemns Racist Depiction of Arabs in New Film “Beirut,” April 3, 2018.

American-Arab Anti-Discrimiation Committee [ADC]. "Congressman Walsh: "Islam is a real threat": Republican Rep. Joe Walsh ― Xenophobe," August 9, 2012.

American Friends Service Committee. "Mixed Messages: How the media covers "violent extremism,” May 11, 2016. Report can be downloaded here.

Anderlini, Sanam Naraghi. "Exhibit A in How an Islamophobic Meme Can Spread Like Wildfire Across the Internet," AlterNet, January 2, 2013.

Ansari, Humayun. "Islamophobia rises in British society: Politicians and the media are still fueling Islamophobia, says Professor Humayun Ansari," Al Jazeera English, July 8, 2013.

Anti-Defamation League. "ADL Commends President Bush for Daniel Pipes Appointment to U.S. Institute of Peace,” press release, August 25, 2003.

Anti-Defamation League. "ADL Honors NYPD Intelligence Chief For Courage And Dedication,” press release, November 7, 2011. [Also see Associated Press: "AP’s Probe Into NYPD Intelligence Operations”] 

Anti-Defamation League. "Statement On Islamic Community Center Near Ground Zero,” press release, July 28, 2010. [“...we believe the City of New York would be better served if an alternative location could be found; also see Bulkin, Elly and Donna Nevel, "How the Anti-Defamation League Fuels Islamophobia: The ADL's anti-Arab, pro-Israel mindset has led the group to perpetuate an anti-Muslim worldview," AlterNet, February 1, 2013.

Apuzzo, Matt and Adam Goldman, "The NYPD Division of Un-American Activities; After 9/11, the NYPD built in effect its own CIA — and its Demographics Unit delved deeper into the lives of citizens than did the NSA," New York Magazine, August 25, 2013. [Also see Apuzzo, Matt and Adam Goldman. Enemies Within: Inside the NYPD's Secret Spying Unit and Bin Laden's Final Plot Against America, New York: Simon & Schuster, 2013.]

Arab American Action Network [AAAN]. "Endorsing a Demand for Unity and Accountability," [includes "Unity and Accountability in the Wake of the Wisconsin Gurudwara Shootings," by DRUM], August 9, 2012.

Arab American Institute. "Leadership or Pandering, Grading Our Elected Officials," 2010. ["(G)raded the responses of public officials to the campaign against a planned Muslim community center in lower Manhattan."] The report can be downloaded as a PDF here.

Arab American Institute. "Leadership or Pandering, Grading Our Elected Officials: attacks on Arab American and Muslim public servants,"  August 2, 2012. ["(T)akes a look at the unfounded attacks on American Muslim public servants by Re. Michele Bachman (R-MN) and cosigned by Representatives Trent Franks (R-AZ), Louie Gohmert (R-Texas), Tom Rooney (R-FL) and Lynn Westmoreland (R-GA)."] The report can be downloaded as a PDF here.

Arana, Gabriel. "Islamophobic Media Coverage Is Out Of Control. It Needs To Stop: As journalists, it is our duty to dispel myths and counter misinformation — not perpetuate them,” Huffington Post, November 19, 2015.

Armbruster, Ben. "Colbert Mocks Michele Bachman's Islamophobic Witchhunt," ThinkProgress, August 10, 2012.

Armbruster, Ben. "Fox News 'Liberal' Calls for Temporary Halt on Building Mosques in the U.S.," ThinkProgress, July 10, 2013.

Armstrong, Karen. "Balancing the Prophet,"  The Financial Times [UK], April 27, 2007.

Armstrong, Karen. [Excerpts from the interview with Karen Armstrong in the two hour documentary film "Muhammad: Legacy of a Prophet], broadcast on PBS, 2002.

Armstrong, Karen. "Islamophobia: We need to accept the 'other,'" The Globe and Mail [UK], March 26, 2012.

Karen Armstrong. "The Myth of Religious Violence: The popular belief that religion is the cause of the world’s bloodiest conflicts is central to our modern conviction that faith and politics should never mix. But the messy history of their separation suggests it was never so simple," The Guardian [UK], September 25, 2014.

Armstrong, Karen. "We cannot afford to maintain these ancient prejudices against Islam," [re. Pope Benedict XVI's remarks quoting the 14th-century Byzantine emperor Manuel II], The Guardian [UK], September 17, 2006.

Arnaut, Michael. "Editor’s Letter: Here’s Why Our April Issue Is Dedicated to All the Victims of Islamophobia,” Vogue Arabia, March 31, 2019. [Excerpt: "Our intention with this issue is to showcase that wearing a hijab or a headscarf is a personal and empowering choice, as illustrated by the supermodels, Olympic athletes, “don’t mess with them” politicians, and top businesswomen who we proudly feature on our pages this month. Leaders and achievers such as Ilhan Omar, Ghizlan Guenez, and Zahra Lari choose Vogue Arabia to share their struggles and battles but, most importantly, their stories of success and how they’ve shattered stereotypes by being the first hijabi woman in the US Congress, a top CEO, and the first Emirati figure skater to aim for Olympic gold.”]

Aslan, Reza. "Bill Maher Isn’t the Only One Who Misunderstands Religion," New York Times, October 8, 2014.

Associated Press. "American Muslims Condemn Boston Marathon Bombings," Boston Herald, April 16. 2013.

Associated Press. "Highlights of AP's Pulitzer Prize-winning probe into NYPD intelligence operations"  ["The AP also determined that police subjected entire neighborhoods to surveillance and scrutiny, often because of the ethnicity of the residents, not because of any accusations of crimes. Hundreds of mosques and Muslim groups were investigated and dozens were infiltrated. Many of these operations were built with help from the CIA, which is prohibited from spying on Americans…"]

Associated Press. "N.Y. mayor blasts anti-Islamic ads on city transit; Bill de Blasio says ads, which aim to 'tell the truth about Islam,' are 'outrageous and inflammatory'"  Haaretz, September 20, 2014.

Associated Press. "Security on agenda at churches, mosques amid heightened fears in the U.S.,” MLive, December 20, 2015.

Auston, Donna. "Mapping the Intersections of Islamophobia & #BlackLivesMatter: Unearthing Black Muslim Life & Activism in the Policing Crisis,” Sapelo Square, May 19, 2015.

Avaaz. "Who's afraid of Muslim Rage? Stop the Clash; Seven things you may have missed in the 'Rage:" Muslim rage or Salafist Strategy; Good reporting;" September 20, 2012.

Avnery, Uri. "Barak: A Villa in the Jungle,” Gush Shalom, July 7, 2002. ["One does not have to read the whole long interview with Ehud Barak, published in The New York Review of Books (June 13, 2002), in order to know that he is - well, not exactly an enlightened statesman. It is enough to read the following words of his: "They (the Palestinians, and especially Arafat) are the products of a culture in which to tell a lie…creates no dissonance. They don't suffer from the problem of telling lies that exists in Judeo-Christian culture. Truth is seen as an irrelevant category…The deputy director of the US Federal Bureau of Investigation told me that there are societies in which lie detector tests don't work, societies in which lies do not create cognitive dissonance (on which the tests are based).”]

Avnery, Uri. "The New Anti-Semitism: Is That Dr. Goebbels Laughing?" [re. Islamophobia], Counterpunch, July 30-32, 2011.

Awad, Abed. "The True Story of Sharia in American Courts," The Nation, July 2-9, 2012.

Aziz, Omer. "My secret debate with Sam Harris: A revealing 4-hour dialogue on Islam, racism & free-speech hypocrisy; When I wrote an essay critical of the famous atheist, he asked me to debate the issues. Now he refuses to air it,” Salon.com, March 7, 2016.

Aziz, Omer. "Sam Harris’ detestable crusade: How his latest anti-Islam tract reveals the bankruptcy of his ideas; Harris' haughty ignorance & chauvinism are on full display in his new book, a "dialogue" with a former radical,” Salon.com, December 27, 2015.

Aziz, Sami. "Is Black Panther Islamophobic?” Medium, February 19, 2017.

Bacon, Jesse. "Fighting Anti-Semitism with Islamophobia at Yale," MuzzleWatch, September 3, 2010.

Bacon, Jesse. "Salahi calls for a real understanding of Anti-Semitism and Islamophobia," MuzzleWatch, September 15, 2010.

Baig, Jalal. "The Rising Cost of Islamophobia: Muslims and Immigrants Increasingly Targeted in U.S.; Donald Trump's Islamophobic rhetoric intensifies surge of anti-Muslim hate crimes,” Salon, September 8, 2016.

Banks, Adelle M. "Florida pastor oversees Quran burning," USA Today, March 21, 2011.

Baroud, Ramzy. "It’s Not About Islam; It Never Was," CounterPunch, January 14, 2015.

Baroud, Ramzy. "The defining moment: My Gaza neighbor and insults to Islam," Al Arabiya , September 25, 2012.

Barrows-Friedman, Nora. "Bogus allegations of "anti-semitism" ceate real climate of fear for Arab, Muslim students in US," Electronic Intifada, August 8, 2012.

Barrows-Friedman, Nora. "Hate group places Islamophobic advertisements on San Francisco buses," Electronic Intifada, August 16, 2012.

Barrows-Friedman, Nora. "Islamophobia in the US is mainstream," [interview with Charlotte Silver], Electronic Intifada, June 28, 2013.

Barrows-Friedman, Nora. "US university lecturer's shocking hate speech against Arab, Muslim students condemned," Electronic Intifada, February 12, 2013.

Basu, Moni. "Rising anti-Islamic sentiment in America troubles Muslims," CNN, September 5, 2012.

Battah, Habib. "How a Barbara Walters Segment on the Afterlife Vilified Arabs and Muslims," AlterNet, August 14, 2012.

Bayoumi, Moustafa. "‘Why Do They Hate Us?’ It’s too easy to condemn the right’s populist attacks on Muslims—especially with so many left-wing atheists and liberal hawks joining the party," The Nation, April 6, 2015.

Bayoumi, Yara. "Trump’s Anti-Muslim Rhetoric Is Fueling More Islamophobic Incidents; “He is against minorities. He is against Islam. It’s not a message of unity, it’s a message of dividing the country and that is not what America is based on,” Huffington Post, June 20, 2016.

Bazian, Hatem. "America is becoming more Islamophobic!” HatemBazian.com [blog], January 21, 2016.

Bazian, Hatem. "Countering Islamophobia means ending the structural silencing of Muslim voices– including their critique of Israel,” Mondoweiss, March 22, 2017.

Bazian, Hatem. "Islamophobia and Women’s Hijab in Public Space!” HatemBazian.com, May 6, 2016.

Bazian, Hartem. “The Islamophobia Industry and the Demonization of Palestine: Implications for American Studies.” American Quarterly 2015, 67(4), 1057-1066. 

Bazian, Hatem. "Muslims Are Civil Society’s Prisoners!” HatemBazian.com [blog], December 16, 2015.

Bazian, Hatem. "Negotiating Alliances in the Age of Islamophobia: AJC’s [American Jewish Committee] Role in Anti-Muslim Discourses,” HatemBazian.com, December 1, 2016.

Beckett, Lois. "Anti-Muslim hate groups nearly triple in US since last year, report finds; Southern Poverty Law Center credited rise in racist and far-right groups to Donald Trump’s ‘incendiary rhetoric’ and his senior staff of ‘anti-Muslim ideologues,’ Guardian [UK], February 15, 2017.

Beinart, Peter. "The Right's Islamophobia Has Nothing to Do With National Security. Conservatives are finding new justifications for anti-Muslim sentiments—and embedding them more deeply in America’s political terrain,” The Atlantic, November 30, 2017.

Beinart, Peter. "The Sophisticated Bigotry of Bobby Jindal: The Louisiana governor wants Christians to stand apart from secular society, but condemns Muslims who do the same,” The Atlantic, January 29, 2015.

Beinart, Peter. "What if Trump or Carson Were Talking About Jews? American Jewish leaders cannot confront anti-Muslim bigotry in the presidential race because they will not confront anti-Muslim bigotry in their own ranks," Haaretz, September 22, 2015.

Bendery, Jennifer. "Keith Ellison: Michelle Bachman Thinks Muslims 'Are Evil,'" Huffington Post, July 19, 2012.

Benin, Joel. "The New McCarthyism: Policing Tought about the Middle East," Benin website, 2006.

Berger, Susan and Joseph Ruzich. "Islamic groups alarmed by suburban incidents: Gun fired at Morton Grove mosque, bottle thrown at Lombard school," Chicago Tribune, August 14, 2012.

Beydoun, Khaled. "African Slaves Were the 1st to Celebrate Ramadan in America,” The Root, July 3, 2014.

Beydoun, Khaled. “Between Indigence, Islamophobia, and Erasure: Poor and Muslim in “War on Terror America,” The Islamic Monthly, May 5, 2015.

Beydoun, Khaled. “Between Muslim and White: The Legal Construction of Arab American Identity,” 69 N.Y.U. Ann. Surv. Am. L. 29, 2013.

Beydoun, Khaled. "Donald Trump and electing Islamophobia: The word brand Trump is becoming synonymous with the expansion of racism and the incitement of Islamophobic violence,” Al Jazeera, March 13, 2016.

Beydoun, Khaled. "Donald Trump: The Islamophobia president; Trump rose to power with an Islamophobic campaign and Islamophobia now will become his official policy,” Al Jazeera, November 9, 2016.

Beydoun, Khaled. Islamophobia: Toward a Legal Definition and Framework,” Columbia Law Review Online, Vol. 116, 2017.

Beydoun, Khaled. "'Muslims Bans' and the (Re)Making of Political Islamophobia,” Social Science Research Network [SSRN], March 6, 2016.

Beydoun, Khaled. Rethinking Islamophobia: Islamophobia is far more than merely 'dread or hatred of Muslims', or 'fear or dislike' of the faith and its followers.” Al Jazeera, March 12, 2018.

Beydoun, Khaled. "The myth of the 'moderate Muslim’: Deconstructing the mythic "good versus bad" Muslim paradigm,” Al Jazeera, May 20, 2016. [Excerpt: "Like the "bad Muslim", the identity of "good Muslims" is inextricably tied to terrorism. Both characterisations are rooted in that common baseline, which gives rise to linear caricatures that overshadow representations of "good Muslims" as Olympians or scholars, victims of gruesome violence and even mayors of world-class cities. Societal understandings of "good Muslims" are just as narrow as its conception of the "bad Muslim" terrorist. The state's framing, particularly as it heavily invests into and expands its counter-radicalisation anti-terror programme, doesn't seek to dismantle this good versus bad Muslim binary - but is doubling down on it.”]

Beydoun, Khaled. "Why Ferguson is Our Issue: A Letter to Muslim America," The Islamic Monthly, November 27, 2014.

Bienkov, Adam. "Boris Johnson wrote that 'Islam is the problem' and defended Islamophobia as a 'natural reaction’,” Business Insider, August 6, 2018.

Bienkov, Adam, and Ben Gartside. "Conservative MP in Islamophobia row pictured with Apartheid-era South Africa flag in his office," Business Insider, July 13, 2018.

Blair, Olivia. "Rio 2016: US Muslim fencer 'doesn't feel safe' due to anti-Muslim sentiment in America: The New Jersey-born athlete is the first hijab-wearing Muslim woman to represent the US at the Olympics,” The Independent [UK], August 5, 2016.

Bleich, Erik, "Knowing Islamophobia when we see it: Islamophobia as a concrete and useable scientific concept can be the foundation for more informed debates," Al Jazeera English, November 17, 2012.

Blue, Miranda. "Brigitte Gabriel: Obama Grew Up 'Praying Just Like Osama Bin Laden Prayed,'" Right Wing Watch, February 10, 2015.

Blue, Miranda. "How The 'No-Go Zones' Myth Traveled From The Anti-Muslim Fringe To The Mouths Of GOP Politicians," Right Wing Watch, January 20, 2015.

Blue, Miranda. "Pamela Geller: 'Jihadi In The White House' Is 'The Most Dangerous Man In The World,"' Right Wing Watch, October 9, 2015.

Blue, Miranda. "Santorum Agrees With Carson: A 'Devout Muslim' Shouldn't Be Elected President," Right Wing Watch, September 23, 2015.

Blue, Miranda. "Steve King [R-Iowa]: There Is No Anti-Muslim Discrimination In America," Right Wing Watch, May 14, 2015.

Blue, Miranda. "Texas School Board Let Anti-Muslim Group Pressure Publishers To Rewrite Religion Textbooks," Right Wing Watch, December 18, 2014.

Blumberg, Antonia. "9/11 Families Launch Anti-Islamophobia Campaign For Anniversary Of Tragedy," Huffington Post, September 6, 2014.

Blumberg, Antonia. "A Brief History Of Donald Trump Stoking Islamophobia: With a series of casual retweets, the president has once again spread anti-Muslim sentiment,” Huffington Post,” November 29, 2017. 

Blumenthal, Max. "Anders Behring Breivik, a perfect product of the Axis of Islamophobia," MaxBlumenthal.com., July 23, 2011.

Blumenthal, Max. "Anti-Muslim Hate Rally Organizer to Teach 'Kabbalah of Love" at Jewish Federation Vegas Mega-Event," MaxBlumenthal.com, March 6, 2011.

Blumenthal, Max. "Exposing Anti-Islam Author Ayaan Hirsi Ali’s Latest Deception: One of America's most prominent Islam bashers has a long history of making things up," Alternet, March 26, 2015.

Blumenthal, Max. "The Great Islamophobic Crusade; Inside the Bizarre Cabal of Secretive Donors, Demagogic Bloggers, Pseudo-Scholars, European Neo-Fascists, Violent Israeli Settlers, and Republican Presidential Hopefuls Behind the Crusade," MaxBlumenthal.com, December 20, 2010. Made available here as a downloadable pdf booklet by American Muslims for Palestine (AMP).

Blumenthal, Max. "Hate Rally Organizer Karen Lugo Appointed to California Civil Rights Commission Advisory Committee," MaxBlumenthal.com, March 7, 2011.

Blumenthal, Max. "How Western Militarists Are Playing Into the Hands of ISIS: As ISIS calls to destroy the "grayzone" where co-existence thrives, politicians and pundits are giving them just what they want,” AlterNet, November 16, 2015.

Blumenthal, Max. "How Trump and His Hipster Right-Wing Allies Are Trying to Use Gay People as a Weapon Against Muslims: Pro-Trump provocateur Milo Yiannopolous exploited the Orlando massacre to paint Muslims and liberals as the greatest threat to gays,” AlterNet, June 18, 2016.

Blumenthal, Max. "Inside the strange Hollywood scam that spread chaos across the Middle East: A group of rightwing extremists aimed to destabilize post-Mubarak Egypt and roil US politicians. They got their wish," The Guardian [UK], September 13, 2012. 

Blumenthal, Max. Interview by Press TV: "GOP conducts Islamophobia campaign," March 31, 2011.

Blumenthal, Max. "The Sugar Mama of Anti-Muslim Hate," [re. Nina Rosenwald], The Nation, July 2-9, 2012.

Blumenthal, Max and Julia Carmel. "Flush With Cash, Right-Wing Extremists Train the Future Zealots of Pro-Israel Campus Activism. McCarthyist tactics meet Internet technology," AlterNet, October 2, 2015.

Bobic, Igor. "Lindsey Graham Says Charleston Shooting Reminded Him Of 'Mideast Hate,’” HuffingtonPost.com, June 24, 2015.

Bobic, Igor. "Trump Supporter Cites Japanese Internment As ‘Precedent’ For Muslim Registry,” HuffingtonPost.com, November 17, 2016.

Botwin, Naftali. "Zioness Founder [Amanda Berman] Peddled Islamophobia Prior To Group's Founding,” The Jewish Worker, March 28, 2018.

Branch, Chris. "State Rep. John Bennett Stands By Anti-Islam Comments: 'Islam Is Not Even A Religion,’ HuffingtonPost.com, September 22, 2014.

Brewer, Brent. "Orientalism as an Issue in the Media and Beyond,” Chicago Monitor, July 9, 2019.

The Bridge Initiative. "Danger & Dialogue: American Catholic Public Opinion and Portrayals of Islam,” September 12, 2016.

The Bridge Initiative. "Islamophobia in the 2016 Elections,” April 25, 2015. ["This piece was originally published on April 25, 2015. The candidates statements are updated frequently, and the introduction was updated in January 2016.”]

The Bridge Initiative. "Islamophobia: The Right Word for a Real Problem,” April 26, 2015. 

The Bridge Initiative. "When Islamophobia Turns Violent: The 2016 U.S. Presidential Elections: A Special Report,” May 2, 2016.

Brody, David. "Brody File Exclusive: Donald Trump Says Something in Koran Teaches a 'Very Negative Vibe,’” CBN.com, April 12, 2011. 

Brown, Hayes. "Georgia Newspaper Column Calls on U.S. to Send Muslims 'Back to Their Native Land,'" ThinkProgress, July 1, 2013.

Bulkin, Elly and Donna Nevel. "Follow the Money: From Islamophobia to Israel Right or Wrong; The people bankrolling illegal Israeli expansionism in the occupied West Bank are the same people fomenting anti-Muslim sentiment in the U.S.," AlterNet, October 3, 2012.

Bulkin, Elly and Donna Nevel. "How the Anti-Defamation League Fuels Islamophobia: The ADL's anti-Arab, pro-Israel mindset has led the group to perpetuate an anti-Muslim worldview," AlterNet, February 1, 2013.

Bulkin, Elly and Donna Nevel. "How the Jewish Establishment's Litmus Test on Israel Fuels Anti-Muslim Bigotry: Islamophobic assumptions are at the core of the "good Muslim-bad Muslim" paradigm," AlterNet, September 7, 2012.

Bulkin, Elly and Donna Nevel. "How pro-Israel forces drove two virulent anti-Muslim campaigns," [The Campaign against the Islamic Society of Boston Cultural Center: 2002-2007/ The Campaign against the Khalil Gibran International Academy (KGIA): 2007-2010], Mondoweiss, September 22, 2013.

Burgess, Katherine. "Muslims name 37 groups that fuel Islamophobia," Washington Post, September 19, 2013.

Burke, Daniel. "The secret costs of Islamophobia; 'Muslims live in fear that they will be attacked. Americans live in fear that Muslims will attack them,’ CNN.com, September 29, 2016.

Burke III, Edmund. "Lessons from French Morocco: “Fanaticism Anxiety” about Muslims has been with us since the Colonial Era," JuanCole.com, October 2, 2014.

Burns, Mike. "Fox Isn't Paying Attention: Muslims Across The World Have Condemned Kenya Attack," Media Matters for America, September 24, 2013.

Burston, Bradley. "Islamophobia, Not Islam, Will be the End of Israel," Ha'aretz, August 21, 2012.

Cainkar, Louise. "No Longer Invisible: Arab and Muslim Exclusion After September 11," Middle East Report 224, Fall 2002 [re-posted on Electronic Intifada, December 23, 2002].

Cainkar, Louise. “Whose Homeland Security?” in Homeland Insecurity (Russell Sage Foundation, 2009), pp. 110 - 152. [Excerpt: "These two separate narratives about the impact of 9/11 on American society seem to mirror the American government’s concept of homeland security  after  the  attacks:  there  was  a  de  facto  and  often  de  jure  dichotomy between persons who symbolically lay within “the homeland” and whose safety and rights were being protected, and another group excluded from “the homeland” whose safety and rights were revocable. Arab and Muslim  Americans  and  the  immigrants  within  their  communities  perceived that they were symbolically placed outside the nation’s protective boundaries, that their rights and security were sacrificed so the rest of the nation could  feel  safer.”] 

Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East (CJPME). "Islamophobia in Canada,” CJPME Factsheet 192, April, 2015. [Downloadable pdf].

Carbonated.TV. "Republicans, Anti-Muslim Extremist To Launch Anti-Palestine Caucus,” April, 2017. [Anti-Muslim Extremist referred to in headline is Daniel Pipes]

Cavanaugh, Maureen and Peggy Pico. "Report Sheds Light On Anti-Muslim Bias Incidents In California," KPBS, July 6, 2015. ["Reports of discrimination against Muslims in California nearly doubled between 2013 and 2014, according to the latest report published by the Council on American-Islamic Relations, a civil rights and advocacy organization.”]

CBSNews.com. "Rick Santorum endorses Muslim profiling,” November 23, 2011.

Chait, Jonathan. "How Conservatives Explain Away Republican Islamophobia," New York Magazine, September 21, 2015.

Chambers, Bill. "2015 – Islamophobia Goes Mainstream in America; American Muslims Become the Presidential Primary Wedge Issue,” Chicago Monitor, December 28, 2015.

Chamseddine, Roqayah. "Hillary Clinton's Anti-Islamophobia Campaign Is Nothing but Veiled Opportunism; The Democratic frontrunner has praised George W. Bush for his post-9/11 response to Islamophobia,” AlterNet, December 26, 2015.

Chamseddine, Roqayah. "Nationwide ‘rally against Sharia law’ reflects violent surge of Islamophobia since Trump election,” Mondoweiss, June 15, 2017.

Chan, Melissa. "The Forgotten Stories of Muslims Who Saved Jewish People During the Holocaust,” Time, January 27, 2017. 

Chituk, Vlad. "American seculars are more okay with killing civilians than the global Muslim population is," NonProphetStatus.com, October 13, 2013.

Chotiner, Isaac. "Trump’s Fearmongering, Hate-Filled Speech on Orlando Is the Scariest Thing He’s Done Yet,” Slate, June 13, 2016.

Choudhury, Nusrat. "Biased Counterterrorism Trainings: Far More than One Bad Apple," ACLU Blog, October 7, 2011.

Choudhury, Nusrat. “Big Brother, Come Clean: The FBI is Misusing "Community Outreach" Programs for Intelligence Gathering," ACLU Blog, December 1, 2011.

Choudhury, Nusrat. “In Court Today: Challenging FBI Secrecy on Racial and Ethnic Profiling," ACLU Blog, July 23, 2013.

Choudhury, Nusrat. “Empirical Study Confirms That American Muslims Do Not Pose a Threat of "Homegrown Terror," ACLU Blog, February 8, 2012.

Choudhury, Nusrat. “FBI FOIA Docs Show Use of "Mosque Outreach" for Illegal Intel Gathering," ACLU Blog, March 27, 2012.

Choudhury, Nusrat. “The No-Fly List: Where the FBI Goes Fishing for Informants," ACLU Blog, September 27, 2013.

Choudhury, Nusrat. “Shhhh – What The FBI Doesn’t Want You to Know About its Racial Profiling Program," ACLU Blog, February 4, 2013.

Chung, Gabrielle. "Delta Fined $50,000 for Ordering Muslim Passengers Off Planes Despite Their Clearance to Fly. In two separate incidents during 2016, three Muslim passengers were removed from their respective flights,” People.com, January 24, 2020. 

Clark, Liat. “US media helped anti-Muslim bodies gain influence, distort Islam, " Wired UK, November 30, 2012.

Clemons, S.F. Eating Sandwiches with Ben Affleck and Three Strands of Islamophobia," The Islamic Monthly, October 10, 2014.

Clifton, Eli. “AIPAC Gave $60K to Architect of Trump’s Muslim Ban,” LobeLog, March 15, 2017.

Clifton, Eli. “Far-right birther’s secret funders: Look who’s backing Islamophobe Frank Gaffney. Exclusive: America's biggest defense and aerospace contractors are pouring thousands into Frank Gaffney's "work," Salon, October 1, 2014.

Clifton, Eli. The Jewish Communal Fund Invests in Islamophobia,” LobeLog Foreign Policy, December 15, 2015.

Clifton, Eli. “Meet An Islamophobia Network Funder: The Varet and Rosenwald Family," Think Progress, September 2, 2011.

Clifton, Eli. “Why Is a Mainstream Jewish Charity Funding Pamela Geller?” The Forward, November 21, 2015.

Cohn, Marjorie. "In Upholding Muslim Ban, the Supreme Court Ignored International Law,” Truthout, July 1, 2018.

Cohen, Dan. “Bill Maher, Bigtime Bigot: His Outrageous Statements About Islam and Muslims Are Beyond the Pale; How much longer will we continue to tolerate Islamophobes like Maher?” AlterNet, February 20, 2017.

Cohen, Mark, “Modern Myths of Muslim Anti-Semitism," in Moshe Ma'oz, ed., Muslim Attitudes to Jews and Israel: The Ambivalences of Rejection, Antagomnism, Tolerance and Cooperation, Sussex University Press, 2010. [This article (chapter one in the volume) can be read on-line, printed, or downloaded as a pdf file here.]

Cole, Juan. "Fox News and Right-Wing Radio Have Helped Racists Broadcast Islamophobic Vitriol to Millions; The dangerous propaganda being promoted by hate groups is putting American Muslims at risk," The Nation, July 9, 2015.

Cole, Juan. "How not to talk about Muslims after a Fringe Terrorist Group attacks,” Juancole.com, March 23, 2016.

Cole, Juan. "Is Lt.-Gen. Flynn Right that Islam is not a Religion?” Juancole.com, November 20, 2016.

Cole, Juan. "Muslims are no Different, or why Bill Maher's blood libel is Bigotry," Juancole.com, September 24, 2012.

Colson, Nicole. "Don't turn homophobia into Islamophobia,” SocialistWorker.org, June 13, 2016.

Colson, Nicole. "Two parties and two brands of Islamophobia: Millions are repulsed by Donald Trump's open bigotry--but the Democrats promote a different set of anti-Muslim stereotypes and scapegoating,” SocialistWorker.org, August 2, 2016.

Congress, Richard. "Don't let the Islamophobes take over atheism," Mondoweiss, July 6, 2013.

Considine, Craig. "Overcoming Historical Amnesia: Muslim Contributions to Civilization," Huffington Post, October 22, 2013.

Cook, Jonathan. "Guardian admits its cowardice over Paris,” Jonathan-Cook.net, November 23, 2015.

Cook, Jonathan. "A lesson from Brussels we refuse to learn,” Jonathan-Cook.net, March 24, 2016.

Cook, Stephen A., and Michael Brooks. "Bill Maher makes us dumber: How ignorance, fear and stupid pop-culture clichés shape Americans’ view of the Middle East; Americans used to be just ignorant about Muslims and the Middle East. Now we're also fearful, stupid and wrong,” Salon, March 26, 2017. 

Copsey, Professor Nigel, Dr. Janet Dack, Mark Littler, Dr. Matthew Feldman. "Anti-Muslim Hate Crime and the Far Right," Centre for Facist, Anti-Facist and Post Fascist Studies, Teesside Univeristy, June, 2013. This report is available as downloadable pdf here.

Cordell, Anya. "Islamophobia; Why Care or Take a Stand? ” Huffington Post, February 8, 2016. 

Council on American-Islamic Relations [CAIR]. "2014 Election Report" [on Islamophobia in the 2014 midterm election], March 31, 2015.

Council on American-Islamic Relations [CAIR]. CAIR Islamophobia Report [2021]: Islamophobia in the Mainstream,”  January 11, 2022. [Excerpt: "Contrary to popular opinion, these Islamophobic groups are not in the margins. They are fed millions of dollars to spread misinormation about Muslims and Islam, support anti-Muslim policies like the Muslim Ban using legal tools, and Lobby Special Interest Hate Groups. The first section o the report details which oundations and charitable institutions have unneled money into Islamophobia Network groups between 2017-2019. In addition, we document which groups have received these unds and how that money impacts American-Muslims.”]

Council on American-Islamic Relations [CAIR]. "CAIR Islamophobia Report: Same Hate, New Target," June 23, 2011. The report can be downloaded as a PDF here.

Council on American-Islamic Relations [CAIR]. "Hijacked by Hate: American Philanthropy and the Islamophobia Network,” June 19, 2019. [Excerpt: “CAIR's Islamophobia report Hijacked by Hate maps the flow of funding from charitable organizations to anti-Muslim special interest groups, and their destructive impact on public life. Hijacked by Hate finds that the Islamophobia Network has been drawing upon mainstream American philanthropic institutions for financial and political support for years. CAIR researchers have found 1,096 organizations responsible for funding 39 groups in the Islamophobia Network between 2014 and 2016. The report also reveals the total revenue capacity of the Islamophobia Network during this period to reach at least $1.5 billion. This money has been channeled into politics, media, law enforcement, educational institutions, lobbying groups, and a whole assortment of industries to advance anti-Muslim and anti-Islam animus in America.”]

Council on American-Islamic Relations [CAIR]. "Islamophobia Network Funded with $119 Million 2008 to 2011," press release, September 19, 2013.

Council on American-Islamic Relations [CAIR]. “Islamophobia and the Trump Team,” October 12, 2017.

Council on American-Islamic Relations [CAIR]. "Islamophobia Brief: Anti-Islam Legislation in 2013," September, 2014. A supplement to the anti-Islam legislation section of Cair's "Legislating Fear: Islamophobia and its Impact in the United States 2011-2012,” the brief can be downloaded as a PDF here.

Council on American-Islamic Relations [CAIR]. "Legislating Fear: Islamophobia and Its Impact in the United States," September, 2013. The report can be downloaded as a PDF here.

Council on American-Islamic Relations [CAIR]. "Toxic Hate: American Muslim Experiences of Violent Backlash Since Late August 2014," August 7. 2015. 

Coutts, Sharona. "On Muslims, No One at State of the Union Can Bring Themselves to Cheer," RH Reality Check, January 21, 2015.

Creighton, Matthew and Amaney Jamal. "How it Became Acceptable to Publicly Reveal Bias Against Muslims in America," The Huffington Post, April 14, 2011.

Currier, Cora.  “Spies Among Us: How Community Outreach Programs to Muslims Blur Lines between Outreach and Intelligence,” The Intercept, January 21, 2015.

Curtis IV, Edward E. "Five myths about mosques in America," The Washington Post, August 29, 2010.

Curtis IV, Edward E. "For American Muslims, Everything Did Not Change After 9/11,” July 5, 2012.

Curtis IV, Edward E. "How anti-Muslim war makes US democracy impossible,” Mondoweiss, January 14, 2020. ["Since 9/11, the treatment of Muslims has exposed a rot at the core of American democracy, and that rot has been disturbingly bipartisan.”]

Dabashi, Hamid. "The liberal roots of Islamophobia. Today's worst Islamophobes are not hailing from the ranks of the far-right movement, instead they claim to be liberals,” Al Jazeera, March 3, 2017.

Daileda, Colin. "Hate crimes and hate speech: Islamophobia's rise in the U.S.," Mashable, February 17, 2015.

Daileda, Colin. "How do you grieve when surrounded by hate?” Mashable.com., January, 2016. ["Their daughters were murdered a year ago. Now one Muslim family wants to know…”]

Dandia, Asad. "Muslim Pro: How tech capitalism turns prayer data into profit. Equating normal religious practices with a propensity for violence has long driven state suspicion of Muslims, both domestically and abroad,” Middle East Eye, December 11, 2020. ["Given the centrality of capital as an engine in world-making, no critique of Islamophobia is complete without a critique of capitalist modernity and its attendant structures of violence."]

Danios. "All Terrorists are Muslims . . . Except the 94% that Aren't," Loonwatch, January 20, 2010.

Danios. "Fathima Bary Needs to Read Her Bible; Final Word on Islam and Apostasy," Loonwatch, September 28, 2009.

Danios. "Half of Europeans oppose headscarf, support crucifix in classrooms," Loonwatch, April 29, 2010.

Danios. "The Hamas Smear: How Islamophobes Use Six Degrees of Separation to Smear Muslims," Loonwatch, August 3, 2013. [Danios's law: "As a Muslim person becomes more prominent, the probability of anti-Muslim bigots linking that Muslim to Hamas* approaches 1."]

Danios. "Surveys Show Muslims in Every Country Less Likely to Justify Killing Civilians than Americans or Israelis," LoonWatch, August 7, 2011.

Danios. "The Understanding Jihad Series: Is Islam More Likely than Other Religions to Encourage Violence," LoonWatch, March 11, 2010.

Danios. "Warrior Prophet: Moses or Muhammad?" March 6, 2011. (For context see the introductory section of Danios, Is Islam More Likely than Other Religions to Encourage Violence, LoonWatch, March 11, 2010.)

Danios. "Why Do They Hate Us? They Don't," Loonwatch, April 26, 2012. [Re. Mona Eltahawy and Arab women: "while she tries to connect to them based on their gender, she attacks other aspects of their core identity: their race, nationality, religion, and culture.  In fact, her racist (and somewhat babbling) screed is nothing short of a vicious attack on their entire civilization."]

Davidson, Lawrence. "Islamophobia as a Form of Paranoid Politics," Logos Journal, Vol. 10, Issue 1, January, 2011.

Davidson, Lawrence. "Islamophobia on Wheels - An Analysis,"  To The Point Analysis [blog], April 17, 2015.

Deheeger, Michael. “Why Is Chicago’s Influential Jewish United Fund Still Silent on Bannon?” Crain’s Chicago Business, December 9, 2016.

Demaria, Ed. "Ben Carson Does Not Believe a Muslim Should Be President,” NBCNews.com, September 20, 2015.

Dibi, Tofik. "When we celebrate Muslims for opposing terrorism, we do them no favors: We are more than a sum of stereotypes. We're people,” The Washington Post, March 17, 2015.

Diouf, Sylviane A. "Muslims in America: A forgotten history. For more than 300 years, Muslims have influenced the story of the US – from the ‘founding fathers’ to blues music today,” Al Jazeera, February 10, 2021. 

Dunlea, Reed. "Reflections on the Muslim Ban on the Four-Year Anniversary. Nisrin Elamin was on a flight back to the U.S. from Sudan when Trump enacted the Muslim ban. She was detained and released, but it forever changed her perception of America’s immigration system, Rolling Stone, January 27, 2021.

Duss, Matthew. "Anti-Islam Zealots Undermine American Values," Center for American Values, September 14, 2012.

Duss, Matthew. "Women's Group [Concerned Women for America] Adopting Pro-Israel Agenda Has a History of Anti-Islam Activities," ThinkProgress, June 10, 2013.

Duss, Matthew, Yasmine Taeb, Ken Gude, Ken Sofer. "Fear, Inc. 2.0: The Islamophobia Network’s Efforts to Manufacture Hate in America," American Progress, February 11, 2015.

AAAN Trump

Would You Step in to Stop Islamophobia?
Video - ABC News [8:50]

69599566 10218837143736357 5550308764000714752 n

From Attire's Mind [9/4/2019]: "In six years of
posting Attire’s Mind I have never presented only
one post for a particular day. Today is an
exception, because what I see here is of such
moment. / Scotland has officially created a tartan
to honor its Muslim citizens. This is far more that
simply being a sop. This is a signal that they are
not only just a full part of Scotland now, but
family. Clans, as defined by tartans, are large
scale families, and the totality of them
encompass the family of the Scottish people.
/ I have, as most of us have, felt bereft and
sad about the darkening trend of our world.
Things like this make me smile, and make me
see that we are not finished, we are not
entirely trodden under. As long as I can
see such a fulsome acknowledgement of the
presence and value of a community of people
in our midst, I will continue to be hopeful. /
I hope the Muslim people of Scotland can wear
this tartan with pride. / Honestly, this is the
face of the growing global community, and
this is the face of the future of the Attire
Language. / Here are the meanings of the
various parts of the tartan you see here.
-Blue to represent the Scottish Flag
-Green to represent the color of Islam
-Five white lines running through the
pattern to represent the five pillars of Islam
-Six gold lines to represent the six articles
of faith
-Black square to represent the Holy Kabah
Scottish citizens photographed in the
Glasgow City Chambers"


Eaton, Joshua. "An Open Letter from the Buddhist Community on Islamophobia," July 31, 2012,

Edwards, David. "Former Fox News Pundit: ‘Fox Waging a Campaign’ to Link ‘Radical’ and ‘Islam,’” The Raw Story, April 28, 2013.

Edwards, David. "Geraldo Rivera: 'Childlike' Muslims need '100 years to evolve,'" The Raw Story, September 21, 2012.

Edwards, David. "Mosque arsonist tells court: 'I only know what I hear on Fox News,'" The Raw Story, December 20, 2012.

Elba, Mariam. "How Islamophobia Was Ingrained in America’s Legal System Long Before the War on Terror. An interview with Khaled Beydoun, author of the new book “American Islamophobia: Understanding the Roots and Rise of Fear,” The Intercept, May 6, 2018.

Elliott, Andrea. "The Man Behind the Anti-Shariah Movement," [re. David Yerushalmi], The New York Times, July 30, 2011.

Ellis, Stephen. "Tracking the malignant racism of B’nai Brith Canada. B’nai Brith Canada claims to be "dedicated to eradicating racism,” but the organization has been a leading instigator of Islamophobic hate for the last 20 years,” Mondoweiss, April 11, 2023.

Elmasry, Mohamad. "The Brussels attack and liberal Islamophobia,” Middle East Eye, March 22, 2016.

Elmir, Rana. "How Muslim women bear the brunt of Islamophobia: We’re treated as both villains and victims,” The Washington Post, September 16, 2016.

Elmir, Rana. "Stop asking me to condemn terrorists just because I’m Muslim: I have no reason to say sorry, and Islamophobes won't believe me anyway,” The Washington Post, December 28, 2015.

Elmasry, Mohamad. "Chapel Hill shooting and western media bigotry: The religious identity of violent perpetrators is only highlighted when they're Muslim," Al Jazeera English, February 11. 2015.

El-Rifai, Dina. "Why Dividing ‘Good Muslims’ from ‘Bad Muslims’ Is a Very Bad Idea,” Alternet, May 31, 2017.

Elsheikh, Elsadig and Basima Sisemore. "Islamophobia Through the Eyes of Muslims,” The Othering & Belonging Institute [University of California, Berkeley], September 29, 2021. 

Eltahir, Nafisa. "Muslim Americans Should Reject the Politics of Normalcy; Muslim Americans cannot prevent discrimination by trying to blend in,” The Atlantic, Sept 25, 2016

Emperor. "Bridgitte Gabriel Was Alligned with an Israeli Proxy Militia Guilty of Heinous War Crimes", Islamophobia Today, November 27, 2012.

Englehardt, Tom and John Feffer. "Conservatives are Still Fighting the Crusades — We Must Overcome Their Destructive Islamophobia," Tomdispatch, November 7, 2010.

Esposito, John L. "Islamophobia and American Muslims," video [11:56] of talk by Dr. Esposito at the Prince Alwaleed Center for Muslim—Christian Understanding, Georgetown University, 2011.  Also see the videos: "Charlie Rose: A Conversation with John Esposito and Dalia Mogahed," September 5, 2008; "John Esposito: Who Speaks for Islam?" [44:29] (interviewed by Sayyid M. Syeed, Secretary General of The Islamic Society of North America," Rumi Forum, 2011). Also see the radio interview: "Why Radical Islam Doesn’t Represent All Muslims," Dr John Esposito interviewed [18:13] by Alan Colmes on Fox News Radio, 

Esposito, John L, and Sheila B. Lalwani. "Bigotry and Islam: Bill O'Reilly's at It Again,"  Huffington Post, October 16, 2010.

Esposito, John L, and Sheila B. Lalwani. "The Reality of Islamophobia in America: Recent events and crime statistics don't support those denying the existence of an anti-Muslim backlash in the U.S.," Los Angeles Times," September 9, 2010.

EtShalom, Nava. "Romney's Jerusalem 'gaffe' illustrates the relationship between anti-Jewish sentiment and racism against Palestinians," Mondoweiss, August 1, 2012.

European Network Against Racism [ENAR]. "Interview with Djermana Seta on ENAR’s Forgotten Women project,” April 7, 2016. ["Djermana Seta, European research team coordinator for ENAR’s Forgotten Women project, tells us more about the project’s research phase.”]

European Network Against Racism [ENAR]. "Interview with Intissar Kherigi on ENAR’s Forgotten Women project,” March 11, 2016. [“Intissar Kherigi, ENAR Board member and member of the Forum of European Muslim Youth and Student Organisations (FEMYSO), tells us more about the Forgotten Women project, ENAR’s latest project aimed to document the disproportionate effect of Islamophobia on women and develop alliances between the anti-racism and feminist movements in order to better address the intersectional discrimination affecting Muslim women.”]

Fahrenthold, David A. and Jose A. DelReal. "‘Rabid’ dogs and closing mosques: Anti-Islam rhetoric grows in GOP," Washington Post, November 19, 2015.

Fake Ex-Muslims. http://www.fakeexmuslims.com/ ["Testimonies of ex Muslims who have embraced Christianity have become widespread on the television as well as on the internet. Some of these conversion stories may well be true, whilst most of them can easily be disproved. These false testimonies are being utilised as a means to indoctrinate the minds of non-Muslims with false information about Islam, with the main aim of generating a hatred towards Islam amongst the masses. This site will shed some light upon this subject with the main focus being on Ergun and Emir Caner.”] 

Faruqi, Saadia. "If a Muslim Dies in the Forest Does Anybody Hear?" Tikkun Daily, February 11, 2015.

Feffer, John. "Interview with Arthur Waskow [(rabbi and author who founded and directs the Shalom Center in Philadelphia) re. Islamophobia]," Foreign Policy in Focus, April 4, 2011.

Feffer, John. "Interview with Arun Kundnani [(British writer and human rights activist) re. Islamophobia],"  Foreign Policy in Focus, February 25, 2011.

Feffer, John. "Interview with Cynthia Schneider [(co-directs the Muslims on Screen and Television initiative and teaches courses in diplomacy and culture in the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University; former U.S. Ambassador to the Netherlands) re. Islamophobia]," Foreign Policy in Focus, March 25, 2011.

Feffer, John. "Interview with Farid Panjwani [(assistant professor at the Institute for the Study of Muslim Civilizations, London) re. Islamophobia]," Foreign Policy in Focus, March 21, 2011.

Feffer, John. "Interview with the Islamic Human Rights Commission [(Massoud Shadjareh is the chair and Arzu Merali the director of research of the IHRC in London, est. in 1997) re. Islamophobia]," Foreign Policy in Focus, February 11, 2011.

Feffer, John. "Interview with John Esposito [(professor of religion, international affairs, and Islamic studies at Georgetown University) re. Islamophobia]," Foreign Policy in Focus, January 27, 2011.

Feffer, John. "Interview with Juan Cole [(professor of history at the University of Michigan and the author of Engaging the Muslim World) re. Islamophobia]," Foreign Policy in Focus, February 4, 2011.

Feffer, John. "Interview with Phyllis Bennis [activist, analyst, and writer on Middle East and UN issues) re. Islamophobia]," Foreign policy in Focus, February 18, 2011.

Feffer, John. "Interview with Raed Jarrar and Niki Akhavan [(Raed Jarrar is an Iraqi-American blogger and political analyst based in Washington, DC; Niki Akhavan is an Iranian-American professor of media studies at Catholic University) re. Islamophobia]," Foreign Policy in Focus, March 4, 2011.

Feffer, John. "Interview with Wajahat Ali [(playwright, lawyer, political commentator) re. Islamophobia]," Foreign Policy in Focus, March 11, 2011.

Feffer, John. "The Lies of Islamophobia," Foreign Policy in Focus, November 7, 2010.

Feiffer, John "Running Against Islam," Foreign Policy in Focus, February 27, 2012.

Feld, Peter. "Why are liberal Zionists embracing Matti Friedman’s Islamophobia?" Mondoweiss, October 31, 2014.

Feldman, Noah. "A Lesson for Newt Gingrich: What Shariah Is (and Isn’t),” New York Times, July 15, 2016.

Fernandez, Belen. "Ayaan Hirsi Ali’s Islamophobia: A brand that sells. The Somali-born anti-Islam mouthpiece has praised Saudi Arabia's crown prince for his reforms - while out-Trumping Trump in her calls to ban Muslims,” Middle East Eye, December 15, 2017.

Ferner, Matt. "This Neo-Nazi Response To Donald Trump’s Anti-Muslim Plan Says It All: Sounds like he has their vote, “ Huffington Post, December 8, 2015.

Feroz, Emran. "Europe's First Report on Islamophobia Shows the Dangerous Climate Muslims Live In: This bigoty is closely linked with imperialist politics," Alternet, May 4, 2016.

Fink, Steven. "Fear Under Construction: Islamophobia Within American Christian Zionism,” Islamophobia Studies Journal 2(1), 26-6-43, 2014.

Fisher, Max. "Curt Schilling's tweet comparing Muslims to Nazis is even worse than it sounds," Vox, August 25, 2015.

Fisher, Max. "It's not just Ahmed Mohamed: anti-Muslim bigotry in America is out of control," Vox, September 16, 2015.

Fisher, Max. "It's not just Fox News: Islamophobia on cable news is out of control,” Vox, January 13, 2015.

Fischer, Max. "It's not just Trump: Islamophobia in America is spiraling out of control,” Vox, December 1, 2015.

Fisher, Max. "Stop asking Muslims to condemn terrorism. It's bigoted and Islamophobic," Vox, January 8, 2015.

Fisher, William. "Our New Double-Standard for Justice," The World According to Fisher [blog], January 7, 2013. Also at OpEdNews.com

Foran, Clare. "Donald Trump and the Rise of Anti-Muslim Violence; Research suggests that extreme political rhetoric can contribute to a spike in hate crimes,” The Atlantic, September 22, 2016.

Francois-Cerrah, Myriam. "Bill Maher’s horrible excuse: Why his defense of Islamophobia just doesn’t make any sense: For all his odes to liberal ideals, Maher's latest effort to demonize Muslims reveals a disturbing, illiberal truth," Salon, October 12, 2014.

Friedersdorf, Conor. "Islamophobia Is Not a Myth, Neither is the pattern of innocent Muslims suffering in the aftermath of terrorist attacks perpetrated by their radicalized co-religionists," The Atlantic, January 14, 2015.

Gallup. "Muslim Americans: A National Portrait; An indepth analysis of America's most diverse religious community," [report-downloadable pdf], 2009. [For Gallup information on Islam and Muslims see "Muslim Studies."]

Garabaldi. "2012: A Year of Islamophobia in Review," Loonwatch.com, January 2, 2013.

Garibaldi. "Jerusalem Councilman Aryeh King to Muslims: “Leave Israel,” Loonwatch.com, January 15, 2014.

Garabaldi. "When Neo-Cons And Liberals Unite: The Case of Anti-Muslim Crusader Ayaan Hirsi Ali," Loonwatch, April 12, 2014.

Garabaldi. "Zionism and Islamophobia: Initial Encounters with Islam and Muslims," Loonwatch.com, April 25, 2013.

Gardner, Dan. "The not so great Islamist menace," Ottawa Citizen, January 5, 2011.

Garrison, Greg. "Emerging church leader attacks Christian Islamophobia: Brian McLaren set to visit Birmingham," Alabama Today, September 10, 2014.

Garvey, Michael O. "ND Expert [Ebrahim Moosa]: Media must resist Islamophobia in wake of Chapel Hill murders," Notre Dame News, February 11, 2015.

Geddes, John. "Canadian anti-Muslim sentiment is rising, disturbing new poll reveals; Angus Reid survey reveals a land of intolerance," Maclean's, October 3, 2013.

German, Lindsey. "'Blame the Muslims': Islamophobia is fuelled by government and media,” Middle East Eye, February 11, 2015.

German, Mike. “Debunked NYPD Radicalization Report Just Won’t Die,” American Civil Liberties Union, February 11, 2013. [Excerpt: "Like a villain in a horror movie, the widely debunked concept of terrorist "radicalization" is once again raised from the grave by the Congressional Research Service (CRS) in its 2013 report, "American Jihadist Terrorism: Combating a Complex Threat."]

Gettys, Travis. "Angry dad doesn’t think daughter should have to learn about Islam because he was a Marine," Raw Story, November 24, 2014.

Gettys, Travis. "Conservatives reinvent Christopher Columbus as anti-Muslim crusader to excuse atrocities," Raw Story, October 15, 2014.

Ghabra, Omar. "The Cowardice of Bill Maher’s Anti-Muslim Bigotry: What is brave about expressing an opinion that’s already held by a plurality of Americans?" The Nation, October 23, 2014.

Gharib, Ali. "GOP Colorado State Senator On Banning Mosques: They're Not 'Places of Worship," ThinkProgress, July 6, 2012.

Gharib, Ali. "How AIPAC Mainstreams Anti-Muslim Hate: After withdrawing at the last minute in 2015, a twice-disgraced Islamophobe will be back at the pro-Israel group’s annual summit this year,” The Nation, March 8, 2016.

Gharib, Ali. "Islamophobic Group Clarion Fund Lends Film Footage for Viral Video Pushing Iran Attack,” Truthout, April 25, 2012. [Also (4/24/12): "Fox News Channel ran an uncritical segment promoting the viral videos, including interviews with Abramowitz and Gimpel and heavily featuring clips from “Iranium.”]

Gharib, Ali. “Muslim, American, and Intersectional: The Activism of Linda Sarsour,” American Civil Liberties Union, August 22, 2016.

Gharib, Ali. "Obama Should Stand With Ahmed—at His Mosque in Texas," The Nation, September 17, 2015.

Gharib, Ali. "Poll: Two-Thirds of Republicans, Tea Partiers and Fox News Viewers Think Islam Is Incompatible With American Values," ThinkProgress, September 6, 2011.

Gharib, Ali. "Right-Wing Christian Group [Family Research Council] Hires Islamophobic Retired General" [Gen. William "Jerry" Boykin], ThinkProgress, July 18, 2012.

Gharib, Ali. "Sen. Durbin: GOP Presidential Candidates 'At War With Islam,'" ThinkProgress, February 28, 2012.

Ghosh, Bobby. "Islamophobia: Does America Have a Muslim Problem? American Islamophobia: At least six mosque projects across the U.S., not just in New York, have faced biter opposition this year," Time Magazine, August 30. 2010.

Gilani, Jahan-Zaib H. "On eve of University of California honor, Bill Maher defends anti-Muslim hate speech in Vanity Fair interview," Mondoweiss, December 19, 2014.

Ginsberg, Terri. "It is dangerous for US and Israel to blame religion for actions taken by Muslims and Arabs — El-Asmar," Mondoweiss, October 19, 2012.

Giraldi, Philip. "Why We Hate Them: Arabs in Western Eyes, A new PBS documentary reveals how films and other media have shaped an anti-Muslim narrative," The American Conservative, January 2, 2013.

Gladstone, Benjamin. "All Jews Should Register as Muslims: Because We Know the Horrors Of Religious Registration All Too Well,” The Forward, November 15,

Glennon, Patrick. "The Never Ending Crusade: No Americans were killed on U.S. soil by Islamic extremists in 2011. Why Does Islamophobia persist?" In These Times, March 29, 2012.

Gold, Matea. "Bannon film outline warned U.S. could turn into ‘Islamic States of America,'" The Washington Post, Februry 3, 2017.

Goldberg, J.J. "Islamophobic Film and Its Jewish Backers," Jewish Daily Forward, February 2, 2012.

Goldman, Lisa. "'I am an Islamophobe,' boasts ex-director of Israel's press office. The man who once had sole authority to decide whether or not a journalist could work in Israel announces that he is an Islamophobe, thinks ‘Arabs lie,’” +972, May 31, 2018.

Goldstein, Joseph. "New York Police Recruit Muslims to Be Informers," New York Times, May 10, 2014. 

Goodman, Amy. "Reel Bad Arabs: How Hollywood Villifies a People," [interview with media critic Jack Shaheen, author of the book of the same title], Democracy Now, October 19, 2007.

Goodman, Amy, and Nermeen Shaikh. "Report Exposes the Funders and Pundits Spreading Islamophobia: A new study shows how anti-Muslim discriminatory policies hurt average Americans,” AlterNet, February 16, 2015. [Originally in Democaracy Now!; interview with Yasmine Taeb, Islamophobia project manager at the Center for American Progress, regarding the report "Fear, Inc. 2.0, The Islamophobia Network’s Efforts to Manufacture Hate in America.”]

Gorski, Ashley. "Wrongly Legitimatizing NYPD Discrimination," ACLU Blog, February 25, 2014.

Gouveia, Alexandria. "Ilhan Omar: “To Me, the Hijab Means Power, Liberation, Beauty, and Resistance,” Vogue Arabia, March 28, 2019.

Graham, David A. "America's Autumn of Islamophobia: After a summer of advocating for religious freedom, U.S. conservatives suddenly shift to voicing troubling views about Muslims," The Atlantic, September 21, 2015. 

Green, David. "'A higher racism': The new justification for Islamophobia and pre-emptive violence," Mondoweiss, September 36, 2010.

Green, Emma. "The Objectification of Muslims in America: In the wake of terrorist attacks, the United States shows the worst of its everyday bigotry,” The Atlantic, November 22, 2015.

Green, Todd. "By any other name: Why the ‘travel ban’ really is a Muslim ban,” Religion News Service, July 2, 2018.

Green, Todd. "Is America Becoming More Islamophobic?" Huffington Post, June 26, 2015. ["Is America Islamophobic? Better yet, has America become more Islamophobic in the five years since the Park51 controversy? Much of the evidence points to a sobering answer. The Park51 controversy was the beginning of a new phase of anti-Muslim hostility that shows no signs of abating."]

Greeneye. "Spencer Distorts Egyptian Society; Spreads Interfaith Bigotry," LoonWatch, January 11, 2011. [Also see Danios, "Robert Spencer of JihadWatch Becomes Desperate Against LoonWatch," LoonWatch, November 20. 2010.]

Greenhouse, Linda. "The Supreme Court Upheld Trump’s Muslim Ban. Let’s Not Forget That. The decision offers a warning for the future,” New York Times, January 28, 2021. ["Why revisit that Supreme Court decision now, when the sorry episode that prompted it is over? The reason is that while the Muslim ban is gone, Trump v. Hawaii isn’t….It is worth revisiting, in other words, not as a window on the past, but as a warning about the future.”]

Greenwald, Glenn. "Canadian Government Says Free Speech is for Offending Muslims — Not Opposing Israel," The Intercept, May 11, 2015.

Greenwald, Glenn. "How Many Muslim Countries Has the U.S. Bombed Or Occupied Since 1980?" November 6, 2014.

Greenwald, Glenn. "The Key War on Terror Propaganda Tool: Only Western Victims are Acknowledged," The Intercept, April 24, 2015.

Greenwald, Glenn. "The omnipotence of Al Qaeda and meaninglessness of 'Terrorism,'" Salon, July 23, 2011.

Greenwald, Glenn, "The Racism that Fuels the 'War on Terror,'" Common Dreams, March 25, 2013.

Greenwald, Glenn, "Sam Harris, the New Atheists, and anti-Muslim animus," The Guardian, April 3, 2013.

Greenwald, Glenn, "Stop Exploiting LGBT Issues to Demonize Islam and Justify Anti-Muslim Policies,” The Intercept, June 13, 2016.

Greenwald, Glenn. "Terrorism: the most meaningless and manipulated word; The reluctance to apply the term "Terrorism" to Joseph Stack demonstrates how cynically it is used," Salon, February 19, 2010.

Greenwald, Glenn. "US media angrily marvels at the lack of Muslim gratitude: NBC News, along with a leading US Newspaper, insist that Egyptians should be grateful to the US for having 'freed' them,'" Guardian [UK], September 14, 2012.

Griffin, Drew and Kathleen Johnston. "'Ex-terrorist' rakes in homeland securtity bucks," [exposes Walid Shoebat], CNN.com, July 14, 2011.

Groch-Begley, Hannah. "Bribery, Money-Laundering, And Islamophobia: The Sheldon Adelson Story The Media Forgot," Media Matters, March 31, 2014.

Groch-Begley, Hannah. "Fox News Responds to London Attack with Islamophobia," Media Maters for America, May 23, 2013.

Haaretz. "Haim Saban: I'm Not Suggesting We Torture Muslims, but They Should Be Scrutinized. 'You want to be free and dead? I'd rather be not free and alive,' Israeli-American billionaire and Hillary Clinton supporter says in aftermath of Paris attacks,” November 19, 2015.

Haber, Jerry. "The Islamophobe Money Machine," The Magnes Zionist, August 26, 2011.

Haber, Jerry. "Islamophobia as the New Antisemitism," The Magnes Zionist, August 19, 2012.

Haider, Aleena. "Trump Appointees to the War on Muslims and Immigrants; Hearings for Key Posts Begin Today,” Chicago Monitor, January 10, 2017.

Halper, Katie. "46 examples of Muslim outrage about Paris shooting that Fox News can’t seem to find," Raw Story, January 8, 2015.

Halper, Katie. "What if a Muslim comic said about Jews what Joan Rivers said about Palestinians?" Raw Story, September 12, 2014.

Haltiwanger, John. "Young Trump supporters told they need to fight terrorism on college campuses by 'exposing Islam' because all Muslims are ‘radical’,” Business Insider, December 21, 2018.

Hammer, Juliane. "(Muslim) Women’s Bodies, Islamophobia, and American Politics,” Bulletin for the Study of Religion, Vol. 42, No. 1, February, 2013.

Harb, Ali. "Islamophobia, political divisions threaten Arab American identity. Some Arabs are developing religious identity that is overtaking their cultural and ethnic affiliation,” Middle East Eye, August 11, 2017. ["Most Arab Americans are Christian, while most Muslims are not Arab. More than a quarter of US Muslims are African American, according to Pew Research Center. James Zogby, president of the Arab American Institute, a Washington-based think tank, said the right wing’s attacks on Muslims and the effects of the Arab Spring, including a new wave of immigration, have unsettled Arab American identity."]

Harb, Ali. "Major donor pulls out of AIPAC conference after 'Islamophobic’ rant: Adam Milstein accused Rashida Tlaib and Ilhan Omar of being linked to the Muslim Brotherhood,” Middle East Eye, March 19, 2019.

Harb, Ali. "US Supreme Court hears case of Muslims put on No Fly list for refusing to spy. Lawyer representing Muslim men tells court his clients are entitled to monetary damages, which he argued would deter future abuse of religious rights,” Middle East Eye, October 6, 2020. ["More than 13 years ago, FBI agents walked into the store of Muhammad Tanvir, a legal permanent resident from Pakistan in New York, asking him to spy on the Muslim community. When he refused, he subsequently found himself on the federal government's No-Fly list.”]

Harfouch, Ali. "Reframing the notion of Islamophobia and reclaiming the Muslim narrative,” The Muslim Vibe, June 8, 2017. 

Harkinson, Josh. "The Dark History of the White House Aides Who Crafted Trump's "Muslim Ban”; Here's how Stephen Bannon and Stephen Miller have been boosters of Islamophobes and white nationalists,” Mother Jones, January 30, 2017.

Harkinson, Josh. "Trump Campaign CEO Was a Big Promoter of Anti-Muslim Extremists”; Before Trump hired him in August, Stephen Bannon hosted a daily radio show where many of his guests demonized Islam, September 15, 2016.

Harman, Danna. "Muslims demonstrate in Paris: 'I am not Charlie. But I am against killing'; Paris' Muslims gather outside of the kosher market attacked by terrorists, urging French Jews not to leave France for Israel: 'We are in this together,' Haaretz, Jan 13, 2015.

Hart, Peter. "Bill O'Reilly, Bill Maher and Islamophobia," Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting [FAIR], October 8, 2014.

Harrington, Craig. "Right-Wing Media Attack Ben Affleck For Challenging Islamophobia," Media Matters for America, October 7, 2014.

Hart, Peter. "Bill O'Reilly's Dangerous Islamophobia," Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting [FAIR], April 25, 2013.

Harvard, Sarah. "Confessions of a secret Muslim: For 12 years, I hid my true identity from friends. I escaped discrimination – but I began to hate myself," Salon, March 22, 2014.

Harwood, Matthew. "How phony fear of US jihadis obscures the real threat of far-right terror: From the surveillance of American Muslim communitiesto FBI-manufactured plots, US criminal justice system reveals an ugly prejudice," The Guardian [UK], July 10, 2013.

Hasan, Medhi. "Don’t Just Condemn the New Zealand Attacks — Politicians and Pundits Must Stop Their Anti-Muslim Rhetoric. Are we willing and able to stand up to Islamophobia on days when there are not brutal terrorist attacks on Muslims in mosques? Or only when we see it quoted from the online manifesto of a deranged mass murderer?” The Intercept, March 15, 2019.

Hasan, Mehdi. "Hiding Anti-Muslim Bigotry Behind 'Free Speech' Won't Work," Huffington Post [UK], November 19, 2014.

Hasan, Medhi. "How Do I Tell My Daughter That People Across Europe Fear Minorities Like Us?" Huffington Post UK, May 29, 2014.

Hasan, Medhi. "How Islamic is Islamic State? The conventional wisdom suggests a violent reading of the Quran is at the heart of Islamic State's political violence – but it's wrong," The New Statesman, March 10, 2015.

Hasan, Medhi. “Know your enemy: Terrorism, we know, is not the exclusive preserve or franchise of dark-skinned, bearded Muslims,” New Statesman, July 9, 2009.

Hasan, Medhi. "We musn't allow Muslims in public life to be silenced: Even in polite society, fear-mongering, negative stereotyping and abuse are now out of control - as I know from bitter experience," The Guardian [UK], July 8, 2012.

Hauser, Emily. "Muslim responses to extremism," In My Head,  August 6, 2010.

Hayden, Michael Edison. "Muslims 'absolutely' the group most victimized by global terrorism, researchers say,” ABC News, June 20, 2017.

Healy, Patrick, and Michael Barbaro. "Donald Trump Calls for Barring Muslims From Entering U.S.,” New York Times, December 7, 2015.

Hedges, Chris. "First They came for the Muslims," Truthdig, April 16, 2012.

Hedges, Chris. "The War Against Tolerance," Truthdig, February 11, 2008. [re. Walid Shoebat, Kamal Saleem and Zachariah Anani]

Herwees, Tasbeeh. "The Only Muslims Hollywood Likes Are The ‘Secular’ Ones,” July 6, 2017.

Hilal, Maha. "On Victim-Blaming in the War on Terror: Targeting Muslims 17 Years After 9/11,” Truthout, September 11, 2018.

Hilal, Maha. "Trump’s Year in Islamophobia,” Institute for Policy Studies, December 21, 2017.

Hill, Margari. "Islamophobia and Black American Muslims,” Huffington Post, December 6, 2017.

Hing, Julianne. "The Post-Boston Islamophobic Hate Crimes Have Begun,"  Colorlines.com, April 18, 2013.

Holpuch, Amanda, Ed Pilkington and Jared Goyette. "Muslims in Trump's America: realities of Islamophobic presidency begin to sink in; For many Muslim Americans, threats of violence and discriminatory policies under Trump’s administration signal a need for increased political engagement,” The Guardian [UK], November 17, 2016.

Horowitz, Adam. "New J Street spokesperson promoted GOP 'Palestinian culture of hate' comments in his last job," Mondoweiss, December 5, 2012.

Horowitz, Adam. "Norway attack reveals Israel’s embrace of Islamophobia,” Mondoweiss, August 2, 2011. [Excerpt from Ali Abunimah’s article "Islamophobia, Zionism and the Norway massacre. Anti-Defamation League director Abraham Foxman condemned Breivik’s ideology, but he is still an enabler of Islamophobia”]

Horowitz, Adam, "The reviews are in: 'Zero Dark Thirty makes me hate muslims," Mondoweiss, January 17, 2013.

Houshyar, Shima and Behzad Sarmadi. "A Fashionable Revolution: Veiling, Morality, and Consumer Culture in Iran," Ajam Media Collective, March 11, 2014.

Human Rights Watch. "“Shoot the Traitors” Discrimination Against Muslims under India’s New Citizenship Policy,” Report, April 9, 2020. 

Hume, David. "Heritage Foundation taunts Muslim woman," Daily Kos, June 16, 2014.

Hunter. "Republican candidate Jody Hice claims First Amendment doesn't apply to American Muslims," Daily Kos, June 23, 2014.

Hussain, Dilly. "The Criminalisation of Islam in The British Media," The Huffington Post [UK], March 12, 2014.

Hussain, Murtaza. "The Atlantic Ignores Muslim Intelectuals, Defines 'True Islam' as ISIS," The Intercept, February 20, 2015.

Hussain, Murtaza. "Muslims Accused of Plotting Violence Get Seven Times More Media Attention and Four Times Longer Sentences,” The Intercept, April 4, 2018.

Hussain, Murtaza. “New Wave of Hate Crimes Makes Muslim-Americans Fear for the Future,” The Intercept, July 6, 2016.

Hussain, Murtaza. “U.S. Military White Paper Describes Wearing Hijab as 'Passive Terrorism,'” Intercept.com, February 23, 2016.

Hutson, James. “The Founding Fathers and Islam, Library Papers Show Early Tolerance for Muslim Faith” Information Bulletin, Library of Congress, Vol. 61, No. 5, May 2002.

Iftikhar, Arsalan. "Donald Trump Has Never Stopped Lying About Muslims: Ranking the president’s 10 most egregious smears,” Huffington Post, Decemberr 11, 2017.

Iftikhar, Arsalan. "Islamophobia is Cool in America Today," The Islamic Monthly, September 18, 2015.

Ignatius, David. "Trump’s reckless, dangerous Islamophobia helps the Islamic State,” The Washington Post, June 13, 2016.

Interfaith Alliance and Religious Freedom Education Project/First Amendment Center. "What is the Truth About American Muslims? Questions and Answers," [pdf], September, 2012.

El Iraki, Ismaël. "A Letter To Jesse Hughes From A Fellow Bataclan Survivor,” Huffington Post, May 26, 2016.

Irshad, Ghazala. "How Anti-Muslim Sentiment Plays Out in Classrooms Across the US: Words are the most common weapon of bullies, but in the past month harassment in schools is increasingly manifesting in physical attacks and incidents are taking a psychological toll on some students,” The Guardian [UK], December 21, 2015.

Islamic Circle of North America. "Dispel the Fear, Stop the Hate, Stand Up to 'Islamophobia,'" [pdf], September 3, 2010.

IslamophobiaToday. "American [highschool] Team Wears Hijab to Support Captain," Islamophobia Today, April 23, 2012.

Islam, the Quran, and the Five Pillars All Without a Flamewar: Crash Course in World History #13  [12:53 / 2012] 

Follow this link to view the interactive story from Al Jazeera English: "Flying to Hajj: Follow the journey millions of Muslims make to reach Mecca for the annual pilgrimage"


James, Mike and Linda Dono. "'Islamophobia': U.S. cities face anti-Muslim backlash,” USA Today, March 24, 2016.

Jamshidi, Maryam. "Why You Must Stand with American Muslims Now More than Ever,” Muftah, November 16, 2016.

Al Jazeera. "Islamophobia surges amid a 'politics of fear’: Muslims and refugees are being "scapegoated and alienated" as attacks claimed by ISIL rise, Human Rights Watch says,” January 27, 2016. [See: "Human Rights Watch World Report 2016" (Events of 2015).]

Al Jazeera English. "Fighting Islamophobia with #MyJihad, American Muslims use social media to take back the word," December 14, 2012.

Jenkins, Jack. "Breaking down Trump’s shockingly Islamophobic response to a question about Islamophobia; It’s like he doesn’t even know what the word means,” ThinkProgress.org, October 10, 2016.

Jenkins, Jack. "The 2016 Election Is Making Islamophobia The Worst It Has Ever Been: It’s been an especially harrowing year to be Muslim in America,” ThinkProgress.org, August 12, 2016.

Jerusalem Post. "Exhibit honors Muslims for saving Jews from Shoah," April 20, 2013.

Jewish Telegraph Agency. "AIPAC paid $60,000 to group that peddles anti-Muslim conspiracy theories,” March 15, 2017.

Jewish Voice for Peace. "FAQS on U.S. Islamophobia & Israel Politics," October, 2014. [Downloadable pdf.]

Jewish Voice for Peace. "JVP Condemns New Wave of Islamophobic Ads," Press Release, March 11, 2013

Jewish Voice for Peace. "The Paris Murders and the Islamophobic Backlash," Press Release, January 13, 2015.

Jewish Voice for Peace. "Statement on the Murder of Three Young Muslims in North Carolina from the Network Against Islamophobia (NAI),"  February 11, 2015.

Jewish Voice for Peace—Chicago. “Defund Islamophobia: How the Jewish United Fund of Metropolitan Chicago Supports Anti-Muslim Hate Groups, March, 2017. Read and/or download a pdf of the report here. Excerpt: “Despite its stated commitment to “stand together to say ‘no’ to all forms of hate,” the Jewish United Fund/Jewish Federation of Metropolitan Chicago (JUF) funneled hundreds of thousands of dollars between the years 2011-2014 to groups the Southern Poverty Law Center labels “anti-Muslim fearmongers.” We demand the JUF make a firm, public commitment to never again contribute to these Islamophobic groups or to others that share their ideology.”

Jews Against Islamophobia Coalition [JAI]. "Geller Ads Promote Hate and Anti-Muslim Bigotry: JAI Coalition Calls for Repudiation of Islamophobia!"  December 17, 2012.

Jews Against Islamophobia Coalition [JAI]. "JAI Condemns JCRC’s [Jewish Community Relations Council] Support for Commissioner Ray Kelly," March 22, 2012.

Jews Against Islamophobia Coalition [JAI]. "Jewish Coalition Reaffirms Commitment to Challenging Islamophobia," April 15, 2013.

Jews Against Islamophobia Coalition [JAI]. "Jewish New Year Call for Justice for Muslim Community: 'Stop NYPD Surveillance!,'" September 2, 2013.

Jews Against Islamophobia Coalition [JAI]. "Rebecca Vilkomerson of JAI Condemns Geller’s Subway Ads," October 16, 2012.

Jews Against Islamophobia Coalition [JAI]. "SWC’s Museum of Tolerance UNU event demo," August 19, 2011.

Jilani, Zaid. At Least 13 States Have Introduced Bills Guarding Against Non-Existent Threat of Shari’a Law,” ThinkProgress, February 8, 2011.

Jilani, Zaid. "5 Ways Ayaan Hirsi Ali Has Attacked Islam and Smeared Muslims: Her entire career has been based on painting all Muslims with the same brush," AlterNet, March 31, 2015.

Jilani, Zaid. "GOP Candidates Are Frothing With Islamophobia — Will Any Major Democrats Stand Up Against It? Ted Cruz and Marco Rubio are using code words and collaborating with some of the biggest fearmongers and not paying a price," AlterNet, July 23, 2015.

Jilani, Zaid. "Gov. Bobby Jindal Is One of the Top Republican Islamophobes -- and Also a Religious ExtremistJindal may be against Islamic extremism, but his moves as a fervent Catholic promotes a religious agenda," AlterNet, January 19, 2015.

Jilani, Zaid. "Poll: American Muslims Are Worried About Their Safety — And Getting More Active in Their Communities,” The Intercept, March 21, 2017.

Jilani, Zaid. "Romney and Ryan Court Leaders of Anti-Muslim Hate Fest," AlternNet, September 16, 2012.

Johnson, Adam. "How Corporate Media Paved the Way for Trump’s Muslim Ban,” Fair, February 6, 2017.

Johnson, Adam. "U.S. Dropped 23,144 Bombs on Muslim-Majority Countries in 2015; Nobel Peace Prize-winner President Obama dropped a serious amount of ordnance last year,” AlterNet, January 10, 2016.

Johnson, Jake. "AIPAC Accused of 'Putting Rep. Omar's Life at Risk' With New Islamophobic Ads. "The language AIPAC uses in paid ads to smear and vilify Ilhan Omar is virtually identical to the language used in death threats she gets," said a spokesperson for the Minnesota Democrat,” Common Dreams, August 12, 2021.

Jones, Owen. "Charlie Hebdo: Norway didn’t give in to Islamophobia, nor should France: The Charlie Hebdo killers want to provoke anti-Islam sentiment among the public, just as Anders Breivik did. But France must resist," The Guardian [UK], January 8, 2015.

Jones, Owen. "Islamophobia - for Muslims, read Jews. And be shocked," The Independent [UK], July 13, 2013.

Jones, Owen. "Islamophobia plays right into the hands of Isis: Since the Paris attacks, anti-Muslim prejudice has grown, promoted by the media. That’s exactly what Islamic State wants,” The Guardian [UK], November 25, 2015.

Joseph, Suad and Benjamin D'Harlingue. "The Wall Street Journal's Muslims: Representing Islam in American Print News Media," Islamophobia Studies Journal, Center for Race and Gender, University of California, Berkeley, Spring 2012, Volume 1, Issue 1. The entire issue can be downloaded here.

Kaczynski, Andrew. "Is this the most embarrassing interview Fox News has ever done?" BuzzFeed, July 27, 2013. [Includes video; "Reza Aslan, a religious scholar with a Ph.D. in the sociology of religions from the University of California and author of the new book "Zealot: The Life and Times of Jesus of Nazareth," went on FoxNews.com's online show Spirited Debate to promote his book only to be prodded about why a Muslim would write a historical book about Jesus.”]

Kaczynski, Andrew. "On Twitter, Michael Flynn interacted with alt-right, made controversial comments on Muslims, shared fake news,” CNN, November 18, 2016.

Kampeas. Ron. "ADL Backtracks On ‘Islamophobic And Racist’ Canary Mission,” April 27, 2018. [“It was wrong to apply those labels to a group working, like us, to counter anti-Semitism on campus”]

Kane, Alex. "AIPAC givs its seal of approval to Islamophobe Steven Emerson," Mondoweiss, March 5, 2013.

Kane, Alex. "Anti-Defamation League exploits fear of Muslims to undermine anti-gay bill,” Mondoweiss, March 5, 2014.

Kane, Alex. "Anti-Muslim bigot Walid Shoebat, brought to you by U.S. taxpayers," Mondoweiss, May 16, 2011.

Kane, Alex. "Aubrey Chernick and the nexus of Islamophobia," Mondoweiss, December 20, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Author Deepa Kumar on the imperial roots of anti-Muslim sentiment," Mondoweiss, July 2, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Donald Trump is ready to bring Islamophobia into the White House,” Mondoweiss, November 17, 2016.

Kane, Alex. "FBI Pressures Muslims on No-Fly List to Become Informants in Exchange for Travel Rights: Muhammad Tanvir refused to spy on his Pakistani community, so he remains on the no-fly list, preventing him from seeing his ailing mother," AlterNet, October 4, 2013.

Kane, Alex. "Florida law enforcement comes under scrutiny for repeatedly using anti-Islam trainer," Mondoweiss, July 24, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Fraudsters: New report highlights how Islamophobes have no expertise in the religion they claim to know," Mondoweiss, September 20, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "GOP platform plank on sharia called 'smokescreen for anti-Islam sentiment," Mondoweiss, August 27, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Group responsible for Muslim grave desecration gives advice on bigotry to the White House," Mondoweiss, January 20, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "House Dems slam NYPD spy program as throwback to 'dark chapters' in US history," Mondoweiss, May 17, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "In leaked e-mail exchange, FBI officials says NYPD intelligence activities are 'felonious,'" Mondoweiss, September 6, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Informant's text messages shed new light on NYPD spy program targeting Muslims," Mondoweiss, May 25, 2013.

Kane, Alex. "An 'industry' built on hate: How the right-wing successfully brought anti-Muslim bigotry into the American mainstream," Mondoweiss, October 26, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Jewish Federation branch cancels Pamela Geller event after interfaith outcry," Mondoweiss, June 24, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Jewish groups denounce 'Museum of Tolerance' builder Simon Wiesenthal Center for support of Islamophobia," Mondoweiss, September 17, 2010.

Kane, Alex. "Jewish left continues to take on the Simon Wiesenthal Center," Mondoweiss, April 7, 2011.

Kane, Alex. "Jews Say No! and JVP condemn support for NYPD chief Ray Kelly," Mondoweiss, March 22, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Key members of the Congressional 'Islamophobia caucus' swept from Congress," Mondoweiss, November 7, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Legal fight continues against NYPD spying on Muslims: an interview with civil rights lawyer Jethro Eisenstein," Mondoweiss, May 3, 2013.

Kane, Alex. "Meet the American Hedge Fund Billionaire Who Could Start a 'Holy War' in the Middle East; Henry Swieca funds Temple Institute, an extremist group eyeing Islam's third holiest site," Alternet, December 18, 2013.

Kane, Alex. "Michael Bloomberg and New York’s Muslims: A Lesson in How Israel Courses through Jewish-Muslim Relations,” Mondoweiss, November 18, 2010. 

Kane, Alex. "Missouri mosque burning: Imam says 'tragedy' will not 'stop us,'" Mondoweiss, August 8, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Muslim community under siege: Groundbreaking report documents how NYPD surveillance chills free speech and activism," Mondoweiss, March 13, 2013.

Kane, Alex. "'The Nation' gets it right: New issue doesn't shy away from how Zionism fuels Islamophobia," June 19, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "New book explores intersection of Islamophobia and support for Israel," Mondoweiss, April 9, 2014.

Kane, Alex. "New Jersey Police were complicit in NYPD spying on Muslim communities," Mondoweiss, July 14, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "New York panel on Islamophobia talks U.S. empire, Zionism and how to fight back," Mondoweiss, December 6, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "New York state senator renews baseless attack on Brooklyn mosque, Mondoweiss, August 2, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "New York's Muslim community fights back against NYPD Islamophobia," Mondoweiss, February 6, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "The Norway massacre and the nexus of Islamophobia and right-wing Zionism," Mondoweiss, July 23, 2011.

Kane, Alex. "The NYPD's bigoted logic: Mosques are fronts for terrorism," Mondoweiss, August 28, 2013.

Kane, Alex. "Official rationale for NYPD spying falls apart with report that 'no leads' came from spying on Muslims," Mondoweiss, August 21, 2012.  [Also see Adam Goldman and Matt Apuzzo, "NYPD: Muslim Spying Led to No Leads, Terror Cases," Huffington Post, August 21, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Out with the old Islamophobe, in with the new: Texas Republican tapped to chair Homeland Security committee," Mondoweiss, December 4, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Pam Geller's view of civilizational clash with Islam finds a home in the GOP," Mondoweiss, September 27, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Pamela Geller's 9/11 gathering features speaker calling for Islam to be 'wiped out,'" Mondoweiss, October 2, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Pro-Israel Muslim-basher Adam Milstein at center of storm over funding of California student elections," Mondoweiss, July 3, 2014.

Kane, Alex. "Raking the Coals of Bigotry: How the NYPD's Surveillance Apparatus Targets Muslims: A new book details the story of how the Central Intelligence Agency worked with New York police to invade the private lives of Muslims," Alternet, November 6, 2013.

Kane, Alex. "Report: Daniel Pipes and David Horowitz gave money to anti-Muslim politician Geert Wilders," Mondoweiss, September 11, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Romney Campaign's Ugly Anti-Muslim Strategy to Win Cash and Votes," Alternet, August 22, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Senate report: 'Fusion centers' meant to combat terrorism found to spy on U.S. citizens," Mondoweiss, October 3, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Spy on mosques, stay away from synagogues: NYPD surveillance differs based on religion," Mondoweiss, September 12, 2013.

Kane, Alex. "Target Bay Ridge: The NYPD has burrowed deep into the heart of Brooklyn's Muslim community," Mondoweiss, September 5, 2013.

Kane, Alex. "'This is war propaganda, and you are the target'—latest anti-Muslim subway ads get another makeover," Mondoweiss, January 8, 2013.

Kane, Alex. "Unchallenged violence and intimidation, coming soon to a mosque near you," Mondoweiss, August 31, 2010.

Kane, Alex. "US military officers taught to target civilians and wage 'total war' on Islam," Mondoweiss, May 10, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Who funds Pamela Geller? In 2010, it was a former Israel Project board member," Mondoweiss, December 19, 2012.

Kane, Alex. "Why mainstream Jewish orgs haven't said a word against Peter King's anti-Muslim hearings," Mondoweiss, March 11, 2011.

Kane, Alex. "Young New York City Muslims speak out on how Islamophobia impacts daily life," Mondoweiss, August 15, 2013.

Kanji, Azeezah and S.K. Hussan. “The Problem with Liberal Opposition to Islamophobia,” ROAR Mazazine, Issue #5. ["Many progressives who claim to oppose Islamophobia actually uphold the security state’s framing of key issues, keeping its oppressive framework in place.”]

Kanjwal, Hafsa. "Islam Isn’t the Problem: American Muslims Should Be Questioning U.S. Policies That Have Led to Destabilization, Bloodshed in the Middle East; As a community we've internalized Islamophobia in a desperate attempt to prove we belong. We need a new approach,” AlterNet, December 17, 2015.

Katebi, Hoda. "Anti-Muslim Violence Is Being Perpetrated at the Highest Levels of Government,” Truthout, December 7, 2017.

Katebi, Hoda. "Please keep your American flags off my hijab,” Mondoweiss, January 25, 2017. [Also available in JooJoo Azad, January 23, 2017.]

Katebi, Hoda. "Police, Militarization, and Islamophobia: 4 Things to Remember,” Chicago Monitor, October 17, 2016.

Katebi, Hoda. "You Do Not Sound American": A Live Interview on WGN-TV,” JooJoo Azad, February 10, 2018. [JooJoo Azad is “Free Bird” in Farsi] 

Kaufman, Scott Eric. "Donald Trump defends Islamophobia: “People who knocked down the World Trade Center didn’t fly back to Sweden”; Trump endorsed the remark by a questioner in New Hampshire last week about Muslims being a problem in this country,” Salon, September 28, 2015.

Kaufman, Scott. "Rick Santorum slams Muslims: ‘You don’t see Baptist ministers going on jihad,’” Rawstory.com, September 28, 2014.

Kaur, Valarie, and Simran Jeet Singh. "Two Sikh American activists: Let’s retire ‘mistaken identity’,” OnFaith, August 10, 2012. 

Kay, Jeanne. "The Deep Colonial Roots of France’s Unveiling of Muslim Women: If the burkini is incompatible with fundamental French values, it is those fundamental values that have to change,” Foreign Policy in Focus, August 24, 2016.

Kaya-Uranli, Arzu. "Is Living with Islamophobia the New Normal for Muslims?" Patheos: altmuslim, March 25, 2015.

Kazem, Halima. "Funding Islamophobia: $206m went to promoting 'hatred' of American Muslims; Council on American-Islamic Relations and University of California Berkeley report names 74 groups they say contributed to Islamophobia in the US,” Guardian [UK], June 20, 2016.

Kazi, Nazia. "Teaching Against Islamophobia in the Age of Terror,” The Chronicle of Higher Education, September 18, 2016.

Kearns, Erin M, Allison Betus and Anthony Lemieux, "Yes, the media do underreport some terrorist attacks. Just not the ones most people think of,” The Washington Post, March 13, 2017. [(News media) "give drastically more coverage to attacks by Muslims, particularly foreign-born Muslims — even though those are far less common than other kinds of terrorist attacks.”]

Keel, Beverly. "Our treatment of Muslims is 21st-century disgrace," The Tennessean, November 2, 2014.

Kendzior, Sarah.  "The fallacy of the phrase, "the Muslim world": Western media reinforces stereotypes by reducing a complex set of causes to the rage into an amorphous mass," Al Jazeera [English], September 16, 2012.

Kessler, Glenn. "Trump’s outrageous claim that ‘thousands’ of New Jersey Muslims celebrated the 9/11 attacks,” The Washington Post [Fact Checker], November 22, 2015. ["This exchange demonstrates the folly of trying to fact-check Donald Trump.”]

Kestler-D'Amours, Jillian. "The End of the Bedouin: Israel's Plan to Uproot the Bedouin of the Negev," CounterPunch, August 2, 2012.

Keys, Scott. "After Deliberating for Three Minutes, Florida Senate Panel Approves Anti-Sharia Bill," ThinkProgress, February 29, 2012.

Keys, Scott. "Former Mitt Romney Staffer Revealed As Key Player Behind Nationwide Islamophobia Push,” AlterNet, August 30, 2011.

Khabeer, Su’ad Abdul. "The Peculiar Case of the Black American Islamophobe. What the black American Islamophobe needs to realize is that the anti-Muslim bias is not a means to full citizenship. It is just the newest boogey man deployed to distract us from demanding equitable change for all Americans,” Huffington Post, August 5, 2011.

Khalek, Rania. "Palestinian funerals are not 'Military Pageantry,'" Dispatches from the Underclass, November 21, 2012

Khalek, Rania. "Podcast: Growing anti-Muslim racism and hysteria in the United States," Dispatches from the Underclass, August 23, 2015. [Khahek interviews Imraan Siddiqi, chairman of the Arizona chapter of the Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR)]

Khalek, Rania. "When Hillary Clinton threw Arab and Muslim Americans under the bus,” Electronic Intifada, February 26, 2016.

Khan, Mariam. "Donald Trump National Security Adviser Mike Flynn Has Called Islam 'a Cancer,’ ABC News, November 18, 2016.

Khan, Muqtedar. "American Muslims should fight Islamophobia in 2016 elections," Al Jazeera America, April 18, 2015.

Khan, Muqtedar. "New Atheists and the Same Old Islamophobia," The Islamic Monthly, February 11, 2015.

Khan, Nashwa. “5 Hurtful Microaggressions I’ve Experienced as a Muslim in Feminist Spaces,” Everydayfeminism.com, May 3, 2016.

Khan, Nashwa. “6 Tips for Working in Solidarity with Muslim Women,” Everydayfeminism.com, July 18, 2014.

Khan, Nazir. "Forever on trial—Islam and the charge of violence,” Yaqeen Institute, November 16, 2016.

Khouri, Jamil. "Racial profiling presumes guilt," Chicago Sun-Times, August 20, 2013.

Kilgore, Ed. "Southern GOPer Says Only Christians Should be Protected by Constitution," AlterNet, June 24, 2014.

King, Dennis and Chip Berlet. “ADLgate,” Tikkun Magazine, July/August 1993. [“… police had raided the San Francisco and Los Angeles offices of the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith. The Anti-Defamation League (ADL), founded in 1913 as an organization to fight bigotry in America, and long considered a liberal defender of victims of oppression, was accused of acting like its worst enemies. It is now the focus of a mushrooming scandal which involves alleged possession of stolen police intelligence files and alleged spying on liberal social-action organizations."] 

Kishawi, Sami. "'How to tell your friends from the Japs' in TIME, 1941 vs. 'Turban Primer' in RedEye, 2012," Sixteen Minutes to Palestine, August 7, 2012. 

Kishawi, Sami. "Ohio State students mobilize after campus newspaper runs ad linking Muslim students to terrorism," Sixteen Minutes to Palestine, January 23, 2012.

Klein, Jacob. "Muslim Lives Matter: Double Standards and Islamophobia in Chapel Hill," Tikkun Daily, February 12, 2015.

Klein, Jeff. "Pro-Israel Extremists Have Campaigned against an Islamic Cultural Center Before," Mondoweiss, August 23, 2010.

Knedler, Susie. "For just $502.42 you can bash Muslims in Columbus," Mondoweiss, January 30, 2012.

Kokerov, Maya. "The Islamic Veil in Fanon’s Post-Colonial Psychoanalysis: a Changing Symbol,” MyGoddessComplex.com, July 3, 2019. ["In Franz Fanon’s Algeria Unveiled, the veil is a symbol of taboo for the coloniser who fetishizes it along with his sexualisation of the female Algerian body. It does not mean one, concrete thing because, experientially, it occupies multiple meanings within the woman’s identification. While it can be seen as a form of oppression, it simultaneously puts the Algerian woman in a position of power as she wields the veil as an object of identification with her culture and reverts the meaning placed on it by both Muslim practices, where it is an expression of religious modesty, and the French coloniser, who exoticizes it into a symbol of the Algerian patriarchy.”] 

Kolhatkar, Sonali. "Hypocrisy Abounds: Free Speech as Cover for Islamophobia," Truthdig [via CommonDreams], January 16, 2015.

Kolhatkar, Sonali. "Meet Some of America's Most Dangerous Islamophobes—You Might Be Shocked Who They Are. We've been here before: at war with a people overseas while “otherizing” their kin here," AlterNet, October 10, 2014.

Kolhatkar, Sonali. "The Rise of the New, Liberal Islamophobia," Truthdig, October 9, 2014.

Kotch, Alex. "America’s Biggest Christian Charity Funnels Tens of Millions to Hate Groups. The National Christian Foundation passed along $56 million from anonymous individuals to nearly two dozen anti-LGBT and anti-Muslim hate groups over the last three years on record,” Sludge, March 19, 2019.

Kotch, Alex. "EXPOSED: Major Charities Are Helping Anonymous Donors Fund Anti-Muslim Films. Four giant donor-advised funds gave the hate group Clarion Project $4.4 million from mid-2014 through 2017,” Sludge, March 6, 2019.

Kotch, Alex. "The GOP must be proud: When your party’s nominee is the darling of white supremacists; Racists are heavily lobbying to put Donald Trump in the White House — as the Republican Party looks the other way,” Salon, June 11, 2016. [“We don’t need Muslims,” he says. “We need smart, well-educated white people who will assimilate to our culture. Vote Trump.” (Jared Taylor)]

Kotch, Alex. "Top GOP Lawmakers Bankroll Candidate Who Said Islam Was the Work of Satan. Dozens of Republican members of Congress have donated to the campaign of Mark Harris, a far-right evangelical who hopes to represent N.C. in the House,” Sludge, November 5, 2018.

Kotch, Alex. "Who Funds PragerU’s Anti-Muslim Content? The right-wing educational website PragerU has published videos that discriminate against immigrants and Muslims. Sludge found out who’s funding them,” Sludge, December 27, 2018. [Spoiler alert: "deeply religious billionaires from Cisco, Texas.”]

Kristof, Nicholas D. "America's history of fear," The New York Times, September 4, 2010.

Kteily, Nour and Emile Bruneau. "Americans see Muslims as less than human. No wonder Ahmed was arrestedIn an experiment we ran, people saw Muslims as apes, or worse," The Washington Post, September 18, 2015.

Kundnani, Aruyn. "The FBI’s ‘Good Muslims; Community partnerships are seen as a softer counterterrorism. But who are the partners?,” The Nation, August 30, 2011.

Kumar, Deepa. “'The GOP's Muslim 'southern strategy,'" Mondoweiss, August 1, 2012.

Kumar, Deepa. "Imperialist feminism and liberalism: Colonial feminism is based on the appropriation of women’s rights in the service of empire and has been widely utilised in justifying aggression in the Middle East. But is it liberal?” openDemocracy, November 6, 2014.

Kumar, Deepa. "Islam and Islamophobia,” International Socialist Review, Issue 52, March-April 2007.

Kumar, Deepa. "Islamophobia: A Bipartisan Project; While Peter King’s hearings on Muslim “radicalization” were controversial, they draw on a long history of US policy that has demonized Islam, under Republicans and Democrats alike,” The Nation, July 2, 2012.

Kumar, Deepa. "It's Not Just Hate Crimes: Islamophobia Is the Outgrowth of a Deeply Racist System; We need to look beyond the individual and at the racist and militaristic structures of American society,” AlterNet, January 30, 2016.

Kumar, Deepa. “The Roots of Islamophobia: Donald Trump is no lone wolf. Islamophobia can be found across the political mainstream,” Jacobin Magazine, December 21, 2015.

Kumar, Deepa. "Terrorizing Muslims: A bipartisan project," Mondoweiss, July 4, 2012.

Kumar, Rashmee. "Marketing the Muslim Woman: Hijabs and Modest Fashion Are the New Corporate Trend in the Trump Era,” The Intercept, December 29, 2018. [Excerpt: "By selling modest clothing or spotlighting a hijabi in an ad campaign, the U.S. clothing industry is beckoning Muslim women to be its latest consumer niche. In order to tap into the multibillion-dollar potential of the U.S. Muslim consumer market, large retailers have positioned themselves as socially conscious havens for Muslims, operating on a profit motive rather than a moral imperative. / Many Muslim women, especially those who grew up post-9/11, may find inclusion as consumers to be a reprieve from everyday Islamophobia. However, the representations circulated by retail companies are reductive of Muslim-American identity. Certain Muslim women who conform to expectations of patriotism and consumption are granted visibility, while others, like black Muslim women, are erased from the narrative of Islam in America. Meanwhile, Muslims whose labor is exploited overseas are disappeared from corporate conscience.”]

Kundnani, Arun. "No NSA reform can fix the American Islamophobic surveillance complex: Muslim Americans likely make up the bulk of US domestic spy targets. This is what it's like for innocent citizens to live in fear," The Guardian [UK], March 28, 2014.

Kurzman, Charles. "Islamic Statements Against Terrorism," [includes links to many collections of Islamic statements against terrorism].

Kurzman, Charles. "Muslim-American Terrorism in the Decade Since 9/11," Triangle Center on Terrorism and Homeland Security," February 1, 2013. Available as a downloadable pdf here.

Kurzman, Charles. "Muslim-American Terrorism: Declining Further," Triangle Center on Terrorism and Homeland Security," February 1, 2013.        Available as a downloadable pdf here.

Kurzman, Charles. “Muslim-American Terrorism in 2013,” February 5, 2014. Available as a downloadable pdf here.

Kurzman, Charles, David Schanzer, Ebrahim Moosa. "Muslim American Terrorism Since 9/11: Why So Rare?" The Muslim World, July 2011. Available as a downloadable pdf here.

Kysia, Alison. "A People’s History of Muslims in the United States, What school textbooks and the media miss," Zinn Education Project, April 7, 2014.

Kysia, Alison. "What You Don't Know About the History of Muslims in the United States; Here's what school textbooks and the media miss,” AlterNet, December 23, 2015.

Lang, Nico. "This is what Islamophobia looks like," Nico Lang blog, WBEZ, April 22, 2013.

Lazare, Sarah. "Banner Bearing Arabic Message of Love Reported to Homeland Security and FBI; Officials in Lubbock, Texas, shut down traffic and called for an investigation in response to a publicly displayed banner,” AlterNet, February 16, 2016.

Lazare, Sarah. "Far-Right Trump Consultant to Be Honored Speaker at Illinois Police SWAT Training; Role of anti-Muslim pundit Sebastian Gorka in police conference is raising eyebrows,” AlterNet, September 23, 2016.

Lazare, Sarah. "How Islamophobia Spread Through the Media Is Emboldening Racist, Violent Extremists (VIDEO); Rising Islamophobia summons the ghosts of America's bloody past to justify permanent war abroad and an assault on freedom at home,” AlterNet, Februry 25, 2016.

Lazare, Sarah. "It Is Time to Notice That Horrible Mass Bombings Are Targeting Muslims; The attack on Prophet Muhammad's Mosque makes it abundantly clear that Muslim people and institutions are primary targets,” AlterNet, July 5, 2016.

Lazare, Sarah. "Israel Announces $26 Million Cyberattack on Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions Movement and Muslims in the West; In coordination with the Israeli tech industry, government unleashes a new spy and sabotage plan,” AlterNet, February 22, 2016.

Lazare, Sarah. "Meet the 'Islamic Reformer' Who Protested Obama’s Mosque Visit; Asra Nomani has defended NYPD spying on Muslims and Islamophobic rhetoric in the election cycle,” AlterNet, February 3, 2016.

Lazare, Sarah. "'New Atheist' Spokesperson Sam Harris Featured in Explicitly Anti-Muslim Hate Video; Far-right Clarion Project releases viral video based on Harris' dubious concept of radicalization,” AlterNet,  February 16, 2016.

Lazare, Sarah.  “Pro-Israel Group that Claims to Renounce ‘Hate” Has Been Quietly Funding Islamophobia Industry; The Jewish United Fund of Metropolitan Chicago has been channeling hundreds of thousands of dollars into the coffers of anti-Muslim groups,” AlterNet, March 23, 2017.

Lazare, Sarah. "Spying on Muslims Is OK, Reporting On It Is Not," Z Net Commentary, February 23, 2014.

Lazare, Sarah. "Texas Oil Billionaire Jumps on Board With Trump's Proposal to Ban Muslim Immigrants From the U.S.; T. Boone Pickens has become a fervent supporter of fellow billionaire Trump,” AlterNet, May 14, 2016.

Lazare, Sarah. "Too Little, Too Late? Obama to Make First Presidential Visit to American Mosque: Even George W. Bush visited a mosque months after his inauguration. What took Obama so long?” AlterNet, February 1, 2016.

Lazare, Sarah. "Trump's 'Ideological Screenings' of Muslims Are Already Here: The “Muslims Have Rights” campaign is using media and satire to call attention to institutionalized Islamophobia,” AlterNet, October 21, 2016.

Lazare, Sarah. "Why Can't the Clinton Campaign Stop Treating Muslim Americans Like Tools in the War on Terror? Bill Clinton's DNC address described Muslims as foreigners, welcome only to the extent that they assist in battle against terrorism,” AlterNet, July 27, 2016.

Lazare, Sarah. Why Some Are Calling Foul on a Muslim-Jewish Council Affiliated with a Pro-Israel Lobby Group? The American Jewish Committee that helped launch the effort has a track record of Islamophobia,” AlterNet, December 9, 2016.

Lazare, Sarah. "Why We Should Be Concerned When Clinton Says Muslims Are on the 'Front Lines' of the War on Terror; While all eyes are on Trump's open bigotry, the White House is advancing a "Countering Violent Extremism" plan that threatens the civil rights of Muslims,” AlterNet, October 20, 2016.

Lean, Nathan. "Ayaan Hirsi Ali: Neither A Critic of Islam, Nor A Champion of Women’s Rights," Huffington Post, April 18, 2014.

Lean, Nathan. "Dawkins, Harris, Hitchens: New Atheists flirt with Islamophobia," Salon, March 30, 2013.

Lean, Nathan. "Eleven Years Later, American Muslims Are the Victims," Washington Post, September 11, 2012.

Lean, Nathan. "Fox News’ war on Muslims: Roger Ailes, Bill O'Reilly and Sean Hannity have stoked Islamophobia -- and encouraged right-wing ignorance,” Salon, September 11, 2012. 

Lean, Nathan. "Hate Group Leader [Robert Spencer] Cited by Terrorist to Headline Catholic Homeschool Conference," Huffington Post, June 28, 2013.

Lean, Nathan. "Inside the Islamophobia Industry: A New Book by MAAS Student Nathan Lean,"  Al Qwal (a student run blog from the Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University), June 20, 2012.

Lean, Nathan. "The Islamophobia Industry Strikes in Kansas," Huffington Post, June 1, 2012.

Lean, Nathan. "Richard Dawkins does it again: New Atheism's Isamophobia problem; Richard Dawkins goes on another ignorant Twitter campaign. The ugly underbelly of his worldview is anti-Muslim hate," Salon, August 10, 2013.

Lean, Nathan. "Since 9/11, U.S. policy enforces Islamophobia," CNN, September 11, 2013.

Lean, Nathan. "Wall Street Journal Denies Existence of Islamophobia," Huffington Post, January 14, 2013.

Le Miere, Jason. "Majority of U.S. Muslims Now Support Gay Marriage, While White Evangelical Christians Remain Opposed,” Newsweek, May 1, 2018.

Leopold, Jason and Matthew Harwood. "Hacked Intel Email: NYPD Involved in 'Damn Right Felonious Activity,'" Truthout, September 4, 2012.

Lerner, Adam B. "Jindal won't back down on 'no-go zone’ comments,” Politico, January 21, 2015. ["Bobby Jindal refused to apologize Wednesday for calling certain areas in Europe “no-go zones” due to influence from fundamentalist Muslims.”]

Levine, Andrew. "Maufactured Hatred: The Politics of Islamophobia, " Counterpunch, January 29, 2013.

Levine, Daniel. "Michael Flynn & Islam: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know,” Heavy.com., November 18, 2016. [1. Flynn Is a Board Member of ACT For America, Which the Southern Poverty Law Center Considers the Largest Anti-Muslim Group in America/2. Flynn Said in August That Islam is a ‘Political Ideology’ Hiding Behind a Religion/ 3. Flyyn Wrote in His Book That Islamist Militants Will ‘Drink the Blood of Their Dying Enemies’/ 4. Flynn Said He’s Been at ‘War With Islam’ for the Past Decade/ 5. Flynn Wrote That the Muslim World is an ‘Epic Failure’ Compared the Western World]

Levine, Sam. "Donald Trump’s Pick For National Security Adviser Loves To Stoke Islamophobia; Michael Flynn has called Islam a “cancer,” Huffington Post, November 18, 2016.

Lewis, Bethan. "Schools urged to help tackle Islamophobia,” BBC News, January 15, 2018.

Lewis, Paul. "Daily Star reporter quits in protest at tabloid's 'anti-Muslim' coverage," The Guardian [UK], March 4, 2011.

Lewis, Renee. "In fight against Islamophobia, websites seek to dispel warped portrayals." Al Jazeera America, October 15, 2014. 

Lillian, Rabbi Rebecca. "Please Come to Malmö in the Springtime," Jewschool, October 2, 2012.

Lima, Cristiano. "Fox News Co-Hosts "Haven't Heard Of Any" Anti-Muslim Hate CrimesEric Bolling: "Are There A Lot Of A Hate Crimes Against Muslims In The United States, Because I Haven't Heard Of Any?
Media Matters, February 4, 2016.

Louati, Yasser. "Islamodiversion: How Sarkozy and France’s Political Class Outdo Trump, Exploiting Islamophobia to Distract from Economic Problems: Stoking fear of Muslims is a potent weapon for reactionary politicians,” AlterNet, October 11, 2016.

Luban, Daniel. "The New Anti-Semitism: Recent attacks on Islam in the United States echo old slurs against Jews,"  Tablet Magazine, August 19, 2010.

Lutz, Eric. "[U.S. Rep] Walsh: Muslims 'trying to kill Americans,'" Salon, August 9, 2012.

Mehdi Hasan [Muslim journalist and political editor of the Huffington Post UK] speaking at the Oxford Union: Islam is a Peaceful Religion

Ibn Rushd the Muslim philosopher who paved the way to the European Renaissance

Deepa Kumar - "Islamophobia and the Politics of Empire” / Deepa Kumar is an associate professor of media studies and Middle Eastern studies at Rutgers University; she is author of Islamophobia and the Politics of Empire (Haymarket Books, 2012)

 "Islam in Liberalism" featuring Professor Joseph Massad / "American anxieties about intolerance, misogyny, and tyranny are projected onto Islam are part of the broader history of European’s use of Islam as a foil in Western liberalism. Professor Massad presents a rich historical record of Christian and liberal discourses aimed at curing Muslims of their supposed illiberal ways…. Joseph Massad is a full professor at Columbia University where he teaches and writes about modern Arab politics and intellectual history.” [2018]


Magarik, Raphael. "Abe Foxman, Step Away from the Election," The Daily Beast (Open Zion),  July 31, 2012.

Maira, Sunaina. "Good” and “Bad” Muslim Citizens: Feminists, Terrorists, and U.S. Orientalisms,” Feminist Studies, Fall, 2009.

Malik, Kenan. "The Myths of Muslim Rage," Pandaemonium, September 26, 2012.

Malik, Sanam and Miles Lee. "Right-wing media’s outrageous coverage of Muslims in 2017,” December 27, 2017. [Includes video.]

Mangla, Ismat Sarah. "Hate Crimes And Backlash Against Muslim-Americans Have Tripled In Wake Of Paris And San Bernardino Attacks,” International Business Times, December 19, 2015.

Mansour, Nadine. "One year on: Islamophobic attacks since Chapel Hill: Mapping Islamophobic attacks in the United States since the Chapel Hill killings,” Al Jazeera English, February 11, 2016.

Markoe, Lauren. "Civil rights groups to feds: Purge your anti-Muslim training materials," The Washington Post, August 14, 2014.

Maroto, Marta. "The Muslim woman fighting Islamophobia in Spain's African enclave. Fatima Hamed Hossain's outspokenness against a rising Spanish far right in Ceuta has turned her into a national symbol in the fight against hate speech and inequality,” Middle East Eye, June 19,2022.

Marquand, Robert. "Why 'Islamophobia' is less thinly veiled in Europe: How anti-Muslim sentiment is different in European countries than in America," The Christian Science Monitor, September 5, 2010.

Marr, Phebe. "MESA [The Middle East Studies Association of North America] Condemns Blacklisting,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs [WRMEA], December 17, 1984. ["MESA's criticism ... was directed at the New England Regional Office of the ADL for ... "listing factually inaccurate and unsubstantiated assertions that defame specific students, teachers, and researchers as 'pro Arab propagandists." AIPAC was criticized for collecting "unbalanced information on students, faculty, and other parties…"] 

Masciotra, David. "It's Not About Religion: A Conversation With Author and Middle East Expert Gregory Harms," Truthout, October 9, 2012.

Massad, Joseph. "American lessons in (in)tolerance," Al Jazeera, August 2, 1012.

Massad, Joseph. "France's 'crisis' with Islam: A legacy of 200 years of colonial brutality. Macron is not the first French ruler who wanted to 'liberate Islam. This is an old French 'secular’ tradition,” Middle East Eye, October 7, 2020. “ ["The crisis that France continues to face with Muslims is the crisis of French chauvinism, and the refusal of the white supremacist Christian and laic French to recognise that their country is a third-rate neocolonial power with a dominant retrograde culture that insists on holding on to underserved past glories, when they need to repent their genocidal sins that extend from the Caribbean to South East Asia, to Africa, and that killed millions of people since the late 18th century. What the French need to do is to pay back the debts they owe to all those whom they robbed and killed around the world since then. Only that will end France’s crisis with "Islam" and with itself.”]

Mastracci, Davide. "NY Times Portrays Islam More Negatively Than Cancer, Major Study Finds: Overwhelming proof points to an institutional bigotry,” AlterNet, February 29, 2016.

Mathias, Christopher. "6 Rules Of Islamophobia In America. The Huffington Post tracked Islamophobia in the U.S. throughout 2016. Here’s what we learned," The Huffington Post, January 23, 2017.

McAlister, Melani. "The Persecuted Body: Evangelical Internationalism, Islam, and the Politics of Fear.” in Facing Fear: The History of an Emotion in Global Perspective. Ed. Michael Laffan and Max Weiss (Princeton University Press, 2012).

McCambridge, Ruth. Jewish Federation Challenged on ‘Hate Grants’ Facilitated through Donor-Advised Funds,” The Nonprofit Quarterly, March 28, 2017.

McCaig, Amy. "How Islamophobia overlaps with racism,” Futurity, September 15, 2017.

McCarthy, Tom. "Steve Bannon's Islamophobic film script just one example of anti-Muslim views. The man who once imagined a ‘global war’ between ‘the Judeo-Christian west’ and ‘jihadist Islamic fascism’ is now Trump’s top adviser. Here’s a selection of anti-Muslim remarks he has made in the past,” The Guardian [UK], February 3, 2017.

McClennen, Sophie. "Islamophobia is about politics, not faith: New study explores impact on 2020 elections. Islamophobia is on the rise, with 44 percent of white evangelicals holding negative views of Muslims,” Salon, May 1, 2019.

McGovern, Ray. "It's Not About a Film: The Real Reason Why the Middle East Exploded: The conventional wisdom about the recent explosion of protest in the Middle East--that Muslims are way too sensitive or irrational--is dead wrong," Alternet, September 17, 2012.

McGreevy John T. and R. Scott Appleby. "Catholics, Muslims, and the Mosque Controversy," The New York Review of Books, August 27, 2010.

McLaren, Brian. "Dear Charisma Media …" Brian D. McLaren [blog], September 9, 2014.

McLaren, Brian. "My take: It's time for Islamophobic evangelicals to choose," CNN Belief Blog, September 15, 2012.

McNeil, Stephen. "Promoting Security or Fearmongering? Islamophobia and Policing,” American Friends Service Committee [AFSC.org], April 29, 2016.

Media Matters. "Ted Cruz Stumbles As CNN's Blitzer Presses Him On Anti-Muslim Conspiracies Of Foreign Policy Adviser Frank Gaffney; Wolf Blitzer: Gaffney Has Said The Muslim Brotherhood Infiltrated Government, That Obama Is A Muslim, And That Chris Christie's Appointment Of A Muslim Was Treason,” CNN Election Special, March 21, 2016.

Meer, Nasar and Tariq Modood. "For 'Jewish; read 'Muslim'? Islamophobia as a Form of Racialiaztion of Ethno-Religious Groups in Britain Today," Islamophobia Studies Journal, Center for Race and Gender, University of California, Berkeley, Spring 2012, Volume 1, Issue 1. The entire issue can be downloaded here.

Mehta, Hemant. "Why Don’t More Atheists Speak Out Against Islamophobia?" Patheos, August 30, 2012.

Middle East Eye. "Number of anti-Muslim groups in US 'triples in a year’: Hate crime monitor says sharp increase has been fuelled by Trump’s 'incendiary rhetoric' and resurgence of white nationalism,” February 16, 2017.

Middle East Eye. “'Religious illiteracy': Right-wing websites raise ire after Sarsour's 'jihad’ comment: Muslim-American Linda Sarsour said a "word of truth" against tyranny is the best form of jihad,” July 7, 2017.

Mikdashi, Maya. "The Marriage of  Sexism and Islamophobia; Re-Making the News of Egypt," Jadaliyya, February 21, 2011.

Milbank, Dana. "Heritage’s ugly Benghazi panel," The Washington Post, June 16, 2014.

Milbank, Dana. "How to talk to your child about the Islamic State,” The Washington Post, November 19, 2015.

Miller, David and Narzanin Massoumi, Tom Mills, and Hillary Aked. "The five pillars of Islamophobia,” Open Security, June 8, 2015.

Miller, Rasul. "Is Islam an Anti-Black Religion?” Sapelo Square, April 25, 2017.

Mirkinson, Jack. "Naked Islamophobia in the U.K.: Inside London’s disgusting mayoral smear campaign: Sadiq Khan could be the first Muslim mayor of London. His rivals have stooped to vile new lows trying to stop him,” Salon, May 5, 2016. 

Moftah, Lora. "Chapel Hill Shootings: Muslim Community Fears Consequences Of Rising Islamophobia," International Business Times, February 11, 2015.

Moghul, Haroon. "Stand with Ahmed against Islamophobia," CNN, September 16, 2015. ["America has a whole class of professional bigots.”]

Moghul, Haroon. "Think Trump's an Islamophobe? Meet Ted Cruz's national security adviserFrank Gaffney believes that US officials have submitted to sharia law and a crescent moon is secretly included in government logos," The Guardian [UK], March 18, 2016.

Mohamed, Farah. "Obama’s First U.S. Mosque Visit Came Late, But Still Means A Lot, Says Top Islamic Scholar [Akbar Ahmed]: "The fact that you have Trump saying one thing and the president doing something else does matter,” HuffingtonPost.com, February 4, 2016.

Mondoweiss Editors. "Call to Mayor de Blasio from Jewish New Yorkers: NYC needs strong condemnation of Islamophobia," Mondoweiss, September 23, 2014.

Mondoweiss Editors. "Jewish activists launch project to tackle anti-Muslim racism,” Mondoweiss, February 14, 2018. ["activists Elly Bulkin and Donna Nevel have launched a new campaign: Jews Against Anti-Muslim Racism”]

Mondoweiss Editors. "Jewish groups [Jews Against Islamophobia Coalition] stand in opposition to hate speech and all forms of Islamophobia,” Mondoweiss, April 28, 2015.

Mondoweiss Editors. "Open Letter to Progressive Jews: The ADL and AJC are not our allies,” Mondoweiss, February 17, 2017.

Mooneye. "A Case Study in Sincere Hypocrisy: Brigitte Gabriel," LoonWatch, April 14, 2009.

Mooneye. "Pamela Geller: The Looniest Blogger Ever," LoonWatch, August 31, 2009.

Moore, Alexis. “Confronting Islamophobia,” American Friends Service Committee, October 20, 2011.

Moore, Michael. Michael Moore Interviewed by Wolfe Blitzer re. Islamophobia, CNN [Youtube], December, 2010.

Moritz-Rabson, Daniel. "U.S.'s Biggest Christian Charity Reportedly Channeled $56.1 Million to Purported Hate Groups,” Newsweek, March 20, 2019. ["For those donating via NCF (National Christian Foundation), this meant sending money to 23 organizations that the Southern Poverty Law Center has labeled hate groups. Most of the hate organizations that received money from the NCF opposed LGBT rights. The report also found that the NCF donated to anti-Muslim and anti-immigrant organizations.”] Also see Kotch, Alex. "America’s Biggest Christian Charity Funnels Tens of Millions to Hate Groups. The National Christian Foundation passed along $56 million from anonymous individuals to nearly two dozen anti-LGBT and anti-Muslim hate groups over the last three years on record,” Sludge, March19, 2019.] 

Mosbergen, Dominique. "Charisma News Takes Down Hateful Post Calling For Violence Against Muslims," Huffington Post, September 8, 2014. ["After calls on Twitter to #TakeDownThatPost, Christian news outlet Charisma News has pulled a hateful piece (with 2450 shares - ML) that celebrated Islamophobia.”]

Muftah. "Your To-Do List for Combating Islamophobia in 2016,” Muftah.org, January 1, 2016.

Muhammad, Nisa. "Hijab and the Policing of Black Women and Girls: Black Muslims Respond,” Sapelo Square, March 7, 2018.

Mujahid, Abdul Malik. "How The Muslim Ban Legalized Islamophobia: 20% of American muslims plan to leave US,” Huffington Post, July 21, 2017.

Mujahid, Abdul Malik. "Islamophobia from Jefferson to Ellison" [responses by them to Islamophobia], The Council of Islamic Organizations of Greater Chicago [CIOGC], November 16, 2009.

Mujahid, Abdul Malik. "Muslims are More Peaceful than Their Neighbors,"  Huffington Post, Septenber 12, 2011.

Munayyer, Yousef. "An illusion of security: Islamophobia and disproportionate crackdown on Muslims curtail Muslim-Americans' rights and make America less safe,"  Chicago Tribune / Jerusalem Fund, August 17, 2012.

Murphy, Maureen Clare. "Chicago-area Islamic centers attacked after Congressman says radical Muslims "trying to kill Americans every week," Electronic Intifada, August 14, 2012.

Musaji, Sheila. "American Muslims Must Accept That They Are Not Equivalent to Real Americans," The American Muslim, October 26, 2007.

Musaji, Sheila. "David Yerushalmi and (in)SANE," The American Muslim, June 20, 2012.

Musaji, Sheila. "Islamophobia: Prejudice, Racist, or Violent Incidents at Mosques,"  The American Muslim, [first online 9/06, regularly updated] 8/17/12.

Musaji, Sheila. "The Islamophobic Attempt to Marginalize American Muslim Civic Participation," The American Muslim, August 6, 2012.

Musaji, Sheila. "Islamophobia & Anti-Semitism: Everything Old Is New Again," The American Muslim, July 17, 2013.

Musaji, Sheila. "Pamela Geller and other Islamophobes need to learn how to do a "search," [re. Muslim groups condemning violence], The American Muslim, June 21, 2012.

Musaji, Sheila. "Pamela Geller, hate speech, and synagogues," The American Muslim, April 13, 2013.

Musaji, Sheila. "Resources for Responding to Obsession DVD Mass Distribution," The American Muslim, September 15, 2008.

Musaji, Sheila. "Shoebat, Saleem, and Anani - Three Arab Villages Are Missing Their Idiots - updated 11/1/12," The American Muslim, November 1, 2012.

Musaji, Sheila. "A Who's Who of the Anti-Muslim / Anti-Arab / Islamaphobia Industry," The American Muslim, October 15, 2013.

Musharbash, Yassin. "Islamophobia is racism, pure and simple. The Dresden protests are illegitimate and the attitude of German politicians towards false fears of ‘Islamisation’ needs to change," The Guardian [UK],  December 10, 2014.

Muslim Portal Contributors. "Top Ten (Plus One) Islamophobes: a survey of the leading anti-Muslim pundits and activists, " [slide show w. text]], Patheos, September 6, 2011. 

Muslim Public Affairs Council [MPAC]. "Not Qualified: Exposing the Deception Behind America's Top 25 Pseudo Experts on Islam," Septemberr 11, 2012. The report can be downloaded here.

Muslim Students Accociation West. "Muslim Students Associations Across CA against Federal Government’s Countering Violent Extremism Programs,” Feb. 21, 2015.

Mutter, Paul. "DMV, Department of Muslim Verification (AP exposes NYPD/CIA community infiltration program," Mondoweiss, August 24, 2011.

Nabir, Nadine. “Look, Mohammed the Terrorist Is Coming!’: Cultural Racism, Nation-Based Racism and the Intersectionality of Oppressions after 9/11,” in Race and Arab Americans Before and After 9/11 (Syracuse University Press, 2008).

Nagel, Caroline. "Southern Hospitality? Islamophobia and the Politicization of Refugees in South Carolina during the 2016 Election Season.” Southeastern Geographer 56(3) 2016: 283–290.

Nair, Yasmin. "How Liberalism Creates Islam as Its Enemy," Electronic Intifada, August 21, 2015. {Review of Islam in Liberalism by Joseph Massad]

Nasser, Shanifa. "How Islamophobia is moulding young Canadian Muslims: Pressure to answer for Islamic extremism may strengthen Muslim identity,” CBC News [Canada], April 27, 2016.

Naureckas, Jim. "Conservative and 'Liberal' Islamophobia Find Common Ground," Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting [FAIR], January 14, 2015.

Naureckas, Jim. "A Plot to Level a Village Isn’t News–When Targets Are Muslim and Plotter Is Christian," Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting [FAIR], May 19, 2015.

Naureckas, Jim. "That Most Terrorists Aren’t Muslim May ‘Come as a Surprise’–if You Get Your News From Corporate Media," Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting [FAIR], June 25, 2015.

Neiwert, David. "Home Is Where the Hate Is: Trump's fixation on demonizing Islam hides true homegrown US terror threats,” The Investigative Fund, June 22, 2017. 

Nelson, Sara C. "Muslim Women Against Femen: Facebook Group Takes On Activists In Wake Of Amina Tyler Topless Jihad (PICTURES), " The Huffington Post, May 4, 2013.

Nevel, Donna. Defund Islamophobia Now,” Huffington Post, March 24, 2017. 

Nevel, Donna. "Why We Must Challenge Islamophobia In All Its Forms: Those supporting the U.S. war on Muslims abroad intentionally amplify Islamophobia at home,” AlterNet, December 16, 2015.

Nevel, Donna and Elly Bulkin. "ADL's pro-Israel mindset leads it to perpetuate anti-Muslim worldview," Mondoweiss, February 4, 2013.

Nevel, Donna and Elly Bulkin. "Defund Islamophobia Now,” Lobe Log, December 11, 2018.  ["JCF (New York’s Jewish Communal Fund) federal Form 990 filings reveal that, going back to at least 2001, it has funded anti-Muslim hate groups, with six of them receiving a total of $2,082,212 between 2013 and 2017, the last years for which 990 forms are publicly available.”]

Nevel, Donna and Elly Bulkin. "Islamophobia and Israel Politics - a series of articles in Alternet," MuzzleWatch, September 27, 2013.

New America. "Anti-Muslim Activities in the United States: Violence, Threats, and Discrimination at the Local Level,” 2018.

New York Civil Liberties Union [NYCLU]. "Religious Freedom Under Attack: The Rise of Anti-Mosque Activites in New York State," August, 2011. [A downloadable briefing paper.]

Newhouse, Sam. "Is 'Death to Islam' good for business? Yes, in York, Pennsylvania: Patrons say the owner is a patriot who means well," Metro [Philadelphia]. July 8, 2015.

Newsweek. "Majority of South Carolina GOP voters favor Donald Trump’s Muslim ban,” Rawstory.com, February 21, 2016.

Newton, Creede. "Fear of Sharia: Harvard project aims to shed light on Islamic law: Researchers have begun compiling US court cases that deal with Islamic law in an effort to combat Islamophobia,” Middle East Eye, May 4, 2017.

Nguyen, Phan. "Newsweek: From 'Black Rage' to 'Muslim Rage,'" Mondoweiss, September 17, 2012.

Nichols, John. "President Obama: Islamophobia Is Not American: In the president’s first visit to a US mosque, he condemned the anti-Muslim rhetoric sweeping the Republican presidential campaign,” TheNation.com, February 4, 2016.

Nicholas, Elizabeth. "Fear and Loathing in La France: Marine Le Pen Injects Islamophobia Into the Release of Four French Hostages," Huffington Post, November 3, 2013.

Nolan, Hamilton. "Duke University Is a Despicable, Cowardly, Hateful Place," Gawker, January 16, 2015. [Duke reverses decision to allow Muslim call to prayer once a week.]

Noor, Jaisal. "At Mosque, Obama Confronts Islamophobia but Ignores Role of US Foreign Policy: Author Laila el-Haddad praises Obama's defense of Muslim Americans, but says his foreign policy perpetuates anti-Muslim bias,”  The Real News, February 3, 2016.

North, James. "A sensationalist, award-winning ‘NY Times’ podcast on Islamic Jihadism was based on a fraud. “Caliphate” podcast is the result of a mainstream media world disfigured by Orientalist sensationalism that honors such work,” Mondoweiss, September 28, 2020.

North, James and Philip Weiss. "Honored speaker at Bard College [Martin Peretz] derides Muslims' praying habits and sniggrs at First Ammendment," Mondoweiss, September 3, 2010.

Norton, Ben. "#JewishResistance protests Trump adviser Steve Bannon, racism, Islamophobia at pro-Israel group gala: Jewish activists picket Zionist Org. of America for inviting Bannon, a leader in the white supremacist "alt-right,” Salon, November 21, 2016.

Norton, Ben. "Notorious 'New Atheist' Sam Harris Outrageously Calls to 'Keep the Number of Muslims Down in Any Society’: "What is the f**king point of having more Muslims in your society?" Sam Harris asks in a podcast interview,” Alternate, July 10, 2017.

Norton, Ben. "Sam Harris can’t be redeemed: Ben Carson, Noam Chomsky and the defining hypocrisy of the New Atheist movement: In his anti-Muslim jihad, "New Atheist" prophet Sam Harris openly aligns with far-right politicians like Ben Carson,” Salon, December 9, 2015.

Novick, Ilana. "Family That Made Millions on Opioids Gave to Anti-Muslim Groups,” TruthDig, March 26, 2019. 

Nubee, Sajdah. "A Black Muslim Voice on Islamophobia,” Huffington Post, December 16, 2015.

Nuzzi, Olivia. "Jeb’s Anti-Muslim, Anti-Gay New Hire: Jordan Sekulow, Jeb Bush’s new hire, is a fairly dramatic departure from his moderate image,” The Daily Beast, March 15, 2015.

Dean Obeidallah. "Anti-Muslim Violence Is Everywhere—Except in the American Media,” Daily Beast, August 7, 2017.

Obeidallah, Dean. "Are All Terrorists Muslims? It’s Not Even Close. What percentage of terror attacks in the United States and Europe are committed by Muslims? Guess. Nope. Guess again. And again…," Daily Beast, January 14, 2015.

Obeidallah, Dean. "Bill Maher's Muslim problem," CNN.com, October 7, 2014.

Obeidallah, Dean. "Steve Bannon Contributed to Anti-Muslim Hate. American Media Must Call Him Out; It’s time we took Islamophobic bigotry seriously,” Huffington Post, November 17, 2016.

Obeidallah, Dean. "We Must Fight the Most Anti-Muslim Administration Ever; From Flynn to Carson to Bannon, Donald Trump’s presidential team is taking shape as the most blatantly anti-Muslim ever. We must not accept this,” The Daily Beast, December 7, 2016.

O'Broin, Colm. "Islamophobia and Antisemitism: Same message, different minority," The American Muslim, November 1, 2011.

O'Connor, Maureen. "Sarah Palin's 'Favorite' Tweet is About Our 'Taliban Muslim Illegally Elected President," Gawker, November 4, 2010

Ofir, Jonathan. "House resolution rejecting hate is a band-aid for a broken leg,” Mondoweiss, March 8, 2019.

Ofir, Jonathan. "Israel has had a ‘Muslim ban’ from the start,” Mondoweiss, February 4, 2017.

Olmstead, Molly. "Trump Retweets Series of Horrific Anti-Muslim Videos Posted by Far-Right British Group,” Slate, November 29, 2017.

The Onion. "Man Already Knows Everything He Needs to Know About Muslims," August 30, 2010.

"Open Letter to Al-Baghadi," ["Join hundreds of Muslim leaders and Scholars worldwide in their Open Letter to Baghdadi"], 2014.

Osborne, Peter. "Do not weep for Bernard Lewis, high priest of war in the Middle East. For decades, Bernard Lewis, who has just died, provided the intellectual and moral justification for bigotry and war in the Middle East,” Middle East Eye, May 21, 2018.

Osborne, Peter. "The shameful Islamophobia at the heart of Britain's press: When a tabloid newspaper reports that a 'Muslim hate mob' is daubing abuse, can we believe them?” Independent [UK], July 6, 2008. 

Ostroy, Andy. "Muslims Killed Us On 9/11?" Huffington Post, October 15, 2010.

Ovenden, Kevin. “Islamophobia is the Jewish Question of our Day,” Morning Star [UK], January 17, 2016.

Palma, Bethany. "‘The Ladder Down to Hell’: How Social Media Breeds Hate Speech. Following the massacre of 50 people at two mosques in Christchurch, Muslims weighed in on the daily impacts of online hate and misinformation,” Snopes, March 19, 2019. [Excerpt: “The Islamophobia industry takes one lie and spins that out to create 100 articles and links, so even if you clarify the one lie, 100 articles pollute Google searches.” The goal, he averred, was to create so much online content that those who try to set the record straight can’t keep up.”]

Pape, Robert. "It's the Occupation, Stupid: Extensive research into the causes of suicide terrorism proves Islam isn't to blame—the root of the problem is foreign military occupations," Foreign Policy, October 18, 2010.

Pareene, Alex. "Rand Paul’s strategic Islamophobia: In a speech to the religious right, Paul ties restrained foreign policy to a "worldwide war on Christianity," Salon, October 11, 2013.

Parramore, Lynn. "Right-Wingers Would Be Shocked to Learn That Islam Has Been Part of American History Since Its Founding: The Muslim faith is inextricably woven into the fabric of American History," AlterNet, October 7, 2012.

Parvini, Sarah. "U.S. Muslims ask why their religion's condemnation of violence often goes unheard," LA Times, May 9, 2015.

Patton, Chloe. "Boston bombings: beware the multi-million dollar Islamophobia industry," The Conversation, April 25, 2013.

Patton, Olivia. "Renowned philosopher [Martha Nussbaum, U. of Chicago] berates Western 'Islamophobia,'" Islamophobia Today, November 19, 2012.

Pengelly, Martin. "Trump condemned for retweeting fake Islamophobic image featuring Pelosi. Image retweeted of Democrats Chuck Schumer and Pelosi wearing traditional Islamic clothing standing before Iranian flag,” The Guardian [UK], January 14, 2020.

People for the American Way. "The Right Wing Playbook on Anti-Muslim Extremism," July 25, 2011.

Perlstein, Rick. "How FBI Entrapment is Inventing 'Terrorists' - and Letting Bad Guys Off the Hook," Rolling Stone, May 15, 2012.

Pew Research Center. "Among U.S. Religious Groups, Muslims Seen as Facing More Discrimination," PRNewswire, September 9, 2009.

Pew Research Center. "Public Remains Confliced Over Islam," The Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life, August 24, 2010. The full report is downloadable as a pdf here.

Pew Research Center. "Views of Islam Remain Sharply Divided," The Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life, September 9, 2004. The full report is downloadable as a pdf here.

Piggott, Stephen. "Trump's National Security Advisor's [Mike Flynn] Twitter Account Shows Extent of Anti-Muslim Beliefs,” Southern Poverty Law Center [SPLC], December 20, 2016.

Plank, Elizabeth. "Street Experiment Reveals How Difficult it Still Is to Be a Muslim Woman in America," PolicyMic [w. video], January 23, 2014.

Pleat, Zachary. "Trump's newest national security staffer spread anti-Muslim sentiments and wrote that Bush was vindicated about Iraq having WMD. John Bolton hired Fred Fleitz at the NSC. Here's what you need to know about him,” Media Matters, May 31, 2018.

Podolsky, Robin and Rabbi Haim Dov Beliak. "A Muslim Community Center? Why Not? Why Should Jews Care?" Jews On First, September 7, 2010.

Political Affairs. "Images of Muslims: Disscussing Islamophobia with Peter Gottschalk," November 19, 2007. 

Poniewozik, James. "Paper to Readers: Sorry for Portraying Muslims as Human," Time.com, September 14, 2010.

Prusher, Ilene. "‘Judaizing Jerusalem’: The man behind the plan." Ha'aretz, October 9, 2013.

Puar, Jasbir, and Amit S. Rai. “Monster, Terrorist, Fag: The War on Terrorism and the Production of Docile Patriots.” Social Text 20.3 (2002): 117-48.

Pulver, Matthew. "Glenn Beck’s terrifying new book: 300 pages of Islamophobia dressed up as scholarship: The right-wing media giant released his latest book last month. It's worth taking a look at what makes it so scary,” Salon, September 13, 2015.

Pyrdom, Carl.  "Professor Newt's Distorted History Lesson," Got Medieval, August 2, 2010.

“Edward Said on Orientalism,” an “engaging and lavishly illustrated” interview [40:31 / 1998] with Edward Said, author of Orientalism, a seminal academic work exploring “subtle and persistent Eurocentric prejudice against Arabo–Islamic peoples and their culture”; cultural prejudices that are derived from a long tradition of romanticized images of Asia and of the Middle East, and which, in practice, functioned as implicit justifications for the colonial and the imperial ambitions of the European powers and the U.S. Moreover, in Orientalism, Said further described, criticized, and denounced the social, economic, and cultural practices of the ruling Arab élites who, Said claims, as imperial satraps, have internalized the romanticized “Arabic Culture” created by British and American Orientalists." [from Wikipedia entry on Dr. Said's book, Orientialism.] Also see Adam Schatz in the New York Review of Books: ‘Orientalism.’ Then and Now (May 20, 2019). [Excerpt: "The Orientalism of today, the Orientalism of Fox News, Bat Ye’or’s “Eurabia,” and Steve Bannon, is an Orientalism based not on tendentious scholarship but on an absence of scholarship. Its Eurocentrism, which feeds off the idea that Europe is under threat from Muslim societies and other shit-hole countries, is an undisguised conspiracy theory. It has spread not by way of bookshops and libraries but Twitter, Facebook, and the Dark Web. And under Trump, the remodeling of American foreign policy along the lines of Israeli strategy—which is to say, an increasing reliance on military force in its dealings with Arabs and Muslims—has been consummated, with support from conservative Jews and even greater support from Evangelicals.”]

Islamophobia Definition

What is Islamophobia?” from Islamophobia Research Documentation Project [IRDP], University of California, Berkeley

"Frequent reports of honor killings, disfigurement, and sensational abuse have given rise to a consensus in the West, a message propagated by human rights groups and the media: Muslim women need to be rescued. Lila Abu-Lughod, who has been writing about Arab women for thirty years, challenges this conclusion in DO MUSLIM WOMEN NEED SAVING? The book is an indictment of a mindset that has justified all manner of foreign interference, including military invasion, in the name of rescuing women from Islam. It offers a detailed, moving portrait of the actual experiences of ordinary Muslim women, and of the contingencies with which they live."


Rabin-Havt, Ari. "Al Jazeera America's Launch: Another Excuse For Islamophobia," Media Matters for America, August 20, 2013.

Racco, Paul. "How Israel relies on Islamophobia," Mondoweiss, October 15, 2014.

Ramji, Rubina. "From Navy Seals to The Siege: Getting to Know the Muslim Terrorist, Hollywood Style," The Journal of Religion and Film, Vol. 9. No. 2, October, 2005.

Rashid, Qasim. "Blasphemy Charges Pervert Islam's Teachings," God's Politics: Sojourners, February 3, 2014.

Rashid, Qasim. "Daniel Pipes and the anti-Islam crowd’s cries for attention sounding increasingly desperate," The Daily Caller, March 13, 2014.

Rashid, Qasim. "5 Facts Islamophobia Deniers Just Don't Get," Huffington Post, May 2, 2014.

Rashid, Qasim. "Mike Huckabee is wrong about Islam," The Daily Caller, August 7, 2013

Ratner, Lizzy. "The War Between the Civilized Man and Pamela Geller," The Nation, October 18, 2012.

Raza, Hamzah. "Meet Cory Booker's Top Donor: A Right-Wing, Islamophobic, Pro-Israel Outfit That Backs Trump’s Extremist Agenda: At a recent town hall, Booker's responses to questions about his bigoted donors were baffling,” Alternet, January 13, 2017.

Raza, Hamzah. "Watch: Rick Santorum Gets Humiliated By College Student After Revealing Total Ignorance of Islam: Rick Santorum doesn't know very much about Islam, a subject he loves to bloviate about,” AlterNet,  April 18, 2016.

Raza, Raheel. "The Real Agenda Behind the Push for ‘Islamophobia,’ " The Jewish Press, February 25, 2014.

Rawlinson, Kevin. "Half of Britain's mosques have been attacked since 9/11,"  The Independent [UK], June 28, 2013.

Rayfield, Jillian and Alex Seitz-Wald. "The 10 most Islamophobic moments in the 2012 elections," Salon, October 20, 2012.

Read, Max. "13 Powerful Images of Muslim Rage,"  Gawker, September 18, 2012.

Reisner, Hiram. "Trump: World Has a 'Muslim Problem,’” Newsmax.com, March 30, 2011.

Rendall, Steven and Macdonald, Isabel. "Making Islamophobia Mainstream: How Muslim-bashers broadcast their bigotry," Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting, November-December 2008.

Rendell, Steve, Isabel Macdonald, Veronica Cassidy, and Dina Marguerite Jacir. "Smearcasting: How Islamophobes spread fear, bigotry, and misinformation," Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting [Fair.org], October, 2008. This is available as a downloadable pdf here.

Rendall, Stev and Sara McCloskey, "A Media Microscope on Islam-Linked Violence: Selective reporting misrepresents Muslims as prone to killing," Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting [Fair.org], August 1, 2013.

Reuters. "Exclusive: U.S. groups help fund Dutch anti-Islam politicians Wilders," ["The Middle East Forum, a pro-Israeli think tank based in Philadelphia, funded Wilders' legal defense in 2010 and 2011 against Dutch charges of inciting racial hatred, its director Daniel Pipes said."], September 10. 2012.

Richardson, Robin. "Islamophobia, 20 years later: How we can hope to defeat it,” Middle East Eye, November 9, 2017. [Excerpt: "Twenty years ago this month, the Runnymede Trust, a race equality think-tank based in London, published the report Islamophobia: A Challenge for Us All. Runnymede did not invent the word “Islamophobia”, but it did help to introduce it into widespread use throughout the world.”]

Rifai, Ryan. "Report: Islamophobia is a multimillion-dollar
. More than $200m spent on promoting fear and
hatred of Muslims in US by various groups between 2008
and 2013,” Al Jazeera, June 14, 2016. 

Rizga, Kristina. "The Chilling Rise of Islamophobia in Our Schools: Accusations, beatings, even death threats—that's life for Muslim kids in America,” Mother Jones, Jan 26, 2016.

Rizga, Kristina. "This Is What It's Like to Be a Muslim Schoolkid in America Right Now: Bullying of Muslim students—even by their teachers—is on the rise,” Mother Jones, December 9, 2015.

Robbins, Annie. "CAIR takes the highground as Geller cranks it up a notch," Mondoweiss, October 17, 2012.

Robbins, Annie. "We are 'unwilling for an Arab to date a girl from among our people': Israeli org uses Zion Square lynching to push racist agenda," Mondoweiss, August 22, 2012.

Robbins, Annie, and Alex Kane. "After Islamophobic hate crime in New York City, mayor says 'keep death in perspective'," Mondoweiss, December 29, 2012.

Robbins, Christopher. "Racist NY Post Cartoon Portrays Innocent Muslims as Terrorists," Gothamist, February 25, 2012.

Robbins, Martin. "Richard Dawkins, 'Islamophobia' and the atheist movement," ["Whether or not 'Islamophobia is a valid term, leading atheists like Sam Harris and Richard Dawkins have been confused, inconsistent and blundering in their attempts to talk about Muslims."], The Guardian [UK], May 3, 2013.

Rodda, Chris. "Marines Return to Being "Crusaders,'"  AlterNet, April 17, 2012.

Rodda, Chris. "Obsession 'Stars' Have Lectured at U.S. Military Colleges; U.S. Navy Uses Film," The Huffington Post, "September 25, 2008. [Also see MacFarquhar, Neil. "Speakers at Academy Said to Make False Claims," New York Times, February 7, 2008.]

Romero, Louis. "Islamophobia and the making of Latinos/as into terrorist threats,” Volume 41, 2018 - Issue 12: Special Issue: Islamophobia and surveillance: genealogies of a global order, July 25, 2017. [Excerpt: "Research on Islamophobia has focused on how Muslims have been subjected to new and old forms of policing and surveillance. Very few studies have focused on the potential of Islamophobia to affect non-Muslim groups. This study addresses the role that Islamophobia has played in introducing changes to the management of US immigration and, in particular, how Latinos/as as a group have been affected and further racialized as a result.”] Also see: Pacific Standard Staff, "How Islamophobia Spawned Racism Against Latinos. A new paper draws connections between fear of terrorists and anti-immigrant messaging,” September 16, 2016.

Rosen, Rabbi Brant. "Confronting Islamophobia: A Sermon for Rosh Hashanah 5771," Shalom Rav, September 11, 2010.

Rosen, Rabbi Brant. "Fighting for Religious Inclusion in New Jersey," Shalom Rav, February 24, 2011.

Rosen, Rabbi Brant. "Islamophobia Update (It's Not a Pretty Picture…)," Shalom Rav, March 9, 2011.

Rosen, Rabbi Brant. "Rabbi Rebecca Lillian on the Malmö JCC Attack," Shalom Rav, October 3, 2012.

Rosen, Rabbi Brant. "Standing Down Rep. Joe Walsh's Islamophobic Bigotry," Shalom Rav, August 12, 2012.

Rosenberg, MJ. "Israel and the anti-Muslim blow-up," Al Jazeera (English),  August 19, 2010.

Rosenfeld, Steven. "Which Voters Tend to Be More Islamophobic? New National Poll Exposes Massive Party Divide; The partisan split also affects views on going to war,” AlterNet, December 24, 2015.

Rothkopf, Joanna. "Fox host [Greg Gutfeld]: “I’m an Islamophobe” How is this acceptable to say on a national news show?" Salon, January 13, 2015.

Rousseau. "Islamophobes Build Faux Memorial for Muslim Victims on Land that Muslims Cannot Own," Loonwatch, September 3, 2011.

Rozsa, Matthew. "A Muslim activist is under attack because her critics don’t know what “jihad” actually means: Jihad means "to struggle," but conservatives didn't recognize that when they expressed outrage over Sarsour's speech,” Salon, July 7, 2017.

Rubin, Jesse. "Activists mark Chanukah by challenging growing Islamophobia in the United States,” Mondoweiss, December 9, 2015.

Ruiz-Grossman, Sarah. "Most Of America’s Terrorists Are White, And Not Muslim: Right-wing terror is real, and it’s a problem,” Huffington Post, June 23, 2017.

Rupiah, Kiri. "Authentically Black, Authentically Arab – A Roundtable on Afro-Arab Identity,” Afripop!, February 4, 2016.

Sabin, Lamiat. "Canadian actor punched in face after 'Islamophobia' experiment goes wrong in wake of Ottawa shooting," The Independent [UK], October 29, 2014.

Said, Edward. “The Essential Terrorist,” The Nation, 1986. ["With the "war on terror" now official nomenclature, the problematic conflating of ethnic, religious and "terrorist" identities is now a matter of policy as well as media distortion. In a 1986 book review, Edward Said argues presciently against the dangerous "terrorism craze"--"dangerous because it consolidates the immense, unrestrained pseudopatriotic narcissism we are nourishing.”]

Said, Edward. “Islam Through Western Eyes,” The Nation, April 26, 1980.

Said, Edward. Orientalism,” in The Edward Said Reader, eds. M. Bayoumi and A. Rubin (Vintage, 2000), 63-75. [For a summary of Said’s book —Orientalism — see “Cultural Reader.”]

Sajid, Imam Dr. Abduljalil. "Islamophobia: A new word for an old fear,” The American Muslim (TAM), [posted] December 8, 2004. [Includes a long section of further reading, a selected bibliography, and links to websites on Islamophobia.]

Salahi, Yaman. "Understanding anti-Semitism, and anti-Muslim bigotry," The Washington Post, September 14, 2010.

Sales, Ben. When Politics Gets in the Way of Jewish Giving,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA), March 28, 2017.

Salaita, Steven. "Beyond Orientalism and Islamophobia: 9/11, Anti-Arab Racism, and the Mythos of National Pride,” CR: The New Centennial Review, Vol. 6, No. 2, Fall 2006, 245-266. 

Salisbury, Stephen. "Islam Baiting Doesn't Work," Truthout, July 18, 2011.

Salon Staff. "Trump, Santorum’s ugly Islamophobia: “Christians can’t come into this country but Muslims can. What’s that all about? Something has got to be coming down from the top,” Salon. May 17, 2015.

Sandhu, Serina. "Muslim anti-Isis march not covered by mainstream media outlets, say organisers; 'Hundreds of Muslims flooded the streets of London to condemn terrorism. Media’s response: Silence,’ Independent [UK], December 9, 2015.

Sands, Geneva. "Anti-Muslim Hate Crimes Up 67 Percent, FBI Says,” ABC News, November 14, 2016.

Sarsour, Linda. "Muslims Do Not Need to Justify Themselves in Face of Extremism,” New York Times, October 10, 2014.

Sarsour, Linda. "Republicans need to learn that Muslim and American are not mutually exclusive: Texas legislator Molly White joined some more famous conservatives in the ‘Super Bowl of Bigotry’ this week, vying for the title of Biggest Islamophobe," The Guardian [UK], January 30, 2015.

Sarsour, Linda. "The Subway Ad that Calls Me a 'Savage,'" City Limits, September 26, 2012.

Savage, Luke. "New Atheism, Old Empire: The “New Atheists” have gained traction because they give intellectual cover to Western imperialism,” Jacobin Magazine, December 2, 2014.

Sawalha, Gofran. "Muslims countries react to India’s ‘insulting’ anti-Islam comments,” Middle East Eye, June 9, 2022. [Video report]

Sayeed, Theodore. "Rescuing atheism from Harris and Hitchens," Mondoweiss, October 7, 2015.

Scheller, Alissa and Jan Diehem. "Anti-Muslim Attacks After Charlie Hebdo Highlight France's Long History Of Islamophobia," Huffington Post, January 9, 2015.

Schulberg, Jessica. "GOP Lawmakers Team Up With Anti-Islam Activist To Launch Israel Victory Caucus. “What I want the U.S. government to do is say, ‘Israel, do what you need to do to win your war,’” said Daniel Pipes, president of the Middle East Forum,” Huffington Post, April 27, 2017.

Schulson, Michael. "Duke’s Craven Cave to Islamophobia," The Daily Beast, January 16, 2015.

Schulson, Michael. "Karen Armstrong on Sam Harris and Bill Maher: “It fills me with despair, because this is the sort of talk that led to the concentration camps”: Blaming religion for violence, says Karen Armstrong, allows us to dismiss the violence we've exported worldwide," Salon, November 23, 2014.

Seitz-Wald, Alex, and Jillian Rayfield. "The 10 most Islamophobic moments in the 2012 elections: From Allen West to Michele Bachmann, these are the most hateful examples of bigotry against Muslims this campaign,” Salon, October 20, 2012.

Ser, Kuang Keng Kuek. "Data: Hate Crimes Spiked Against Muslims After 9/11,” Public Radio International, September 12, 2016.

Serwer, Adam. "Who's Behind the Anti-Islam Ads on MTA and Muni?" [re. Pam Geller and David Yerushalmi], Mother Jones, August 15, 2012.

Seymour, Richard. "On Charlie Hebdo: The murder of Charlie Hebdo journalists is appalling. But we should fear the coming Islamophobic backlash," Jacobin, January 7, 2015.

Shabad, Rebecca. “[Lindsay] Graham: 'Allahu akbar' is a 'war chant,’ TheHill.com, September 23, 2013.

Shackle, Samira. "Why would anyone believe in the 'Islamophobia industry'? Two years ago, Sayeeda Warsi warned that anti-Muslim prejudice had 'Passed the dinner table test' and become socially acceptable. Yet we still debate whether Islamophobia exists at all," NewStatesman, October 3, 2013.

Shaikh, Shehzad Ghias. "A Muslim finally has the apology the world has been waiting for: Sorry for Everything," Quartz [India], January 22, 2015.

Shaheen, Jack. "How the Media Created the Muslim Monster Myth," The Nation, July 2-9, 2012.

Shaheen, Jack. "Muslim stereotyping in pop culture is worse than ever,” McClatchyDC, April 26, 2016.

Shamas, Diala. "Four ways the U.S. is already banning Muslims: Donald Trump's proposal isn't so far from official government policy,” The Washington Post, December 17, 2015.

Shams, Alex. "If American universities ignore attacks on Muslim students, who will defend them?” November 22, 2016.

Shams, Alex. "The Weaponization of Nostalgia: How Afghan Miniskirts Became the Latest Salvo in the War on Terror,” Ajam Media Collective, September 6, 2017.

Shane, Scott. "Homegrown Extremists Tied to Deadlier Toll Than Jihadists in U.S. Since 9/11," The New York Times, June 24, 2015.  

Shane, Scott. "Killings in Norway Spotlight Anti-Muslim Thought in U.S.," The New York Times, July 24, 2012.

Shane, Scott. "Radical U.S. Muslims Little Threat, Study Says," The New York Times, February 7, 2012.

Shari`ah Staff. "How Muslim Scholars View Paris Attack (In-depth)," OnIslam, January 8, 2015.

Shari`ah Staff. "Muslim Organizations Slam Charlie Hebdo Attack," OnIslam, January 8, 2015.

Sharma, Pranay.  ‘France Tries To Mask Its Islamophobia Behind Secular Values’; The Pakistan-born British commentator seldom minces words,[Pranay Sharma Interviews Tariq Ali], Outlook, Jan 26, 2015.

Shasha, David. "Film Review: Uncovering the Obsessions of “Obsession," The American Muslim, July 15, 2007.

Shasha, David. "Islamophobia, liberalism and the dangers of Interfaith ignorance," Mondoweiss, October 15, 2014.

Sheehi, Stephen. "New Texts Out Now: Stephen Sheehi, "Islamophobia: The Ideological Campaign Against Muslims,'" Jadaliyya, August 31, 2011.

Sheller. Alissa and Jan Diehm. "Anti-Muslim Attacks After Charlie Hebdo Highlight France's Long History Of Islamophobia," Huffington Post, January 9, 2015.

Shihipar, Abdullah. "The deadly consequences of Islamophobia in Canada,” The Washington Post, January 24, 2018.

Shirazi, Nima. "Has-Maher-a!, The Not-So-New Depths of Bill Maher's Delusion and Depravity," Wide Asleep in America, December 4, 2012.

Shirazi, Nima. "Hijacking Hijab: The West’s Myopic Misrepresentation of Iranian Women," Muftah, March 14, 2014.

Shirazi, Nima. "The Not-So-Complex World of Michael Bloomberg: When a white person does it, it's not terrorism," Mondoweiss, May 31, 2013.

Shirazi, Nima. "The Ridiculest: Bill Maher's Cultural Supremacy and Religious Hierarchy," Wide Asleep in America, May 13, 2010.

Shupak, Greg. "The Extremist Formula; It's telling that sections of the media think that Islam is the decisive factor in cases like Orlando,” Jacobin, June 17, 2016.

Sidahmed, Mazin. "FBI's pre-election sweep of Muslim Americans raises surveillance fears; Council of American Islamic Relations received about 100 reports of FBI agents visiting homes before Trump’s win, asking about personal details and al-Qaida,” Guardian [UK], January 16, 2017

Siddiqi, Imraan. "Islamophobia and the Election: It’s not just Trump,” Mondoweiss, February 10, 2016.

Siddiqi, Imraan. "New Ted Cruz national security advisors are leaders of the Islamophobia industry,” Mondoweiss, March 18, 2016.

Siddiqi, Imraan. "What to do when a hate group shows up outside your mosque," Mondoweiss, April 17, 2015.

Siddiqui, Usaid. "Donald Trump's Outbursts Are an Outgrowth of Anti-Muslim Policies," Truthout, December 22, 2015.

Sieff, Kevin. "Florida pastor Terry Jones's Koran burning has far-reaching effect," The Washington Post, April 2, 2011.

Silver, Charlotte. "Fraudulent, Islamophobic “terrorism expert” hired to train Chicago-area police; Update, 17 August: Police training by Islamophobe canceled," Electronic Intifadfa, August 17, 2013.

Silver, Charlotte. "Peddling Islamophobia: Islamophobia has always been a bipartisan affair, and 'warmonger' Judith Miller is happy to be its shill", writes author," Al Jazeera English, April 28, 2013. Also in The Nation, April 30, 2013.

Silver, Charlotte. "Stateless in the Age of Islamophobia," Truthout, February 3, 2013.

Silver, Charlotte. "Top players in Islamophobia industry paid over $150,000 per year," Electronic Intifada, September 20, 2013.

Silver, Charlotte. "US federal court upholds state secrets privilege, foregoing rights of Muslim citizens," Electronic Intifada, August 15, 2012.

Silverstein, Richard. "Chernick Funds Horowitz-Spencer Attacks on Park51 Mosque," Tikun Olam, September 6, 2010.

Silverstein, Richard. "David Yerushalmi, Islam-Hating White Supremicist Inspires Anti-Sharia Bills Sweeping Tea Party Nation," Tikun Olam, March 2, 2011

Silverstein, Richard. "Islamophobia and Anti-Semitism: Different Religions, Same Hate,” Tikun Olam, April 29, 2018.

Silverstein, Richard. [Some] "Jewish Foundations Support Islamophobia at Home, Settler Triumphalism Abroad," Tikun Olam, January 5, 2013.

Silverstein, Richard. "Jews and Muslims, Confronting Islamophobia, Finding Common Cause," Tikun Olam, May 8, 2011.

Silverstein, Richard. "The Jingoism of Anti-Jihadism," Tikun Olam, August 31, 2014.

Silverstein, Richard. "Major Study Finds No Muslim-American Terror Menace," Tikun Olam, February 10, 2012.

Silverstein, Richard. "Muslim Rage" and the Hypocrisy of the Western Liberal Elite," Tikun Olam, September 25, 2012.

Silverstein, Richard. "Peter King's Anti-Muslim Jihad," Tikun Olam, March 10, 2011.

Silverstein, Richard. "Steve Bannon’s Romance with Hollywood Islamophobia,” Tikun Olam, February 4, 2017.

Silverstein, Richard. "StandWithUs’ New Faux “Muslim Zionist,” Tikun Olam, September 13, 2018.

Silverstein, Richard. "The Terror Industry and Anti-Jihadism, Who Benefits?" Tikun Olam, September 16, 2010.

Singal, Jesse. "Real-Life Muslims Like Saba Ahmed Pose an Existential Threat to Hate Groups," New York Magazine, June 17, 2014.

Singh, Amardeep. "The New Wave of Islamophobia: Being Sikh or Muslim in the age of Donald Trump: Politicians like Trump have emboldened those hostile toward minorities — we need real leaders to confront it,” Salon, January 3, 2016.

Sirota, David. "Return of the anti-Muslim bigots: As the GOP coalition gets frayed, Islamophobia is one of the few things that can unify the party," Salon, May 10, 2013.

Sommerfeldt, Chris. "Donald Trump’s national security adviser Michael Flynn blasted as 'anti-Muslim' by major civil rights group [SPLC],” New York Daily News, December 20, 2016.

Southern Poverty Law Center. “A Journalist's Manual: Field Guide to Anti-Muslim Extremists,” SPLC, October 25, 2016.

Southorn, Debbie. “We Can’t Fight Trump-Style Hate with the Surveillance State: “Life After Hate” has attracted widespread support as an anti-racist organization. Yet, the group has a troubling history of collaborating with Islamophobic “war on terror” federal programming,” ​In These Times, September 19, 2017. [Excerpt: “A lot of what people generally think of as dangerous about CVE is that it disproportionately targets Muslims,” Ahmad continued. “But that’s not the only reason it’s dangerous—that’s why it’s racist. Why it’s dangerous is that it’s really based on debunked theories of radicalization that end up criminalizing First-Amendment-protected rights.”] 

Smith, Ben and Maggie Haberman. "GOP takes harsher stand toward Islam," Politico.com, August 15, 2010.

Rev. Smith, David. B. "Islamophobia Gone Mad!" FatherDave.org, February, 2010.

Smith, Fiona. "Islamophobia: why Adnan doesn't get a job callback but Aidan does: Australian businesses are taking steps to stamp out religious discrimination but the Diversity Council is calling for employers to do more,” Guardian [UK], August 15, 2016.

Smith, Kyle. "Defend, expand ‘gray zone’ by combating Islamophobia,” The University News, November 19, 2015.

Southern Poverty Law Center. "Frank Gaffney Jr.: Once a respectable Washington insider, Frank Gaffney Jr. is now one of America’s most notorious Islamophobes,” 2015.

Stalcup, Meg. "Fear, Inc: Anatomy of an Anti-Islam Epidemic,” The Investigative Fund, September 15, 2011. [The Investigative Fund is a project of The Nation Institute.]

Stalcup, Meg and Joshua Crazy. "How We Train Our Cops to Fear Islam,” Washington Monthly, March 2, 2011. [Available at the Investigative Fund website; the Investigative Fund is a project of The Nation Institute.]

Stanton, Joshua M. Z. "Jews and Muslims in America: more in common than we think," Common Ground News Service, August 12, 2011.

Stedman, Chris. "Atheists ignoire Islamophobia at their peril," Religion Dispatches, August 29, 2012.

Stedman, Chris. "Stop trying to split gays and Muslims: Anti-Islam crusader Pam Geller's effort to foment hate between the two groups is based on lies and doomed to fail,” Salon, April 2, 2013.

Steiger, Kay. "Bachman's anti-Muslim 'brain' draws laughs at Values Voter Summit," The Raw Story, September 15, 2012.

Steinback, Robert. "The Anti-Muslim Inner Circle," Southern Poverty Law Center, Intellegence Report, Issue No. 142, Summer 2011.

Steinback, Robert. "Jihad Against Islam," Southern Poverty Law Center, Intellegence Report, Issue No. 142, Summer 2011.

Strasser, Annie-Rose. "After Boston, Rubio Entertains The Idea Of Not Granting Visas To Muslim Students,” ThinkProgress.org, April 24, 2013.

Strickland, Patrick. "US anti-Islamic bills create ‘environment of fear.’ Proposed legislation targets Islam as anti-Muslim discrimination soars in the United States, rights groups say,” Al Jazeera, January 30, 2106.

Strudwick, Patrick. "'Homophobia' and 'Islamophobia' are the right words for the job," The Guardian [UK], November 27, 2012.

Strupp, Joe. "Religion Writers Slam Fox News' "Atrocious" Reza Aslan Interview," Media Matters for America, July 30, 2013.

Suleiman, Omar. "Islam and the Abortion Debate,” Yaqeen Institute For Islamic Research, March 20, 2017. [Excerpt: "Is Islam pro-life, pro-choice, or both, depending on the circumstances? And what implications does the answer to this question have for current political discourse? This essay offers a comprehensive look at how classical and contemporary Muslim jurists have dealt with the subject in accordance with evolving methods, circumstances, and debates surrounding the topics of contraception and abortion.”]

Suleiman, Yasir. "After Islamophobia comes the criminalization of Arabic,” RawStory, March 21, 2016. [Originally from Al Jazerra.]

Sullivan, Amy. "Romney Meets with the Islamophobes," The New Republic, August 10, 2012.

Sullivan, Sean and Jenna Johnson. "GOP worries rise amid hostile Trump comments on Latinos and Muslims,” Washington Post, June 5, 2016.

Sunshine, Spencer. "Islamophobia Is the Glue That Unites Diverse Factions of the Far Right,” Truthout, July 14, 2017.

Svarogic, Addi. "Sam Harris and the dangers of false atheism," Mondoweiss, May 22, 2015.

Swaim, Lawrence. "Blatant Islamophobia at the US Commission on Religious Freedom," Islamophobia Today, December 24, 2012.

Syed, Shakeel with Farid Zakaria. "The FBI Spied on Me and Then Lied About It," Truthout, January 22, 2012.

“I’m Tired of Explaining Myself”
“Just being Muslim out in the streets is now not only a spiritual identity, but also a political act.”

Why Muslims Do NOT Condemn Terrorism? by Heraa Hashmi (ICNA-MAS Convention)
“At the Islamic Society of North America’s 2017 conference, Hashmi told how she was sitting in her class at the University of Colorado Boulder last year when another student sat down nearby. As their professor began lecturing on the the role of religion in European history, her classmate looked at Hashmi and asked, abruptly, “Why are Muslims so violent — and if they’re not, why don’t they condemn it?” / She told her classmate it was unfair to hold her to that standard, to ask her to apologize for the actions of a few, to paint an entire religion of 1.6 billion people with the same brush. / The conversation quickly turned tense, and Hashmi went home frustrated. She spent the next three weeks working on a 712-page spreadsheet listing examples of Muslim groups and leaders condemning violence, terrorism, sexual abuse, police brutality and more. / She posted the spreadsheet on Twitter, and within 24 hours it had been shared more than 15,000 times. With the help of two software developers who saw the tweet, Hashmi then turned her viral list into an online database that is continuing to expand. / Hashmi’s website has been well-received, and last year it helped earned her the Yaqeen Institute for Islamic Research’s Muhammad Ali Confident Muslim Award. But she told TRT World she now fears that the very act of amassing Muslim criticism of terrorist acts might be playing into a false dichotomy of peace-loving, moderate“good Muslims” versus the America-hating “bad Muslims.” [From Aysha Khan, "Seventeen years after 9/11, Muslims are still ‘presumed guilty,’” Religion News Service (RNS), September 10, 2018.]

"The Muslim woman fighting Islamophobia in Spain's African enclave. Fatima Hamed Hossain's outspokenness against a rising Spanish far right in Ceuta has turned her into a national symbol in the fight against hate speech and inequality,” Middle East Eye, June 19, 2022.

Muslims countries react to India’s ‘insulting’ anti-Islam comments [Middle East Eye, June 9, 2022]


Tai, Hina and Winn Periyasamy. "Trump's Islamophobic rhetoric means a public health crisis for Muslims," The Guardian [UK], November 30, 2016.

Tashman, Brian. "Anti-Muslim Activists Ask Government to Seize Tennessee Mosque," Right Wing Watch, August 2, 2013.

Tashman, Brian. "Bachman: Obama Aids 'Islamic Jihad' and 'Embraced the Worldview Aspirations of The Muslim Brotherhood' to Restore the Caliphate," Right Wing Watch, September 9, 2013.

Tashman, Brian. "Boykin [Family Research Council] : US Must 'Identify the Enemy as the Theology of Islam' or 'We Cannot be Victorious,'" Right Wing Watch, September 25, 2013.

Tashman, Brian. "Brigitte Gabriel [Act! for America] Sees Islamic Indoctrination Everywhere; Sandy Rios [American Family Association]  Warns of 'Jewish Leftists' who are 'Eager to Embrace Islam," Right Wing Watch, April 3, 2012.

Tashman, Brian. "Buchanan Agrees with Fisher that US Should Ban Muslim Immigration and Mosques," Right Wing Watch, November 2, 2011.

Tashman, Brian. "David Horowitz Says Huma Abedin is "Worse than Alger Hiss' and Grover Norquist is a 'Practicing Muslim' Subverting the GOP," Right Wing Watch, October 1, 2012.

Tashman, Brian. "Franklin Graham: Muslims Who 'Hate Israel And Hate Christians' Run The White House," Right Wing Watch, March 2, 2015.

Tashman, Brian. "Gohmert [R-TX]: CAIR and ISNA are 'Front Organizations for the Muslim Brotherhood,' Want Sharia Law," Right Wing Watch, June 14, 2013.

Tashman, Brian. "The GOP's Islamophobia Problem Is Much Bigger Than Donald Trump,” Right Wing Watch, March 21, 2016.

Tashman, Brian. "Group Spearheading Anti-Muslim Witch Hunt to Honor Peter King," Right Wing Watch, September 20, 2012.

Tashman, Brian. "Horowitz: Abedin May Have Been 'Given a Special Dispensation to Marry a Jew so She can Infiltrate our Government,'" Right Wing Watch, July 26, 2012.

Tashman, Brian. "Jamie Glazov [David Horowitz Freedom Center] Warns 'Anti-American' Obama will Imprison Critics of Islam," Right Wing Watch," January 4, 2013.

Tashman, Brian. "Kincaid: Al Gore Introducing the US to Demonic, Islamist Forces," Right Wing Watch, February 20, 2013.

Tashman, Brian. "Pat Robertson Marks 9/11 by Blaming Separation of Church and State for Inviting Radical Muslim 'Fifth Column' Into America," Right Wing Watch, September 11, 2013.

Tashman, Brian. "Pat Robertson: Muslim Ban Protesters Are Paid By George Soros,” Right Wing Watch, February 6, 2017.

Tashman, Brian. "Pat Robertson: Revolt Against Obama’s Muslim Brotherhood Government,” Right Wing Watch, June 27, 2016.

Tashman, Brian. "'Project 2026' [American Family Association] to Fight Gay-Muslim-Atheist Alliance Destroying America," Right Wing Watch, February 28, 2013.

Tashman, Brian. "Rep. Trent Franks [R-AZ] Echoes Frank Gaffney Word for Word while Defending Anti-Muslim Witch Hunt," Right Wing Watch, July 25, 2012.

Tashman, Brian. "Robertson: 'Demonic' Islam Isn't a Religion but an 'Economic and Political System," Right Wing Watch, February 12, 2013.

Tashman, Brian. "Robertson: Islam is an 'Evil System' like Nazism," Right Wing Watch, May 22, 2013.

Tashman, Brian. "Traditional Values Coalition Promotes False Claim that Muslim Americans are Exempt from Obama Care," Right Wing Watch, May 15, 2013.

Tashman, Brian. "Vic Eliason [Voice of Christian Youth] Wonders if Chuck Hagel is a Secret Muslim while Phyllis Schlafly [Eagle Forum] Thinks All Muslima are Terrorists," Right Wing Watch," February 26, 2013.

Taylor, Jessica. "Trump Does Nothing As Questioner Says Obama Is Muslim,” NPR.org, September 18, 2015.

Taylor, Matthew and Haroon Siddique. "Woolrich murder: 200 Islamophobic incidents since Lee Rigby's killing," The Guardian [UK], May 28, 2013.

Taylor, Pamela K. "Ayaan Hirsi Ali and the Challenge of Progressive Critique," Patheos, April 10. 2014.

Tesfaye, Sophia. "Kansas GOP shamelessly fuels Islamophobia with campaign flier warning Muslim residents might be ISIS militants: Republicans in Kansas have wrecked the state economy and are now fearmongering against Muslims to gin up votes," Salon, November 4, 2016.

Theobald, Bill. "Report: Rand Paul calls for scrutiny of Muslims,” USAToday.com, July 18, 2015.

Thomas-Johnson, Amanda. "'A challenge for us all': Study highlights prevalent Islamophobia in UK. Report calls for independent inquiry into 'discriminatory' Prevent strategy and adoption of definition of Islamophobia as 'anti-Muslim racism’,” Middle East Eye, November 14, 2017.

Topolski, Anya. "Good Jew, bad Jew … good Muslim, bad Muslim: “managing” Europe’s others,”  Ethnic and Racial Studies, Volume 41, 2018 - Issue 12: Special Issue: Islamophobia and surveillance: genealogies of a global order, November 2, 2017. [Excerpt: "By describing the theological structure of intercessions that led to the practice of shtadlanut, I analyse how Jewish communities were “accommodated”, internally divided between “good” and “bad” Jews, and “managed” or institutionalized by the ruling powers. While this political-theological structure is no longer overtly in place, it is my contention that the structural mechanism of exclusion it produced reappears in an adapted form today in the form of top-down managed Muslim councils in many European nation-states. After providing an account of this practice, I focus on the power dynamics of this practice (noting of course that it was by no means homogeneous). In structural terms, shtadlanut is a process that forces a heterogeneous population into a controlled vertical homogenized power structure thereby encouraging internal conflict. An adaptation of the Roman divide et impera, this political-theological structure depoliticizes and fragments marginalized groups, prevents resistance and struggle, and regulates subjectivity by limiting agency. By way of conclusion, I return to the context of Europe today to consider how the traces of this structure and practice function in relation to Europe’s “Muslim Question”.]

Torrens, Maria. "Is Donald Trump’s anti-Muslim policy really something new in the United States? “ Salam Plan: Journalism Against Hate, July 18, 2018. [Excerpt: "Wiretapping Muslims and Arabs in a generalized way for considering them “potential terrorists” happened for the first time in the 60’s of last century, professor Louise Cainkar of the Catholic Jesuite Marquette University in Wisconsin explained. At that time, Arab visiting students were interviewed and controlled by agencies like the NSA….With Richard Nixon as president of the US, the “profiling program got institutionalized”, Cainkar said….“The discourses, representations and policies shifted after the Iranian Revolution. From Arab to this much wider group of Muslims”, she said. That was when the “Middle East” concept came into place. While ‘Arab’ and ‘Muslim’ do not mean the same thing, American policies seem to have treated both as synonymous. In fact, professor Erik Love from the Dickinson College in Pennsylvania, defended during the panel in Seville that “islamophobia is racism, [as] it fits neatly into American’s tradition of white supremacy.”]

Townsend, Mark. "Anti-Muslim online surges driven by fake accounts: Social media bots and image manipulation are spreading Islamophobia, analysis reveals,” Guardian [UK], Novembe 25, 2017.

T'ruah. "Truah Statement on Synagogue's Decision to Cancel Pamela Geller's Talk,"  April 11, 2013.

Turkel, Amanda. "Michele Bachmann's Muslim Brotherhood Claims Condemned by Catholic Bishops, 41 Other Groups," Huffington Post, July 26, 2012.

Tutt, Daniel. "How Should We Combat Islamophobia?" Huffington Post, April 25, 2013.

Underwood, Beau. "Sojourners Responds to Anti-Muslim Ads in NYC Subway," Sojourners, September 26, 2012.

US Council of Muslim Organizations. "USCMO Announces Campaigns to Enhance National Security, Address Rising Islamophobia,” December 21, 2015. [Press release]

Vidal, Ava. "'People grab our veils, call us terrorists and want us dead': What it's really like to be a Muslim woman in Britain: Islamophobic attacks have been on the rise ever since 9/11, but it is mostly women being attacked, a recent report suggests,"  The Telegraph [UK], May 6, 2014. 

Vilkomerson, Rebecca. "AIPAC Fosters Islamophobia and Elevates Power Over Justice," Tablet, March 4, 2013. [One of six authors/pieces from article: "Do we Need a Pro-Israel Lobby]

Walker, Chris. "Former InfoWars Staffer Says Islamaphobic Stories Were Often Fabricated: ‘We Made It Up,’” HillReporter.com., December 5, 2019. See Josh Owens, "I Worked for Alex Jones. I Regret It. I dropped out of film school to edit video for the conspiracy theorist because I believed in his worldview. Then I saw what it did to people,” The New York Times, December 5, 2019. 

Wall, James. "Israel's Colonial Creep Has Echos in Texas," Wallwritings, September 20, 2015.

War in Context. "The Islamophobia Industry: How the Right Manufactures Fear of Muslims," September 12, 2012.

War in Context. "NYPD intelligence chief wanted spies in every mosque within 250 miles," February 23, 2012.

Ward, Lucy. "From Aladdin to Lost Ark, Muslims get angry at 'bad guy' film images," The Guardian [UK]. January 25, 2007.

Wasserstein, David. "So, what did the Muslims do for the Jews?" The Jewish Chronicle, May 24, 2012.

Watson, Libby. "Meet The Extremists Who Lead Fox's Conversation About Islam," Media Matters, January 13, 2015.

Webb, Amir. "The American media have been pushing Islamophobia since as early as 1863,” The Muslim Vibe, January 7, 2018.

Weiss, Philip. "AIPAC underwrote Islamophobia in the Republican Party, and the Democratic Party too,” Mondoweiss, March 17, 2017.

Weiss, Philip. "Anti-Islamist chic,” Mondoweiss, July 7, 2017.

Weiss, Philip. "Aubrey Chernick and the nexus of Islamophobia,"  Mondoweiss, December 20, 2010.

Weiss, Philip. "Bill Maher says Islam and Christianity are 'warlike' religions but Israel 'kicked ass' in its 'little war,'"  Mondoweiss, December 2, 2012.

Weiss, Philip. "Debbie Almontaser salutes Donna Nevel," Mondoweiss, May 1, 2014.

Weiss, Philip. "Fear of Arab-Americans in the public square,'"  Mondoweiss, April 15, 2014.

Weiss, Philip. "Hebrew University lecturer calls for expelling Palestinians as alien hostages in war against Muslims," Mondoweiss, October 3, 2012.

Weiss, Philip. "In long piece on Yerushalmi's anti-Shariah campaign, 'NYT' can't talk about his contempt for a 'murderous non-People - Palestinians," Mondoweiss, August 1, 2011.

Weiss, Philip. "Is the 'New York Review of Books' afraid of Islam?" Mondoweiss, November 3, 2011.

Weiss, Philip. "Islamophobia is as widespread and acceptable as anti-Semitism used to be," Mondoweiss, May 18, 2013.

Weiss, Phillip. "‘Jewish Communal Fund’ seeds Islamophobia as toxic as Trump’s,” Mondoweiss, November 21, 2015.

Weiss, Philip. "Jewish groups stand up against media lies about Muslims and police surveillance of Muslims," Mondoweiss, October 10, 2014. [Re.  J-NAI (Jewish Voice for Peace Network Against Islamophobia)]

Weiss, Philip. "New NY commuter ads seek to justify Islamophobia," Mondowiess, August 124, 2012.

Weiss, Philip. "Obama says Muslims bear responsibility to counter radical Islam (so are Jews responsible for Israeli violence?)," Mondoweiss, September 25, 2015.

Weiss, Philip. "'Peace Now' video against binationsl state features scary soundtrack: Muslim call to prayer," Mondoweiss, October 4, 2012.

Weiss, Philip. "‘Racist, fascist bullshit’– Marcel Ophuls exposes Islamophobia in Israel,” Mondoweiss, December 11, 2014.

Weiss, Philip. "Support for Islamophobic groups from Jewish Communal Fund slurs ‘Jewish community as a whole,’" Mondoweiss, December 4, 2019. ["Sadly, support for these bigoted groups is a pattern throughout the Jewish community nationally, in Chicago, in San Francisco, in Boston. As Donna Nevel and Elly Bulkin reported:  Jewish United Fund/Jewish Federation of Metropolitan Chicago through its donor-advised funds [made contributions] between 2011 and 2014 [to] the Middle East Forum and Investigative Project on Terrorism, recipients of nearly $650,000… In the 2013-2017 fiscal years, the Combined Jewish Philanthropies of Greater Boston (the local Jewish federation) also funded anti-Muslim hate, including giving more than $360,000 to three of the anti-Muslim hate groups highlighted in the [NY] JCF report. / More recent research on the Jewish Community Federation of San Francisco and the Helen Diller Family Foundation, which is “housed and staffed” by the Federation, documents substantial financial support for anti-Muslim hate going back to 2003.”]

Weiss, Philip. "When Rouhani says blaming ISIS on Islam is Islamophobic, is anyone listening?" Mondoweiss, September 28, 2014.

Weiss, Philip and Alex Kane. "After Foxman approves surveillance of Muslims in US, John Lewis, Debbie Wasserman Schultz, and EJ Dionne attend his gala, " Mondoweiss, May 1, 2013.

Weiss, Philip and Annie Robbins. "Thane Rosenbaum and Jonathan Mark suggest Arab Muslims don’t belong in America,” Mondoweiss, February 26, 2019.

Wellen, Russ. "Islamophobia's Poisened Wellsprings," Foreign Policy in Focus, August 29, 2011.

Werleman, CJ. "Americans Are More Likely to Be Killed by Right-Wing Terrorists Than Muslims—But the Media's Afraid to Say It: We must confront the threat of far right extremism," AlterNet, May 20, 2014.

Werleman, CJ. "How Hatred of Islam Creates Strange Bedfellows of Christians and Atheists: Atheists shouldn't be singing from the same song sheet as the Christian Right," AlterNet, April 11, 2014.

Werleman, CJ. "'Islamophobes perpetuate the myth that Muslims are plotting to overtake the West,’” Muslim Press, April 8.2017.

Werleman, CJ. "New Atheism's Islam-obsessed rape and rescue fantasy," Middle East Eye, January 16, 2015.

White, Ben. "How a fishing reporter [Dexter Van Zile] became a leading figure in the Islamophobia industry [CAMERA]," Electronic Intifada, June 24, 2014.

White, Ben. "Let's Be Honest About Britain's Islamophobia," The Huffington Post [UK], May 14, 2014.

White, Ben. "UK Zionist Federation email attacks 'Palestinian Moslems,'" The Electronic Intifada, February 1, 2013.

White, Rabbi Michael and Rabbi Jerome Davidson. "Hate Speech Has No Place in a Synagogue," The New York Jewish Week, April 9, 2013.

Wilson, Bruce. "Anti-Semitic White-Supremicist Orthodox Jew Tries to Ban Islam in US," [re. David Yerushalmi] Talk to Action, December 27, 2007.

Wilson, Miranda. "How fighting Islamophobia in the US is connected to working for justice in Israel/Palestine: an interview with Donna Nevel,” Mondoweiss, April 29, 2015.

Wing, Nick. "Mike Huckabee: Muslims Depart Mosques Like 'Uncorked Animals,' Throwing Rocks, Burning Cars,” Huffington Post, August 8, 2013. 

Wingfield, Marvin and Bushra Karaman. "Arab Stereotypes and American Educators," American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee, March, 1995. Downloadable as a PDF here.

Winograd, Zoe. "Walk-outs over ‘Islamophobia’ at antisemitism symposium,"  The Jewish Chronicle, December 6, 2012. [re. statements "by the Egyptian writer Bat Ye’or, and Dr Manfred Gerstenfeld, a founding member of the Journal for the Study of Antisemitism, which sponsored the seminar"] Also see: Emperor. "Controversy at London Seminar on Anti-Semitism," Loonwatch.com, December 7. 2012.

Winstanley, Asa. "Book review: how Israeli school textbooks teach kids to hate," Electronic Intifada, August 11, 2011.

Winstanley, Asa. "UK anti-boycott activist [Ronnie Fraser] spoke at Islamophobic conference," Electronic Intifada, July 19, 2013.

Wise, Alissa. "Desecrated Cemeteries: Anti-Semitism and Islamophobia in Trump's America,” Truthout, March 3, 2017.

Wise, Tim. "Terrorism and Privilege: Understanding the Power of Whiteness," TimWise.org, April 16, 2013.

Woodruff, Nancy. "GOP Homophobes Suddenly Find a Use for Gays: After years of supporting some of the most discriminatory and hateful legislation aimed at the LGBT community, some top Republicans finally found a way to exploit the community as it grieved the Orlando shootings,” The Daily Beast, June 13, 2016.

Woodward, Paul. "From Pamela Geller to Anders Behring Breivik — how Islamophobia turned deadly in Norway," War in Context, July 23, 2011.

Yaqoob, Salma. "Abuse of Muslims is now mainstream. I never thought my children would see this; Nadiya Hussain’s account of prejudice comes as no surprise to those of us who are used to being attacked in the street, in schools and in the press,” The Guardian [UK], August 16, 2016.

Yassin-Kassab, Robin. "The Muslims Are Coming!: Islamophobia, Extremism, and the Domestic War on Terror – review: Arun Kundnani has written a sharp study of anti-Islam hysteria," The Guardina [UK], April 3, 2014.

Younge, Gary. "Europe: Hotbed of Islamophobic Extremism," The Nation, July 2-9, 2012.

El-Yousseph, Mahmoud. "Welcoming Muslims for the love of Christ," Kabobfest, October 25, 2010.

Yuen, Nancy, Christina Chin, Meera Deo, Faustina DuCros, Jenny Lee, Noriko Milman. “Terrorists and Tyrants: Middle Estern and North African (MENA) Actors in Prime Time and Streaming Television,” MENA Arts Advocacy Coalition, 2017. [Downloadable pdf.]

Zarni, Maung. "Aung San Suu Kyi and the world of Buddhist Islamophobia: Myanmar's Muslim minority, demonised and persecuted for decades, is facing a fresh wave of violence amid media silence," Al Jazeera English, November 3, 2013.

Zerkel, Mary. Young people aren’t interested in being scared: An interview with AFSC Communities Against Islamophobia trainers Umaymah Mohammad and Ahmed Abbas,” AFSC Blog, May 21, 2018.

Zhou, Steven. "Zionist Groups In Canada Are Jumping On The “Creeping Sharia” Bandwagon: Inside the groups that can't let M-103 go,” BuzzFeed News, November 15, 2017.

Zibari, Rourosh and Nathan Lean. "Islamophobia is a Lucrative Industry," Fair Observer,  March 19, 2015. Also  in CAIR, Florida, March 19, 2015.

Zobair, Jennifer. "When Bigotry Came to My Book Reading: A Muslim Feminist's Love Letter to Cambridge," Huffington Post, July 18, 2013.

Zogby, James. "A Double Standard on Bigotry,” Arab American Institute [blog], July 4, 2022. ["Over four decades ago I wrote a paper, together with a Pakistani-American scholar, Mowahid Shah, comparing Czarist Russian and pre-Nazi German anti-Semitic cartoons with anti-Arab cartoons being published in major US papers in the 1970s and ‘80s. The fat Jewish banker was replicated by the fat oil sheikh and the blood-thirsty Jewish subversive/anarchist was replaced by the equally demonic-looking Arab terrorist. It was striking how they were so similar in content and form. Greedy, dark, sinister, hook-nosed men who had taken advantage of us, absconded with “our wealth,” and were now holding us hostage to their evil intent….We’ve learned to be mindful of anti-Semitic tropes. The same must apply to how we talk about Arabs, Gulf Arabs, in particular. It is legitimate to raise serious policy concerns about the environment, or trade, the murder of Jamal Khashoggi, or other human rights abuses. But it unacceptable to use racist caricatures or bigoted stereotypes in making those legitimate points.”]

Zogby, James. “It’s a Damn Shame. The failure of obsessively anti-Arab, anti-Muslim characters to discern between genuine "bad guys" and just regular guys like Mazen Asbahi does a grave disservice to all Americans,” Huffington Post, August 8, 2008. ["The combination of bigoted websites, their echo-chamber bloggers, irresponsible mainstream media outlets, and fear and ignorance about all things Arab and Muslim have produced an oppressive environment detrimental to the full political participation and empowerment of the Arab American and American Muslim communities.”]

Zogby, James. "Nader is Right," Al-Ahram Weekly, June 28-July 4, 2012.

Zogby, James. "Poll - Negative Campaign Against Arabs and Muslims Has Consequences,” July 10, 2017. ["on issues that affect the lives of Arab Americans and American Muslims ranging from immigration to civil liberties, the partisan divide is substantial and explains, in part, Republican support for policies hostile to both groups.”]

Zogby, James. "Targeting Arabs and Muslims" [Symposium | Trump Vs. Democracy], Democracy Journal, October, No. 60, Special Issue. ["Donald Trump isn’t the first Republican to use demonization of Arabs and Muslims as a campaign tactic. And his Administration isn’t the first to implement policies that have adversely affected these communities. But while we have a century of such behaviors, the Trump era has elevated them to a level so dangerous it is imperative that they now finally be confronted and defeated. During the 1920s, in the midst of the nativist wave that was sweeping the country, Congress added the Arab East to the list of countries and regions excluded from sending immigrants to the United States. In presenting the legislation, the sponsoring senator said, “we don’t need any more Syrian trash in America.” This ban lasted more than two decades, during which time there was no legal Arab immigration to the United States.”]

"Lila Abu Lughod - Muslim Women
and the Freedom to Choose” /
Lila Abu Lughod of Columbia
University discusses Muslim Women
and the Freedom to Choose at Michigan
State University on Feb 16, 2017 Hosted
by the Muslim Studies Program” [58:38]

Reza Aslan: Bill Maher 'not very sophisticated'
“Reza Aslan offers his reaction to Bill Maher’s
recent remarks regarding the link between
violence and Islam..” Also see "
Bill Maher,
Bigtime Bigot: His Outrageous Statements
About Islam and Muslims Are Beyond the Pale
How much longer will we continue to tolerate
Islamophobes like Maher?” by Dan Cohen,
AlterNet, February 20, 2017,

Glenn Greenwald responds to Bill Maher ...

“Islamophobia and Antisemitism: Same message, different minority”
This video highlights the disturbing similarities between Islamophobic and Antisemitic messages.” [See Colm O'Broin, “Islamophobia and Antisemitism: Same message, different minority”]


"I'm a Muslim, but..." - A response to Buzzfeed’s recently circulated video "I'm a Muslim, but...[I'm not a terrorist]" 

“Edward Said: The Myth of 'the Clash of Civilizations.” “In this important lecture delivered at the University of Massachusetts, Said takes aim at one of the central tenets of recent foreign policy thinking -- that conflicts between different and “clashing civilizations” (Western, Islamic, Confucian) characterize the contemporary world. [Media Education Foundation]”… A devastating, and culturally informed, critique of Samuel Huntington's 'clash of civilizations' model.” — Jack David Eller, Anthropology Review Database. A free transcript of this lecture is available here.

Chart: Alex Kotch/Sludge   Source: Internal Revenue Service   

Ibn Sina

Racism and Incitement Index

"7amleh published the results of the Racism and Incitement Index in Israeli social networks during the year 2020, which showed an increase in violent discourse towards Palestinians and Arabs by 16% over the year 2019."  

“Reel Bad Arabs - How Hollywood Vilifies a People.” "This groundbreaking documentary dissects a slanderous aspect of cinematic history that has run virtually unchallenged from the earliest days of silent film to today's biggest Hollywood blockbusters. Featuring acclaimed author Dr. Jack Shaheen, the film explores a long line of degrading images of Arabs--from Bedouin bandits and submissive maidens to sinister sheikhs and gun-wielding "terrorists"--along the way offering devastating insights into the origin of these stereotypic images, their development at key points in US history, and why they matter so much today. Shaheen shows how the persistence of these images over time has served to naturalize prejudicial attitudes toward Arabs and Arab culture, in the process reinforcing a narrow view of individual Arabs and the effects of specific US domestic and internationl policies on their lives. By inspiring critical thinking about the social, political, and basic human consequences of leaving these Hollywood caricatures unexamined, the film challenges viewers to recognize the urgent need for counter-narratives that do justice to the diversity and humanity of Arab people and the reality and richness of Arab history and culture.”

The "Riz Test” … "Launched by a team of two film buffs from academic and tech backgrounds. Just like most Muslims we're tired of seeing the same old stereotypes and Islamophobic tropes being played out in Films and TV Shows. Taking cues from the Bechdel Test and inspiration from Riz Ahmed's 2017 speech on diversity, we decided to create a set of criteria to measure how Muslims are portrayed on Film and TV. By doing so we hope that we can start a conversation, to raise awareness and to affect change."

“Islamophobia” - Rudy Francisco, Natasha Hooper, and Amen Ra with San Diego's Elevated! Poetry Slam Team performing their poem at the 2016 National Poetry Slam Finals in Atlanta, GA.

Islamophobia in post-9/11 America

‘Enough is enough’: On tackling Islamophobia
in Canada, one year after Ontario attack /
‘We can’t see more lives lost due to hate
and Islamophobia’ / "One year after a deadly
attack that killed four members of the Afzaal
family in London, Ontario, MEE spoke with
Fatema Abdalla of the National Council of
Canadian Muslims on the growing calls for
the Canadian government to tackle
Islamophobia." [7/20/22]

How Islam Saved the Jews” — Click on the image above to access a recording of the lecture at the University of London [2012] by Dr. David J Wasserstein, Prof. of Jewish Studies at Vanderbilit University.

"Linda Sarsour is a co-chair of the Women's March on Washington. But before, she managed to win recognition of Muslim holidays from New York City public schools.” [January 16, 2017]

Mizrahi Jews Against Islamophobia

Suhaiymah Manzoor-Khan: “I'm bored of talking about Muslim Women” / "Why women’s rights are seen as being central to the discourse on Islam?  And why are we so fascinated with Muslim women?"


“Since 9/11, Bill Maher has devoted himself to mainstreaming the toxic narrative of Islamophobia. With a captive audience of millions, the support of a major cable network, and a steady stream of celebrity guests, including no shortage of self-styled progressives, Maher has largely succeeded in his goal. / Dan Cohen’s video compilation represents the most shocking exposé to date of Maher’s corrosive impact, laying bare the raw bigotry he pumps out, night after night. / According to Maher, “Islam is the motherlode of bad ideas,” the Quran is a “hate filled holy book,” and “the Islamization of Europe” is underway. / “Their cultures are not like ours,” Maher said, justifying the exclusion of Syrian refugees from the West. “They're worse!” Maher said of Muslims, branding Islam as “the only religion that acts like the mafia.” / Maher claims Muslims “bring that desert stuff” to the West, and that “if Muslim men could get laid more, we wouldn’t have this problem.” “Talk to women who have ever dated an Arab man,” Maher insists. “The reviews are not good.” / In Maher’s mind, moderate Muslims don’t exist. As the Iraqi army fights to retake cities controlled by the Islamic State, Maher denies that Muslims are battling ISIS. / “Hundreds of millions of [Muslims]” support terror, according to Maher. “Most Muslim people in the world do condone violence,” he claims. / Ironically, Maher is a top supporter of Israel’s violence against occupied Palestinians, particularly in the besieged Gaza Strip. In fact, he personally offered himself as an asset to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s government. / “I love Israel, but, you know, if you fuck with them, they will blow the fuck out of you,” Maher declared. / Maher has hand-picked guests who amplify with his toxic views of Muslims. They include his longtime friend Ann Coulter, who has taunted Muslim American students, “Take a camel!” and once exclaimed, “Raghead talks tough, raghead pays the price.” / Maher marketed his hosting of Milo Yiannopolous, the most prominent face of the neo-Nazi “alt-right,” as a defense of the free exchange of ideas. But when Milo appeared on stage with Maher, the exchange quickly turned into what the Washington Post described as a “bromance.” / In the era of Trump, when Islamophobia is being transformed into government policy, Cohen’s shocking video compilation raises an important question: How much longer will we continue to tolerate the kind of intolerance that Islamophobes like Maher have built their careers on?” [Grayzone Project, 2/20/17]

"Muslim teacher delivers a powerful response to OFSTED's attempts to ban young Muslim students from wearing the hijab.” — From The Muslim Vibe [OFSTED is the UK Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills.]  

"Quran passages or Bible verses? People react negatively — and then learn the truth.” [UpWorthy, 12/15/15]

Essa, Azad and Umar A. Farooq. "Navigating hate and death threats: What it's like working for Ilhan Omar,” Middle East Eye, March 8, 2023.

"Edward Said - Framed: The Politics of Stereotypes in News. [Al Jazeera English, 2017]

press conference

Extreme(ly Queer) Muslims - Ep. #4 ["Extreme(ly Queer) Muslims highlights queer Muslim voices throughout pride month and Ramadan.”]

Survey says most Americans believe 'Arabic numerals' shouldn't be taught in school (5/20/19) [A survey meant to “tease out prejudice among those who didn’t understand the question” found that more than half of Americans believe "Arabic numerals" should not be taught in schools.”]

“Reject Hatred / Stand United / Hate Has No Home at UMass"

The Bridge Initiative: "Five Islamophobia
Questions with Peter Beinart” / “ Bridge
Initiative host Arsalan Iftikhar interviews
Peter Beinart, Professor of Journalism and
Political Science at the City University of
New York and Contributing Opinion Writer
at The New York Times. Peter is also a
CNN Political Commentator,
Editor-at-Large of Jewish Currents,
and a Non-Resident Fellow at the
Foundation for Middle East Peace”
[10:15 / February 13, 2023]

Ben-Dahn Israeli racist

British Muslims launch first ever pride festival

"So, my argument basically is that it’s not
enough to understand Islamophobia simply
as hate crimes, although hate crimes do exist;
it’s not enough to understand it as religious
intolerance or microaggressions or hate speech
and so on, although we do know that all this
exists; but to look at the roots of where it
comes from, because what happens when you
don’t do that is that people accept the rhetoric
coming from people at the top of society….
it’s important to see that racism is baked
into the security logic of the national security
state in the U.S., as well as in terms of how
it operates abroad, because if we don’t
understand where something is coming
from, we can’t target the roots, and therefore
dismantle it.” [“Islamophobia and the
Politics of Empire”: Deepa Kumar on How
Racism Fueled U.S. Wars Post-9/11

"NY TImes blames Islamophobia on
Russia” / "Palestinian-American
journalist [Ali Abunimah] talks [with
Katie Halper] about his critique
of the NY Times for blaming
Islamophobia on Russia.”
[6:02 / September 28, 2022]

“Riad Alarian: How Attempts to Humanize Muslims Often Do the Exact Opposite” “In their various iterations, these videos are ultimately a very sad attempt to prove Muslims are worthy of the same respect and belonging that all other people should have. While these videos aim to show the viewer that Muslims are a culturally and ethnically diverse group, they do so without saying anything about Islam itself, letting the viewer’s biases about the religion guide her conclusions. If anything, by identifying Muslims exclusively with nondenominational factors, these videos take a step in the direction of secularizing Islam, which Muslims must steadfastly reject. The American Muslim community’s impulse to defend itself against a political culture that is increasingly hostile toward Islam is completely understandable—and necessary. In the way Malcolm X, the African-American Muslim leader, once urged his coreligionists not to wait idly by for liberation to come, and, instead, take concrete steps to accomplish this themselves, Muslims must continue on this path today. The whitewashed, “humanizing Muslims” industry is certainly not the way to accomplish this.”  The full article [from Muftah, June 18, 2016] can be accessed by clicking on the image above, or by clicking here. Also see 1]  Nafisa Eltahir, "Muslim Americans Should Reject the Politics of Normalcy; Muslim Americans cannot prevent discrimination by trying to blend in,” The Atlantic, Sept 25, 2016; 2] Riad Alarian, "Liberal Fascination With “Islam-Lite” and the Humanizing Muslims Industry,” Muftah, May 20, 2017; Kyle Conway, "Taboo Humanity: Paradoxes of Humanizing Muslims in North American Sitcom,” in: Bucaria C., Barra L. (eds) Taboo Comedy. Palgrave Studies in Comedy. Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2016.  ● For the defense: 1] Rawan AbuShaban, "On Humanizing Muslims,” Huffington Post, January 22, 2017; 2] Usame Tunagur, "A crucial attempt to humanize Muslim Americans,” altmuslimah, February 18, 2011.


Kanji, Azeezah and S.K. Hussan. “The Problem with Liberal Opposition to Islamophobia,” ROAR Mazazine, Issue #5. ["Many progressives who claim to oppose Islamophobia actually uphold the security state’s framing of key issues, keeping its oppressive framework in place….it is crucial to critically assess some of the liberal arguments against Islamophobia that are often put forward by people like Trudeau, as well as by many activists who would situate themselves to the left of him. Many of these arguments, while appearing to be anti-Islamophobic, actually uphold the national security state’s framing of issues. In doing so, the dominant economic and social framework that underlies Islamophobic laws and policies, and the racist ideas incorporated within it, remains in place — thereby impeding our ability to move beyond it. Argument 1 | “Counter-Radicalization Is More Effective than Harsh Counter-Terrorism” …. Argument 2 | “Inclusion Is the Answer” …. Argument 3 | “Islamophobia Plays into the Hands of ISIS” …. Argument 4 | #NotAllMuslims — “Islam is Peace” …. Argument 5 | “Non-Muslims are Often Terrorists” …. Argument 6 | “Muslim Women Are Not Oppressed — They Choose How To Dress” …. Argument 7 | “Muslims Are Citizens Too” …. Argument 8 | “Obviously Innocent Collateral Damage” …. Moving Beyond Liberal Anti-Islamophobia”]

Azan & Muslim pilgrims “Hajj" prayer in Mecca Kaaba; time lapse 2:24


Suhaiymah Manzoor-Khan: “Funeral of the Authentic Muslim Woman” [2017]

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