Read About the Nakba


Palestinian children: Nakba refugees




• Books


A
bu Sitta, Salman H. The Atlas of Palestine 1917-1966. London: Palestine Land Society, 2010. This is an enlarged, extended and edited edition of the Atlas of Palestine, 1948 published in 2004. (All four parts of the new edition are available online for free at http://www.plands.org/en/maps-atlases/atlases/the-atlas-of-palestine)


A
bu Sitta, Salman H. The Palestinian Nakba 1948: The Register of Depopulated Localities in Palestine. London: Palestine Return Center, September, 2000. (Available as a free PDF at http://www.plands.org/en/books-reports/books/the-palestinian-nakba-1948)


D
avis, Rochelle. Palestinian Village Histories: Geographies of the Displaced (Stanford Studies in Middle Eastern and Islamic Societies and Cultures). Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2010. ([O]ver four hundred Palestinian villages were depopulated in the 1947-1949 war. With houses mostly destroyed, mosques and churches put to other uses, and cemeteries plowed under, Palestinian communities were left geographically dispossessed. Palestinians have since carried their village names, memories, and possessions with them into the diaspora, transforming their lost past into local histories in the form of “village memorial books. Numbering more than 100 volumes in print, these books recount family histories, cultural traditions, and the details of village life, revealing Palestinian history through the eyes of Palestinians….this book analyzes individual and collective historical accounts of everyday life in pre-1948 Palestinian villages as composed today from the perspectives of these long-term refugees. – Stanford University Press.)


Esber, Rosemary M. Under the Cover of War: the Zionist Expulsion of the Palestinians. Alexandria, VA: Arabicus Books, 2008. (“While other recent books on the subject have relied on Israeli and Zionist archival sources, Esber uses British archives and oral testimonies from Palestinian survivors as well as previously used sources to demonstrate that there was a purposeful, systematic pattern by which Zionist forces depopulated Palestinian cities and villages before the end of the British mandate on 15 May 1948 and the subsequent intervention of Arab armies.” – Maureen Claire Murphy, ei)


Gordon, Nahida Halaby, ed., Palestine Is Our Home: Voices of Loss, Courage and Steadfastness, Wooster, OH: Palestine Books, 2016. (“The book contains a brief contemporary history of Palestine, short essays, first hand testimonies from Palestinians who experienced different periods of their country’s painful recent history, and chapters on the liberation art of currently occupied Palestine and on the origins of the traditional Palestinian costume. Sixty-one black and white images – maps, photographs, works of art, traditional costumes, and embroidery – serve to illustrate the narratives and chapters of the book. A discussion leader’s guide and a series of questions at the end of each section are provided to aid group discussion and reflection.” – Palestine Books)


Hever, Hannan, ed., with Benit, Moran, Shmueloff, Matti, Siksek, Ayman, and Gardi, Tomer. Tell it Not in Gath: The Palestinian Nakba in Hebrew Poetry, 1948-1958. Haifa: Pardes Publications, Parrhesia, 2009. (“[A]n anthology of Hebrew poems written during the 1948 war and its aftermath that invoke the Palestinian Nakba. The anthology is the product of Prof. Hever's examination of Hebrew books and newspapers published from November 30, 1947 up to the end of 1948.” – Zochrot)


Kadman, Noga.  Erased from Space and Consciousness: Israel and the Depopulated Palestinian Villages of 1948 (English Edition). Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2015. (“This remarkable book examines how the issue of the Palestinian villages whose inhabitants were expelled in 1948 has evolved in Israeli consciousness. Kadman looks at official Israeli discourse, kibbutz and moshav diaries and records, and the maps produced by the Israeli state to show in disturbing detail how the dispossession of the population of over 400 villages, most of which have since been destroyed, has been largely eliminated from the imaginary of most Israelis.” – Rashid Khalidi; “Poignant, sensitive, and compassionate, Kadman’s deeply-informed inquiry exposes graphically the process of 'demographic Judaization' of Palestine, in physical reality and cultural comprehension. It is an invaluable contribution…” - Noam Chomsky)


Kassem, Fatima. Palestinian Women: Narrative Histories and Gendered Memory. London: Zed Books, 2011. (“A powerful and much-needed oral history of the Nakba from the 'forgotten community' of Palestinian women who live on in Israel. Fatma Kassem not only gives these women back their voice, but bravely helps us to understand through her own difficulties as an academic why Israel wants their silence to continue. - Jonathan Cook, author of Disappearing Palestine)


Khalidi, Walid. Before Their Diaspora: A Photographic History of the Palestinians, 1876-1948. Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 2004. (“Before Their Diaspora is a visual journey into Palestine before 1948. Every aspect of Palestinian society comes to life in…nearly 500 photographs…..” – IPS) Before Their Diaspora is now an interactive website, a data base, and a free digital book which has been made available online.


Khalidi, Walid, ed. All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington, DC.: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1992.  (A fundamental research tool for all historians interested in the history of Palestine. A monumental effort … a major achievement.” – Roger Owen, The Middle East Centre, St. Antony’s College, Oxford University) The introduction to All That Remains is available here.


Lentin, Ronit. Co-memory and Melancholia: Israelis Memorialising the Palestininan Nakba. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2010. (This book explores the construction of collective memory in Israeli society, where the memory of the trauma of the Holocaust and of Israel’s war dead competes with the memory claims of the dispossessed Palestinians. Taking an auto-ethnographic approach, Ronit Lentin makes a contribution to social memory studies through a critical evaluation of the co-memoration of the Palestinian Nakba by Israeli Jews. Against a background of the Israeli resistance movement, Lentin’s central argument is that co-memorating the Nakba by Israeli Jews is motivated by an unresolved melancholia about the disappearance of Palestine and the dispossession of the Palestinians, a melancholia that shifts mourning from the lost object to the grieving subject. Lentin theorizes Nakba co-memory as a politics of resistance, counterpoising co-memorative practices by internally displaced Israeli Palestinians with Israeli Jewish discourses of the Palestinian right of return, and questions whether return narratives by Israeli Jews, courageous as they may seem, are ultimately about Israeli Jewish self-healing rather than justice for Palestine. – Manchester University Press)


Masalha, Nur. Expulsion of Palestinians: The Concept of “Transfer” in Zionist Political Thought, 1882-1948. Washington, Institute for Palestine Studies, 1992. (Almost entirely based on declassified Israeli archival material, Dr. Masalha’s sober and carefully researched account shows conclusively that transfers” — a euphemism for expulsion — was from the start an integral part of Zionism…(an) impressive and timely book…quietly devastating research.” – Rt. Hon. Lord Gilmour, The Guardian, UK)


Masalha, Nur. The Palestine Nakba: Decolonising History, Narrating the Subaltern, Reclaiming Memory.  London: Zed, 2004. (Masalha argues that to write more truthfully about the Nakba is not just to practice a professional historiography but a moral imperative. The struggles of the ordinary refugees to publicize the truth about the Nakba is a vital way of protecting the refugees’ rights and keeping the hope for peace with justice alive. With the history, rights, and needs of the Palestinian refugees being excluded from recent Middle East peacemaking efforts and with the failure of both the Israeli state and international community to acknowledge the Nakba, 1948 as an “ethnic cleansing continues to underpin the Palestine-Israel conflict. This book is vital for a real understanding of the Israel-Palestine conflict. – Zed / This book is the most comprehensive and penetrating analysis available of the catastrophe that befell Arab Palestine and its people in 1948, known as the nakba. It shows how the expulsion and physical obliteration of the material traces of a people was followed by what Masalha calls 'memoricide': the effacement of their history, their archives, and their place-names, and a denial that they ever existed. – Rashid Khalidi, Columbia University / For an informative review of The Palestine Nakba see Bernard Regan's "Review of The Palestine Nakba," Red Pepper, June 20, 2012.)


Masalha, Nur, ed. Catastrophe Remembered: Palestine, Israel, and the Internal Refugees. London: Zed, 2005. (Essays in memory of Edward Said. “This is a work of enormous significance by distinguished scholars of singular courage and integrity. The spirit and legacy of Edward Said are embodied in these papers that seek to rectify grave historical omissions and distortions pertaining to the plight and rights of the Palestinians, particularly in their displacement and exile. Such a narrative of affirmation, authenticity, and rectification is the essential antidote to the mendacious accounts of exclusion and denial that have perpetuated, and even justified, the continued victimisation of the Palestinian nation. The recognition of this grievous injustice, along with the admission of Israeli and global culpability, are the first steps in the quest for a just peace and hence for historical redemption. – Hanan Ashrawi) The foreward and introduction to Catastrophe Remembered can be read here.


Morris, Benny. The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, 1947-1949.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989. (In this first full-length study of the birth of the Palestinian refugee problem, the author traces the stages of the 1947-9 exodus against the backdrop of the first Arab-Israeli war and analyzes the varied causes of the flight. The Jewish and Arab decision-making involved, on national and local levels, military and political, is described and explained, as is the crystallization of Israel's decision to bar a refugee repatriation. Morris examines the subsequent fate of the abandoned Arab villages, lands, and urban neighborhoods, and looks at the international context of the war and the exodus. Benny Morris was born and educated in Israel and received his doctorate from the University of Cambridge. He is diplomatic correspondent for The Jerusalem Post. – Cambridge University Press)


Morris, Benny. The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. (
Morris' earlier work exposed the realities of how 700,000 Palestinians became refugees during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war. While the focus of this edition remains the war and exodus, new archival material considers what happened in Jerusalem, Jaffa and Haifa, and how these events led to the collapse of urban Palestine. Revealing battles and atrocities that contributed to the disintegration of rural communities, the story is harrowing. – Cambridge University Press) [Available online as a pdf here. ]


Pappe, Ilan. The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine. Oxford: Oneworld, 2007. [(Pappe accuses) Israel of ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity, beginning in the 1948 war for independence and continuing through the present. Focusing primarily on Plan D (Dalet, in Hebrew), conceived on March 10, 1948, Pappe demonstrates how ethnic cleansing was not a circumstance of war, but rather a deliberate goal of combat for early Israeli military units organized by David Ben-Gurion, whom Pappe labels the "architect of ethnic cleansing." The forced expulsion of 800,000 Palestinians between 1948 and 1949, Pappe argues, was part of a long-standing Zionist plan to manufacture an ethnically pure Jewish state. Framing his argument with accepted international and U.N. definitions of ethnic cleansing, Pappe follows with an excruciatingly detailed account of Israeli military involvement in the demolition and depopulation of hundreds of villages, and the expulsion of hundreds of thousands of Arab inhabitants. An accessible, learned resource, this volume provides important insights into the historical antecedents of today's conflict, but its conclusions will not be easy for everyone to stomach: Pappe argues that the ethnic cleansing of Palestine continues today, and calls for the unconditional return of all Palestinian refugees and an end to the Israeli occupation. – Publishers Weekly]


Roberts, Jo. Contested Land, Contested Memory: Israel's Jews and Arabs and the Ghosts of Catastrophe. Toronto: Dundurn, 2013. (“Jo Roberts, a British lawyer and anthropologist, focuses on how Israel contends with the Nakba, its 1948 ethnic cleansing of Palestine. She examines how “contested histories of the past” currently affect the lives of Jewish and Palestinian citizens of Israel. Roberts principally analyzes how the respective traumatic histories of Israelis and Palestinians shape their national identities and influence the possibility of their reconciliation. The author significantly contributes to the historiography of 1948, particularly in her presentation of the lesser-known experiences of displaced Palestinians who remained in what became Israel after the war. Roberts’s thoughtful book considers the traumas of the Holocaust for Jewish Israelis and the Nakba for Palestinian citizens of Israel through the lens of “social suffering. This anthropological perspective examines how individuals and communities perceive and respond to social forces of catastrophic violence.” – Rosemarie M. Esber in Electronic Intifada)


Rogan, Eugene L. and Schlaim, Avi, eds. The War for Palestine: Rewriting the History of 1948. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2011. (The official Israeli version of the birth of the Palestinian refugee problem has been challenged by, among other people, a group of Israeli scholars who are variably called the new historians” or the revisionists.” In this edited volume, Rogan and Shlaim, two prominent scholars of the modern Middle East at the University of Oxford, have brought together leading Israeli revisionist historians with noted Arab and Western scholars to explain the historical and contemporary significance of the 1948 War from various perspectives. – Library Journal)


Sa'di, Ahmad H., ed. and Abu-Lughod, Lila, ed. Nakba: Palestine, 1948, and the Claims of Memory (Cultures of  History). New York: Columbia University Press, 2007. (Ahmad H. Sa'di is a senior lecturer in the Department of Politics and Government at Ben-Gurion University. Lila Abu-Lughod is professor of anthropology and gender studies at Columbia University. [F]or Palestinians themselves, the iniquities of the present are experienced as a continuous replay of the injustice of the past. By focusing on memories of the Nakba or catastrophe of 1948, in which hundreds of thousands of Palestinians were dispossessed to create the state of Israel, the contributors to this volume illuminate the contemporary Palestinian experience and clarify the moral claims they make for justice and redress. The book's essays consider the ways in which Palestinians have remembered and organized themselves around the Nakba, a central trauma that continues to be refracted through Palestinian personal and collective memory. Analyzing oral histories and written narratives, poetry and cinema, personal testimony and courtroom evidence, the authors show how the continuing experience of violence, displacement, and occupation have transformed the pre-Nakba past and the land of Palestine into symbols of what has been and continues to be lost. – Columbia University Press)


Tamari, Salim, ed. Jerusalem 1948: The Arab Neighbourhoods and their Fate in the War. Jerusalem: Institute of Jerusalem Studies and Bethlehem: Badil Resource Center, 1999. (…an informative, enlightening, candidly descriptive and analytical history…. highly recommended…. – Midwest Book Review)


Weaver, Alain Epp. Mapping Exile and Return: Palestinian Dispossession and a Political Theology for a Shared Future. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2014. (American Mennonite theologian and aid worker Alain Epp Weaver explores a legacy of Palestinian Christian exile, and struggle for return. The book’s terrain ranges from the ethnically-cleansed villages of the Galilee to the Upper West Side of Manhattan. Weaver focuses particularly on contending geographies: how “Palestinians have been ‘abolished from the map,’ in the words of Palestinian cartographer Salman Abu-Sitta,” and the prospect of “counter-cartographies that subvert colonialism’s map-making….“In the face of Zionist rejection of Palestinian refugee return, international indifference, and an ineffectual and compromising Palestinian leadership for whom the refugee question is a source of irritation, Palestinian refugees pin their hopes on memory, Weaver writes. – Joe Catron, ei)


Zochrot. Omrim Yshna Eretz — Once Upon a Land­: A Tour GuideHebrew and Arabic. Haifa: Pardes Publications, 2012.  (“[A] bilingual tour guide, in Hebrew and Arabic, to what is left and - mainly - what was erased, almost without a trace. A journey through time and consciousness, 18 tours to some of the approximately 400 Palestinian villages and urban neighborhoods, whose residents fled or were expelled in 1948. Most of their homes were wiped off the face of the earth immediately afterward, generally without even a sign remaining of them.”  – Gideon Levy / Also see the description by Zochrot as well as the book review by the Human Rights Education Director of Amnesty International Israel. )



Image of an Israeli activist wearing a shirt reading— in Hebrew and Arabic —"Deir Yassin," during a Tel Aviv event commemorating the Palestinian Nakba.

May 15, 2012. An Israeli activist wears a shirt reading — in Hebrew and Arabic — Deir Yassin, during a Tel Aviv event commemorating the Palestinian Nakba. Deir Yassin was a Palestinian village which Zionist paramilitary groups attacked on April 9, 1948, systematically massacring over 100 Palestinian men, women, and children.  Photo by: Oren Ziv/ Activestills.org. 




• Maps



Colonialism in destru(A)ction (De-Colonizer, 2017) [“Palestinian, Jewish and Syrian localities destroyed since the beginning of Zionism until 2016…The map is designed and planned for a printed format over a 65x100 cm sheet. The online version is for free browsing.”]


Nakba Map (TerraMetrics, 2014) [Clicking on a dot on the Google map opens up a pop-up bubble which shows information about that location]


Nakba Map in Hebrew (Zochrot, 2013) [Downloadable. “Zochrot presents the first Nakba map in Hebrew. It includes the localities in the country that were destroyed between the beginning of Zionist colonization and the 1967 war.”]




• Articles



A-D

+972How Nakba villages sunk into Israeli landscape," May 15, 2012.

+972. Photo essay: Al-Araqib Bedouin's ongoing struggle for their land," [photos by Oren Ziv, Yotam Ronen, and Keren Manor/Activestills.org], August 11, 2012

Abu Nimah, Hassan. Al-Walajah, a symbol of Israeli ethnic cleansing," Electronic Intifada, October 9, 2009.

Abulhawa, Susan. “Are Israelis Now Appropriating the Nakba?The Palestine Chronicle, May 14, 2013.

Abunimah, Ali. "Built-in racism: Israeli real estate article lauds “desirable” Arab-free neighborhood,” Electronic Intifada, July 20, 2012.

Abunimah, Ali. “Ethan Bronner’s Nakba denial in The New York Times," Electronic Intifada, May 14, 2011.

Abunimah, Ali. “Interactive map of Palestine villages destroyed in Nakba,” Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2011.

Abunimah, Ali. “Israeli police forcibly prevent Nakba event and Israeli high schoolers cheer for Nazis,” Electronic Intifada, April 26, 2012.

Abunimah, Ali. "Israel’s West Bank wall annexes Palestinian land the size of Chicago: Help bring it down,” Electronic Intifada, June 11, 2012.

Abunimah, Ali. “No abandoned land: Palestinians tend ancestors' graves in village ethnically cleansed in 1948," Electronic Intifada, June 17, 2013.

Abunimah, Ali. “100-year-old Israeli general [Yitzhak Pundak] still eager to slaughter Palestinians," Electronic Intifada, August 21, 2013.

Abunimah, Ali. “Ongoing Nakba: Powerful infographic from Visualizing Palestine shows century of land theft, expulsion," Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2013.

Abunimah, Ali. “Professor of Hate: Israeli "scholar" [Arnon Sofer] urges ethnic cleansing of Bedouins," Electronic Intifada, January 11, 2012.

Abunimah, Ali. “Video: Israeli occupiers arrest Palestinian woman with her baby in her arms as she protects her land," Electronic Intifada, January 19, 2013.

Abunimah, Ali. “Watch: “From Al-Araqib to Susiya” - Palestinians highlight Israel’s ongoing efforts to expel them," Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2013.

Abuqudairi, Areej, Maya Hautefeuil, and Alia Chughtai. “Palestinian voices: Life since the Nakba: Al Jazeera talks to older and younger generations of Palestinian refugees about their experiences in the Nakba," Aljazeera, May 15, 2014.

Aburahma, Wafaa. “My village was attacked and burned down": a Nakba survivor speaks," Electronic Intifada, May 29, 2014.

Abu-Ras, Thabet. “Land Disputes in Israel: The Case of the Bedouin of the Naqab," Adalah Newsletter, Vol, 24, April, 2006. Article downloadable as a pdf here.

Aburawa, Arwa. “The great book robbery of 1948,” Electronic Intifada, November 9, 2010.

Abu Sarah, Aziz. “For Palestinians, the Nakba is not history, The Nakba has a dual meaning today. On one hand, it is about the hundreds of villages that were razed in 1948 and the hundreds of thousands of refugees who lost their homes. On the other hand, Palestinians continue to suffer the Nakba daily – the separation of families, continuous confiscations of land and settlements choking every Palestinian village and town." +972, May 15, 2012.

Abusrour, Abdelfattah. “Beautiful Resistance," (re. Palestinian theatre and the Nakba). This Week in Palestine,  #169, May,  2012.

Active Stills. “PHOTOS: Nakba commemorations from Gaza to the Galilee / Photos by: Ahmad Al-Bazz, Mustafa Bader, Keren Manor, Ryan Rodrick Beiler, Yotam Ronen, Omar Sameer, and Oren Ziv," +972, May 16, 2014.

Active Stills. “PHOTOS: Palestinians return to village destroyed in 1948 Nakba: Palestinian citizens of Israel return to the village of Al-Ruways, which was destroyed by Zionist military forces during the Nakba," +972, April 1, 2013.

Active Stills. “PHOTOS: Susya’s women document life under threat of demolition," +972, August 1, 2012.

Adalah (The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel). “Demolition and Eviction of Bedouin Citizens of Israel in the Naqab (Negev) — The Prawer Plan," Adalah website.

Adalah (The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel). “Report: Forced displacement on both sides of the green line," +972, May 16, 2013.

Adalah (The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel). “Tenders Published by the Israel Land Authority and the Ministry of Construction in 2013: Housing Units, Industrial and Commercial Areas and Palestinian Refugee Property - The Policy of Discrimination and Disenfranchisement Continues," +972, March 30, 2014.

Adamson, Daniel Silas. “The Christian family refusing to give up its Bethlehem hill farm; A Palestinian Christian family that preaches non-violence from a farm in the West Bank is battling to hold on to land it has owned for 98 years. Now surrounded by Israeli settlements, the family is a living example of the idea of peaceful resistance," BBC, June 17, 2014.

Aderet, Ofer. “Preserving or looting Palestinian books in Jerusalem," Ha'aretz/IOA, December 8, 2012.

Ageel, Ghada. “It should be 'forbidden to forget' the Nakba: Israeli advice to Palestinians to "wipe their homeland from their memory" underlines a lack of empathy for Palestinians’ rights," Middle East Eye, May 15, 2014.

Agence France-Presse. “Israeli FM Lieberman slams Arab Israelis over Nakba protest,"  May 7, 2014. [“Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman on Wednesday denounced as a "fifth column" thousands of Arab Israelis who joined a demonstration calling for the right of return for Palestinian refugees."]

Agence France-Presse. “UN report accuses Israel of pushing Palestinians from Jerusalem, West Bank," February 12, 2012.

Alexander, Neta. “Today in theatres: 'The Palestinian Nakba,'" Ha'aretz, May 15, 2006.

Aloni, Udi. “Brooklyn-Jenin: Why didn’t the judges prevent the demolition in Lod?Mondoweiss, December 19, 2010.

Al Asmar, Fouzi. “Israel's Ethnic Cleansing Laws," Arabic Media Internet Network [AMIN), October 15. 2010. Originally in Arabic, it was translated into English and posted to the website of The Palestine Center [US], November 1, 2010.

Al-Ghubari, Umar. “How Israel erases Arabic from the public landscape: The Israeli government has begun omitting the Arabic name for Jerusalem from its street signs, erasing not only the language from the Israeli consciousness, but Palestinian identity itself,” +972, November 22, 2015. [Originally published by Haokets.] 

Al-Haq. “Al-Haq's Legal Analysis of Military Orders 1649 & 1650: Deportation and Forcible Transfer as International Crimes," April, 2010.

Al Jazeera. “Palestinians mark Land Day with protests: Israeli troops fire tear gas in West Bank to disperse participants in event commemorating deaths of protesters in 1976," March 31, 4013.

Almeghari, Rami. “A double Nakba in Gaza," Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2007.

Almeghari, Rami. “I can coexist with Israelis but only when I return home," says Nakba survivor," Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2014.

Almeghari, Rami. “I'm afraid of dying" without returning home, says Nakba survivor [Abu Khaled]," Electronic Intifada, May 20, 2013.

Al-Mezan. “On 64th Anniversary of Nakba, Al Mezan Emphasizes Palestinian Cause Is One of Human Rights, Guaranteed by International Legality, and Calls on International Community to Uphold Its Responsibilities and Stand Up for Justice," Press Release, May 15, 2012.

Alqasis, Amjad. “Israel’s state ideology tantamount to the ongoing Palestinian Nakba,Mondoweiss, May 15, 2015.

Alqasis, Amjad. “The Ongoing Nakba: The continuous forcible displacement of the Palestinian people," Mondoweiss, May 15, 2013. [Originally published by BADIL in al-Majdal #50]

Al-Saadi, Yazan. “The Memories Museum of Dr. Mohammed al-Khatib," Al-Akhbar English, August 7, 2013.

Al-Saadi, Yazan. “Nakba stories: Reminiscing, regrets, and return," Al-Akhbar English, May 15, 2014.

Al-Saadi, Yazan. “Salman Abu Sitta: The Palestinian History Weapon,"  Al-Akhbar English, August 5, 2012.

Alsaafin, Linah. “Palestinian national strike to stop Israel's "Prawer plan" ethnic cleansing," Electronic Intifada, July 15, 2013.

Alternative Information Center (AIC). “Photos: Israel's Bedouin citizens resist displacement in Al Araqib," Alternative News, September 26, 2012.

Al-Wahid, Nu’man Abd. “Britain’s denial of democracy and the ethnic cleansing of Palestine,” Mondoweiss, June 20, 2011.

Amara, Dr. Ahmad. "Dispossession by the law: How the Israeli judicial system utilises Ottoman land law to expel and dispossess the Palestinian Bedouin,” Middle East Monitor, December 1, 2016.

American Friends Service Committee [AFSC]. “Forced Displacement in Palestine and Israel,"  [background paper, 15 pgs.], 2013. Available as free, downloadable pdf.

American Friends Service Committee [AFSC]. “Palestinian Refugees and the Right of Return," [background paper], 2014.

American Muslims for Palestine [AMP]. “The Nakba - What really happened?” ampalestine.org, April 2009.

Amnesty International. “Israel: rabbis' ban on housing for non-Jews condemned," Amnesty.org.uk, December 7, 2010.

Anziska, Seth. “A Preventable Massacre," The New York Times, September 16, 2012.

Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein — also see Bronstein, Eitan

Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein. “A Brief History of the "Nakba" in Israel,” de-colonizer.org, May, 2016. ["This text describes the discourse on the Nakba -- mostly the concept but also the historical event -- in Israel. When did it appear? When did it decline and was repressed? What caused these changes? The attempt here is to describe historical moments, a periodization, from the founding of the state until today, in order to describe the relation to the term in each period and the changes it went through. This text deals with the attitude towards the Nakba in Hebrew almost exclusively and does not attempt to describe the attitudes and changes it went through in Arabic and in the Arab world.”]

Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein. “Building Summayl for the Children of Israel," Zochrot, December 31, 2013.

Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein. “From Gaza to Salameh: A Palestinian refugee's journey home; A Palestinian refugee from Gaza journey’s to his family’s hometown in present-day Tel Aviv. Standing on what used to be the village cemetery, he feels the ghosts of the past as he must reckon with the currently reality,"  +972, December 14, 2014.

Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein. “A small step toward recognizing the Nakba: Putting up signs marking destroyed Palestinian towns and villages could bring about a more moral discourse about the Nakba and its victims,” +972, December 19, 2015.

Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein. “Turning Israel into a 'state of all its infiltrators; The past two Israeli governments successfully turned the issue of African asylum seekers into a threat posed by infiltrators, who were subsequently criminalized. A short examination of the country’s history with infiltrators, however, can give us some important insights,'" +972, December 20, 2013.

Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein. “Video: Asking Israelis to mark the Nakba on Independence Day,” Mondoweiss, July 14, 2016.

Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein and Dr. Eléonore Merza Bronstein, “In 2015, memory of Nakba has inched closer to Israeli mainstream: Two Nakba-themed events were organized by groups you’d least expect, suggesting that the legacy of the Palestinian catastrophe has ventured beyond Palestinian and leftist circles," +972, May 15, 2015, 

Arab Association for Human Rights (HRA). “Israeli government approves massive new evictions in the Naqab," January 28, 2013.

Architects & Planners for Justice in Palestine. “End all demolitions in Al Bustan, Silwan and all of East Jerusalem," Israeli Occupation Archive, September 16, 2012.

Ariel, Arik. “Revealed from the archive: Israel's secret plan to resettle Arab refugees: Plans drawn up during the 1950s and ’60s had one overriding goal: to preserve the demographic status quo by resettling the 1948 Arab refugees far away from the country," Haaretz, December 19. 2013. [Behind Haaretz paywall.]

Aruri, Naseer. “The Meaning of the Nakba," CounterPunch, May 21, 2012.

Asalti, Ziad J. “The Lessons of the Nakba," Newsweek/Daily Beast, May 11, 2012.

Ascherman, Rabbi Arik. “Help us to prevent Forty thousand Israeli Bedouin citizens from being forceably removed from their homes,” Rabbis for Human Rights, May 3, 2013.

Ascherman, Rabbi Arik. “Letters Urgently Needed to Save Susya: Shavuot Thoughts on Being Torah,” Rabbis for Human Rights, May 14, 2013.

Asher, Ami. “'Thanks for doing Zionism's filthy work': A response to Ari Shavit; Israeli journalist Ari Shavit expresses gratitude for the perpetrators of the Lydda expulsion and massacre — for doing the ‘filthy work,’ explaining that, even ‘the critics of later years enjoyed the fruits of their deed.’ A response to Shavit’s ‘Lydda, 1948‘ published in The New Yorker,” +972, November 11, 2013.

Ashrawi, Hanan. “Israel's Cynical Definition of 'Refugee,'” Huffington Post, September 6, 2012.

Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI). "Position Paper: Kaminitz Law (Draft Planning and Construction Law),” ACRI website, February 6, 2017.

Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI). “Principles for Arranging Recognition of Bedouin Villages n the Negev,” ACRI Policy Brief, June, 2011. [Downloadable PDF] Also see New Israel Fund Australia,” ACRI: Discriminatory Prawer Plan Approved."

Ateek, Naim. “The Ongoing Nakba,” Cornerstone [Sabeel Ecumenical Liberation Theology Center], Issue 50, Summer 2008, pp. 1-4.

Auron, Yair. “The Poem That Exposed Israeli War Crimes in 1948; A poem published by Natan Alterman during Israel's War of Independence criticizing human-rights abuses was lauded by Prime Minister Ben-Gurion, who even distributed 100,000 copies of it among soldiers; other such testimonies were made to disappear,” Haaretz, March 18, 2016.

Azoulay, Ariela. “A few thoughts for Nakba Day,” Zochrot, May, 2012.

Azzam, Zeina. “May 15, 2016: 68 Years Since Palestine’s Nakba,” Huffington Post, May 12, 2016.

Bacon, Jesse. “Israel demolishes entire village for fifth time, immediately after holiday, Updated with video,” Israel: The Only Democracy in the Middle East?, September 13, 2010.

Bacon, Jesse. “Israeli court welcomes pre-1948 land claims, from Jewish Israelis only,” Israel: The Only Democracy in the Middle East?, October 5, 2010.

Bacon, Jesse. “Israeli right wing admits to dispossessing Palestinians, says Nakba was worse,” Israel: The Only Democracy in the Middle East?, September 9, 2010.

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “65th Commemoration: Ongoing Nakba and Secondary Forcible Displacement,” International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC], May 15, 2013

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians face constant threat of displacement,” July 2, 2013. [Press release announcing the publishing of BADIL's handbook “Israeli Land Grab and Forced Population Transfer of Palestinians: A Handbook for Vulnerable Individuals and Communities," BADIL, June 24, 2013. The handbook can be downloaded here.

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “Israel and the Nakba,” BADIL.

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “Israeli Land Grab and Forced Population Transfer of Palestinians: A Handbook for Vulnerable Individuals and Communities," June 24, 2013. This handbook can be downloaded here.

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “The Jewish National Fund: A Para-State Institution in the Service of Colonialism and Apartheid," al-Majdal, Winter-Spring, 2010. This issue of al-Majdal can be downloaded here.

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “'The New Nakba' - Gaza," November 12, 2012. ["Khalil Shaheen from the Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR) talks about Israel's 'Operation Cast Lead' which lead to the temporary displacement of about half a million Palestinians. For those refugees in Gaza who could remember the original Nakba years (1947-49), they described the 2008-09 Israeli bombardment of Gaza as "worse than the original Nakba".]

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “Practicing Truth to Power: A report about BADIL's latest work to combat Forced Population Transfer," Summer, 2013.

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “Ruling Palestine: A History of the Legally Sanctioned Jewish-Israeli Seizure of Land and Housing in Palestine," The Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions (COHRE), 2005.

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “What You Need to Know about Palestinian Refugees and internally Displaced Persons," [60 Nakba Campaign; 24 page pamphlet downloadable as pdf here].

Bahour, Sam and Fida Jiryis. “Why Land Day still matters: Today, with no resolution in sight to the historic injustices inflicted upon them, Palestinians in Israel and elsewhere use this day to remember and redouble their efforts for emancipation," +972, March 30, 2014.

Bak, Rebecca Yael. “Not Next Year, Not in Jerusalem: Israeli Palestinians' - and My Family's - Desire to Return Home," New Voices, April 21, 2006.

Banko, Laura. "A brief history of banning Arabs from Palestine,” The Nakba Files, August 23, 2016.

Bannoura, Saed. “At Least 17 Including 7 Reporters Injured as Army Attacks Bab Al-Shams AgainInternational Middle East Media Center [IMEMC],  January 15, 2013.

Bannoura, Saed. “Israel Approves 650 Units In Pisgat Ze’ev Settlement,” International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC], December 3, 2011.

Bannoura, Saed. “Israeli government allows sale of stolen Palestinian property to Israelis,” International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC], March 15, 2010.

Barat, Frank. “Interview with Lia Tarachansky: a former settler documents the Nakba,”  Ma’an News Agency, November 28, 2013.

Barghouthi, Mariam. “Nakba: Mutilating the memory of Palestinian exile,” International Business Times, May 26, 2016.

Barghouthi, Mustafa. “Israeli Denial and the Nakba,” Huffington Post, July 22, 2013.

Barghouthi, Mustafa. “It's Time for Israel to Apologize for the Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine, Saying sorry will not destroy Israel -- it will be a first step towards making amends for crimes that occurred 65 years ago," AlterNet, May 21, 2013.

Baroud, Ramzy. “Defined by Nakba and Exile: The Complex Reality of “Home” for Palestinians,” Dissident Voice, January 20, 2016.

Baroud, Ramzy. "Palestine retold: Who’s afraid of the Nakba?” Al Arabiya, April 20, 2017.

Baroud, Ramzy. “The resolve of memory: The Palestinian Nakba of 1948 was not an isolated event; it is ongoing today, and so no Palestinian forgets," Al-Ahram Weekly, May 17-23, 2012.

Baroud, Ramzy. “Roots of the Conflict: Palestine’s Nakba in the Larger Arab ‘Catastrophe,’ Middle East Monitor, May 16, 2016.

Baroud, Ramzy. “66 Year Nakba: I Saw Yafa, Land of Oranges,” Foreign Policy Journal, May 23, 2014.

Barrows-Friedman, Nora. “Mass demolition as Israel ethnically cleanses Naqab desert," Electronic Intifada, May 31, 2013. [Includes transcript of interview with Jillain Kestler-D'Amours on forced displacement of bedouin communities by the Israeli government.]

Barrows-Friedman, Nora. “Nakba Survivor: new website highlights testimonies of the Nakba,” Electronic Intifada, May 13, 2011.

Barrows-Friedman, Nora. “WATCH: Remi Kanazi's new poem, "Nakba," about his grandmother's expulsion in 1948," Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2013.

Bartlett, Eva. “Gaza “a new Sabra and Shatilla”, the on-going Nakba," InGaza, July 20, 2014.

Bartlett, Eva. “Living the Nakba in Gaza," Electronic Intifada, May 23, 2010.

Bartlett, Eva. “Palestinian voice from Susiya, a Palestinian village that existed before the establishment of Israel," InGaza, July 30, 2012.

Baumann, Nick. “This [Muslim] American Refused to Become an FBI Informant. Then the Government Made His Family's Life Hell. Plus, secret recordings reveal FBI threats," Mother Jones, May/June 2014.

Bazian, Hatem. “The Nakba: Narrating the “Non-Existing” Palestinians into History!” HatemBazian.com, May 11, 2016.

BBC News. “UN chief says East Jerusalem demolition plan "illegal,'" June 24, 2010.

Beaumont, Peter. "Palestinian barber keeps alive memories of his father's flight from Jaffa; Iskander Hinn has on display the old clippers and razors his father took with him when he fled home 68 years ago,” Guardian [UK], May 13, 2016.

Beckerman, Gal. “Top Genocide Scholars Battle Over How to Characterize Israel's Actions," The Jewish Daily Forward, February 25, 2011.

Beiler, Ryan Roderick [and Active Stills]. “PHOTOS: March of return to a destroyed Nakba village: On the day that many Israelis celebrated their Independence Day, thousands of Palestinian residents of Israel and Jerusalem marched to the site of the northern village of Lubya. Lubya was one of more than 500 Palestinian communities destroyed by Zionist militias in the Nakba, Arabic for ‘catastrophe,’ the term given to the forced displacement of some 750,000 refugees before, during and following the 1948 War," +972, May 7, 2014.

Bekker, Vita. “Bedouins fight a new catastrophe in the Negev," The National, July 22, 2013.

Berger, Yotam. "Israeli Farms Illegally Cultivating Hundreds of Acres of Palestinian Land Across Border; Moshavim around Latrun working some 370 acres of West Bank land that was handed to them by government authority in the 1980s; Palestinians torn on whether to fight in Israeli High Court of Justice,“ Ha'aretz, October 7, 2016.

Berthiaume, Lee. “Life of Pi, The English Patient authors among 70 Canadian writers calling on Israel to stop evictions," Ottawa Citizen, July 11, 2013.

Bhandar, Brenna and Rafeef Ziadah. "Acts and Omissions: Framing Settler Colonialism in Palestine Studies,” Jadaliyya, January 14, 2016.

Bikom [Planners for Planning Rights} and B'Tselem [The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories]. “Under the Guise of Security: Routing the Separation Barrier to Enable the Expansion of Israeli Settlements in the West Bank," December, 2005. [89 page report, downloadable as pdf.]

Bishara, Suhad. "Who Has the “Right” to Steal Palestinian Land?” The Nakba Files, August 10, 2016.

Bisharat, George. “For Palestinians, memory matters. It provides a blueprint for their future," San Francisco Chronicle, May 13, 2007.

Black, Ian. “1948 no catastrophe says Israel, as term nakba banned from Arab children's textbooks,” Guardian [UK], July 22, 2009.

Black, Ian. “Remembering the Nakba: Israeli group puts 1948 Palestine back on the map: Zochrot aims to educate Israeli Jews – through tours and a new phone app – about a history obscured by enmity and denial," Guardian [UK], May 2, 2012.

Blau, Uri. “Seeing the forest and the trees: The untold story of the Jewish National Fund," Ha'aretz, December 9, 2011.

Blomfield, Adrian. “Cave-dwelling Palestinian farmers facing eviction from homes," The Telegraph [UK]," May 13, 2012.

Blumenthal, Max. “The days of ‘48 have come again.” 15 minutes from Tel Aviv, Israel creates a new refugee camp,” MaxBlumenthal.com, January 26, 2011.

Blumenthal, Max. “Eviction of Bab Al Shams exposes Israel as a lawless state," Electronic Intifada, January 14, 2013.

Blumenthal, Max. “The forest through the trees: What the Carmel fire reminds us about Israel's history," Mondoweiss, December 7, 2010.

Blumenthal, Max. “Forgotten 1963 Survey: Majority Of Israeli Jewish Youth Could Support Genocide Against Arabs,” MaxBlumenthal.com, August 5, 2010.

Blumenthal, Max. “Israel stands by ‘the damned’ of 1948 as it seeks to finish the Nakba," The National, May 31, 2014.

Blumenthal, Max. “Knesset Speaker Reuven Rivlin’s admission: Israel “expelled Arabs” across Palestine in 1948,” MaxBlumenthal.com, September 3, 2010.

Blumenthal, Max. “The Settlement Freeze that Never Was, and Never Will Be,” MaxBlumenthal.com, May 7, 2010.

Blumenthal, Max. “The ‘Summer Camp of Destruction:” Israeli High Schoolers Assist the Razing of a Bedouin Town,” MaxBlumenthal.com, July 31, 2010.

Blumenthal, Max. “When the Shoah met the Nakba (“One group lost all . . . while the other found all they needed”), MaxBlumenthal.com, May 15, 2011.

Boarini, Silvia. “In photos: Israeli bulldozers raze Bedouin community," Electronic Intifada, June 18, 2014.

Burston, Bradley. “For Palestinians, Every Day is Nakba Day,” Huffington Post, May 23, 2011.

Bronstein, Eitan. — also see Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein

Bronstein, Eitan. “Local Jewish Opposition to the Palestinian Nakba," Zochrot, 2006.

Bronstein, Eitan. “Min wayn jaye inti?” Where the hell do you come from?: Repression of the Nakba and post-trauma among Jews in Israel,” paper presented at the Shadow of Memory: Relational Perspectives of Remembering & Forgetting conference held in Tel Aviv, posted by Adam Horowitz to Mondoweiss, June 25, 2009.

Bronstein, Eitan. “Nakba Law: Inside Pandora’s Box: Paradoxically, the overbearing stance of Israel’s Nakba law has significantly increased public interest in the Nakba,” +972, May 14, 2011.

Bronstein, Eitan. “The Nakba: Something That Did Not Occur (Although It Had to Occur)," Zochrot, trans. from Hebrew by Ingrid Jaradat Gassner, September, 2009 (first published in Haq al-Awda, May, 2004). 

Bronstein, Eitan. “A panel discussion on The Nakba and the right of return at Tel Hai," Zochrot, January, 2012.

Bronstein, Eitan, with Musih, Norma. “Al-Haram (Sidna Ali) in the memory of Herzliya," Zochrot, March, 2007.

Bseiso, Jehan. “Letter to Ghassan Kanafani on the 66th Anniversary of the Nakba," The Palestine Chronicle, May 16, 2014.

B’Tselem [The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories]. "Expel and Exploit: The Israeli Practice of Taking over Rural Palestinian Land,” December, 2016. [The report can be downloaded here.]

Buccus, Imraan. “We cry with Palestinians as they mark the Nakba,” Sunday Independent [South Africa], May 15, 2016.

Buch, Victoria. “The History and “Morals” of Ethnic Cleansing,” CounterPunch, January 6, 2009.

Bullimore, Kim. “Remembering Al Nakba in the Occupied Territories," The Palestine Chronicle, May 17, 2008.

Burg, Avraham. “Independence and Nakba: Intertwined and inseparable, The Israeliness I believe in and aspire to encompasses 
all Israelis and all their histories together," Haaretz, May 5, 2014.

Burston, Bradley. “For Palestinians, Every Day is Nakba Day," Huffington Post, July 23, 2011.

Carlstom, Gregg. “Palestinians testify to 'ongoing Nakba': For millions of Palestinians, their displacement which began with the creation of Israel in 1948, is an ongoing process," Al Jazeera, May 15, 2014.

Catron, Joe. “Gaza researchers determined to record Nakba generation before time runs out," Electronic Intifada, October 23, 2013.

Catron, Joe. “Palestinian Christian struggle mapped in new book," Electronic Intifada, April 30, 2014.

Catron, Joe. “Voices from Gaza: What does Nakba mean to you?Middle East Eye, May 15, 2014.

CBS News. “Palestinian village faces demolition by Israel," June 21, 2012.

CBS News [AP]. "Palestinians' Abbas accuses Israel of "ethnic cleansing," September 27, 2012.

Center for Constitutional Rights. “Archaeologists Worldwide Urge Halt to “Museum of Tolerance” Construction on Ancient Muslim Cemetery,” CCR Press Release, October 20, 2011.

Chelala, César. “Israel Guilty of Apartheid, Ethnic Cleansing of Palestinians: UN Rapporteur," Informed Comment, March 22, 2014.

Chernikoff, Helen. “Despite Withdrawal of Hillel Support, Jewish Students Hold Nakba Commemoration Event,” The Forward, May 11, 2016.

Christian Peacemaker Teams [Tuwani Team]. “Israeli military demolishes village of Amniyr,” South Hebron Hills Release, February 23, 2011.

Christian Peacemaker Teams [Tuwani Team]. “Israeli military demolishes village of Amniyr for second time in five weeks,” South Hebron Hills Release, March 29, 2011.

Chroniques de Palestine - Popular resistance and human rights, “To exist is to resis! Rebuilding homes in Anata," January 27, 2012.

Cohen, Moshe. “Israeli Partiers Ignore Independence Nakba Protest: Picnickers in the Lavie Forest did not let an anti-Israel "Nakba" protest mar Independence Day, with help from Hashomer Hachadash," Arutz Sheva, May 8, 2014.

Cohen, Moshe. “Pro-Israel Students: 'Nakba' is the Arabs' Own Fault: Pro-Israel students at Tel Aviv University faced off against leftists commemorating the “Nakba” outside the campus on Sunday," Arutz Sheva, May 11, 2014.

Cohen, Robert. “Put Yourself in Their Shoes: Taking Obama Seriously for Nakba at 65," Tikkun Daily, May 15, 2013.

Cohen, Shimon. "'We need another 100,000 settlers in the Golan’; Likud MK praises US strike on Syria, says Israel needs to strengthen presence in Golan,” Arutz Sheva, April 9, 2017.

Cola, Elliott. “NPR: Israeli Chef Invents Baba Ghannouj," Jadaliyya, June 28, 2011.

Cole, Juan. “Israel to Ethnically Cleanse 70,000 Palestinians in Massive Negev Land Grab," Informed Comment, December 1, 2013.,

Cole, Juan. “Top Ten Reasons East Jerusalem does not belong to Jewish-Israelis,” Informed Comment, October 23, 2010.

Committee for a Just Peace in Israel and Palestine. “At the 60 year anniversary of Israel’s creation Palestinians are still homeless,” Nakba Day Flyer (PDF).

Commons, Sara. “Commemorating Nakba 2015," Socialist Worker, May 20, 2015.

Coogan, Mike. “How US “charities” break tax laws to fund Israeli settlements,” DesertPeace, September 6, 2011.

Cook, Jonathan. “Canada Park and Israeli “memoricide,” The Electronic Intifada, March 10, 2009.

Cook, Jonathan. "The Expulsion Law: This Is What Israeli Democracy Looks Like,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, October 2016, pp. 8-9, 19.

Cook, Jonathan. “A History of Silencing Israeli Army Whistleblowers: From 1948 Until Today,” CounterPunch, March 24, 2016.

Cook, Jonathan. "Homes of East Jerusalem Palestinians Threatened by “National Parks” Policy,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs,” June/July 2016, pp. 8-10, 12.

Cook, Jonathan. “How Israel aims to redefine ‘ethnic cleansing’; Netanyahu’s controversial comments have thrown another obstacle in the way of Palestinian statehood, analysts say,” Jonathan-Cook.net; November 12, 2016.

Cook, Jonathan. “If settlements are 'legal', the ground is laid for annexation," The National,  July 18, 2012.

Cook, Jonathan. “IIqrit Descendants Determined to Rebuild, Return to Their Destroyed Village," Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, August 2013, pp. 38-39.

Cook, Jonathan. "In Umm al-Hiran, it is 'a continuing Nakba’: Israel has advanced plans to raze the village of 150 homes and replace it with a town for Israeli Jews,” 
Al Jazeera, January 22, 2017.

Cook, Jonathan. “Israel plans more construction on historic Muslim cemetery,” The Electronic Intifada, June 14, 2010.

Cook, Jonathan. “Israel tells schools not to teach nakba,” The National, August 22, 2010.

Cook, Jonathan. “lsrael Uses Closed Military Firing Zones to Drive More Palestinians From Their Land,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs,” September 2014, pp. 26-27.

Cook, Jonathan. “Israel’s settlers clear path to annexation with new land law,” Mondoweiss, February 8, 2017.

Cook, Jonathan. “Israeli police block Palestinian 'March of Return’: The March of Return is held each year to commemorate the 1948 Nakba,” Al Jazeera, April 9, 2017.

Cook, Jonathan. “Israelis Slowly Wake up to the Nakba," The Palestine Chronicle, May 15, 2014.

Cook, Jonathan. “It's time for Palestinians in Israel to stand firm against the Bantustan plan of Oslo, An interview with Awad Abdel Fattah," Israeli Occupation Archive, November 14, 2012.

Cook, Jonathan. “Land Law Is Final Nail in the Two-State Solution Coffin,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, March/April 2017, pp. 8, 17..

Cook, Jonathan. “The Nakba Continues: Israel Continues Its Theft of Palestinian Natural Resources," Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, January/February 2014, pp. 14-15.

Cook, Jonathan. "Newspeak, Netanyahu-Style: Portraying Israeli Ethnic Cleansers as Victims,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, November/December 2016, pp. 8-9.

Cook, Jonathan. “On Nakba Day, Israelis forced to confront a guilty secret," Mondoweiss, May 15, 2014.

Cook, Jonathan. “Only Palestinian Village Remaining in Central Israel Threatened With Demolition," Washington Report on Middle East Affairs,” May, 2015, pp. 14-15.

Cook, Jonathan. “Papal Visit to Israel Takes Place Amid Increasing Violence Against Christians," Washington Report on Middle East Affairs,” August 2014, pp. 20-21.

Cook, Jonathan. “Plan Lieberman: Blueprint for a Purely Jewish State,” CounterPunch, June 28, 1012.

Cook, Jonathan. “Former Dutch Ambassador, Son of “Righteous Gentile,” Apologizes for Ethnic Cleansing,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs,” January/February 2017, pp. 18-20.

Cook, Jonathan. “Welcome to Nazareth," The Link, August, 2012. Also available at Israeli Occupation Archive.

Cook, Jonathan. “Why Israel has silenced the 1948 story of Nazareth’s survival,”  Jonathan-Cook.net  January 12, 2016. [Originally published in Mondoweiss]

Cook, Jonathan, Dylan Collins and Ezz Zanoun. "Nakba survivors share their stories of loss and hope: Three Palestinian refugees share their stories of displacement, loss and hope to return to their villages,” Al Jazeera, May 19, 2016.

Crowcroft, Orlando. “What does al-Nakba Day mean for Palestinians?” International Business Times, May 14, 2015.

Curiel, Ilana. “Turning Bedouin village into Jewish settlement is racist,'Ynet [Israel News], September 29, 2012.

Dajani, Jamal. “Your Indepedence is our Nakba," Huffington Post, May 25, 2011.

Dana, Joseph. “Foundation Myths: Stifling debate on the Nakba — the Arabic word for catastrophe and how Palestinians refer to Israel’s founding — prevents a free and open discussion of the historical record,” Tablet, June 1, 2011.

Dana, Joseph. “Israel’s strategy to seize Jerusalem on display for all to see,” The National, April 25, 2012.

Dana, Joseph. “Occupation & Nakba: Interview with Ariella Azoulay & Adi Ophir,” +972, May 14, 2011.

Dana, Seif. "The 1967 Naksa: The making of the new Middle East: The seeds of the current troubled Middle Eastern scene were sown in the June 1967 war that Israel started,” Al Jazeera, June 10, 2016. 

Daraghmeh, Mohammed. “Nakba Day 2013: Palestinians Mark 65th Anniversary Of 1948 Displacement," Huffington Post, May 15, 2013.

Darwish, Mahmoud. “I Belong There,” poets.org. [poem by Mahmoud Darwish, 1941 - 2008; from Unfortunately, It Was Paradise by Mahmoud Darwish, translated and edited by Munir Akash and Carolyn Forché with Sinan Antoon and Amira El-Zein. Copyright © 2003 by the Regents of the University of California.]

Dearden, Lizzie. “Nearly half of Israeli Jews believe in ethnic cleansing, survey finds; Israeli President Reuven Rivlin called the findings a ‘wake-up call for Israeli society,’” Independent [UK], March 8, 2016.

Deger, Allison. “Destroyed Palestinian village outfitted with 1,000 JNF trees memorializing Denver couple’s dead dogs," Mondoweiss, May 30, 2014.

Deger, Allison. “Dispatch from the Negev: Bedouins brace for doom, under Prawer Plan," Mondoweiss, July 30, 2013.

Deger, Allison. “IDF uses inhabited Palestinian villages as military playground," Mondoweiss, August 8, 2012.

Deger, Allison. “Im Tirtzu protests 'nakba bullshit' at Tel Aviv University," Mondoweiss, May 14, 2013.

Deger, Allison. “Major olive producing village ordered to uproot 1,400 trees by May 1,” Mondoweiss, April 28, 2012.

Deger, Allison. “More than 700 rabbis, cantors and rabbinical students protest E1 construction," Mondoweiss, January 7, 2013.

Deger, Allison. “Nakba denial: ‘NYT’ removes the word ‘expulsion’ from article describing Palestinian refugees,” Mondoweiss, December 2, 2011.

Deger, Allison. "The sacking of Jaffa during the Palestinian Nakba, as narrated by three Omars,” Mondoweiss, May 15, 2016.

Deger, Allison. “The symbol of Nakba: Deir Yassin remembered," Mondoweiss, April 10, 2012.

Deger, Allison. “Two Palestinian youths killed by Israeli army live-fire during Nakba Day demonstration" [outside of Ofer prison in the West Bank], Mondoweiss, May 15, 2014.

Doherty, Benjamin. “Nakba denial and rape culture at Peter Beinart’s Open Zion," Electronic Intifada, November 4, 2013.

Doherty, Benjamin. “Video testimony of a Palmach fighter who expelled Palestinians during the Nakba,” Electronic Intifada, December 29, 2011.

Doherty, Benjamin. “Watch: Short film ["Mirror Image"] reflects on mirror taken from Palestinian village in 1948," Electronic Intifada, February 18, 2014.

Drakula25. "Settler Colonialism: Resources,” Libcom.org, February 25, 2014.



29 2


E-I

The Economist. “The Palestinians' West Bank, Squeze them out: As Jewish settlements expand, the Palestinians are being driven away," May 4, 2013.

The Economist. “We built this city on rock’n'roll: Secular Jewish settlers in the West Bank want fun but face hard times,” October 21, 2010.

Eid, Haidar. "Personal reflections on the Nakba," Mondoweiss, May 28, 2013.

Ein-Gil, Ehud. "Israel Did Do Ethnic Cleansing in 1948. My Father’s Words Prove It; Historian Benny Morris is right when he mentions the ‘atmosphere of transfer’ that gripped Israel from April 1948, but he errs when he claims that this atmosphere was never translated into policy,” Ha’aretz, October 20, 2016.

Eldar, Akiva. "Documents: Israel used Waqf land to build settlements, separation fence," Ha’aretz, August 5, 2012.

Eldar, Akiva. "Israel admits it revoked residency rights of quarter million Palestinians since 1967: Many of those prevented from returning were students or young professionals, working aboard to support their families," Ha'aretz, June 12, 2012.

Eldar, Akiva. “Israel effectively annexes Palestinian land near Jordan Valley,” Ha’aretz, November 18, 2011.

Eldar, Akiva. “Israel’s Ulpana neighborhood is built on years of land theft and forgery,” Ha’aretz, April 24, 2012.

Eldar, Akiva. "Israeli official: Housing ministry invaded privately-owned Palestinian land: Col. Ofer Hindi tells Knesset committee that Defense Ministry did not take the necessary steps to prevent a road near Givat Ze'ev from being expropriated from Palestinians," Ha’aretz, September 1, 2012.

The Electronic Intifada. “Israel forces Palestinians to demolish their own homes,” December 31, 2010.

The Electronic Intifada. “Israeli authorities flout court order to provide Bedouins with water,” April 2, 2012.

Elia, Nada. "On Nakba Day I want the right to be angry,” Mondoweiss, May 15, 2017.

Elia, Nada. “Palestinians on Nakba Day 2016 — Defiant, Undeterred and Organizing,” Mondoweiss, May 13, 2016.

Elkhuzundar, Nader. “View from Palestine: Nakba Day and the Catastrophe of Israeli Conquest,” International Business Times, May 16, 2014. [“The old might have died, but the young will never forget.”]

Elliott, James. “The ethnic cleansing of the Jordan Valley," Mondoweiss, Ferbruary 19, 2013.

Ellis, Marc. “The Ongoing Nakba and the Jewish Conscience,” Palestine Center, May 27, 2010.

El-Hasan, Hasan Afif. “For the Palestinians, al-Nakba Did not End in 1948," The Palestine Chronicle, December 24, 2013.

Elmuti, Dina. “The scars of Deir Yassin and our determination to survive,"  Electronic Intifada, April 7, 2014.

Elnatour, Zakaria. “Letter from Zakaria Elnatour, a refugee, to a Jewish student,” (from Zakaria Elnatour to Gil Shner), Zochrot, April, 2009.

Elshaikh, Eman. “How Israel Physically Erased the Palestinians After 1948,” Muftah, June 1, 2016.

Elshaikh, Eman. “Israel Erases Palestinian Symbols to Colonize Memory,” Muftah, June 8, 2016.

Elshaikh, Eman. “The Palestinian Nakba and Israel’s Collective Forgetting,” Muftah, May 25, 2016.

Erekat, Saeb. “Israel can't erase the Nakba from history: Palestine recognized Israel's right to exist in 1988, but Israel's government is asking Palestinians to deny the existence of our people and the horrors that befell us in 1948," Palestine News Network, May 15, 2014.

Erekat, Saeb. “Israel Must Recognize Its Responsibility for the Nakba, the Palestinian Tragedy: For true reconciliation between Israelis and Palestinians, Israel must recognize what it has done to the Palestinian people over the last 68 years,” Haaretz, May 15, 2016. [Behind paywall.]

Erekat, Saeb. “The returning issue of Palestine’s refugees,” Guardian [UK], December 10, 2010.

Esber, Rosemary M. “In new book, Palestinians, Israeli Jews reflect on history of ethnic cleansing," Electronic Intifada, January 17, 2014

Esber, Rosemary M. “When Israel compensated Germans for land in Palestine," Electronic Intifada, June 5, 2013.

Estrin, Daniel. "Israeli lawyer uses inside knowledge against settler group: A few years ago, Mohammad Abu Ta'a discovered that some storage trailers had disappeared from a plot of land in Jerusalem belonging to his family. Then, the family received a letter informing them they were now trespassers,” The Wichita Eagle, June 21, 2016.

Etkes, Dror. “For one Palestinian village: A judge, settler and demolisher: The High Court justice who gave the army a green light to expel an entire Palestinian village just happens to live in a nearby settlement, one of many that thrives on their dispossession," +972, May, 2012.

Falk, Richard. “The Nakba: 2012," Citizen Pilgrimage, May 17, 2012.

Finkelstein, Norman. “Finkelstein on Morris, on the root cause of the conflict,” Mondoweiss, May 23, 2010.

Finkelstein, Norman. “Myths, Old and New,” Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 21,
No. 1 (Autumn, 1991), pp. 66-89. Available online as a PDF here.

Flapan, Simha. “The Palestinian Exodus of 1948,"  Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 16, No. 4 (Summer, 1987), pp. 3-26. [Excerpted from a chapter in Simha Flaphan, The Birth of Israel, Pantheon Books, 1987.] Downloadable as a PDF here.

Israeli Occupation Archive. “The Disinherited: Syria’s 130,000 Golan Height Refugees,” July 30, 2010; introduction to (and including) Fogelman, Shay, “What happened to the 130 thousand Syrian citizens who resided in the Golan Heights in June 1967? According to the official Israeli version, the vast majority fled into the depth of Syria by the end of the war. According to military documents and eyewitness reports, tens of thousands were expelled in a transfer that reminds that of the residents of Lod [Lydda] and Ramle [al-Ramla] in 1948.” Ha’aretz, July 30, 2010.

Galili, Amaya. “And what would your grandfather say? What my grandfather did during the Nakba?Zochrot, May, 2012.

Galili, Amaya. “Have a happy Nakba: Teaching about the Nakba in Israeli education systems," translation to English: Charles Kamen, edited by Ami Asher, Zochrot, April, 2013.

Gandhi's Be Magazine. “On Nakba Day, We Ask: Who Takes the First Steps Toward Peace?" May 15, 2015.

Gann, Tom. “Whitewashing Colonialism,” Jadaliyya, April, 2013. [Review of Sharon Rotbard, White City, Black City: Architecture and War in Tel Aviv and Jaffa. Translated from Hebrew by Orin Gat. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2015.]

Gendzier, Irene. “How Much Did We Know?" Israeli Occupation Archive, November 29, 2012.

Gendzier, Irene. “What the US knew and chose to forget in 1948 and why it matters in 2009,” Zmag,ˆ January 23, 2009.

Ghosh, Bobby. “Is America Islamophobic? What the anti-mosque uproar tells us about how the U.S. regards Muslims,” Time Magazine, August 30, 2010.

Ghraieb, Omar. “Why I vowed not to have children in Gaza," Electronic Intifada, July 22, 2014.

Gilad, Moshe. “Searching for the lost Palestinian villages, From Al-Tantura to Ein Hod: a journey past Palestinian buildings and villages that once lay along the Mediterranean coast," Ha’aretz, November 24, 2012. [Translation to English: Charles Kamen]

Gilbert, Samuel. "Palestinians forced to demolish own homes: Israeli rules mean Palestinians in East Jerusalem wreck their own homes to avoid bulldozers and fines,” Al Jazeera, March 23, 2014.

Goldman, Lisa. “On the Nakba, Jewish identity, and memory," +972, May 15, 2012.

Gordon, Jeremy. “Brian Eno Compares "Racist" Israel to the Klan, Blasts "Hypocritical" America for Support; Letter posted on David Byrne's website asks, "Why does America continue its blind support of this one-sided exercise in ethnic cleansing?Pitchfork, July 30, 2014.

Gordon, Neve.  “Erasing the Nakba: Israel's Tireless Efforts to Conceal the Historical Events Leading to Its Creation," CounterPunch, May 15, 2012.

Gordon, Neve. “Uprooting 30,000 Bedouin in Israel," Al Jazeera English, April 3, 2013.

Gorenberg, Gershom. "Israel Knew All Along That Settlements, Home Demolitions Were Illegal; New evidence shows government's adviser on international law said in 1968 that demolishing terror suspects' homes violates Geneva Convention,” Ha’aretz, May 19, 2015.

Gottlieb, Rabbi Lynn. “Reflections on Nakba Day," The Palestinian Talmud, Blog of the Jewish Voice for Peace Rabbinical Council, May 17, 2013.

Green, Todd. “Is America Becomming More Islamophobic?” Huffington Post, June 26, 2015.

Greenstein, Ran. “The many denials of liberal Zionism. From its origins until today, liberal Zionism has been unable to reconcile Israeli policies of dispossession and military control with the image of a democratic state. Is it merely a matter of semantics, or inherent to the ideology? Part two of Ran Greenstein’s analysis." +972  October 6, 2014.

Greig, Rebecca. “Occupation from within: the Arab Bedouin in Israel: At the beginning of this year the Israeli government announced that it will displace more than 70,000 Arab Bedouin from their ancestral homes," NewStatesman, August 31, 2012.

Guarnieri, Mya. “A Palestinian mother grapples daily with the traumas of the Nakba," +972  May 15, 2012.

Gurvitz, Yossi. “Default IDF position: Supporting outlaws. The IDF clarifies that instead of removing an illegal outpost, it prefers to defend it – and the Palestinian farmers pay the price," Isolated Incident [blog], May 16, 2013.

Gurvitz, Yossi [for Yesh Din]. “How the Israeli gov't rewards land thieves. In a closed conversation, the head of the Beit El Yeshiva exposes that he received millions of shekels from the State of Israel in compensation for his seminary’s violations of the law – with the quiet assistance of a senior Knesset member," +972, May 9, 2014.

Gurvitz, Yossi [for Yesh Din]. “Streamlining the theft of Palestinian land. Without any compunction, the Beit El Yeshiva was even willing to defraud settlers," +972, November 22, 2013.

Gurvitz, Yossi. “Pretending away the Nakba only perpetuates the conflict. When Czechs prefer to keep silent and repress their history, it's a problem, but it is not an immanent danger to the country. When Israelis prefer to pretend thee was no ethnic cleansing here, it's a wholly different question: the conflict won't end unless Israel admits to the injustice it caused." +972, February 12, 2013.

Gvirtz, Amos. “Another Acre and Another Goat,” Gush Shalom, May 5, 2010.

Gvirtz, Amos. “Warning — Racist Legislation," On the Left Side,  June 16, 2013.

Ha’aretz. “Abbas: It's time to end the Nakba of the Palestinian People," May 15, 2008.

Ha’aretz [editorial]. “Cleansing the Jordan Valley," [Excerpt: "Except for the fact that this is a cruel and inhuman policy that stands in opposition to every democratic and civilized principle, this behavior proves that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's call to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to renew peace negotiations is nothing but a ploy"], February 4, 2013.

Ha’aretz [editorial]. “Nakba is part of Israel's history," May 15, 2012.

Ha’aretz. "Sephardi Chief Rabbi Says non-Jews Forbidden From Living in the Land of Israel: Rabbi Yitzhak Yosef argues that Jewish law prohibits non-Jews from living in Israel unless they have accepted Noachide laws, adding that some non-Jews live in Israel to serve the Jewish population,” March 28, 2016. 

Ha’aretz [editorial]. “The silent expulsion,” June 22, 2010.

Haber, Jerry. “Israel’s “Arab Problem” — Part Two,” [re. Rabbi Daniel Gordis], Magnes Zionist, November 2, 2010. 

Haddad, Bassam and Noura Erakat. “Ongoing Ethnic Cleansing: Israeli Settlers to Take Over Another Palestinian Home," Jadaliyya, December 31, 2012.

Haddad, Bassam,  Noura Erakat, and Jack Saba, “The Infrastructure of Israeli Settler Colonialism (Part 1): The Jordan Valley," Jadaliyya, May 26, 2013.

Haddad, Saleem. "The Dispossessed: Sixty-seven years ago, Israel created a Jewish state, and my grandmother was made homeless,” Slate.com, May 14, 2015.

Hadid, Diaa. “Restrictions on Palestinians living in Israel with spouses now in its 10th year," Washington Post, June 12, 2013.

Hallaj, Muhammad. “Recollections of the Nakba through a Teenager's Eyes,” Journal of Palestine Studies  Vol. 38, No. 1 (Autumn 2008), pp. 66-73.

Hallinan, Conn. “Ethnic Cleansing and Israel: The Ultimate Aim is the Transfer of Arab Israelis," CounterPunch, March 3, 2009.

Halper, Jeff. “Judaizing’ Beit Hanina in East Jerusalem, with backing from Americans,” Mondoweiss, March 31, 2012.

Halper, Jeff. “The Message of the Bulldozers,” CounterPunch, August 16, 2010.

Halper, Jeff. “The process of transfer continues: The Jerusalem Municipality plans to demolish 88 houses in Silwan, Easy Jerusalem," Electronic Intifada, June 3, 2005.

Hammond, Jeremy. "Benny Morris’s Untenable Denial of the Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine,” Foreign Policy Journal, November 14, 2016.

Hammond, Jeremy. "The New York Times on “Nakba”: Whitewashing the Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine,” Foreign Policy Journal, May 15, 2017.

Hammond, Jeremy. "NYT Peddles ‘From Time Immemorial’ Hoax About Palestine as Fact,” Foreign Policy Journal, January 28, 2015.

Hart, Alan. “Ethnic Cleansing: A Nicer Way," Dissident Voice, January 5, 2013.

Hass, Amira. “Bedouin face displacement in West Bank corridor, regardless of Israel's construction plans, Whether recently approved plans for construction on the E-1 area materialize or not, Israel plans to relocate the local Bedouin population—against their will," ” Ha’aretz, December 5, 2012.

Hass, Amira. “Destruction of Palestinian Villages Is Not a Matter of Perspective: An NGO has issued a second edition of its successful Nakba map, showing 601 Palestinian villages and 194 Syrian villages destroyed in 1948 and 1967, respectively, as well as destroyed Jewish communities,” Ha’aretz, July 31, 2015.

Hass, Amira. “Expulsion without trucks,” Ha’aretz, February 10, 2010.

Hass, Amira. “From Yamit to the Jordan Valley, the IDF continues to force Arabs from their homes: Three decades after the IDF expelled Bedouins from Sinai, destruction and demolition of Arab homes continues throughout the West Bank,” Ha’aretz, April 16, 2012.

Hass, Amira. “IDF destroys West Bank village after declaring it military zone,” Ha’aretz, July 21, 2010.

Hass, Amira. “IDF razes Palestinian infrastructure in West Bank communities: According to UN data, Israel razed some 400 Palestinian structures in the West Bank's Area C between the start of the year and mid-August, including 120 homes," Ha’aretz, August 30, 2012.

Hass, Amira. “IDF will go on keeping Jordan Valley Palestinian-free; IDF commanders and their subordinates will learn the lesson after Col. Shalom Eisner's act - they'll check for any subversive cameras before going on to do what is unexceptional in the Wild East," Ha’aretz, April 18, 2012.

Hass, Amira. "Israel Plans to Destroy Only Water Source of Shepherds in West Bank Village: Move comes despite Israeli authorities telling international agencies that there would be no demolitions during the month of Ramadan,” Ha’aretz, June 18, 2016.

Hass, Amira. “Israel turned the Nakba into a 63-year process; Israel crowns itself as the winner in the global competition of victimhood; yet it manufactures methods of oppression and dispossession,” Ha’aretz, May 18, 2012.

Hass, Amira. “Israeli colonialism, plain and simple: In two court decisions involving shoving Palestinians off their land, Supreme Court justices have confirmed what Israel’s critics are saying: that Israel has been a colonialist entity since 1948," Ha’aretz,  May 11, 2015.

Hass, Amira. "Israel's Right to Sweep Away Palestinians: Expelling Palestinians is a paradigm that’s alive and well in the Jews’ state - a plan that was carried out and that is always waiting to be replicated,” Ha’aretz, June 8, 2016.

Hass, Amira. “The law: ass or donkey: The interpretation of Israeli law depends where you build your illegal dwelling," Ha’aretz, June 18, 2012.

Hasson, Nir. “Construction in Jerusalem neighborhoods beyond Green Line peaked in 2012," Ha’aretz, January 3, 2013.

Hasson, Nir. “Israel set to approve 1,100 new Jerusalem homes beyond the Green Line,” Ha’aretz, September 27, 2011.

Hasson, Nir. “Israel stripped thousands of Jerusalem Arabs of residency in 2008," Ha’aretz, December 2, 2009.

Hasson, Nir. “Wary Israel Tried to Conceal East Jerusalem's Annexation in 1967, Documents Reveal; And it wasn’t the only time Israel tried to hide its actions for fear of the world's response,” Ha’aretz, April 18, 2017.

Hastings, Thayer. “6.8 million Palestinian refugees and counting — Towards a popular strategy for resisting forcible displacement," [for BADIL Resource Center], Mondoweiss, August 1, 2013.

Hatuqu, Dalia and Gregg Carlstrom. “Palestinians mark 'Nakba' day amid violence: Israeli troops kill two Palestinians during a Nakba day demonstration near the West Bank city of Ramallah," Al Jazeera, May 15, 2014.

Hazkani, Shay. “Catastrophic thinking: Did Ben-Gurion try to rewrite history? The file in the state archives contains clear evidence that researchers at the time did not paint the full picture of Israel's role in creating the Palestinian refugee problem," Ha’aretz, May 18, 2013.

Herman, Edward “Israel's Approved Ethnic Cleansing, Part 1: Making 'facts on the ground,'" Z Magazine, April 2001.

Herman, Edward. “Israel's Approved Ethnic Cleansing, Part 2: U.S. official protection," Z Magazine, May 2001.

Herman, Edward. “Israel's Approved Ethnic Cleansing, Part 3: How the Media Protects It," Z Magazine, June 2001.

Herschman, Betty. “The silent transfer of Palestinians from Jerusalem: It is no accident that eight Palestinian neighborhoods of Jerusalem wound up beyond the separation barrier. Since annexing Jerusalem in 1967, Israel has manipulated migratory trends toward an unstated goal: absorbing the land without the people,” +972, August 4, 2015.

Hilwi, Rasha. “From the Rubble, Palestinian Village of Kafr Birim Declares its Return,” Al-Akhbar English, August 16, 2013.

Horn, Jordana. “'Population transfer may be war crime,' Falk asks Israel to prevent violations of Int'l law in East Jerusalem,” Jerusalem Post, July 1, 2010.

Horowitz, Adam. “‘I was not a party to, and never will be, to the planting of trees on expropriated and stolen land’: Former South African Ambassador to Israel rejects JNF trees planted in his name, Mondoweiss, June 14, 2013.

Horowitz, Adam. "In 1948 the Nakba was carried out by the military, in 2013 it continues in courtrooms,” Mondoweiss, May 15, 2013.

Horowitz, Adam. "VIDEO: An Israeli soldier recounts the Nakba,” Mondoweiss, December 29, 2011.

Horowitz, Adam. “‘We must expel Arabs and take their place’: Institute for Palestine Studies publishes 1937 Ben-Gurion letter advocating the expulsion of Palestinians,” Mondoweiss, March 28, 2012.

Horowitz, Adam. "Winona LaDuke: 'We can't talk about Israel because we are Israel,” Mondoweiss, November 21, 2012.

Houk, Marian. “Ethnic Cleansing continues – Israeli lawyers tell UN Palestinian Jerusalemites targeted,” Jerusalem Quarterly, Winter 2011.

Hovel, Revital. “State Defends Practice of Razing Homes of Arab Terrorists but Not Jewish Ones; High Court petition says practice violates international law; petitioners [8 human rights organizations - ML] argue that Israel did not demolish homes of suspected murderers of Mohammed Abu Khdeir,” Ha'aretz, May 15, 2013.

Howeidy, Amira. "Documenting the catastrophe: Interview with Salman Abu Sitta,” Al-Ahram Weekly, January, 1998.

Inminds.com. "Benny Morris - historian or plain old racist?” July 25, 2011.

Institute for Middle East Understanding. "Fact Sheet: The Nakba: 65 Years of Dispossession & Apartheid,” May 8, 2013.

Institute for Middle East Understanding. "FAQ on the Nakba: The Nakba and Palestinian Refugees Today.”

Institute for Middle East Understanding [IMEU]. "65th Anniversary of the Adoption of Plan Dalet,” March 8, 2013. [Fact sheet.]

Institute for Palestine Studies. "The Nakba - In The Words of Palestinians,” 2016[?]. 

Institute for Palestine Studies. “1948: Sixty Three Years On . . . [Nakba Resources and Khalidi Transcript],” May, 2011.

International Campaign to Protect Palestinian Residencey Rights in Jerusalem. “Palestinian right to Jerusalem only valid for 10 years,”  July 24, 2013.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Army Dumps Rubble And Sand On Farmland Near Bethlehem,” April 11, 2016. ["The land in question is frequently targeted by Israeli colonists and soldiers in an attempt to illegally occupy it, to pave a road and make it part of the nearby Daniel colony, built on Palestinian lands.’]

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Daghlas: “Israel Approves More Land Theft of Hundreds of Dunams Near Nablus,” April 24, 2016. [Ghassan Daghlas is the "Palestinian official in charge of the Israeli settlements file in the northern part of the occupied West Bank.”]

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Dr. Ashrawi Denounces Israel’s Decision To Build Hundreds Of Colonialist Units,” April 14, 2016.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Ex-detainee Forced to Divorce Wife for Treatment,” June 16, 2016.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Israel Approves 891 Units in Gilo Colony; Confiscates 102 Dunams From Beit Sahour,” December 17, 2015.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Israeli Media: US Donors Transferred One Billion Shekels for Settlements,” December 9, 2015. [“(W)ithin the last five years”]

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Israeli Settlements: 153 New West Bank Units Approved.” January 27, 2016.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Israeli Settlers Bulldoze Palestinian Agricultural Lands South Of Bethlehem,” June 8, 2016.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Jerusalem: 82 New Settlement Units Announced,” June 8, 2016.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “PCBS [Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics]: “Israel Controls More than 85% of the Land of Historical Palestine,” May 15, 2016.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Key Muslim and Christian Holy Sites Erased from “Old City” Map,” June 13, 2016.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “PCHR {Palestinian Centre for Human Rights]: “The Nakba At 68: A Catastrophe Born Of Discrimination And Impunity,” May 15, 2016.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Property Demolished for Illegal Settlement Expansion,” [in Beit Jala], August 2, 2012

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “UNRWA Report: Gaza Seige Illegal and in Violation of Humanitarian Law,” June 18, 2016.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “US Criticizes Decision to Add Seized Church Grounds to Settlement Bloc,” January 10, 2016.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “al-Arakib razed for the sixth time,” October 14, 2010.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Constructive Resistance in al-Aqaba,” May 28, 2013.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Demolitions: Israel's path of destruction through the Jordan Valley,” March 27, 2012.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Ethnic cleansing continiues: Bedouin village Al Araqib demolished for the third time,” August 10, 2013.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Israel: Charging house demolition victims to pay costs of demolition equipment,” October 31, 2011.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Israeli forces demolish 17 buildings in northern West Bank,” (Khirbet Tana; for the second time), January 10, 2011.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Israeli police demolish tent of evicted Sheikh Jarrah family for the fifth time,” December 14, 2009.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Khan Al-Ahmar: Forced expulsion of Bedouins from Area C,”  December 13, 2011.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Al-Nakba day: The biggest crisis in the history of Palestine,” May 14, 2016.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Nakba Day demonstration in Al Walaja: “Al Walaja is one of the symbols of the past and present displacement,” May 16, 2014.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM, Team Ramallah]. “Right of Return still key – Nakba Day demonstrations violently suppressed by Israeli forces,” May 15, 2013.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Summary of nine days of demolitions and displacement in Al Maleh, Jordan Valley,” January 30, 2013.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Two blindfolded and detained by Israeli military in illegal demolition near Al Hadidya, Jordan Valley,” June 11, 2011.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Village of Khirbet Tana completely demolished by Israeli military,” March 9, 2011.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “We die a little biti nside each time": 2 more homes demolished in Bedouin village of Umm Al Kheer,” January 6, 2012.

International Women's Peace Service. “Colonist land grabs in Kufr ad-Dik,” May 22, 2014.

International Women's Peace Service. “Jordan Valley: To Exist Is To Resist,” April 26, 2014.

International Women's Peace Service. “Raping the Land They Do Not Own: Kufr ad-Dik Resists,” May 30, 2014. ["It was so different this time around. It had gotten much worse…”]

International Women's Peace Service. “Two More Martyrs as the Nakba Continues,” May 15, 2014.

Ir Amim. “Displaced in their Own City:  The Impact of Israeli Policy in East Jerusalem on the Palestinian Neighborhoods of the City beyond the Separation Barrier,” report, June, 2015.

Iraqi, Amjad. “High Court okays plan to raze Arab village, build Jewish one in its place: By upholding the state’s explicitly racist plan for Umm el-Hiran, the court shows again that it cares more about Israel’s Jewish character than about democracy and justice,” +972, May 11. 2015.

Iraqi, Amjad. “38 years later, Israel gives Palestinians new reasons to mark Land Day: Like other Palestinian national days, Land Day commemorations are less about the historical event as they are reminders of things happening today. Despite years of active struggles, Palestinians are finding themselves protesting the same threats to their land rights in 2014 as they were in 1976,” +972, March 30, 2014.

Irin. “A housing crisis yet demolitions in East Jerusalem,” January 31, 2014.

Irin. 'Jordan Valley families expelled from Israeli "firing zone" during Gaza atack remail uprooted," January 2, 2013. [Reposted to Electronic Intifada]

Irving, Sarah. “Battle to preserve Palestine's history rages in new novel,”  [Radwa Ashour’s The Woman From Tantoura] Electronic Intifada, July 8, 2014.

Irving, Sarah. “On Western “left” appropriation of Palestinian Nakba,” Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2014.

Irving, Sarah. “The silent reminders of Israel’s robbery,” [review of Erased from Space and Consciousness: Israel and the Depopulated Palestinian Villages of 1948 by Noga Kadman (Indiana University Press, 2015)], Electronic Intifada, December 28, 2015.




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Jadaliyya Reports. “Lest We Forget: The Palestinian Oral History Archives,” Jadaliyya, May 16, 2015.

Jadaliyya Reports. “The Ongoing Nakba: Palestinian Refugees from Syria in Lebanon,” Jadaliyya, December 26, 2013. [Report issued by National Institute of Social Care & Vocational Training (NISCVT).]

Jadaliyya Reports. “Sixty-Six Years of Ongoing Nakba – Back to Basics: The Right of Return is a National and Inalienable Right,” Jadaliyya, May 15, 2014. [Press release  issued by sixty-eight organizations on the occassion of the sixty-sixth commermoration of the Nakba.]

Jamal, Ben. “What the Nakba means to me: Ben Jamal,” Palestine Solidarity Campaign, May 3, 2016.

Jeffay, Nathan. "Rising Chorus Backs Israeli Annexation of West Bank; Extreme Option is Openly Floated in Ruling Party Ranks," Jewish Daily Forward, January 21, 2013.

Jerusalem Post, "Court rules to allow removal of Palestinian E1 tents," January 6, 2013.

Jewish News [UK]. "MP [Sir Bob Russell (Colchester)] accuses Israel of “ethnically cleansing” Bedouin Arabs," July 18, 2013.

Jewish Telegraphic Agency. “‘Nakba’ removed from textbooks,” July 23, 2009.

Jewish Telegraphic Agency. “Thousands of Arab Israelis march for Palestinian right of return,” Jewish Journal, May 12, 2016.

Jewish Voice for Peace. “Al-Nakba Fact Sheet,” (pdf).

Jewish Voice for Peace. “Facing the Nakba in 2016,” Website for JVP, May 15, 2016.

Jiryis, Fida. “We Shall Return: The Story of Iqrit,” The Palestine Chronicle, May 5, 2012.

Johnson, Jimmy. “The right of return and the limits of the anti-Apartheid framework," Mondoweiss, December 10, 2012. 

Johnson, Jimmy. “A Primer on the Colonialism of Israel's Settlers," Truthout, July 9, 2012.

Jordan Valley Solidarity. “Israel whitewashes its ethnic cleansing with plans to 'help' Bedouins," August 4, 2012. Website for Jordan Valley Authority: http://www.jordanvalleysolidarity.org

Jordan Valley Solidarity. “Settlers deleting Arabic place names on road signs," August 10. 2012.

Jordan Valley Solidarity. “Urgent call to action following demolition of Al Maleh village in Jordan Valley," January 24, 2013.

Just Foreign Policy. “Get the Facts: Land Confiscation and the Palestinian Protest Villages," January, 2013.

Kanaaneh, Hatim. "By their bulldozers you will know them,” Mondoweiss, January 21, 2017.

Kane, Alex. “Israeli government kills plan to uproot Bedouin,” Mondoweiss, December 12, 2013.

Kane, Alex. “Memo to American Jews: Discover the Nakba,” Mondoweiss, July 6, 2010.

Kane, Alex. “What Obama missed: Protests of settler highway that will cut J’lem neighborhood in two," Mondoweiss, March 23, 2013.

Kane, Alex. “Zochrot and BADIL bring Nakba to U.S. audience," Mondoweiss, March 22, 2015. 

Karam (Muhannad). “Recollection and memory, Al-Nakba continues," International Solidarity Movement, May 15, 2015. ["(W)ritten by the medic that was present on the scene on May 15th 2014, during the killing of Mohammad Odeh and Nadeem Nuwwarah as protesters commemorated al-Nakba near Ofer Military Prison.”]

Karmi, Ghada. "After the Nakba: An Experience of Exile in England,” Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 28, No. 3 (Spring, 1999), pp. 52-63

Karmi, Ghada. “Blowback: Israel's bogus narrative on Palestinian refugees," Los Angeles Times, April 12, 2011.

Kashti, Or. “Israel pulls textbook with chapter on Nakba," Ha'aretz, October 19, 2009.

Kate. “Israeli military attacks Nakba Day protests with live fire," Mondoweiss, May 16, 2015.

Keller, Adam. “The bulldozers and Netanyahu’s truth,” AdamKellerBlogspot, September 17, 2011.

Kestler-D’Amours, Jillian. “Israel criminalizes commemoration of the Nakba," Electronic Intifada, March 29, 2011

Kestler-D’Amours, Jillian. “Israel finds new “home” for Bedouins: a garbage dump,” Electronic Intifada, October 28, 2011

Kestler-D’Amours, Jillian. “Map of destroyed villages aims to teach Israelis about Nakba," Electronic Intifada, April 22, 2013.

Kestler-D’Amours, Jillian. “This time they destroyed everything: Uprooted Bedouin face more evictions," Electronic Intifada, May 24, 2013.

Khalel, Sharen. "‘Settlers are free to take what they want’: Palestinian landowners fear for the worst as land-grab law is passed,” Mondoweiss, February 17, 2017.

Khalel, Sharen. "‘Train of Return’ rolls through Bethlehem as refugees commemorate Nakba Day,” Mondoweiss, May 15, 2016.

Khalidi, Rashid. “Rashid Khalidi Responds to Avra Shapiro and Gil Troy [re the building of an Israeli museum of 'tolerance' on an illegally occupied Palestinian Muslim cemetery]," The Daily Beast, April 20, 2011.

Khalidi, Walid. “On Nakba Day 2012," Journal of Palestine Studies, May 15, 2012. Also available at Israeli Occupation Archive.

Khalidi, Walid, “Plan Dalet: Master Plan for the Conquest of Palestine," Middle East Forum, November 1961, reprinted with a new commentary in the Journal of Palestine Studies, Beirut, vol. 18, no. 69, 1988.

Khoury, Elias. “Rethinking the Nakba,” Critical Inquiry, Vol. 38, No. 2 (Winter 2012), pp. 250-266. [Available as downloadable pdf here.]

Khoury, Jack. “High Court rejects petition against Israel’s controversial ‘Nakba Law,” Ha’aretz, January 5, 2012.

Kimmerling, Baruch. “Top Israeli historian analyzes Benny Morris’s shocking interview,” Electronic Intifada, January 27, 2004. [Original: "Benny Morris’s Shocking Interview,” History News Network,  January 26, 2004.]

Klein, Steven. 'iNakba - New interactive app documents destroyed Palestinian villages: 'People have started uploading photos of destroyed villages,' says Zochrot's Raneen Jeries, who adds that maps are a political tool," Ha’aretz, May 5, 2014.

King, Laura. “Israel's demolition policy strikes hard," Los Angeles Times, February 12, 2003.

Kommalapati, Narendra Mohan. “Destroying Palestinian society is deliberate Israeli policy, says Amira Hass,” Greenleft Weekly [Au], April 10, 2015.

Kopty, Abir. “Israel's civil service bill distorts 64 years of Palestinian history," The National, July 10, 2012.

Korotzer, Bud. “In Photos: Remembering the Nakba,” DesertPeace, March 22, 2015.

Krystall, Nathan. “The De-Arabization of West Jerusalem 1947-50,” Journal of Palestine Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, 1997-1998.

Kudami, Ramah. “67 Years of Nakba: The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine Continues," The US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation, May 15, 2015.

Ladizhinskaya, Assia. “A Palestinian journey back in time to a place called home:
Sixty-five years after his family fled their beloved village, a Palestinian refugee gets to realize his dream and see what is left of his fantasy
," +972, March 15, 2014.

Lapid, Arnon. “Palmachnic Testimony: We Expelled, We Bombed, We Killed; Yerachmiel Kahnovich from Kibbutz Degania Aleph tells about his part in the Independence War," Yedi'ot Hakibbutz, February 15, 2013. [English translation by Ami Asher, Zochrot]

Laub, Karin. “Israel To Evict Hundreds Of Palestinians From West Bank Hamlets," Huffington Post, July 24, 2012.

Lavie, Aviv. “Right of remembrance," Ha’aretz, August, 2004.

Lazaroff, Tovah. “Jordan Valley announces 10-year plan to triple population. “Between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean there will be 1 nation with sovereignty, and that is Israel,” Bayit Yehudi minister says," May 9, 2014.

Lazaroff, Tovah. “Peace Now: 1,577 settlement tenders issued in 2011,” Jerusalem Post, January 11, 2012.

Lendman, Stephen. “In Palestine, Demolitions and Dispossessions,” Palestine Chronicle, July 31, 2010.

Lev, David. “Yesha Museums to Finally get Government Funding," Israel National News, November 13, 2012.

Levinson, Chiam. "At least 166 homes in Israeli settlement built on private Palestinian land; Haaretz has obtained a certified map of the West bank settlement of Eli, drafted by the Civil Administration to clarify what lands could be included in zoning plan for settlement, which reveals houses were built on Palestinian property," Ha’aretz, January 23, 2013.

Levinson, Chaim. "Beit El land deal was based on forged documents, probe finds; According to documents the wives of the heads of the Beit El yeshiva and of a National Union MK bought land together from a dead Palestinian," Ha’aretz, June 22,  2012.

Levinson, Chaim. “IDF destroy ‘unauthorized’ Bedouin reservoirs built before state’s creation,” Ha’aretz, December 12, 2010.

Levison, Chaim. "IDF razes Palestinian West Bank encampment despite being told it had no authority to operate there," Ha’aretz, February 4, 2013.

Levy, Daniel. "Of Herrings and Elephants: Benny Morris and 'Palestinian Rejectionism,'" The Daily Beast, April 16, 2012. Also available at Israeli Occupation Archive.

Levy, Gideon. 'Arab villages, bulldozed from our memory: Our beloved Tel Aviv, whose reputation for enlightenment and openness is world renowned, is built in part on ruined Palestinian villages - and refuses to acknowledge it,"  Ha’aretz,  August 31, 2012. Also available at Israeli Occupation Archive.

Levy, Gideon. “Ethnic cleansing of Palestinians, or, democratic Israel at work: While we are still desperately concealing, denying and repressing our major ethnic cleansing of 1948 - over 600,000 refugees, some who fled in fear of the Israel Defense Forces and its predecessors, some who were expelled by force - it turns out that 1948 nver ended, that its spirit is still with usHa’aretz, May 12, 2011.

Levy, Gideon. “A heritage covered up,” Ha’aretz, March 1, 2010.

Levy, Gideon. “Israeli Jews should mark Nakba Day, too,” Ha’aretz, May 15, 2012.

Levy, Gideon. “A traveling exhibition of a Palestinian exodus: Photos from the UNRWA archives are on display in Jerusalem, telling the ongoing story of Palestinian refugees,” Ha’aretz, December 6, 2013.

Levy, Gideon. "Water torture: IDF confiscates water containers from Palestinians and Bedouins in Jordan Valley," Ha’aretz, July 8, 2012.

Levy, Noah and Bronstein, Eitan. "Repairing the Nakba": Interview with Noa Levy about organizing The Nakba ceremony at Tel Aviv University," Zochrot, July, 2012.

Levy, Sara. "Israeli denial and the Nakba," Socialist Worker, November 10,2014. ["A shorter version of this interview was previously published at Electronic Intifada."]

Lidman, Melanie. "Municipality 'hiding' house demolitions in e.J'lem," Jerusalem Post, July 13, 2012.

Lynfield, Ben. "Palestinians Pressured to Leave 'Area C' of Occupied West Bank by Israel; Is 'Silent Transfer' a Prelude to Annexation of Arab Land?," Jewish Daily Forward, March 5, 2013.

Lubin, Orly. "Photographing what is absent," Ha'aretz, September 18, 2007. [Translation: Charles Kamen]



ref9 2


M-P

Ma'an News Agency. “124 Palestinians made homeless by Israeli demolitions in single day,” April 12, 2016.

Ma'an News Agency. “Annual 'March of Return' draws thousands of Palestinians to the Negev,” May 14, 2016.

Ma'an News Agency. “Demolitions continue in East Jerusalem despite housing crisis,” January 31, 2014.

Ma'an News Agency. “Group: Israel demolished 27 Jordan Valley homes in January,” February 6, 2014.

Ma'an News Agency. “Hundreds protest against Negev house demolitions,” January 10, 2014.

Ma'an News Agency. “Israel delivers 12 demolition, stop-work notices in Qalqiliya,” December 7, 2015.

Ma'an News Agency. “Israel demolishes homes in Bedouin village for 92nd time,” December 24, 2015.

Ma'an News Agency. “Israeli forces continue demolition campaign across West Bank,” April 7, 2016.

Ma'an News Agency. “The ABCs of Israeli demolitions in the West Bank," August 16, 2012.

Ma’an News Agency. “Thousands bury youths slain by Israel on Nakba Day,” May 20, 2014.

Ma'an News Agency. “Thousands mark Nakba Day in the West Bank and Gaza,” May 16, 2013.

Ma’an News Agency. “Thousands rally in West Bank, Gaza to mark Nakba Day,” May 15, 2014.

Ma'an News Agency. “PLO: Absentee property law 'perpetuates the Nakba,' April 23, 2015.

Ma'an News Agency. “UNRWA digitizes Palestinian refugee experience," November 29, 2013. [UNRWA photo and film archive for Palestine refugees]

Makhoul, Ameer. “The struggle for al-Araqib is the struggle for Palestine,” Electronic Intifada, March 4, 2011.

Makhoul, Manar. “Un-erasing the Nakba: Palestinian Identity in Israel since the first Intifada," Mondoweiss, March 13, 2013.

Mamdani, Mahmood. “Settler Colonialism: Then and Now,” December 6, 2012. [Text of 10th Edward Said Memorial Lecture, Princeton University, Thursday, December 6, 2012. Reading Text (no footnotes)]

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Masalha, Nur. "Remembering the Palestinian Nakba: Commemoration, Oral History and Narratives of Memory," Holy Land Studies: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 7/2, 2008.

Massad, Joseph. “Resisting the Nakba,” Electronic Intifada, May 16, 2008.

Matar, Dina. "Whose “Ethnic Cleansing?”: Israel’s Appropriation of the Palestinian NarrativeAl-Shabaka, March 26, 2017.

Matar, Haggai. “High Court: Palestinians have no planning rights: By rejecting a petition by Palestinian residents of Area C, Israel’s High Court of Justice effectively cemented two separate planning regimes on the same plot of land: one for Jews, another for Palestinians," +972, June 12, 2015.

Matar, Haggai. “Police besiege, arrest activists planning to commemorate Nakba in Tel Aviv,” +972, April 26, 2012.

Mawassi, Ansam. "A Palestinian student teaches [Israeli] Jews about the Nakba," Zochrot (website), August, 2013. [Trans. by Charles Kamen]

McCarthy, Rory. "Negev desert nomads on the move again to make way for Israel's barrier: Security fence and spread of Jewish settlement risks way of life for thousands,"  The Guardian [UK], February 27, 2007.

Melom, Mercedes. "The Forcible Transfer of the Palestinian People from the Jordan Valley," Forced Population Transfer in Palestine: Thinking Practically about Return," Spring-Summer, 2012.

Mermelstein, Hannah. “Overdue Books: Returning Palestine’s “Abandoned Property” of 1948,” Jerusalem Quarterly, Autumn 2011, 47.

Merriman, Rima Najjar. "Reasons Why Palestinians Can Be Hopeful on Nakba Day, 2013," Palestine Chronicle, May 18, 2013.

Merryman-Lotze, Mike. "Israel’s settlement policy in the occupied Palestinian territory,” American Friends Service Committee website, accessed December 27, 2016.

Meyers, Sarah. "A Jewish Prayer for Nakba Day (which was Wednesday),” In the Periphery [blog], May 17, 2013.

Mezzofiore, Gianluca. "Israel Committed Ethnic Cleansing Not Genocide in 1948, Says Top Academic: Oxford professor Derek Penslar claims Israelis should accept Zionist revisionist work," International Business Times, March 14, 2013. [For the counter-argument see Professor Francis A. Boyle, "The Palestinian Genocide By Israel," CounterCurrents, August 30, 2013.]

Middle East Children's Alliance. "Infographic Marks 65 Years of Nakba" [2014].

Middle East Children's Alliance. "Nakba means Catastrophe," May 15, 2014.

Middle East Monitor. “Ben-Gurion letter sheds new light on Nakba,” May 27, 2015.

Middle East Monitor. "Israel demolishes Bedouin village for the 42nd time," September 12, 2012.

Middle East Monitor. "Israel occupation marks 66th anniversary of the Nakba by razing more Palestinian homes,” May 15, 2014.

Middle East Monitor. "Israeli fury over UN report denouncing IDF force against Nakba Day protesters,” February 20, 2014.

Middle East Monitor. "Journeys ‘Home’ – Internally displaced Palestinians and the Nakba villages,” May 15, 2016. [Photos by Rich Wiles.]

Middle East Monitor. "Knesset bans Arab minister from proposing law to punish Nakba-denial,” February 20, 2014. [Ahmed Al Tibi]

Middle East Monitor. "Knesset criminalises the commemoration of the “Nakba,” February 27, 2014.

Middle East Monitor. "A new Nakba looms as Israel plans ethnic cleansing of Palestinian village in the Negev," October 15, 2012.

Miftah, "1948-1967. The Palestinian Exodus: The Palestinian refugee problem," [factsheet]. Downloadable as a pdf here.

Mondoweiss Editors. "On Nakba day, Palestinian civil society in besieged Gaza decries collective failure to ensure accountability for Israeli massacre," Mondoweiss, May 15, 2015.

Mondoweiss Editors. "Defying official censorship orders, Brown and RISD students hold Nakba discussion inside Hillel,” Mondoweiss, May 12, 2016.

Mondoweiss Editors. "Vermont artist creates 45-foot ‘street comic’ telling story of the Nakba,” Mondoweiss, May 13, 2016. [The individual panels of “Najawa” can be viewed online at Red Wedge Magazine.]

Moon, Sara, Bella Crowe, Ruth Knappe. "Cycle ’48: Remapping the Nakba," Mondoweiss, February 23, 2015.

Moore, Jack. "Israel NGO B'Tselem Support Claim Palestinians Killed Without Reason on Nakba Day," [GRAPHIC], International Business Times, May 21, 2014.  

Moran, Rona and Miryam Wijler. "One rightest group's [Regavim] creeping state influence, on both sides of the Green Line: Whether in Area C of the West Bank, in the Negev, the Galilee or in 'mixed cities,' Regavim has one clear goal: the selective implementation of planning and construction laws, encouraging the state to demolish Palestinian homes or public buildings," +972, September 5, 2012.

Morany, Myssana. “Israel aims new Nakba-style weapon at Arab citizens. A new law paves the way for a fresh wave of home demolitions in Palestinian towns and villages throughout Israel. Its passing is proof that the land grab begun by Israel in 1948 never ended,” +972, May 15, 2017.

Moshman, David. "Palestinians Erased from Space and Consciousness,” Huffington Post, February 24, 2016. [Review of Erased from Space and Consciousness: Israel and the Depopulated Palestinian Villages of 1948, by Noga Kadman.]

Mossawa Center ["The Advocacy Center for Arab Citizens in Israel"]. "Nakba 2017: 69 Years of Displacement,” Website for Mossawa, May 3, 2017.

Moussa, Ahmad. "The Palestinian Nakba: A time to remember global indigenous struggles," Mondoweiss, May 15, 2015.

Munayyer, Yousef.  "Blaming the Victim," Newsweek/The Daily Beast, June 1, 2012.

Munayyer, Yousef. “Ethnic Cleansing by Any Other Name: Changes in Israeli Military Orders Effective Today Target Palestinians,” The Jerusalem Fund, April 13, 2010.

Munayyer, Yousef. “First Step to Peace: Conquering Nakba Denial, Newsweek/DailyBeast, May 3, 2012.

Munayyer, Yousef. "How Many is Too Many?Newsweek/DailyBeast, August 16, 2012.

Munayyer, Yousef. "The limits of liberal Zionism: 'NYT' columnist Roger Cohen misrepresents the Nakba and the right of return," Mondoweiss, January 18, 2013.

Munayyer, Yousef. "Mr. President, Don't Forget the Nakba," Newsweek/DailyBeast, March 19, 2013.

Munayyer, Yousef. “Nakba Day is a reminder that George Mitchell can’t ignore Palestinian refugees,” Mondoweiss, May 17, 2010.

Munayyer, Yousef. "NY Times Euphemizes the Nakba," The Jerusalem Fund, December 20, 2013.

Munayyer, Yousef. “Top 10 Facts You Probably Didn't Know About the #Nakba," The Jerusalem Fund, May 14, 2012.

Munayyer, Yousef. “Why the Prawer Plan Is Just a Continuation of the Nakba," The Jerusalem Fund, July 17, 2013.

Murad, Nora Lester. “Stolen Books, Stolen Identity: What Did Israel Do with Palestinians' Literary Heritage?," Arabic Literature (in English), January 20, 2013.

Murphy, Maureen Claire. “Book casts new light on Palestine’s ethnic cleansing," Electronic Intifada, September 28, 2009. [Review of Rosemarie Esber's book Under the Cover of War: The Zionist Expulsion of the Palestinians.]

Murphy, Maureen Claire. “I can coexist with Israelis but only when I return home," says Nakba survivor," Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2014.

Musih, Norma. “Learning the Nakba as a condition for peace and reconciliation,” Zochrot, October 2005.

Mutter, Paul. “UK, France, Germany and Portugal condemn Israeli plan to build 1,000 new settlement homes,” Mondoweiss, December 20, 2011.

Najaer, Muki. “Silent Nakba: Israel's Slow Displacement of Palestinian Farmers," Thirsting for Justice, August 19, 2013.

Nakhleh, Khalil. “Al Nakba of 1948: Older Than 60 Years for Sure, But How Long Will It Persist?CounterPunch, March 21-23, 2008.

The National Institute of Social Care & Vocational Training (NISCVT)]. “The Ongoing Nakba: Palestinian Refugees from Syria in Lebanon," January 8, 2014 [also see Jadaliyya Reports, December 26, 2013].

Naylor, Hugh. “Bedouin are 'squatters' on their own land," The National, June 11, 2012.

Naylor, Hugh. “Israel refused to renew residency rights of at least 240,000 Palestinians, records show," The National, June 13, 2012.

Nebehay, Stephanie. “U.N. rights inquiry says Israel must remove settlers," Reuters, January 31, 2013.

Nebehay, Stephanie. "U.N. rights investigator accuses Israel of 'ethnic cleansing,'" Reuters, March 21, 2014.

Negev Coexistence Forum for Civil Equality. "Even the dead face eviction at Al-Arakib," May 23, 2014.

Nevel, Donna. "What We Talk About When We Don’t Talk About The Nakba,” The Forward, March 29, 2017.

Newman, Marcy. “Zionist Narratives of Palestinian Land: American Independence Park,” Body on the Line [blog], June 30, 2009.

Nevel, Donna. "BADIL and Zochrot Speaking Tour: Centering the Nakba and the right of return,Mondoweiss, March 6, 2015.

Nevel, Donna. "Making Visible the Nakba: A U.S.-Based Education Project," The Huffington Post, February 26, 2014.

Nieuwhof, Adri. "Jewish National Fund “repents” for erasing Palestinian villages," Electronic Intifada, December 9, 2013.

Nofal, Mamdouh, Fawaz Turki, Haidar Abdel Shafi, Inea Bushnaq, Yezid Sayigh. Shafiq al-Hout, Salma Khadra Jayyusi, and Musa Budeiri, "Reflections on Al-Nakba," Journal of Palesine Studies, Vol. 28, No. 1, (Autumn, 1998), pp. 5-35

Norr, Henry. "Palestinian ghettos, created by violence, have been Israeli plan since '67 — Amira Hass," Mondoweiss, January 21, 2013.

Nsasra, Mansour. “Before you expel the Bedouin…: Despite the government’s approval of the Prawer proposals, the Bedouin will not relinquish their claim to their historical land,” Ha’aretz, September 24, 2011.

Nuseibah, Munir. "Israel's dangerous new transfer tactic in Jerusalem,” Policy Brief for al-Shabaka, Ma’an News Agency, April 13, 2016.

Odeh, Ayman. "How Israel Bulldozes Democracy,” New York Times, February 12, 2017.

Odeh, Ayman. "MK Odeh: 'Nakba not just a painful past, also possibility for shared future,’ i24 News, May 15, 2016.

Odgaard, Lena. "West Bank Bedouins fear 'a second nakba': An Israeli plan to forcibly transfer Bedouins to nearby Palestinian villages has met with staunch resistance,"  Al Jazeera English, January 21, 2013.

Ofir, Jonathan. "‘Barbarism by an educated and cultured people’ — Dawayima massacre was worse than Deir Yassin,” Mondoweiss, February 7, 2016.

Ofir, Jonathan. "‘Ethnic cleansing’ becomes ‘No ethnic cleansing’ in Israeli history by Benny Morris,” Mondoweiss, February 7, 2016.

Ofir, Jonathan. "Legalizing the theft of Palestinian land has been Israeli policy since Day 1,” Mondoweiss, February 7, 2017. 

Ofir, Jonathan. "The Mukhtar’s sworn testimony – more on the 1948 Dawaymeh Massacre,” Mondoweiss, February 12, 2016. 

Ofir, Jonathan. "The Tantura massacre of 1948 and the academic character assassination of Teddy Katz,” Mondoweiss, March 3, 2016.

Ophir, Adi. "Regime change passes through its zero year: 1948, Adir Ophir responds to Eitan Bronstein on the importance of Zochrot," Zochrot, June, 2012. [Translation by Charles Kamen and Ami Asher]

Omer-Man, Michael Schaeffer. "Hundreds protest forced transfer, destruction of Palestinian village Susya: Despite a pending High Court case, the village is facing imminent destruction and forced population transfer. State Department, EU foreign ministers have all called on Israel to let the villagers stay on their land," +972, July 24, 2015.

Oppenheimer, Yehudit. "Netanyahu’s transfer plan is met with silent complicity. The prime minister’s proposal to revoke the residency status of 100,000 East Jerusalemites sends an unequivocal message to all Arabs living under Israeli rule: your rights are rooted in our good will alone, and conditionally so. The silence of Israel’s ‘democratic’ camp is deafening," +972, November 14, 2015.

Oron, Assaf. “Law Enforcement” Destroys Prayer House, Homes, School – Just Because They’re for Arabs,” Israel: The Only Democracy in the Middle East? November 30, 2011.

Oron, Assaf and Ehud Krinis. "Settler Front-Group Presses Government to Accelerate Demolition Frenzy, Tripping Itself Up in the Process," The Villages Group, March 17, 2012.

Ortiz, Fabíola. "Palestinian nakba continues,” The New Age [South Africa], October 12, 2016.

Othman, Deanna. "The Nakba equipped me with a spirit born of catastrophe but destined for triumph," Sixteen Minurtes to Palestine, May 15, 2014.

Pace, Jacob. "From Al Nakba to ‘Anata: 56 Years of Home Demolitions,” Electronic Intifada, December 7, 2004.

Palestine Solidarity Campaign, “Statement: Palestine is being built out of existence,” April 22, 2016. ["This Saturday an advert will appear in the Guardian reaffirming our right – indeed our duty – to boycott Israel. The advert is based on the below statement…”]

Palestinian Council of Human Rights Organizations. "For Palestinians, the Nakba has been perpetuated for decades,"  Mondoweiss (orig, in Al-Haq website), May 15, 2012.

Palestinian Information Center. "Araqib village razed for the 45th time," December 11, 2012.

Palestine News Network. "Kairos Palestine Condemns the Destruction of Bab Al-Shams," January 14, 2013.

Palestinian Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions National Committee (BNC). "BDS: Upholding our Rights, Resisting the Ongoing Nakba: The BNC Commemorates the 69th Anniversary of the Palestinian Nakba,” BDSMovement.net, May 14, 2017.

Palestinian Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions National Committee (BNC). "On Nakba day, Palestinian civil society in besieged Gaza decries collective failure to ensure accountability for Israeli massacre," BDSMovement.net, May 15, 2015.

Palestinian Information Center. "OCHA: Israeli occupation destroys 13 houses weekly in West Bank," September 24, 2012.

Pappe, Ilan. "Ethnic Cleansing in Palestine: Ilan Pappé interviewed by Alejandra Ríos,” The Bullet, September 16, 2016.

Pappe, Ilan. [Excerpts from the book] The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine, Oneworld Publications, 2006.

Pappe, Ilan. "The '48 Nakba & The Zionist Quest for its Completion," Between the Lines, October 2002. ["(B)ased upon the transcript of a lecture presented by Dr. Pappe to the Right To Return Coalition - Al Awda UK, held at the School for Oriental and African Studies in London Monday 16th September 2002. It is hereby published after receiving Dr. Pappe's consent and editorial remarks. [BTL]; reprinted in Bint Jbeil.

Pappe, Ilan. "Israel coined the term 'Nakba' and is still implementing it," The Electronic Intifada, July 20, 2012.

Pappe, Ilan. "Myth: The Palestinians Voluntarily Left Their Homeland in 1948,” Verso Books Blog, May 10, 2017. [Excerpt from the book Ten Myths About Israel, by Ilan Pappe, Verso Books, 2017.]

Pappe, Ilan. "The Value of Viewing Israel-Palestine Through the Lens of Settler-Colonialism,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, March 24, 2017.

Pappe, Ilan. “Were they expelled? The history, historiography and relevance of the Palestinian refugee problem,” Zochrot.

Pappe, Ilan. "When Israeli denial of Palestinian existence becomes genocidal," Electronic Intifada, April 20, 2013.

Pappe, Ilan and Samer Jaber. "Ethnic Cleansing by All Means: The real Israeli ‘peace’ policy," Mondoweiss, October 17, 2014.

Parry, Nigel. "Nakba widely misrepresented as an anti-Israeli protest instead of a Palestinian commemoration," Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2001

Parsons, Laila. "The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine (review),"  Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, Volume 29, Number 3, 2009, pp. 585-586. Downloadable [through Project Muse (not free)] pdf here

Pekkonen, Heli. "Wiping a Village Off the Map: The Destruction of a Herder Community in Northern Jordan Valley," The Israeli Committee Against Home Demolitions, January 29, 2013.

Peled, Miko. “Ethnic Cleansing of an Invented People,” MikoPeled, December 20, 2011.

Peled-Elhanan, Nurit. “I will mourn on Nakba Day,” (originally distributed by email) Israeli Occupation Archives, March 20, 2010.

Pessah, Tom. "Mapping the Palestinian villages erased and replaced with Jewish towns, A new map seeks to provide new information on the Palestinian cities, towns, and villages that were erased and replaced since the inception of the Zionist movement,” +972, January 29, 2017.

Pessah, Tom. "The Nakba: Addressing Israeli arrogance. For Israelis wishing to participate in a common struggle, relieving ourselves of our ignorance and arrogance should be the top priority. Not for the sake of Palestinians – for our own sake, to restore our own humanity," +972, May 15, 2013

Pessah, Tom. "'Truth commission' uncovers the history of Bedouin dispossession. An informal ‘Public Truth Commission’ set out to find exactly what happened to the Negev Bedouin between 1948 and 1960. While Bedouin witnesses told stories of massacres, rape and expulsions, former Israeli soldiers said they were just following orders." +972, December 14, 2014.

Pessah, Tom. "The violent roots of Israel's Labor party. The Labor party’s glory days included the Nakba, conquering and settling the West Bank and East Jerusalem and other affairs Israeli society has yet to begin processing," +972, March 9, 2015.

Pessah, Tom. "Why the inconvenient truths of the Nakba must be recognized," +972, May 14, 2012.

Piterberg, Gabriel. "Erasures: How the founding myths of Israel dictated conceptual removal of Palestinians, during and after physical removal. The invention of ‘retroactive transfer’ and ‘present absentees’ as the glacial euphemisms of ethnic cleansing,"  New Left Review,  No. 10, July-August 2001.

Pollard, Ruth. “Bedouin battle to stay in their villages ends in rubble,” Sydney Morning Herald,” November 5, 2011.

Prusher, Ilene. "Israel's Absentee Property Law exposes an absence of morality in Jerusalem: Upholding a 63-year old law allowing Israel to confiscate "absentee" properties of Palestinian-owned homes in Jerusalem sends a dangerous message and puts up a road block to peace,"  Ha'aretz, June 7, 2013.

Purkiss, Jessica. "Archeology as a tool of the occupation," Middle East Monitor, October 16, 2014.



Daily life in tents for 6,000 Palestinian residents of Nahr Al-Barid Refugee Camp in Tarablus, Lebanon, 1952. Today, the population of the camp is more than 40,000.


Q-Z

Raanan, Yeela. “Alert: Thousands of police evacuating and demolishing the village of El-Araqib in the Israeli Negev,” Israel: The Only Democracy in the Middle East? July 27, 2010.

Rabbis for Human Rights. "Against Begin-Praver: All the Facts About Bedouin Settlement in the Negev." May 30, 2013.

Rabbis for Human Rights. "Background information on the Begin Plan," March 5, 2013.

Rabbis for Human Rights. “Tell JNF not to Evict Families from East Jerusalem,” [petition], February 23, 2012.

Rabbis for Human Rights. "Settler lies about land ownership as a method of eviction and judaization," August 7, 2012.

Rabbis for Human Rights. "Theodore Bikel: It Hurts that the Descendents of Anatevka Expel Israeli Bedouin," YouTube video, May 31, 2013.

Radi, Tareq. "66 years ago today 42 members of my family were slaughtered in Deir Yassin," Mondoweiss, April 9, 2014.

Ramahi, Sawsan. "On the anniversary of the Nakba: I haven’t forgotten, Mum,” Middle East Monitor, May 17, 2016.

Rashad, Haifa. "Nakba Memoricide: Genocide Studies and the Zionist/Israeli Genocide of Palestine," Holy Land Studies, Volume 13, Page 1-23.

Ravid, Barak. "Citing National Security, Israel Likely to Keep Army File on Palestinian Refugees From 1948 Sealed: File includes research material commissioned by Ben-Gurion to 'prove' refugees were not expelled in 1948 War of Independence,” Ha’aretz, September 20, 2016. [Behind Ha’aretz's paywall]  

Raz, Eyal. "1,500 Palestinians face expulsion to make way for IDF 'Firing Zone 918," +972, August 29, 2012.

Regan, Bernard. "Review of The Palestine Nakba,” Red Pepper, June 20, 2012.

Rego, Nasser. "Israel, 1948 and Memoricide: The 1948 Al-'Araquib/Negev Massacre and its Legacy," Holy Land Studies, Vol. 11, pp. 201-215. November, 2012.

Rego, Nasser. "The Nakba and the Farm,” The Nakba Files, August 3, 2016. ["I mediate my ethical relation to the Nakba via the farm. This is no how-to-resist-the-Nakba guide. Rather, it is a probing of what it means to have recently come to be in the good company of those who are actively returning to and working the land, engaging the Nakba in ways that break the mold.”]

Rego, Nasser. "Zionists massacred Bedouins in 1948, threaten them again today,"  Electronic Intifada, August 20, 2013. ["The Prawer Plan is not a renewal of an old catastrophe: it is characteristic of ongoing colonialism. This means that the Nakba is a continuing phenomenonrather than limited to a certain time period."]

Reider, Dimi. "Israel’s Changing Nakba Narrative," The Palestine Chronicle, May 20. 2014.

Rempel, Terry. "Of War and Population Transfer," Media Monitors Network, October 18, 2002.

Reuters. "Israel Bans Use of Palestinian Term 'Nakba' in Textbooks: Term describing 'catastrophe' of 1948 was introduced in Arab schools in 2007, under Labor education min,” Ha'aretz, July 22, 2009. [See http://www.haaretz.com/israel-bans-use-of-palestinian-term-nakba-in-textbooks-1.280515]

Reuters. "Israeli razing of Palestinian homes at peak: Aid groups say Israeli demolition of Palestinian homes is at 5-year high,” Al Jazeera, February 7, 2014.

Reuters. "UN rights investigator accuses Israel of 'ethnic cleansing,' Richard Falk says more than 11,000 Palestinians have lost their right to live in Jerusalem since 1996," Jerusalem Post, March 21, 2014.

Rinat, Zafrir. "Report: Jewish settlers now control dozens of West Bank springs; UN agency says most of springs are located on private Palestinian land, publishes testimonies by Palestinians who say they are afraid of approaching water sources due to settler violence," Ha'aretz, March 20, 2012.

Robbins, Annie. "Autopsy reveals Nakba Day protester [Nadim Nuwara, a young Palestinian] killed by [Israeli] live ammunition," Mondoweiss, June 13, 2014.

Robbins, Annie. “Hiding in plain sight," Mondoweiss, June 15, 2013. ["On Thursday June 13, 2013 in an interview on IDF Radio the commander of the 53rd Battalion of the Givati Brigade, Yitzhak Pundak, confirmed that forces under his command ethnically cleansed Palestinian villages in 1948."]

Robbins, Annie. “Israel destroys dairy farm in occupied Palestine,” Mondoweiss, May 3, 2012.

Robbins, Annie. “Israeli Embassy tries to deflect protest over Bedouin relocation — it's for their own good,” Mondoweiss, July 2, 2013.

Robbins, Annie. “Israelis defy Nakba law on Independence Day,” Mondoweiss, May 14, 2011.

Robbins, Annie. "Jerusalem municipality ‘taking advantage’ of US elections to expand settlements,” Mondoweiss, July 27, 2016.

Robbins, Annie. "Stealing Palestine dunam by dunam," Mondoweiss, July 29, 2012.

Robbins, Annie. “Your ‘independence’ day is our Nakba”: Thousands of Palestinian citizens of Israel join ‘march of return’ to destroyed village of Lubya," Mondoweiss, May 7, 2014.

Ronen, Gil. "100-Year-Old General: We Razed Arab Villages, So What? Brig Gen. (res.) Yitzhak Pundak: If we hadn't done it, there would be a million more Arabs and there would be no Israel," Israel National News, June 13, 2013.

Rose, Jacqueline. "Rereading: Khirbet Khizeh by S Yizhar: In his novella of the 1948 war, the Israeli writer S Yizhar sought to preserve the memory of the Palestinian nakba. Jacqueline Rose on a haunting tale that still stirs intense controversy," The Guardian [UK], March 11, 2011.

Rose, Liz. "Sanitizing the Nakba, in ‘The New York Times Book Review'," Mondoweiss, March 123, 2015.

Rosen, Rabbi Brant. “A Reckoning for Yom Ha’atzmau,” Shalom Rav, May 13, 2011.

Rosen, Rabbi Brant. "B'tselem Reports on Israel's 'De Facto Annexation' of Area C," Shalom Rav, June 12, 2013.

Rosen, Rabbi Brant. "Israeli Government Poised to Evict 40,000 Bedouin - Please Act Now," Shalom Rav, May 31, 2013.

Rosen, Rabbi Brant. "The Prawer Plan Passes First Knesset Reading," Shalom Rav, June 24, 2013.

Rosen, Rabbi Brant. “Tell JNF to Cease its Practice of Ethnic Cleansing,” Shalom Rav, November 23, 2012.

Rosen, Rabbi Brant. “Why I Support the Palestinian Law of Return,” Shalom Rav, May 7, 2017.

Ross, Robert. "How the New York Times erases Israel's crimes," Electronic Intifada, December 29, 2012.

Rotem, Michal. "In Al-Arakib, even the dead face eviction: The Bedouin village of Al-Arakib has been demolished 63 times since 2010. Now it’s dealing with its latest challenge: eviction orders for the deceased," +972,  May 26, 2014. [Translated by Yehudit Keshet]

Rotem, Noam. "The ethnic cleansing of al-Sindiyana: True reconciliation can only begin once we acknowledge past injustices. And there’s a lot to own up to,” +972,  September 14, 2016.

Roth, Natasha. "Demolishing Palestinian structures is the norm — not the exception: A sharp increase in demolitions of structures in the West Bank displaces over 120 Palestinians, drawing media attention and a harsh response from the United Nations," +972, August 19, 2015.

Roth, Natasha. "In five-year high, Israel demolishes 143 Palestinian structures in single month: Israel demolished 143 Palestinian structures in August, the highest such total in five years. The wave of demolitions came amid severe heat waves and has left children homeless as they start the new school year," +972, September 5, 2015.

Roth, Natasha. "A living legacy of displacement: The impulses that drove the dispossession of the 1948 war are still acted on today, on both sides of the borders it forged,” +972,  June 19, 2015.

Roth, Natasha. "The road out of the occupation runs through the Nakba: As long as Israelis deny, distort and repress the expulsion of over 750,000 Palestinians, we will never truly accept and absorb the end of the occupation," +972, April 11, 2015.

Rothchild, Alice. "Ending memoricide– the Nakba Museum project," Mondoweiss,  June 18, 2015.

Rothchild, Alice. “‘What is this, delusional?’ (the west’s deafening silence on the Judaization of Jerusalem),Mondoweiss,  January 10, 2011.

Rothman, Moriel. “The JNF: Planting Trees or Uprooting Families?Huffington Post, November 23, 2011.

Ruttenberg, Roee. "Israel's n**** word: efforts to teach it, and attempts to erase it: My thoughts about Nakba, Nakba Day, and the so-called Nakba law are simple. Silencing another’s narrative does not make that narrative go away. And in a similar vein, giving a voice to another’s narrative does not invalidate one’s own," +972, May 14, 2012.

Sabella, Zack. "Days Lost But Not Forgotten: My Family’s Account of Nakba Day,” Huffington Post, May 13, 2016.

Salfiti, Wasim. "My Family's History with Nakba," Huffington Post, May 18, 2012.

Samaha, Nour. “Foreign fighters support Israel’s settlements: The Jewish Defence League has dispatched French “militants” for a “show of solidarity” in illegal West Bank settlements,” Al Jazeera English, September 24, 2011.

Sameh, Mahmoud. "Why I could not publically commemorate the Nakba in Egypt,” Middle East Monitor, May 19, 2014.

Sarid, Yossi. "Wiesel hides ethnic cleansing behind a prayer shawl, This ostensible messenger of peace supports an organization that evicts Palestinians from their homes in East Jerusalem," Ha'aretz, October 17, 2014.

Sayigh, Rosemary. "The ongoing Nakba: Sickness and health among Palestinian refugees in Lebanon," Electronic Intifada, August 27, 2007.

Scottish Palestine Solidarity Campaign. “E-book on Jewish National Fund’s role in colonization of Palestine released,” Electronic Intifada, February 15, 2010 [article includes link to read and download the full report as pdf].

Segev, Tom. ["Looting, Looting, and More Looting"] excerpt from 1949, The First Israelis, New York: Free Press, 1986, pp. 68-91.

Seikaly, Sherene and Maya Mikdashi. "New Texts Out Now: Maya Mikdashi, What is Settler Colonialism? and Sherene Seikaly, Return to the Present,” Jadaliyya, May 16, 2013. [Jadaliyya interviews Maya Mikdashi, “What Is Settler Colonialism?” American Indian Culture and Research Journal 37:2 (2013), and Sherene Seikaly, “Return to the Present,” Elisabeth Weber, editor, Living Together: Jacques Derrida’s Communities of Violence and Peace. New York: Fordham University Press, 2012.]

Shaham, Danit. "Book Review: Touring the Nakba. A new guidebook provides readers with tours of 18 Palestinian villages depopulated in 1948, allowing Israelis to slowly learn the story of Palestine and create a new rality between the river and the sea," +972, December 3, 2012.

Shaker, Hossam. "What does Israel’s failure to recognise the Nakba mean?” Middle East Monitor, May 19, 2015.

Shalev, Nir. "Under the guise of legality: Declarations on state land in the West Bank," ed. Yael Stein, trans. Zvi Shulman, B'Tselem, February, 2012.

Shalhoub-Kevorkian, Nadera, Sarah Ihmoud and Suhad Dahir-Nashif. "Sexual Violence, Women’s Bodies, and Israeli Settler Colonialism,” Jadaliyya, November 17, 2014.

Shams, Alex. "Easter in the destroyed Palestinian village of Maalul,” Ma’an News Agency, April 19, 2014.

Shandlinger, Noa. "Towards a Common Archive / Video testimonies of Zionist Fighters in 1948," Zochrot, October 2012. [Translation: Charles Kamen]

Shavit, Ari. "An Interview with Benny Morris," CounterPunch, January 16-18, 2004. "Ben-Gurion was right. If he had not done what he did, a state would not have come into being. That has to be clear. It is impossible to evade it. Without the uprooting of the Palestinians, a Jewish state would not have arisen here.” [Also available in Haaretz: Shavit, Ari. "Survival of the Fittest: Historian Benny Morris, who opened the Pandora's box of Zionism, has found a new way to deal with the demons he unleashed. He justifies the expulsion of the Arabs in 1948, bemoans the fact that the job was left unfinished and doesn't rule out future population transfers. In an interview, Morris lays out his self-described 'politically incorrect’ views,” Haaretz, January 8, 2004.]

Shavit, Ari. "Lydda, 1948: A city, a massacre, and the Middle East today," The New Yorker, October 21, 2013.

Sheikh Jarrah Solidarity. “The JNF/Himnuta to Expel Palestinian Family in Silwan,” November 22, 2011.

Sheizaf, Noam. "Between anger and denial: Israeli collective memory and the Nakba. A New documentary aims to decipher some of the anxiety that accompanies the Israeli debate over the events of 1948," +972, October 16, 2012.

Sheizaf, Noam. "Despite efforts to erase it, the Nakba's memory is more present than ever in Israel." The Israeli Right has been waging a war on history in recent years, using extreme measures to remove evidence of the Nakba from the national discourse. It failed." +972, May 14, 2013.

Sheizaf, Noam. "Cabinet OK's razing Bedouin towns to build Jewish settlement in their place. After being expelled and relocated in the 1950s, the residents of Umm al-Hiran are about to lose their homes once again – this time to make way for a Jewish national-religious settlement," +972, November 10, 2013.

Sheizaf, Noam. “High Court allows Israel to mine, take resources from Palestinian Territories,” +972, December 27, 2011.

Sheizaf, Noam. "Nakba Law in action: Students must pay expenses for ceremony," +972,  May 13, 2012.

Sheizaf, Noam. "Israelis who deny the Palestinian Nakba are waging war on their own past,” Sydney Morning Herald, May 14, 2016.

Sheizaf, Noam. "PHOTOS [Activestills]: Palestinians commemorate Nakba Day in rallies and protests,' +972,  May 16, 2013.

Sheizaf, Noam. “Why Jews need to talk about the Nakba: A personal journey,” +972, May 14, 2011.

Shenfield, Stephen. "How I discovered the Nakba," Mondoweiss, June 27, 2012.

Shenfield, Stephen. "Perpetrators of the Nakba," Mondoweiss, August 29, 2012.

Shenhav, Yehouda. "Spineless bookkeeping: The use of Mizrahi Jews as pawns against Palestinian refugees; Calls to define Jews from Arab countries as refugees were silenced in the past by Israeli governments. This change of policy has to do with the relatively new recognition that Israel will not be able to escape its responsibility for the Nakba. But Leaders of the new campaign should first learn the history of their unfounded idea," +972, September 25, 2012.

Sherwood, Harriet. "Britons protest over Israel plan to remove up to 70,000 Palestinian Bedouins: More than 50 public figures including Antony Gormley and Brian Eno put names to letter opposing expulsion from historic land," The Guardian [UK], November 29, 2013.

Sherwood, Harriet. "Israel unveils Herod's archeological treasures; Herod's mausoleum headlines Israel's most ambitious archeological show but Palestinians say treasures should stay where they were found," The Guardian [UK], February 12, 2013.

Sherwood, Harriet. "Thirteen killed as Israeli troops open fire on Nakba Day border protests; Many more wounded in clashes at Israel's borders with Syria, Gaza and Lebanon, as UN appeals for 'maximum restraint,'The Guardian [UK], May 15, 2011.

Shlaim, Avi. "The Debate About 1948,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 27:3, 1995, 287-304. [Reprinted in Ilan Pappé, ed., The Israel/Palestine Question (London: Longman, 1999).] Available online aa a PDF here

Shulman, David. “Susya and Lasefer, May 7, 2011,” Occupation magazine, May 7, 2011.

Silver, Charlotte. "Israeli settlers demand demolition of Palestinian village,” Electronic Intifada, July 21, 2015.

Silver, Charlotte. "Right-wing group's [Elad] theft of Palestinian heritage outlined in new study," Electronic Intifada, November 12, 2012.

Silverstein, Richard. “Ben Gurion Foresaw Palestinian Expulsion in 1937," Tikun Olam, December 28, 2013. [Letter from  David Ben-Gurion to his son, Amos, saying: "We have to expel Arabs and take their place". Dated October 5th, 1937: Hebrew: http://www.scribd.com/doc/194043029/David-Ben-Gurion-Letter-to-His-Son-Amos-5-October-1937 / English: http://www.scribd.com/doc/194018426/Ben-Gurion-Letter-to-His-Son-Amos-5-Oct-1937-English  / English translation by Ronnie Barkan] / Significant discussion by Ilan Pappe ["Haver"] in comments section of the post by Richard Silverstein.]

Silverstein, Marilyn. "Israeli scholar [Tanya Reinhart] accuses countrymen of ‘ethnic cleansing,’" New Jersey Jewish News Online, March 8, 2007.

Silverstein, Richard. “Bibi in 1989 Supported Palestinian Mass Expulsions,” Tikun Olam, January 13, 2011.

Silverstein, Richard. "Daniel Gordis [Rabbi] and the Transferists Among Us," Tikun Olam, November 20, 2010.

Silverstein, Richard. “IDF Kashers Checkpoints, Replacing Arabic With Hebrew Names,” Tikun Olam, November 6, 2011.

Silverstein, Richard. “Israel Criminalizes the Nakba,” Tikun Olam, April 26, 2012.

Silverstein, Richard. “Israel: Nakba and Return," Tikun Olam, December 1, 2013.

Silverstein, Richard. “Israeli Columnist Calls for Extermination of Palestinians,"  Tikun Olam, February 2, 2014.

Silverstein, Richard. “Israel’s Kristallnacht: Police Demolish Bedouin Mosque,” Tikun Olam, November 6, 2010.

Silverstein, Richard. "Netanyahu Increases Settlement Spending by 38%, $10-Billion Spent Over Past 20 Years," Tikun Olam, July 20, 2012.

Silverstein, Richard. "Nakba Steals All: Land, Life, Even Libraries," Tikun Olam, April 1, 2013.

Silverstein, Richard. “NY Times ‘Discovers’ $200-Million American Jewish Settler Funding Network, Tikun Olam, July 6, 2010.

Silverstein, Richard. “Settlers Burn Palestinian Fields: ‘In Blood and Fire Shall Judea Rise’,” Tikun Olam, September 23, 2011.

Silverstein, Richard. "Spain Offers Citizenship to Jews Exiled by Inquisition, What About Palestinians Exiled by Nakba?Tikun Olam, December 11, 2012.

Silverstein, Richard. “Tarabin’s Nakba in the Negev,” Tikun Olam, April 13, 2011.

Silverstein, Richard. “Video Chronicles Israeli Effort to ‘Disappear Bedouin Village,” Tikun Olam, August 27, 2010.

“Silvia.” “The strangulation of a village,” International Solidarity Movement, March 10, 2012.

Somersom, Wendy Elisheva. "The Twin Ghosts of Slavery and the Nakba: The Roots that Connect Ferguson and Palestine," Tikkun Magazine, January 23, 2015.

State of Palestine Ministry of Foreign Affairs [MOFA]. "On the 67th Anniversary of the Palestinian Nakba," May 12, 2015. 

Stern, Yoav. "Palestinian refugees, Israeli left-wingers mark Nakba: Palestinian refugees and Israeli activists tour W. J'lem neighborhoods to mark the 60th anniversary of 'the catastrophe," Haaretz, May 12, 2008.

Strenger, Carlo. “From the slavery of falsehood to the freedom of truth: UNRWA teaches children in the schools of Gaza about the Holocaust; Israeli schools need to teach about the Palestinian Nakba. Passover should teach us to live with the truth,” Ha’aretz, April 18, 2011.

Strickland, Patrick O. "Court stops Israeli university [Haifa] suspension of Palestinians for commemorating Nakba," Electronic Intifada, May 22, 2014.

Strickland, Patrick O. "Despite threats, students to commemorate Nakba at Tel Aviv University," Electronic Intifada, May 10, 2013.

Strickland, Patrick O. "Israel continues to criminalise marking Nakba Day: Activists now face difficulty in commemorating Palestinian dispossession during Israel's founding due to Israeli law," Al Jazeera English, May 14, 2015.

Strickland, Patrick O. "Israel demolishes activist camp, evicts Palestinian returnees from their village," Electronic Intifada, June 11, 2014.

Strickland, Patrick O. "Israel prevents Palestinians from visiting church in destroyed village," Electronic Intifada, October 3, 2014.

Strickland, Patrick O. "Israel to destroy another Haifa neighborhood, evict Palestinian residents," Electronic Intifada, January 16, 2014.

Strickland, Patrick O. "Israel serves eviction orders to Palestinians in world heritage city [Akka]," Electronic Intifada, March 18, 2014.

Strickland, Patrick O. “Palestinian Bedouins 'live the Nakba every day,'Al Jazeera English, May 25, 2015.

Strickland, Patrick O. “We’ll never forget October 1956 massacre, say Palestinians in Israel," Electronic Intifada, October 29, 2013.

Such, Rod. "Memories of Nakba from those who survived it,” Electronic Intifada, May 17, 2017. [Review of Palestine Is Our Home: Voices of Loss, Courage and Steadfastness, Nahida Halaby Gordon (editor), Palestine Books (2016)]

Suliman, Mohammed. “Edward Said on claims to the land and the occupation of Palestine,Electronic Intifada, August 27, 2011. [Includes video]

Surrusco, Matt. “‘When I [Suhad Bishara, of Adalah – The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel] look at the Prawer Plan, I see another Nakba,'”  +972, July 14, 2013.

SusyaBlog. “A story of a Palestinian village without basic infrastructure #2," December 30, 2012.

Tabar, Vivian. “Insulting the Memory of an Anti-Apartheid Activist: The Jewish National Fund and the Coretta Scott King Forest," Badil, 2010.

Tahhan, Zena. "'We are the generation that will return to Palestine’: Young Palestinian refugees across historic Palestine and Lebanon launch a joint campaign to commemorate Nakba day,” Al Jazeera, May 19, 2016.

Taylor, Matthew. “The New York Times's shameless Nakba distortion," Mondoweiss, May 15, 2011.

Thrall, Nathan. “What Future for Israel?" The New York Review of Books, August 15, 2013.

T'ruah [rabbinic call for human rights]. "Historic Background on Bedouin in the Negev," 2013.

US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation. “Commemorate Nakba Day and Continue Work for Palestinian Rights," May 7, 2013.

US Palestinian Community Network. “Nakba Day commemorates 67 years of colonization," May 15, 2015.

Valentine, Douglas. "The Big Lie at the Heart of the Myth of the Creation of Israel: An Interview with Lia Tarachansky,” CounterPunch, June 5-7, 2015.

Vidal, Dominique. "The expulsion of the Palestinians re-examined: Ten years of research into the 1947-1949 war,” Le Monde diplomatique (English edition), December, 1997.

Vilkomerson, Rebecca. “A Bedouin Tale,” Israel: The Only Democracy in the Middle East?, April 11, 2010.

Vlanza, Vacy. "‘Its ultimate reward is to enforce justice, to return home’: A review of Salman Abu Sitta’s ‘Mapping My Return: A Palestinian Memoir,’” Mondoweiss, May 5, 2016.

Vlanza, Vacy. "Nakba: The man reconstructing Palestine's lost villages; Driven by a desire to return to his childhood village, Salman Abu Sitta is rebuilding the map of historic Palestine,” Al Jazeera, May 16, 2016. [Author is listed as Vacy Vlazna.]

Vlanza, Vacy. “The Palestinian Nakba as Seen Through the Lens of Lia Tarachansky," Dissident Voice, May 21, 2014, [re Tarachansky's documentary "On the Side of the Road"]

VLR. “UM Fagarah: Cave dwellers struggle to remain on their land," International Solidarity Movement, July 23, 2012.

WAFA [Palestiniam News and Info Agency]. "On Nakba Anniversary, Refugees Make almost Half of Population,” May 14, 2013. Also available at Israeli Occupation Archive.

Weiss, Philip. “Abbas and Levy issue calls to end Nakba denial,” Mondoweiss,  September 23, 2016.

Weiss, Philip. “Abbas warns repeatedly of 'new Nakba' ­­— Israel ethnically cleansing Palestinians," Mondoweiss,  September 27, 2012.

Weiss, Philip. “Abulhawa declines to ‘balance out’ several Israelis in ‘Al Jazeera’ forum on Nakba," Mondoweiss, May 19, 2013.

Weiss, Philip. “Ari Shavit has a selective memory for war crimes, Khalidi says," Mondoweiss,  November 18, 2013.

Weiss, Philip.  “B'nai Brith and World Jewish Congress defend settlements as 'Israel,'" Mondoweiss,  August 17, 2012.

Weiss, Philip. “DC Jewish Comm’y Center to stage panel on 1948 history — without Palestinians," Mondoweiss, January 8, 2014.

Weiss, Philip. “Don’t expect this NYT ethicist [Dov Seidman] to talk about the Nakba," Mondoweiss,February 6, 2014.

Weiss, Philip. “'Forward' broaches idea that Nakba was 'genocide' (and idea that Jewish identity was abducted by Israel," Mondoweiss, February 17, 2011.

Weiss, Philip. “Hebrew University lecturer calls for expelling Palestinians as alien hostages in war against Muslims,"  Mondoweiss, October 3, 2012.

Weiss, Philip. “Israel conducts 'wave of demolitions,' including destruction of mosque, across West Bank," Mondoweiss, November 25, 2010.

Weiss, Philip. “Israel’s foundation in a ‘terroristic campaign of expulsion, ethnic cleansing and murder’ is the ‘deep wound in that part of the world’ — [Andrew] Sullivan," Mondoweiss, August 15, 2014.

Weiss, Philip. “Jeffrey Goldberg says ‘nakba’ never happened,” Mondoweiss, October 14, 2009..

Weiss, Philip. “Makdisi in Houston Chronicle: Americans must confront the dispossession of Arabs in ’48,” Mondoweiss, July 6, 2010.

Weiss, Philip. “Nakba 2.0: In a herder community in the occupied West Bank, Israel destroys 13 structures, including 9 homes and a classroom,” Mondoweiss, January 13, 2011.

Weiss, Philip. “Nakba consciousness-raising…in our nation's capital," Mondoweiss, May 16, 2012.

Weiss, Philip. “Nakba is the root of the conflict and makes '67 negotiations meaningless — 'NYRB,'" Mondoweiss, July 21, 2013.

Weiss, Philip. “The pharoah of Jerusalem,” Mondoweiss, September 15, 2010.

Weiss, Philip. “NPR’ denies the Nakba,” Mondoweiss, March 12, 2014. [Re. story by Robert Siegel.]

Weiss, Philip. “What a sleek, modern ethnic-cleansing operation looks like,” Mondoweiss, April 14, 2010.

Weiss, Philip. “Why aren’t our congressmen hearing from this victim of endless Israeli expansion?Mondoweiss, September 28, 2010.

Weiss, Philip. "Why Palestinian Oral Histories of ‘Nakba’ Must Be Given Weight by Scholars," Mondoweiss, September 1, 2008.

Weizman, Eyal, Nick Axel, Steffen Kraemer, Lawrence Abu Hamdan and Jacob Burns, "The Nakba Day denial," Mondoweiss, March 10, 2015.

White, Ben. "BBC Trust upholds complaint over Nakba Day radio report that downplayed expulsion of Palestinians," Electronic Intifada, January  16, 2013.

White, Ben. "Coretta Scott King and the Jewish National Fund," Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2007.

White, Ben. "Don't Ignore the Roots of Discrimination," Newsweek/Daily Beast, January 16, 2013.

White, Ben. "Excusing ethnic cleansing: Liberal Zionists, Israel and the Nakba," Middle East Monitor, May 15, 2014.

White, Ben. "Gaza to Galilee: The colonial context ["Framing events in Gaza in the colonial context is vital for understanding the nature of the violence, argues author"], Al Jazeera English, December 16, 2012.

White, Ben. "How many Nakbas? More than ever, there is a need today to understand the Israel-Palestine conflict," The Hindu, July 25, 2014. 

White, Ben. “Jordan Valley is a microcosm of Israel’s colonisation: Israeli land seizure and ethnic cleansing should be met with arrest warrants – not arms sales and diplomatic games,” Guardian [UK], August 17, 2010.

White, Ben. "The Nakba: From 1948 to Today,” Palestine Solidarity Campaign, April 28, 2016.

White, Ben. "Nakba Day: A 'clear challenge' to Israeli establishment; While the Nakba Law threatens publicly-funded institutions, there are signs of optimism at the grassroots level,” Al Jazeera,  May 15, 2016.

White, Ben. "Nakba Day is not just about remembering – it is about the Palestinians’ return,” Middle East Monitor, May 15, 2015.

White, Ben. “Simon Schama's Nakba denial,” Middle East Monitor, February 20, 2016.

White, Ben. “What Zionism has meant for Palestinians,” Middle East Monitor, April 29, 2016.

Winstanley, Asa. "Before Their Diaspora — Palestinian scholar’s monumental pictorial history now available online,” Electronic Intifada, October 18, 2012.

Winstanley, Asa. "Subscription offer from liberal Israeli newspaper helps JNF, a "charity" implicated in ethnic cleansing,” Electronic Intifada, January 16, 2013.

Wise, Rabbi Alissa. "Some Things Never Change: The Prawer Plan and the Legacy of the Nakba," The Huffington Post, June 14, 2013.

Wise, Ora. "A Hummus without People for a People without Hummus," The Big Ceci, February 3, 2012.

Yagna, Yanir. “Bedouin sector weakest in Israel due to systemic neglect: Public services in Bedouin communities are severely lacking, compared to services in Jewish communities, according to a report by the Negev Coexistence Forum for Civil Equality." Ha’aretz, March 24, 2013.

Yanga, Yanir. “Israel Police establishes unit to enforce demolition of Bedouin homes,” Ha’aretz, April 17, 2012.

Yagna, Yanir. “Israel to triple demolition rate of Bedouin construction: 2010 should see 700 illegal structures destroyed and the plowing of 9,000 dunams of land to prevent new construction.” Ha’aretz, February 18, 2010.

Yagna, Yanir. “Palestinian with Jewish wife and IDF veteran son denied permanent visa,” Ha’aretz, July 3, 2011.

Younis, Rami. "Home demolitions: A reminder that the Nakba never ended. The destruction of Hanaa’ al-Naqib’s home in Lydd this week is a reminder that Israel’s dispossession of Palestinians didn’t end in 1948 — it has simply taken on new forms," +972, February 13, 2015. 

YWCA of Palestine. "Past Due: Sixty Five Years and the Ongoing Nakba," BDS Movement, May 15, 2013.

Zaher, Sawsan. "The unequal right to water in unrecognized Bedouin village," +972, March 1, 2013.

Zahra, Leil and Rasha Hilwi. "We are refugees no longer, we have returned!" [re. the village of Iqrith], Leil-Zahra Mortada, October 23, 2012.

Zandberg, Esther. "The Lifta That Never Will Be: Instead of building luxury homes over the abandoned village, Israel could use the hillside ruins to preserve Arab memory and heal a rift. Don't hold your breath,” Ha’aretz, February 3, 2011.

Zarchin, Tomer. "Israel's High Coourt okays construction on site of Muslim graves in Tel Aviv: High Court of Justice rejects petition against construction of student dorms, despite the fact that the site contains what appear to be Muslim graves from the Ottoman period," Ha’aretz, August 13, 2012.

Zimet, Abby. "Nakba in the Negev: Oh To Be A Dead Jewish Dog," Common Dreams, February 21, 2014.

Zochrot. "About the map of Tel Aviv and its Palestinian villages: a printed map of Tel Aviv indicating the locations of Palestinian villages and neighborhoods in its vicinity before 1948." [Map (11.91 mb) may be downloaded here.}

Zochrot. "Gaza 1948 \ Gaza 2014," August, 2014.

Zochrot. "How do we say Nakba in Hebrew?" [Study guide for educators; the entire study guide and additional materials are availailable in Hebrew, and can be downloaded here.]

Zochrot. “List of Palestinian Villages on which JNF sites were erected,” October, 2006.

Zochrot. "Remembering Balad al-Shaykh," December, 2012. [Booklet (2.19 mb) may be downloaded here.]

Zochrot. "Remembering Yajur," December, 2012. [Booklet (2 mb) may be downloaded here.]

Zonszein, Mairav. "Deputy defense minister [Eli Ben Dahan]: Embattled Palestinian village doesn't exist: The man charged with managing the day-to-day life of Palestinians in the West Bank calls Susya, a village facing imminent demolition, a ‘ploy by leftist organizations to take over Area C of the West Bank,’" +972, July 22, 2015.

Zonszein, Mairav. "Hundreds protest forced transfer, destruction of Palestinian village Susya: Despite a pending High Court case, the village is facing imminent destruction and forced population transfer. State Department, EU foreign ministers have all called on Israel to let the villagers stay on their land," +972, July 24, 2015.

Zonszein, Mairav. "Israel Supreme Court: Bedouin have no indigenous rights: A recent Supreme Court ruling refusing to recognize Bedouin land rights sets a legal precedent for the state to endlessly appropriate Palestinian lands,"  +972, May 29, 2015.

Zonszein, Mairav. "Israel's 'ethnic cleansing' of Jaffa city: The city's Palestinian population is forced to live in neglected homes, or to move out," Al Jazeera, April 16, 2014.

Zonszein, Mairav. "Rightists disrupt Nakba ceremony at Tel Aviv University," +972, May 14, 2012.






palestine1946population2

Palestine 1946: Distribution of population by district showing percentages of Jews and Palestinians



map6 refugeesroutes 3 med

Palestinian refugees' migration routes during the Nakba in 1948




• Quotations


Moshe Sharett, Israel's second Prime Minister (1953-1955):


"We have forgotten that we have not come to an empty land to inherit it, but we have come to conquer a country from people inhabiting it" (from Righteous Victims, p. 91) 


On partition: "The [Palestinian] Arab reaction would be negative because they would lose everything and gain almost nothing ...They would lose the richest part of Palestine; they would lose major Arab assets, the orange plantations, the commercial and industrial centers and the most important sources of revenue for their government which would become impoverished; they would lose most of the coastal area, which would also be a loss to the hinterland Arab states...It would mean that they would be driven back to the desert." (from Expulsion of the Palestinians, p. 59)


"With regard to the refugees, we are determined to be adamant while the  war lasts. Once the return tide starts, it will be impossible to stem it, and it will prove our undoing. As for the future, we are equally determined to explore all possibilities of getting rid, once and for all, of the huge [Palestinian] Arab minority [referring to the Palestinian Israeli citizens of Israel] which originally threatened us. What can be achieved in this period of storm and stress [referring to the 1948 war] will be quite unattainable once conditions get stabilized. (from The Birth of Israel: Myths and Realities, p. 105) 



Yosef Weitz, director, Jewish National Fund Land Settlement Committee (1932-1948):


"...the transfer of [Palestinian] Arab population from the area of the Jewish state does not serve only one aim--to diminish the Arab population. It also serves a second, no less important, aim which is to advocate land presently held and cultivated by the [Palestinian] Arabs and thus to release it for Jewish inhabitants." (from Expulsion Of The Palestinians, p. 94-95)


"It must be clear that there is no room in the country for both peoples...If the Arabs leave it, the country will become wide and spacious for us...The only solution is a Land of Israel...without Arabs...There is no way but to transfer the Arabs from here to the neighboring countries, to transfer all of them, save perhaps for [the Palestinian Arabs of] Bethlehem, Nazareth, and the old Jerusalem. Not one village must be left, not one tribe." (from Benny Morris, The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, p. 27)


"Once again I come face to face with the land settlement difficulties that emanate from the existence of two people in close proximity...only population transfer and evacuating this country so it would become exclusively for us is the solution. " (from Expulsion Of The Palestinians, p. 132)



Moshe Dayan, chief of staff, Israel Defense Forces and Minister of Defense during the 1967 war:


"Jewish villages were built in the place of Arab villages. You do not even know the names of these Arab villages, and I do not blame you because geography books no longer exist, not only do the books not exist, the Arab villages are not there either...There is not one single place built in this country that did not have a former Arab Population." (from Ha'aretz, April 4, 1969)


"We shoot at those from among the 200,000 hungry Arabs who cross the  line [to graze their flocks]...Arabs cross to collect the grain that they left in the abandoned villages and we set mines for them and they go back without an arm or a leg...[It may be that this] cannot pass review, but I know no other method of guarding the borders." (from Righteous Victims, p. 275)


At the funeral of an Israeli farmer killed by a Palestinian in April 1956: "Let us not today fling accusation at the murderers. What cause have we to complain about their fierce hatred to us? For eight years now, they sit in their refugee camps in Gaza, and before their eyes we turn into our homestead the land and villages in which they and their forefathers have lived...We should demand his blood not from the Arabs of Gaza but from ourselves...Let us make our reckoning today. We are a generation of settlers, and without the steel helmet and gun barrel, we shall not be able to plant a tree or build a house." (from Avi Shlaim, The Iron Wall,
p. 101)



Yigal Allon, commander, Palmach (elite force of Zionist militia Haganah) (1945-1948), Lieutenant General, Israeli army (1948-1949):


"The confidence of thousands of Arabs of the Hula [Valley] was shaken...We had only five days left...until 15 May [1948]. We regarded it as imperative to cleanse the interior of the Galilee and create Jewish territorial continuity in the whole of the Upper Galilee...I gathered the Jewish mukhtars [Kibbutz chiefs], who had ties with the different Arab villages, and I asked them to whisper in the ears of several Arabs that a giant Jewish reinforcement had reached the Galilee and were about to clean out the villages of Hula, [and] to advise them as friends, to flee while they could. And rumour spread throughout Hula that the time had come to flee. The flight encompassed tens of thousands. The stratagem fully achieved its objective." (from The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, p. 122)



Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel (1974-1977, 1992-1995)


"We walked outside, Ben-Gurion accompanying us. Allon repeated his question, What is to be done with the Palestinian population?' Ben-Gurion waved his hand in a gesture which said 'Drive them out!" (from New York Times, October 23, 1979)



Ariel Sharon, Prime Minister of Israel (2001-2006)


"It is the duty of Israeli leaders to explain to public opinion, clearly and courageously, a certain number of facts that are forgotten with time. The first of these is that there is no Zionism, colonialization, or Jewish State without the eviction of the Arabs and the expropriation of their lands." (from Agence France Presse, November 15, 1998)



David Ben-Gurion, Israel's first Prime Minister (1948-1953):

"We must expel Arabs and take their places...and, if we have to use force-not to dispossess the Arabs of the Negev and Transjordan, but to guarantee our own right to settle in those places-then we have force at our disposal." (from Nur Masalha, Expulsion of the Palestinians, p. 66)

"The compulsory transfer of the [Palestinian] Arabs from the valleys of the proposed Jewish state could give us something which we never had, even when we stood on our own during the days of the first and second Temples. We are given an opportunity which we never dared to dream of  in our wildest imaginings. This is more than a state, government and sovereignty, this is national consolidation in a free homeland." (from Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, p. 142)

"In many parts of the country new settlement will not be possible without transferring the [Palestinian] Arab fellahin...it is important that this plan comes from the [British Peel] Commission and not from us….Jewish power, which grows steadily, will also increase our possibilities to carry out the transfer on a large scale." (from Righteous Victims, p. 143)

"With compulsory transfer we [would] have a vast area [for settlement….I support compulsory transfer. I don't see anything immoral in it." (from Righteous Victims, p. 144)

"Just as I do not see the proposed Jewish state as a final solution to the problems of the Jewish people, so I do not see partition as the final solution of the Palestine question. Those who reject partition are right in their claim that this country cannot be partitioned because it constitutes one unit, not only from a historical point of view but also from that of nature and economy" (from Simha Flapan, The Birth of Israel: Myths and Realities, p. 22)

"After the formation of a large army in the wake of the establishment of the [Jewish] state, we shall abolish partition and expand to the whole of the Palestine" (from The Birth of Israel: Myths and Realities, p. 22)



Chaim Weizmann, Israel's first President:


"[The indigenous population was akin to] the rocks of Judea, as obstacles that had to be cleared on a difficult path." (from Expulsion of the Palestinians, p. 17)



[Source for this set of quotations: "What leading Israelis have said about the Nakba," The Institute for Middle East Understanding, May 9, 2007.]







StandWithSusya

Stop the Israeli ethnic cleansing of non-Jews I Stop the demolitions in Susiya
Also see: 1] "IDF maps village of Susya as forced displacement looms: The IDF’s Civil Administration prepares for the evacuation of the West Bank village in the wake of a High Court decision to uphold the rejection a zoning plan,” by Mairav Zonszein in +972, May 10, 2015; 2] Why Susya is "Illegal": Moriel Rothman takes apart the arguments for dismantling the Palestinian village of Susya and exposes the occupation's moral bankruptcy," The Daily Beast, June 20, 2012; 3] "Israel orders destruction of entire West Bank village," by Ryan Brownell in The Electronic Intifada, July 5, 2012; "Save Susya," by Rabbis for Human Rights; 4] "Israel, Don’t Level My Village," by Nasser Nawaja in The New York Times, July 23, 2015; 5] "A Chronicle of Dispossession: Facts about Susiya," by B'Tselem, July 29, 2015; 6] "Israeli authorities demolish ten Palestinian homes in Area C in January, leaving 59 homeless, incl. 37 minors,” by B'Tselem, January 27, 2016; 7] "2016 Demolition and Annexation Fact Sheet,” by Rebuilding Alliance,” 2016 ["On Jan. 21st (2016) the State of Israel revoked the Israeli Army’s verbal promise to the people of Susiya that no homes or structures would be demolished while discussions regarding the village’s master plan are underway and arrested the village leader and Btselem researcher Nasser Nawaj’ah. The GOI notified Susiya and their lawyers from Rabbis for Human Rights that 40% of the village of Susiya may be demolished without notice at any time, including all structures constructed after April, 2014 when Susiya appealed the ICA’s decision to the High Court of Israel. On February 4, military returned to Susiya, where they dismantled and confiscated two tents that were home to a family of 8, including 6 minors. The tents were donated to the family after their two previous tents were demolished on 20 Jan. 2016. Sources: Rabbis for Rights Susiya Legal Timeline, UNOCHA, B’Tselem”]; and 8] "Susya faces demolition for the eighth time,” by the International Solidarity Movement, al-Khalil team, February 27, 2017. //  Images from Susiya and other Palestinian villages in the southern West Bank at "January 7, 2017 Asael, Susya, Twaneh, Umm al-Khair,” text by David Shulman and photographs by Margaret Olin, Touching Photographs,  January 8, 2017.



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