Read About the Nakba


Palestinian children: Nakba refugees




• Books

Abdo, Nahla, and Masalha, Nur, eds., An Oral History of the Palestinian Nakba. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press (distributed for Zed Books), 2018. (“A landmark intervention, this cross-disciplinary book provides innovative analytical frameworks for studying the persistent erasure of Palestine. This insightful and comprehensive work proposes alternative ways of knowing and telling, rearticulating the Nakba as an ongoing process of dispossession.” - Ella Shohat, NYU)


A
bu Sitta, Salman H. The Atlas of Palestine 1917-1966. London: Palestine Land Society, 2010. This is an enlarged, extended and edited edition of the Atlas of Palestine, 1948 published in 2004. (All four parts of the new edition are available online for free at http://www.plands.org/en/maps-atlases/atlases/the-atlas-of-palestine)


A
bu Sitta, Salman H. The Palestinian Nakba 1948: The Register of Depopulated Localities in Palestine. London: Palestine Return Center, September, 2000. (Available as a free PDF at http://www.plands.org/en/books-reports/books/the-palestinian-nakba-1948)


A
lshaer, Atef, ed. "A Map of Absence: An Anthology of Palestinian Writing on the Nakba.” London: Saqi Books, 2019. ("This unique collection brings together the finest poetry and prose on the Nakba by Palestinian writers over the last seventy years, for the first time. Covering three critical periods (pre-Nakba, post-Nakba and post-Oslo Accords), it includes translated excerpts of poems, novels, short stories and memoirs by major authors such as Mahmoud Darwish, Samira Azzam, Fadwa Tuqan and Edward Said, as well as by emerging Palestinian writers. - Saqi)


Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein, and Eléonore Marza Bronstein. Nakba in Hebrew — A Politcal Journey. Tel Aviv [Hebrew only, plans to translate to French and English], 2018. Available here from De-Colonizer. ("tracing the work of the organization Zochrot (pioneered by Eitan), to uncover the Nakba and bring it to the front of Israeli Jewish awareness (against a systematic culture and policy of denial, epitomized in the Nakba law of 2011, prohibiting its commemoration)….the significance of this for Hebrew readers must not be underestimated - it seeks to find cracks in a wall of societal Israeli-Jewish Hebrew-speaking denial, and it seeks to open up for a discussion of a subject which has become something of an official taboo.” - Jonathan Ofir) 


B’
Tselem. Facing Expulsion Blog. ["Thousands of people – residents of dozens of Palestinian communities located throughout Area C, the West Bank – face imminent expulsion by Israeli authorities on a variety of pretexts. The live blog will pool the regular updates we get from B’Tselem field researchers regarding the communities and any attempts by authorities to expel them. Click on the number of a community cluster and then on the tent icon marked on the map for further information about communities facing the risk of expulsion.”]


Davis, Rochelle. Palestinian Village Histories: Geographies of the Displaced (Stanford Studies in Middle Eastern and Islamic Societies and Cultures). Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2010. ([O]ver four hundred Palestinian villages were depopulated in the 1947-1949 war. With houses mostly destroyed, mosques and churches put to other uses, and cemeteries plowed under, Palestinian communities were left geographically dispossessed. Palestinians have since carried their village names, memories, and possessions with them into the diaspora, transforming their lost past into local histories in the form of “village memorial books. Numbering more than 100 volumes in print, these books recount family histories, cultural traditions, and the details of village life, revealing Palestinian history through the eyes of Palestinians….this book analyzes individual and collective historical accounts of everyday life in pre-1948 Palestinian villages as composed today from the perspectives of these long-term refugees. – Stanford University Press.)


Esber, Rosemary M. Under the Cover of War: the Zionist Expulsion of the Palestinians. Alexandria, VA: Arabicus Books, 2008. (“While other recent books on the subject have relied on Israeli and Zionist archival sources, Esber uses British archives and oral testimonies from Palestinian survivors as well as previously used sources to demonstrate that there was a purposeful, systematic pattern by which Zionist forces depopulated Palestinian cities and villages before the end of the British mandate on 15 May 1948 and the subsequent intervention of Arab armies.” – Maureen Claire Murphy, ei)


Finkelstein, Norman G. Image and Reality of the Israel-Palestine Conflict, New and Revised Edition 2nd Edition, Verso, April 2003. (“... the most revealing study of the historical background of the conflict and the current peace agreement.”—Noam Chomsky, Guardian; “Norman Finkelstein is one of the most radical and hard-hitting critics of the official Zionist version of the Arab-Israeli conflict and of the historians who support this version ... The book makes a major contribution to the study of the Arab-Israeli conflict which deserves to be widely read, especially in the United States.” - Avi Shlaim)


Gordon, Nahida Halaby, ed., Palestine Is Our Home: Voices of Loss, Courage and Steadfastness, Wooster, OH: Palestine Books, 2016. (“The book contains a brief contemporary history of Palestine, short essays, first hand testimonies from Palestinians who experienced different periods of their country’s painful recent history, and chapters on the liberation art of currently occupied Palestine and on the origins of the traditional Palestinian costume. Sixty-one black and white images – maps, photographs, works of art, traditional costumes, and embroidery – serve to illustrate the narratives and chapters of the book. A discussion leader’s guide and a series of questions at the end of each section are provided to aid group discussion and reflection.” – Palestine Books)


Hever, Hannan, ed., with Benit, Moran, Shmueloff, Matti, Siksek, Ayman, and Gardi, Tomer. Tell it Not in Gath: The Palestinian Nakba in Hebrew Poetry, 1948-1958. Haifa: Pardes Publications, Parrhesia, 2009. (“[A]n anthology of Hebrew poems written during the 1948 war and its aftermath that invoke the Palestinian Nakba. The anthology is the product of Prof. Hever's examination of Hebrew books and newspapers published from November 30, 1947 up to the end of 1948.” – Zochrot)


Kadman, Noga.  Erased from Space and Consciousness: Israel and the Depopulated Palestinian Villages of 1948 (English Edition). Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2015. (“This remarkable book examines how the issue of the Palestinian villages whose inhabitants were expelled in 1948 has evolved in Israeli consciousness. Kadman looks at official Israeli discourse, kibbutz and moshav diaries and records, and the maps produced by the Israeli state to show in disturbing detail how the dispossession of the population of over 400 villages, most of which have since been destroyed, has been largely eliminated from the imaginary of most Israelis.” – Rashid Khalidi; “Poignant, sensitive, and compassionate, Kadman’s deeply-informed inquiry exposes graphically the process of 'demographic Judaization' of Palestine, in physical reality and cultural comprehension. It is an invaluable contribution…” - Noam Chomsky)


Karmi, Ghada. In Search of Fatima: A Palestinian Story. London: Verso Books, 2009. ("Karmi’s great achievement is to humanise the Palestinian predicament. Violent uprooting and exile have permanent psychological effects, which, as the Jewish people discovered, are not necessarily assuaged by the passage of time. We need counter-narratives like this, because we have recently learnt that it is not only parochial but also dangerous to ignore the pain and rights of others.” - Independent)


Kassem, Fatima. Palestinian Women: Narrative Histories and Gendered Memory. London: Zed Books, 2011. (“A powerful and much-needed oral history of the Nakba from the 'forgotten community' of Palestinian women who live on in Israel. Fatma Kassem not only gives these women back their voice, but bravely helps us to understand through her own difficulties as an academic why Israel wants their silence to continue. - Jonathan Cook, author of Disappearing Palestine)


Khalidi, Walid. Before Their Diaspora: A Photographic History of the Palestinians, 1876-1948. Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 2004. (“Before Their Diaspora is a visual journey into Palestine before 1948. Every aspect of Palestinian society comes to life in…nearly 500 photographs…..” – IPS) Before Their Diaspora is now an interactive website, a data base, and a free digital book which has been made available online.


Khalidi, Walid, ed. All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington, DC.: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1992.  (A fundamental research tool for all historians interested in the history of Palestine. A monumental effort … a major achievement.” – Roger Owen, The Middle East Centre, St. Antony’s College, Oxford University) The introduction to All That Remains is available here.


Lentin, Ronit. Co-memory and Melancholia: Israelis Memorialising the Palestininan Nakba. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2010. (This book explores the construction of collective memory in Israeli society, where the memory of the trauma of the Holocaust and of Israel’s war dead competes with the memory claims of the dispossessed Palestinians. Taking an auto-ethnographic approach, Ronit Lentin makes a contribution to social memory studies through a critical evaluation of the co-memoration of the Palestinian Nakba by Israeli Jews. Against a background of the Israeli resistance movement, Lentin’s central argument is that co-memorating the Nakba by Israeli Jews is motivated by an unresolved melancholia about the disappearance of Palestine and the dispossession of the Palestinians, a melancholia that shifts mourning from the lost object to the grieving subject. Lentin theorizes Nakba co-memory as a politics of resistance, counterpoising co-memorative practices by internally displaced Israeli Palestinians with Israeli Jewish discourses of the Palestinian right of return, and questions whether return narratives by Israeli Jews, courageous as they may seem, are ultimately about Israeli Jewish self-healing rather than justice for Palestine. – Manchester University Press)


Masalha, Nur. Expulsion of Palestinians: The Concept of “Transfer” in Zionist Political Thought, 1882-1948. Washington, Institute for Palestine Studies, 1992. (Almost entirely based on declassified Israeli archival material, Dr. Masalha’s sober and carefully researched account shows conclusively that transfers” — a euphemism for expulsion — was from the start an integral part of Zionism…(an) impressive and timely book…quietly devastating research.” – Rt. Hon. Lord Gilmour, The Guardian, UK)


Masalha, Nur. The Palestine Nakba: Decolonising History, Narrating the Subaltern, Reclaiming Memory.  London: Zed, 2004. (Masalha argues that to write more truthfully about the Nakba is not just to practice a professional historiography but a moral imperative. The struggles of the ordinary refugees to publicize the truth about the Nakba is a vital way of protecting the refugees’ rights and keeping the hope for peace with justice alive. With the history, rights, and needs of the Palestinian refugees being excluded from recent Middle East peacemaking efforts and with the failure of both the Israeli state and international community to acknowledge the Nakba, 1948 as an “ethnic cleansing continues to underpin the Palestine-Israel conflict. This book is vital for a real understanding of the Israel-Palestine conflict. – Zed / This book is the most comprehensive and penetrating analysis available of the catastrophe that befell Arab Palestine and its people in 1948, known as the nakba. It shows how the expulsion and physical obliteration of the material traces of a people was followed by what Masalha calls 'memoricide': the effacement of their history, their archives, and their place-names, and a denial that they ever existed. – Rashid Khalidi, Columbia University / For an informative review of The Palestine Nakba see Bernard Regan's "Review of The Palestine Nakba,” Red Pepper, June 20, 2012.)


Masalha, Nur, ed. Catastrophe Remembered: Palestine, Israel, and the Internal Refugees. London: Zed, 2005. (Essays in memory of Edward Said. “This is a work of enormous significance by distinguished scholars of singular courage and integrity. The spirit and legacy of Edward Said are embodied in these papers that seek to rectify grave historical omissions and distortions pertaining to the plight and rights of the Palestinians, particularly in their displacement and exile. Such a narrative of affirmation, authenticity, and rectification is the essential antidote to the mendacious accounts of exclusion and denial that have perpetuated, and even justified, the continued victimisation of the Palestinian nation. The recognition of this grievous injustice, along with the admission of Israeli and global culpability, are the first steps in the quest for a just peace and hence for historical redemption. – Hanan Ashrawi) The foreward and introduction to Catastrophe Remembered can be read here.


Morris, Benny. The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, 1947-1949.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989. (In this first full-length study of the birth of the Palestinian refugee problem, the author traces the stages of the 1947-9 exodus against the backdrop of the first Arab-Israeli war and analyzes the varied causes of the flight. The Jewish and Arab decision-making involved, on national and local levels, military and political, is described and explained, as is the crystallization of Israel's decision to bar a refugee repatriation. Morris examines the subsequent fate of the abandoned Arab villages, lands, and urban neighborhoods, and looks at the international context of the war and the exodus. Benny Morris was born and educated in Israel and received his doctorate from the University of Cambridge. He is diplomatic correspondent for The Jerusalem Post. – Cambridge University Press)


Morris, Benny. The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. (
Morris' earlier work exposed the realities of how 700,000 Palestinians became refugees during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war. While the focus of this edition remains the war and exodus, new archival material considers what happened in Jerusalem, Jaffa and Haifa, and how these events led to the collapse of urban Palestine. Revealing battles and atrocities that contributed to the disintegration of rural communities, the story is harrowing. – Cambridge University Press) [Available online as a pdf here. ]


Pappe, Ilan. The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine. Oxford: Oneworld, 2007. [(Pappe accuses) Israel of ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity, beginning in the 1948 war for independence and continuing through the present. Focusing primarily on Plan D (Dalet, in Hebrew), conceived on March 10, 1948, Pappe demonstrates how ethnic cleansing was not a circumstance of war, but rather a deliberate goal of combat for early Israeli military units organized by David Ben-Gurion, whom Pappe labels the "architect of ethnic cleansing." The forced expulsion of 800,000 Palestinians between 1948 and 1949, Pappe argues, was part of a long-standing Zionist plan to manufacture an ethnically pure Jewish state. Framing his argument with accepted international and U.N. definitions of ethnic cleansing, Pappe follows with an excruciatingly detailed account of Israeli military involvement in the demolition and depopulation of hundreds of villages, and the expulsion of hundreds of thousands of Arab inhabitants. An accessible, learned resource, this volume provides important insights into the historical antecedents of today's conflict, but its conclusions will not be easy for everyone to stomach: Pappe argues that the ethnic cleansing of Palestine continues today, and calls for the unconditional return of all Palestinian refugees and an end to the Israeli occupation. – Publishers Weekly]


Roberts, Jo. Contested Land, Contested Memory: Israel's Jews and Arabs and the Ghosts of Catastrophe. Toronto: Dundurn, 2013. (“Jo Roberts, a British lawyer and anthropologist, focuses on how Israel contends with the Nakba, its 1948 ethnic cleansing of Palestine. She examines how “contested histories of the past” currently affect the lives of Jewish and Palestinian citizens of Israel. Roberts principally analyzes how the respective traumatic histories of Israelis and Palestinians shape their national identities and influence the possibility of their reconciliation. The author significantly contributes to the historiography of 1948, particularly in her presentation of the lesser-known experiences of displaced Palestinians who remained in what became Israel after the war. Roberts’s thoughtful book considers the traumas of the Holocaust for Jewish Israelis and the Nakba for Palestinian citizens of Israel through the lens of “social suffering. This anthropological perspective examines how individuals and communities perceive and respond to social forces of catastrophic violence.” – Rosemarie M. Esber in Electronic Intifada)


Rogan, Eugene L. and Shlaim, Avi, eds. The War for Palestine: Rewriting the History of 1948. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2011. (The official Israeli version of the birth of the Palestinian refugee problem has been challenged by, among other people, a group of Israeli scholars who are variably called the new historians” or the revisionists.” In this edited volume, Rogan and Shlaim, two prominent scholars of the modern Middle East at the University of Oxford, have brought together leading Israeli revisionist historians with noted Arab and Western scholars to explain the historical and contemporary significance of the 1948 War from various perspectives. – Library Journal)


Sa'di, Ahmad H., ed. and Abu-Lughod, Lila, ed. Nakba: Palestine, 1948, and the Claims of Memory (Cultures of  History). New York: Columbia University Press, 2007. (Ahmad H. Sa'di is a senior lecturer in the Department of Politics and Government at Ben-Gurion University. Lila Abu-Lughod is professor of anthropology and gender studies at Columbia University. [F]or Palestinians themselves, the iniquities of the present are experienced as a continuous replay of the injustice of the past. By focusing on memories of the Nakba or catastrophe of 1948, in which hundreds of thousands of Palestinians were dispossessed to create the state of Israel, the contributors to this volume illuminate the contemporary Palestinian experience and clarify the moral claims they make for justice and redress. The book's essays consider the ways in which Palestinians have remembered and organized themselves around the Nakba, a central trauma that continues to be refracted through Palestinian personal and collective memory. Analyzing oral histories and written narratives, poetry and cinema, personal testimony and courtroom evidence, the authors show how the continuing experience of violence, displacement, and occupation have transformed the pre-Nakba past and the land of Palestine into symbols of what has been and continues to be lost. – Columbia University Press)


Tamari, Salim, ed. Jerusalem 1948: The Arab Neighbourhoods and their Fate in the War. Jerusalem: Institute of Jerusalem Studies and Bethlehem: Badil Resource Center, 1999. (…an informative, enlightening, candidly descriptive and analytical history…. highly recommended…. – Midwest Book Review)


Weaver, Alain Epp. Mapping Exile and Return: Palestinian Dispossession and a Political Theology for a Shared Future. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2014. (American Mennonite theologian and aid worker Alain Epp Weaver explores a legacy of Palestinian Christian exile, and struggle for return. The book’s terrain ranges from the ethnically-cleansed villages of the Galilee to the Upper West Side of Manhattan. Weaver focuses particularly on contending geographies: how “Palestinians have been ‘abolished from the map,’ in the words of Palestinian cartographer Salman Abu-Sitta,” and the prospect of “counter-cartographies that subvert colonialism’s map-making….“In the face of Zionist rejection of Palestinian refugee return, international indifference, and an ineffectual and compromising Palestinian leadership for whom the refugee question is a source of irritation, Palestinian refugees pin their hopes on memory, Weaver writes. – Joe Catron, ei)


Zochrot. Omrim Yshna Eretz — Once Upon a Land­: A Tour GuideHebrew and Arabic. Haifa: Pardes Publications, 2012.  (“[A] bilingual tour guide, in Hebrew and Arabic, to what is left and - mainly - what was erased, almost without a trace. A journey through time and consciousness, 18 tours to some of the approximately 400 Palestinian villages and urban neighborhoods, whose residents fled or were expelled in 1948. Most of their homes were wiped off the face of the earth immediately afterward, generally without even a sign remaining of them.”  – Gideon Levy / Also see the description by Zochrot as well as the book review by the Human Rights Education Director of Amnesty International Israel. )



Image of an Israeli activist wearing a shirt reading— in Hebrew and Arabic —"Deir Yassin," during a Tel Aviv event commemorating the Palestinian Nakba.

May 15, 2012. An Israeli activist wears a shirt reading — in Hebrew and Arabic — Deir Yassin, during a Tel Aviv event commemorating the Palestinian Nakba. Deir Yassin was a Palestinian village which Zionist paramilitary groups attacked on April 9, 1948, systematically massacring over 100 Palestinian men, women, and children.  Photo by: Oren Ziv/ Activestills.org. See 1] Ofir Anderet’s article in Haaretz: "Testimonies From the Censored Deir Yassin Massacre: 'They Piled Bodies and Burned Them’. A young fellow tied to a tree and set on fire. A woman and an old man shot in back. Girls lined up against a wall and shot with a submachine gun. The testimonies collected by filmmaker Neta Shoshani about the massacre in Deir Yassin are difficult to process even 70 years after the fact,” July 16, 2017; 2] Zochrot’s short history, “Dayr Yasin”;  3] the articles in Electronic intifada about Deir Yassin, including: a] Ilan Pappe in Electronic Intifada: "How Israel was absolved of Deir Yassin and all other massacres,” April 10, 2015; b] Dina Elmuti’s three articles in Electronic Intifada: "Deir Yassin’s inextinguishable fire,” April 9, 2010, "We must never forget the massacre in Deir Yassin,” April 3, 2013, and "The scars of Deir Yassin and our determination to survive,” April 7, 2014; c] Ronnie Kasril’s article in Elecrtronic Intifada: "Sixty years after Deir Yassin,” April 7, 2008, and d] Jonathan Cook’s article in Electronic Intifada: "Sunbathing at the crime scene: the Israeli resort that covers up a massacre,” June 3, 2015.




• Maps



Colonialism in destru(A)ction (De-Colonizer, 2017) [“Palestinian, Jewish and Syrian localities destroyed since the beginning of Zionism until 2016…The map is designed and planned for a printed format over a 65x100 cm sheet. The online version is for free browsing.”]


Nakba Map (TerraMetrics, 2014) [Clicking on a dot on the Google map opens up a pop-up bubble which shows information about that location]


Nakba Map in Hebrew (Zochrot, 2013) [Downloadable. “Zochrot presents the first Nakba map in Hebrew. It includes the localities in the country that were destroyed between the beginning of Zionist colonization and the 1967 war.”]


"Khan al-Ahmar is situated a few kilometres from Jerusalem between two major illegal Israeli settlements, Maale Adumim and Kfar Adumim, which the Israeli government wants to expand. Israeli authorities aim to expel 10,000 Bedouin residents from the E1 Zone, 15-square kilometres land within East Jerusalem, to make way for a series of new Jewish-only residential units linking Jerusalem to the illegal settlements, thereby cutting the West Bank into two.” Also see "Netanyahu to use demolition of Khan al-Ahmar for votes,” by Tamara Nassar, Electronic Intifada, February 27, 2019.


Palestine Open Maps “is a platform that seeks to combine emerging technologies for mapping and immersive storytelling to: Open-source and make searchable, for the first time, a uniquely detailed set of historic maps from the period of the British Mandate of Palestine; Curate layered visual stories that bring to life absent and hidden geographies, in collaboration with data journalists, academic researchers, and civil society groups. This alpha version of the platform allows users to navigate and search the historic map sheets, and to view basic data about present and erased localities….The idea for this platform was inspired by a large collection of 1940s survey maps from the British Mandate of Palestine recently digitized by the Israeli national library. These maps—all now in the public domain—cover the territory at scales of up to 1:20,000, offering a vivid snapshot of a human and natural geography almost unrecognizable on the ground today, with an unparalleled level of physical detail, including population centers, roads, topographic features and property boundaries. Although the maps were already in the public domain, their usefulness was limited since they comprise hundreds of separate sheets with no easy means to search, navigate or otherwise comprehend. By combining these sheets into seamless layers that can be navigated online, and combining them with other available data sources, such as the 1945 Village Statistics, historic photography, oral histories and present day digital maps and data, this platform seeks to offer an invaluable resource for mapping the transformation in the human geography of historic Palestine over the past 70+ years." 


hand drawn map

Hand drawn map by Ahmad Ibrahim of
his village, Jimzu, Palestine, after it was
destroyed in 1948. From memory,
Ibrahim labeled in Arabic where each
individual neighbor lived. Arab American
National Museum Collection, 2004.74.00




• Articles



A-D

+972How Nakba villages sunk into Israeli landscape," May 15, 2012.

+972. Photo essay: Al-Araqib Bedouin's ongoing struggle for their land," [photos by Oren Ziv, Yotam Ronen, and Keren Manor/Activestills.org], August 11, 2012

Abu Nimah, Hassan. Al-Walajah, a symbol of Israeli ethnic cleansing," Electronic Intifada, October 9, 2009.

Abulhawa, Susan. “Are Israelis Now Appropriating the Nakba?The Palestine Chronicle, May 14, 2013.

Abunimah, Ali. "Built-in racism: Israeli real estate article lauds “desirable” Arab-free neighborhood,” Electronic Intifada, July 20, 2012.

Abunimah, Ali. “Concentrate” and “exterminate”: Israel parliament deputy speaker’s Gaza genocide plan,” Electronic Intifada, August 3, 2014.   [Excerpt: "Moshe Feiglin, the deputy speaker of the Knesset, Israel’s parliament, has published a plan for the total destruction of the Palestinian people in Gaza. His detailed plan, which calls for the use of concentration camps, amounts to direct and public incitement to genocide – a punishable crime under the Genocide Convention."]

Abunimah, Ali. “Ethan Bronner’s Nakba denial in The New York Times," Electronic Intifada, May 14, 2011. [Excerpt: "For Bronner to continue to promote the Israeli propaganda that the expulsion and flight of Palestinians – the Nakba – occurred only after 15 May 1948 when the much exaggerated Arab “invasion” occurred, is not merely making excuses for Israel’s crimes. It is nothing short of Nakba denial.”]

Abunimah, Ali. “EU diplomats dance on Palestinian graves," Electronic Intifada, May 9, 2019. [Excerpt: "On Nakba Day, @EUinIsrael throws a party at Charles Clore Park, Tel Aviv. The park is established on most of Manshiyya neighborhood in Yaffa which was ethnically cleansed in 1948.”]

Abunimah, Ali. "Europe’s air forces help celebrate Israel’s destruction of Palestine,” Electronic Intifada  April 19, 2018.

Abunimah, Ali. “Interactive map of Palestine villages destroyed in Nakba,” Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2011.

Abunimah, Ali. “Israeli police forcibly prevent Nakba event and Israeli high schoolers cheer for Nazis,” Electronic Intifada, April 26, 2012.

Abunimah, Ali. "Israel’s West Bank wall annexes Palestinian land the size of Chicago: Help bring it down,” Electronic Intifada, June 11, 2012.

Abunimah, Ali. "New Netanyahu “peace” plan is straight out of apartheid South Africa,” Electronic Intifada, July 28, 2017.

Abunimah, Ali. “No abandoned land: Palestinians tend ancestors' graves in village ethnically cleansed in 1948," Electronic Intifada, June 17, 2013.

Abunimah, Ali. “100-year-old Israeli general [Yitzhak Pundak] still eager to slaughter Palestinians," Electronic Intifada, August 21, 2013.

Abunimah, Ali. “Ongoing Nakba: Powerful infographic from Visualizing Palestine shows century of land theft, expulsion," Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2013.

Abunimah, Ali. “Professor of Hate: Israeli "scholar" [Arnon Sofer] urges ethnic cleansing of Bedouins," Electronic Intifada, January 11, 2012.

Abunimah, Ali. “Video: Israeli occupiers arrest Palestinian woman with her baby in her arms as she protects her land," Electronic Intifada, January 19, 2013.

Abunimah, Ali. “Watch: “From Al-Araqib to Susiya” - Palestinians highlight Israel’s ongoing efforts to expel them," Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2013.

Abuqudairi, Areej, Maya Hautefeuil, and Alia Chughtai. “Palestinian voices: Life since the Nakba: Al Jazeera talks to older and younger generations of Palestinian refugees about their experiences in the Nakba," Aljazeera, May 15, 2014.

Aburahma, Wafaa. “My village was attacked and burned down": a Nakba survivor speaks," Electronic Intifada, May 29, 2014.

Abu-Ras, Thabet. “Land Disputes in Israel: The Case of the Bedouin of the Naqab," Adalah Newsletter, Vol, 24, April, 2006. Article downloadable as a pdf here.

Aburawa, Arwa. “The great book robbery of 1948,” Electronic Intifada, November 9, 2010.

Abu Sarah, Aziz. “For Palestinians, the Nakba is not history, The Nakba has a dual meaning today. On one hand, it is about the hundreds of villages that were razed in 1948 and the hundreds of thousands of refugees who lost their homes. On the other hand, Palestinians continue to suffer the Nakba daily – the separation of families, continuous confiscations of land and settlements choking every Palestinian village and town." +972, May 15, 2012.

Abu Sitta, Salman. "Massacres as a weapon of ethnic cleansing during the Nakba. From April 1st to May 14, 1948 -- before Israel was declared, before the British left, and before any Arab soldier entered Palestine to save it -- Zionist militias essentially conquered Palestine,” Mondoweiss, June 12, 2020.

Abu Sitta, Salman. "When the denial bubble bursts: an Israeli kibbutz faces the Nakba,” Mondoweiss, September 5, 2019.

Abusrour, Abdelfattah. “Beautiful Resistance," (re. Palestinian theatre and the Nakba). This Week in Palestine,  #169, May,  2012.

Active Stills. “PHOTOS: Nakba commemorations from Gaza to the Galilee / Photos by: Ahmad Al-Bazz, Mustafa Bader, Keren Manor, Ryan Rodrick Beiler, Yotam Ronen, Omar Sameer, and Oren Ziv," +972, May 16, 2014.

Active Stills. “PHOTOS: Palestinians return to village destroyed in 1948 Nakba: Palestinian citizens of Israel return to the village of Al-Ruways, which was destroyed by Zionist military forces during the Nakba," +972, April 1, 2013.

Active Stills. “PHOTOS: Susya’s women document life under threat of demolition," +972, August 1, 2012.

Adalah (The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel). “Demolition and Eviction of Bedouin Citizens of Israel in the Naqab (Negev) — The Prawer Plan," Adalah website.

Adalah (The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel). “Report: Forced displacement on both sides of the green line," +972, May 16, 2013.

Adalah (The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel). “Tenders Published by the Israel Land Authority and the Ministry of Construction in 2013: Housing Units, Industrial and Commercial Areas and Palestinian Refugee Property - The Policy of Discrimination and Disenfranchisement Continues," +972, March 30, 2014.

Adamson, Daniel Silas. “The Christian family refusing to give up its Bethlehem hill farm; A Palestinian Christian family that preaches non-violence from a farm in the West Bank is battling to hold on to land it has owned for 98 years. Now surrounded by Israeli settlements, the family is a living example of the idea of peaceful resistance," BBC, June 17, 2014.

Aderet, Ofer. “40-year-old Document Reveals Ariel Sharon's Plan to Evict 1,000 Palestinians From Their Homes. Minutes of an 1981 ministerial meeting indicate that Sharon, who would later become Israel's prime minister, proposed allocating West Bank land to the Israeli army for the sole purpose of forcing Palestinians out of their homes,” Haaretz, January 22, [?]. Also available at https://archive.is/JGe0I. [Excerpt: "These archival documents contradict the official position of the state, as presented at various opportunities, according to which areas were only declared firing zones in response to a genuine military need. More recent protocols also support this. In 2014, for example, Haaretz’s Amira Hass reported remarks by an IDF colonel in a closed meeting in the Knesset. He said that training in firing zones in the West Bank was a means to reduce the number of Palestinians living in them.”] [Also see: Middle East Monitor, "Senior IDF officer admits 'live-fire zones' used to expel Palestinians in the West Bank,” May 21, 2014.]

Aderet, Ofer. “General's Final Confession Links 1956 Massacre to Israel's Secret Plan to Expel Arabs. Yiska' Shadmi, the highest IDF officer tried for the Kafr Qasem massacre, admitted before his death that his trial was staged to protect military and political elites. Historian Adam Raz believes that behind the horrific 1956 event was a secret plan to transfer Israel's Arabs,” Haaretz, October 13, 2018. [Excerpt: The court has yet to hand down its judgment, but Raz’s Hebrew-language book “Kafr Qasem Massacre: A Political Biography,” is being published this month by Carmel Press. It is the first such comprehensive study of the affair.”] [Behind paywall; cached version available here.]

Aderet, Ofer. “Jewish Soldiers and Civilians Looted Arab Neighbors' Property en Masse in '48. The Authorities Turned a Blind Eye. Refrigerators and caviar, champagne and carpets – a first-ever comprehensive study by historian Adam Raz reveals the extent to which Jews looted Arab property during the War of Independence, and explains why Ben-Gurion stated: ‘Most of the Jews are thieves,’” Haaretz, October 2, 2020. [Excerpt: Ben Gurion on July 24, 1948: “It turns out that most of the Jews are thieves… I say this deliberately and simply, because unfortunately it is true"... “People from the Jezreel Valley stole! The pioneers of the pioneers, parents of Palmach [pre-state commando force] children! And everyone took part in it, baruch Hashem, the people of [Moshav] Nahalal!... This is a general blow. It’s appalling, because it shows a basic flaw. Theft and robbery – and where does this come to us from? Why have the people of the land – builders, creators, pioneers – come to deeds like this? What happened?”]

Aderet, Ofer. “Preserving or looting Palestinian books in Jerusalem," Ha'aretz/IOA, December 8, 2012.

Ageel, Ghada. “It should be 'forbidden to forget' the Nakba: Israeli advice to Palestinians to "wipe their homeland from their memory" underlines a lack of empathy for Palestinians’ rights," Middle East Eye, May 15, 2014.

Agence France-Presse. “Israeli FM Lieberman slams Arab Israelis over Nakba protest,"  May 7, 2014. [“Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman on Wednesday denounced as a "fifth column" thousands of Arab Israelis who joined a demonstration calling for the right of return for Palestinian refugees."]

Agence France-Presse. “UN report accuses Israel of pushing Palestinians from Jerusalem, West Bank," February 12, 2012.

Ahmad, Madlaine. "Three generations after the Nakba, still struggling to define home. For Madlaine Ahmad, born and raised in Doha to Palestinian parents with Jordanian citizenship, the answer to ‘where are you from?’ is never simple, and always seems to be wrong,” +972, October 26, 2018. [Excerpt: "My childhood was wiped out because the country that saw me as Jordanian expelled me, but I came here only to discover that I am not Jordanian.”]

Alexander, Neta. “Today in theatres: 'The Palestinian Nakba,'" Ha'aretz, May 15, 2006.

Aloni, Udi. “Brooklyn-Jenin: Why didn’t the judges prevent the demolition in Lod?Mondoweiss, December 19, 2010.

Al Asmar, Fouzi. “Israel's Ethnic Cleansing Laws," Arabic Media Internet Network [AMIN), October 15. 2010. Originally in Arabic, it was translated into English and posted to the website of The Palestine Center [US], November 1, 2010.

Al-Ghubari, Umar. “How Israel erases Arabic from the public landscape: The Israeli government has begun omitting the Arabic name for Jerusalem from its street signs, erasing not only the language from the Israeli consciousness, but Palestinian identity itself,” +972, November 22, 2015. [Originally published by Haokets.] 

Al-Haq. “Al-Haq's Legal Analysis of Military Orders 1649 & 1650: Deportation and Forcible Transfer as International Crimes," April, 2010.

Al Jazeera. “Palestinians mark Land Day with protests: Israeli troops fire tear gas in West Bank to disperse participants in event commemorating deaths of protesters in 1976," March 31, 4013.

Almeghari, Rami. “A double Nakba in Gaza," Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2007.

Almeghari, Rami. “I can coexist with Israelis but only when I return home," says Nakba survivor," Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2014.

Almeghari, Rami. “I'm afraid of dying" without returning home, says Nakba survivor [Abu Khaled]," Electronic Intifada, May 20, 2013.

Almeghari, Rami, Mohammed Asad and Anne Paq. "Stories of the catastrophe: Palestine,” Electronic Intifada, May 16, 2018.

Al-Mezan. “On 64th Anniversary of Nakba, Al Mezan Emphasizes Palestinian Cause Is One of Human Rights, Guaranteed by International Legality, and Calls on International Community to Uphold Its Responsibilities and Stand Up for Justice," Press Release, May 15, 2012.

Alqasis, Amjad. “Israel’s state ideology tantamount to the ongoing Palestinian Nakba,Mondoweiss, May 15, 2015.

Alqasis, Amjad. “The Ongoing Nakba: The continuous forcible displacement of the Palestinian people," Mondoweiss, May 15, 2013. [Originally published by BADIL in al-Majdal #50]

Al-Saadi, Yazan. “The Memories Museum of Dr. Mohammed al-Khatib," Al-Akhbar English, August 7, 2013.

Al-Saadi, Yazan. “Nakba stories: Reminiscing, regrets, and return," Al-Akhbar English, May 15, 2014.

Al-Saadi, Yazan. “Salman Abu Sitta: The Palestinian History Weapon,"  Al-Akhbar English, August 5, 2012.

Alsaafin, Linah. “Palestinian national strike to stop Israel's "Prawer plan" ethnic cleansing," Electronic Intifada, July 15, 2013.

Alternative Information Center (AIC). “Photos: Israel's Bedouin citizens resist displacement in Al Araqib," Alternative News, September 26, 2012.

Al-Wahid, Nu’man Abd. “Britain’s denial of democracy and the ethnic cleansing of Palestine,” Mondoweiss, June 20, 2011.

Amara, Dr. Ahmad. "Dispossession by the law: How the Israeli judicial system utilises Ottoman land law to expel and dispossess the Palestinian Bedouin,” Middle East Monitor, December 1, 2016.

American Friends Service Committee [AFSC]. “Forced Displacement in Palestine and Israel,"  [background paper, 15 pgs.], 2013. Available as free, downloadable pdf.

American Friends Service Committee [AFSC]. “Palestinian Refugees and the Right of Return," [background paper], 2014.

American Muslims for Palestine [AMP]. “The Nakba - What really happened?” ampalestine.org, April 2009.

Amnesty International. “Israel: rabbis' ban on housing for non-Jews condemned," Amnesty.org.uk, December 7, 2010.

Anziska, Seth. “A Preventable Massacre," The New York Times, September 16, 2012.

Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein — also see Bronstein, Eitan

Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein. “A Brief History of the "Nakba" in Israel,” de-colonizer.org, May, 2016. [Excerpt: "This text describes the discourse on the Nakba -- mostly the concept but also the historical event -- in Israel. When did it appear? When did it decline and was repressed? What caused these changes? The attempt here is to describe historical moments, a periodization, from the founding of the state until today, in order to describe the relation to the term in each period and the changes it went through. This text deals with the attitude towards the Nakba in Hebrew almost exclusively and does not attempt to describe the attitudes and changes it went through in Arabic and in the Arab world.”]

Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein. “Building Summayl for the Children of Israel," Zochrot, December 31, 2013.

Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein. “From Gaza to Salameh: A Palestinian refugee's journey home; A Palestinian refugee from Gaza journey’s to his family’s hometown in present-day Tel Aviv. Standing on what used to be the village cemetery, he feels the ghosts of the past as he must reckon with the currently reality,"  +972, December 14, 2014.

Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein. “A small step toward recognizing the Nakba: Putting up signs marking destroyed Palestinian towns and villages could bring about a more moral discourse about the Nakba and its victims,” +972, December 19, 2015.

Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein. “Turning Israel into a 'state of all its infiltrators; The past two Israeli governments successfully turned the issue of African asylum seekers into a threat posed by infiltrators, who were subsequently criminalized. A short examination of the country’s history with infiltrators, however, can give us some important insights,'" +972, December 20, 2013.

Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein. “Video: Asking Israelis to mark the Nakba on Independence Day,” Mondoweiss, July 14, 2016.

Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein and Dr. Eléonore Merza Bronstein, “In 2015, memory of Nakba has inched closer to Israeli mainstream: Two Nakba-themed events were organized by groups you’d least expect, suggesting that the legacy of the Palestinian catastrophe has ventured beyond Palestinian and leftist circles," +972, May 15, 2015, 

Arab Association for Human Rights (HRA). “Israeli government approves massive new evictions in the Naqab," January 28, 2013.

Architects & Planners for Justice in Palestine. “End all demolitions in Al Bustan, Silwan and all of East Jerusalem," Israeli Occupation Archive, September 16, 2012.

Ariel, Arik. “Revealed from the archive: Israel's secret plan to resettle Arab refugees: Plans drawn up during the 1950s and ’60s had one overriding goal: to preserve the demographic status quo by resettling the 1948 Arab refugees far away from the country," Haaretz, December 19. 2013. [Behind Haaretz paywall. Accessed cached version: 6/3/19.]

Aruri, Naseer. “The Meaning of the Nakba," CounterPunch, May 21, 2012.

Asalti, Ziad J. “The Lessons of the Nakba," Newsweek/Daily Beast, May 11, 2012.

Ascherman, Rabbi Arik. “Help us to prevent Forty thousand Israeli Bedouin citizens from being forceably removed from their homes,” Rabbis for Human Rights, May 3, 2013.

Ascherman, Rabbi Arik. “Letters Urgently Needed to Save Susya: Shavuot Thoughts on Being Torah,” Rabbis for Human Rights, May 14, 2013.

Asher, Ami. “'Thanks for doing Zionism's filthy work': A response to Ari Shavit; Israeli journalist Ari Shavit expresses gratitude for the perpetrators of the Lydda expulsion and massacre — for doing the ‘filthy work,’ explaining that, even ‘the critics of later years enjoyed the fruits of their deed.’ A response to Shavit’s ‘Lydda, 1948‘ published in The New Yorker,” +972, November 11, 2013.

Ashley, Jaclynn, and Soud Hefawi. "Nakba: 'It remains bitter and continues to burn’; A Palestinian elder recounts how the creation of Israel shattered his pastoral village life nearly 70 years ago,” Al-Jazeera, May 15, 2017.

Ashrawi, Hanan. “Israel's Cynical Definition of 'Refugee,'” Huffington Post, September 6, 2012. [Excerpt: "The intention of Israel’s campaign is not to protect the rights of Jews, nor to deliberately “dezionize” Israel, but rather to undermine the rights of the Palestinian refugees, whom it uprooted, dispossessed, and expelled from their homeland.”]

Askoul, Rana. "The Balfour Declaration set in motion the ethnic cleansing of Palestine,” Mondoweiss, November 2, 2017.

Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI). "Position Paper: Kaminitz Law (Draft Planning and Construction Law),” ACRI website, February 6, 2017.

Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI). “Principles for Arranging Recognition of Bedouin Villages n the Negev,” ACRI Policy Brief, June, 2011. [Downloadable PDF] Also see New Israel Fund Australia,” ACRI: Discriminatory Prawer Plan Approved."

Ateek, Naim. “The Ongoing Nakba,” Cornerstone [Sabeel Ecumenical Liberation Theology Center], Issue 50, Summer 2008, pp. 1-4.

Auron, Yair. “The Poem That Exposed Israeli War Crimes in 1948; A poem published by Natan Alterman during Israel's War of Independence criticizing human-rights abuses was lauded by Prime Minister Ben-Gurion, who even distributed 100,000 copies of it among soldiers; other such testimonies were made to disappear,” Haaretz, March 18, 2016.

Azaiza, Mohammed. "Emigrating from Gaza to the grave, with a little help from Israel,” Haaretz, August 27, 2019. [Excerpt: "Gazans don’t want an easing of conditions in order to emigrate and to leave their cities and villages, because that is not what will solve their distress. The solution is liberty and freedom for the residents, all the rights and opportunities to which all the inhabitants of the region are entitled. The Strip will be built by itself, by its children, and will restore hope to itself.”]

Azoulay, Ariela. “A few thoughts for Nakba Day,” Zochrot, May, 2012.

Azzam, Zeina. “May 15, 2016: 68 Years Since Palestine’s Nakba,” Huffington Post, May 12, 2016.

Bacon, Jesse. “Israel demolishes entire village for fifth time, immediately after holiday, Updated with video,” Israel: The Only Democracy in the Middle East?, September 13, 2010.

Bacon, Jesse. “Israeli court welcomes pre-1948 land claims, from Jewish Israelis only,” Israel: The Only Democracy in the Middle East?, October 5, 2010.

Bacon, Jesse. “Israeli right wing admits to dispossessing Palestinians, says Nakba was worse,” Israel: The Only Democracy in the Middle East?, September 9, 2010.

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “57th Anniversary of the Palestinian Nakba,” Electronic Intifada, May 10, 2005.

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “65th Commemoration: Ongoing Nakba and Secondary Forcible Displacement,” International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC], May 15, 2013

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians face constant threat of displacement,” July 2, 2013. [Press release announcing the publishing of BADIL's handbook “Israeli Land Grab and Forced Population Transfer of Palestinians: A Handbook for Vulnerable Individuals and Communities," BADIL, June 24, 2013. The handbook can be downloaded here.

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “Israel and the Nakba,” BADIL.

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “Israeli Land Grab and Forced Population Transfer of Palestinians: A Handbook for Vulnerable Individuals and Communities," June 24, 2013. This handbook can be downloaded here.

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “The Jewish National Fund: A Para-State Institution in the Service of Colonialism and Apartheid," al-Majdal, Winter-Spring, 2010. This issue of al-Majdal can be downloaded here.

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “'The New Nakba' - Gaza," November 12, 2012. ["Khalil Shaheen from the Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR) talks about Israel's 'Operation Cast Lead' which lead to the temporary displacement of about half a million Palestinians. For those refugees in Gaza who could remember the original Nakba years (1947-49), they described the 2008-09 Israeli bombardment of Gaza as "worse than the original Nakba".]

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “Practicing Truth to Power: A report about BADIL's latest work to combat Forced Population Transfer," Summer, 2013.

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “Ruling Palestine: A History of the Legally Sanctioned Jewish-Israeli Seizure of Land and Housing in Palestine," The Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions (COHRE), 2005.

Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residence and Refugee Rights. “What You Need to Know about Palestinian Refugees and internally Displaced Persons," [60 Nakba Campaign; 24 page pamphlet downloadable as pdf here].

Bahour, Sam and Fida Jiryis. “Why Land Day still matters: Today, with no resolution in sight to the historic injustices inflicted upon them, Palestinians in Israel and elsewhere use this day to remember and redouble their efforts for emancipation," +972, March 30, 2014.

Bailey, Kristian Davis. "Solidarity means insisting on Palestinian right of return,” Electronic Intifada, May 14, 2020.

Bak, Rebecca Yael. “Not Next Year, Not in Jerusalem: Israeli Palestinians' - and My Family's - Desire to Return Home," New Voices, April 21, 2006.

Banko, Laura. "A brief history of banning Arabs from Palestine,” The Nakba Files, August 23, 2016.

Bannoura, Saed. “At Least 17 Including 7 Reporters Injured as Army Attacks Bab Al-Shams AgainInternational Middle East Media Center [IMEMC],  January 15, 2013.

Bannoura, Saed. “Israel Approves 650 Units In Pisgat Ze’ev Settlement,” International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC], December 3, 2011.

Bannoura, Saed. “Israeli government allows sale of stolen Palestinian property to Israelis,” International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC], March 15, 2010.

Barat, Frank. “Interview with Lia Tarachansky: a former settler documents the Nakba,”  Ma’an News Agency, November 28, 2013.

Barghouthi, Mariam. “Nakba: Mutilating the memory of Palestinian exile,” International Business Times, May 26, 2016.

Barghouthi, Mustafa. “Israeli Denial and the Nakba,” Huffington Post, July 22, 2013.

Barghouthi, Mustafa. “It's Time for Israel to Apologize for the Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine, Saying sorry will not destroy Israel -- it will be a first step towards making amends for crimes that occurred 65 years ago," AlterNet, May 21, 2013.

Baroud, Ramzy. “Defined by Nakba and Exile: The Complex Reality of “Home” for Palestinians,” Dissident Voice, January 20, 2016.

Baroud, Ramzy. “How We Became Refugees: The Day My Grandfather Lost His Village in Palestine,” Middle East Monitor, May 15, 2020.

Baroud, Ramzy. "Israel at 70: 'Why I have to tell the story of the Palestinian struggle to return home’ He was born in a refugee camp in Gaza, his childhood friend was one of the four killed in the First Intifada uprising of 1987 and his father died under siege in Gaza. Ramzy Baroud looks back at the past 70 years and recounts why this Nakba is more important than ever,” Independent [UK], May 13, 2018.

Baroud, Ramzy. "Palestine retold: Who’s afraid of the Nakba?” Al Arabia, April 20, 2017.

Baroud, Ramzy. “The resolve of memory: The Palestinian Nakba of 1948 was not an isolated event; it is ongoing today, and so no Palestinian forgets," Al-Ahram Weekly, May 17-23, 2012.

Baroud, Ramzy. “Roots of the Conflict: Palestine’s Nakba in the Larger Arab ‘Catastrophe,’ Middle East Monitor, May 16, 2016.

Baroud, Ramzy. “66 Year Nakba: I Saw Yafa, Land of Oranges,” Foreign Policy Journal, May 23, 2014.

Baroud, Ramzy. “Why Israel Elites Fear the Nakba: How memory became Palestine’s greatest weapon” [interview with Mustafa Barghouti], Informed Comment, May 20, 2020. 

Barrows-Friedman, Nora. “Mass demolition as Israel ethnically cleanses Naqab desert," Electronic Intifada, May 31, 2013. [Includes transcript of interview with Jillain Kestler-D'Amours on forced displacement of bedouin communities by the Israeli government.]

Barrows-Friedman, Nora. “Nakba Survivor: new website highlights testimonies of the Nakba,” Electronic Intifada, May 13, 2011.

Barrows-Friedman, Nora. “WATCH: Remi Kanazi's new poem, "Nakba," about his grandmother's expulsion in 1948," Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2013.

Bartlett, Eva. “Gaza “a new Sabra and Shatilla”, the on-going Nakba," InGaza, July 20, 2014.

Bartlett, Eva. “Living the Nakba in Gaza," Electronic Intifada, May 23, 2010.

Bartlett, Eva. “Palestinian voice from Susiya, a Palestinian village that existed before the establishment of Israel," InGaza, July 30, 2012.

Batinga, Jake. "70 years of shooting refugees,” Electronic Intifada, October 8, 2019. [“(Morris) recounts, for example, how Israel operated a “free fire” policy on refugees seeking to return home. According to Morris, Israeli forces “fired at anything that moved” and often executed injured refugees “on the spot.” Between 2,700 and 5,000 refugees were killed under the free fire policy, the vast majority of whom were unarmed civilians, from 1949 to 1956. Furthermore, “no Israeli soldier, policeman, or civilian was ever tried for shooting and killing an unarmed Arab infiltrator,” Morris writes.”]

Baumann, Nick. “This [Muslim] American Refused to Become an FBI Informant. Then the Government Made His Family's Life Hell. Plus, secret recordings reveal FBI threats," Mother Jones, May/June 2014.

Bazian, Hatem. “The Nakba: Narrating the “Non-Existing” Palestinians into History!” HatemBazian.com, May 11, 2016.

BBC News. “UN chief says East Jerusalem demolition plan "illegal,'" June 24, 2010.

Beaumont, Peter. "Palestinian barber keeps alive memories of his father's flight from Jaffa; Iskander Hinn has on display the old clippers and razors his father took with him when he fled home 68 years ago,” Guardian [UK], May 13, 2016.

Beckerman, Gal. “Top Genocide Scholars Battle Over How to Characterize Israel's Actions," The Jewish Daily Forward, February 25, 2011.

Beiler, Ryan Roderick [and Active Stills]. “PHOTOS: March of return to a destroyed Nakba village: On the day that many Israelis celebrated their Independence Day, thousands of Palestinian residents of Israel and Jerusalem marched to the site of the northern village of Lubya. Lubya was one of more than 500 Palestinian communities destroyed by Zionist militias in the Nakba, Arabic for ‘catastrophe,’ the term given to the forced displacement of some 750,000 refugees before, during and following the 1948 War," +972, May 7, 2014.

Bekker, Vita. “Bedouins fight a new catastrophe in the Negev," The National, July 22, 2013.

Berger, Yotam. "Declassified: Israel Made Sure Arabs Couldn't Return to Their Villages. Trove of archival documents reveals how Israel prevented Arabs from returning to villages they had left in 1948 – chiefly, by razing structures and planting dense forests,” Ha'aretz, May 27, 2019. [Excerpt: "After the War of Independence in 1948, the state imposed military rule over Arabs living around the country, which applied to an estimated 85 percent of that community at the time, say researchers at the NGO. The Arabs in question were subject to the authority of a military commander who could limit their freedom of movement, declare areas to be closed zones, or demand that the inhabitants leave and enter certain locales only with his written permission. The newly revealed documents describe the ways Israel prevented Arabs from returning to villages they had left in 1948, even after the restrictions on them had been lifted. The main method: dense planting of trees within and surrounding these towns.”]

Berger, Yotam. "Israeli Farms Illegally Cultivating Hundreds of Acres of Palestinian Land Across Border. Moshavim around Latrun working some 370 acres of West Bank land that was handed to them by government authority in the 1980s; Palestinians torn on whether to fight in Israeli High Court of Justice,“ Ha'aretz, October 7, 2016.

Berthiaume, Lee. “Life of Pi, The English Patient authors among 70 Canadian writers calling on Israel to stop evictions," Ottawa Citizen, July 11, 2013.

Bhandar, Brenna and Rafeef Ziadah. "Acts and Omissions: Framing Settler Colonialism in Palestine Studies,” Jadaliyya, January 14, 2016.

Bikom [Planners for Planning Rights} and B'Tselem [The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories]. “Under the Guise of Security: Routing the Separation Barrier to Enable the Expansion of Israeli Settlements in the West Bank," December, 2005. [89 page report, downloadable as pdf.]

Bishara, Suhad. "Who Has the “Right” to Steal Palestinian Land?” The Nakba Files, August 10, 2016.

Bisharat, George. “For Palestinians, memory matters. It provides a blueprint for their future," San Francisco Chronicle, May 13, 2007.

Bitan, Eli. "Israel is expelling 300 Palestinians, to a village it plans to demolish: Dkaika, a tiny Bedouin-Palestinian village in the south Hebron Hills, is under threat of demolition. The state hopes to expel its residents to a nearby village — which is also under threat of destruction,” +972, July 13, 2017.

Black, Ian. “1948 no catastrophe says Israel, as term nakba banned from Arab children's textbooks,” Guardian [UK], July 22, 2009.

Black, Ian. “Remembering the Nakba: Israeli group puts 1948 Palestine back on the map: Zochrot aims to educate Israeli Jews – through tours and a new phone app – about a history obscured by enmity and denial," Guardian [UK], May 2, 2012.

Blatman, Daniel. "For the Nakba, There's No Need of an 'Expulsion Policy’: In contrast to what Benny Morris claimed, Adel Manna's 'Nakba and Survival' is an inspiring book, noteworthy for its methodical approach in presenting a credible, multifaceted history of the Palestinian tragedy of 1948,” Ha’aretz, August 4, 2017. 

Blau, Uri. “Seeing the forest and the trees: The untold story of the Jewish National Fund," Ha'aretz, December 9, 2011.

Blomfield, Adrian. “Cave-dwelling Palestinian farmers facing eviction from homes," The Telegraph [UK]," May 13, 2012.

Blumenthal, Max. “CNN Analyst Michael Weiss Hosted Anti-Muslim Rally with Far-Right Hate Queen Pamela Geller. From Muslim-bashing neocon operative to CNN’s Syria and Russia expert, it’s been a long, strange trip for Weiss,” AlterNet, August 15, 2017.

Blumenthal, Max. “The days of ‘48 have come again.” 15 minutes from Tel Aviv, Israel creates a new refugee camp,” MaxBlumenthal.com, January 26, 2011.

Blumenthal, Max. “Eviction of Bab Al Shams exposes Israel as a lawless state," Electronic Intifada, January 14, 2013.

Blumenthal, Max. “The forest through the trees: What the Carmel fire reminds us about Israel's history," Mondoweiss, December 7, 2010.

Blumenthal, Max. “Forgotten 1963 Survey: Majority Of Israeli Jewish Youth Could Support Genocide Against Arabs,” MaxBlumenthal.com, August 5, 2010.

Blumenthal, Max. "Inside the Trump Administration's War on UNRWA and Palestinian Refugees. Diplomatic insider describes attempts by Jared Kushner and Nikki Haley to destroy a UN agency that supports millions of Palestinians,” AlterNet, January 24, 2018.

Blumenthal, Max. “Israel stands by ‘the damned’ of 1948 as it seeks to finish the Nakba," The National, May 31, 2014.

Blumenthal, Max. “Knesset Speaker Reuven Rivlin’s admission: Israel “expelled Arabs” across Palestine in 1948,” MaxBlumenthal.com, September 3, 2010.

Blumenthal, Max. “The Settlement Freeze that Never Was, and Never Will Be,” MaxBlumenthal.com, May 7, 2010.

Blumenthal, Max. “The ‘Summer Camp of Destruction:” Israeli High Schoolers Assist the Razing of a Bedouin Town,” MaxBlumenthal.com, July 31, 2010.

Blumenthal, Max. “When the Shoah met the Nakba (“One group lost all . . . while the other found all they needed”), MaxBlumenthal.com, May 15, 2011.

Boarini, Silvia. “In photos: Israeli bulldozers raze Bedouin community," Electronic Intifada, June 18, 2014.

Burston, Bradley. “For Palestinians, Every Day is Nakba Day,” Huffington Post, May 23, 2011.

Bronstein, Eitan. — also see Aparicio, Eitan Bronstein

Bronstein, Eitan. “Local Jewish Opposition to the Palestinian Nakba," Zochrot, 2006.

Bronstein, Eitan. “Min wayn jaye inti?” Where the hell do you come from?: Repression of the Nakba and post-trauma among Jews in Israel,” paper presented at the Shadow of Memory: Relational Perspectives of Remembering & Forgetting conference held in Tel Aviv, posted by Adam Horowitz to Mondoweiss, June 25, 2009.

Bronstein, Eitan. “Nakba Law: Inside Pandora’s Box: Paradoxically, the overbearing stance of Israel’s Nakba law has significantly increased public interest in the Nakba,” +972, May 14, 2011.

Bronstein, Eitan. “The Nakba: Something That Did Not Occur (Although It Had to Occur)," Zochrot, trans. from Hebrew by Ingrid Jaradat Gassner, September, 2009 (first published in Haq al-Awda, May, 2004). 

Bronstein, Eitan. “A panel discussion on The Nakba and the right of return at Tel Hai," Zochrot, January, 2012.

Bronstein, Eitan, with Musih, Norma. “Al-Haram (Sidna Ali) in the memory of Herzliya," Zochrot, March, 2007.

Brown, Michael F. "In article on Jerusalem, New York Times falsifies history of 1948, 1967,” Electronic Intifada, December 6, 2017.

Bseiso, Jehan. “Letter to Ghassan Kanafani on the 66th Anniversary of the Nakba," The Palestine Chronicle, May 16, 2014.

B’Tselem [The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories]. "Expel and Exploit: The Israeli Practice of Taking over Rural Palestinian Land,” December, 2016. [The report can be downloaded here.]

B’Tselem [The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories]. "Israel is asking the High Court’s permission to commit war crime,” press release, September 24, 2017.

B’Tselem [The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories]. "Over 300 public figures from around the world: Forcible transfer of Khan al-Ahmar community a war crime,” press release, June 11, 2018.

Buccus, Imraan. “We cry with Palestinians as they mark the Nakba,” Sunday Independent [South Africa], May 15, 2016.

Buch, Victoria. “The History and “Morals” of Ethnic Cleansing,” CounterPunch, January 6, 2009.

Bullimore, Kim. “Remembering Al Nakba in the Occupied Territories," The Palestine Chronicle, May 17, 2008.

Burg, Avraham. “Independence and Nakba: Intertwined and inseparable, The Israeliness I believe in and aspire to encompasses 
all Israelis and all their histories together," Haaretz, May 5, 2014.

Burston, Bradley. “For Palestinians, Every Day is Nakba Day," Huffington Post, July 23, 2011.

Buttu, Mohamed. "The Palestinian Nakba Wasn’t Just a Historical Event. It Has Continued Unabated for 70 Years. Israel continues to steal Palestinian land, revoke residency rights, and destroy Palestinian homes so that Jewish Israelis can live in their place,” The Nation, May 24, 2018.

Carlstom, Gregg. “Palestinians testify to 'ongoing Nakba': For millions of Palestinians, their displacement which began with the creation of Israel in 1948, is an ongoing process," Al Jazeera, May 15, 2014.

Catron, Joe. “Gaza researchers determined to record Nakba generation before time runs out," Electronic Intifada, October 23, 2013.

Catron, Joe. “Palestinian Christian struggle mapped in new book," Electronic Intifada, April 30, 2014.

Catron, Joe. “Voices from Gaza: What does Nakba mean to you?Middle East Eye, May 15, 2014.

CBS News. “Palestinian village faces demolition by Israel," June 21, 2012.

CBS News [AP]. "Palestinians' Abbas accuses Israel of "ethnic cleansing," September 27, 2012.

Center for Constitutional Rights. “Archaeologists Worldwide Urge Halt to “Museum of Tolerance” Construction on Ancient Muslim Cemetery,” CCR Press Release, October 20, 2011.

Chelala, César. “Israel Guilty of Apartheid, Ethnic Cleansing of Palestinians: UN Rapporteur," Informed Comment, March 22, 2014.

Chernikoff, Helen. “Despite Withdrawal of Hillel Support, Jewish Students Hold Nakba Commemoration Event,” The Forward, May 11, 2016.

Christian Peacemaker Teams [Tuwani Team]. “Israeli military demolishes village of Amniyr,” South Hebron Hills Release, February 23, 2011.

Christian Peacemaker Teams [Tuwani Team]. “Israeli military demolishes village of Amniyr for second time in five weeks,” South Hebron Hills Release, March 29, 2011.

Chroniques de Palestine - Popular resistance and human rights, “To exist is to resis! Rebuilding homes in Anata," January 27, 2012.

Cohen, Moshe. “Israeli Partiers Ignore Independence Nakba Protest: Picnickers in the Lavie Forest did not let an anti-Israel "Nakba" protest mar Independence Day, with help from Hashomer Hachadash," Arutz Sheva, May 8, 2014.

Cohen, Moshe. “Pro-Israel Students: 'Nakba' is the Arabs' Own Fault: Pro-Israel students at Tel Aviv University faced off against leftists commemorating the “Nakba” outside the campus on Sunday," Arutz Sheva, May 11, 2014.

Cohen, Robert. “Put Yourself in Their Shoes: Taking Obama Seriously for Nakba at 65," Tikkun Daily, May 15, 2013.

Cohen, Shimon. "'We need another 100,000 settlers in the Golan’; Likud MK praises US strike on Syria, says Israel needs to strengthen presence in Golan,” Arutz Sheva, April 9, 2017.

Cola, Elliott. “NPR: Israeli Chef Invents Baba Ghannouj," Jadaliyya, June 28, 2011.

Cole, Juan. “Israel to Ethnically Cleanse 70,000 Palestinians in Massive Negev Land Grab," Informed Comment, December 1, 2013.,

Cole, Juan. “Top Ten Reasons East Jerusalem does not belong to Jewish-Israelis,” Informed Comment, October 23, 2010.

Committee for a Just Peace in Israel and Palestine. “At the 60 year anniversary of Israel’s creation Palestinians are still homeless,” Nakba Day Flyer (PDF).

Commons, Sara. “Commemorating Nakba 2015," Socialist Worker, May 20, 2015.

Coogan, Mike. “How US “charities” break tax laws to fund Israeli settlements,” DesertPeace, September 6, 2011.

Cook, Jonathan. “Canada Park and Israeli “memoricide,” The Electronic Intifada, March 10, 2009.

Cook, Jonathan. "The Expulsion Law: This Is What Israeli Democracy Looks Like,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, October 2016, pp. 8-9, 19.

Cook, Jonathan. “Former Dutch Ambassador, Son of “Righteous Gentile,” Apologizes for Ethnic Cleansing,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs,” January/February 2017, pp. 18-20.

Cook, Jonathan. “A History of Silencing Israeli Army Whistleblowers: From 1948 Until Today,” CounterPunch, March 24, 2016.

Cook, Jonathan. "Homes of East Jerusalem Palestinians Threatened by “National Parks” Policy,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs,” June/July 2016, pp. 8-10, 12.

Cook, Jonathan. “How Israel aims to redefine ‘ethnic cleansing’; Netanyahu’s controversial comments have thrown another obstacle in the way of Palestinian statehood, analysts say,” Jonathan-Cook.net; November 12, 2016.

Cook, Jonathan. "How Israel is ‘cleansing’ Palestinians from Greater Jewish Jerusalem,” Midle East Eye,  November 23, 2017.

 Cook, Jonathan. "How Israel robs Palestinians of citizenship,” The Electronic Intifada, September 19, 2017..

Cook, Jonathan. “If settlements are 'legal', the ground is laid for annexation," The National,  July 18, 2012.

Cook, Jonathan. “IIqrit Descendants Determined to Rebuild, Return to Their Destroyed Village," Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, August 2013, pp. 38-39.

Cook, Jonathan. "In Umm al-Hiran, it is 'a continuing Nakba’: Israel has advanced plans to raze the village of 150 homes and replace it with a town for Israeli Jews,” 
Al Jazeera, January 22, 2017.

Cook, Jonathan. “Israel plans more construction on historic Muslim cemetery,” The Electronic Intifada, June 14, 2010.

Cook, Jonathan. “Israel tells schools not to teach nakba,” The National, August 22, 2010.

Cook, Jonathan. “lsrael Uses Closed Military Firing Zones to Drive More Palestinians From Their Land,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs,” September 2014, pp. 26-27.

Cook, Jonathan. “Israel’s settlers clear path to annexation with new land law,” Mondoweiss, February 8, 2017.

Cook, Jonathan. “Israeli police block Palestinian 'March of Return’: The March of Return is held each year to commemorate the 1948 Nakba,” Al Jazeera, April 9, 2017.

Cook, Jonathan. “Israelis Slowly Wake up to the Nakba," The Palestine Chronicle, May 15, 2014.

Cook, Jonathan. “It's time for Palestinians in Israel to stand firm against the Bantustan plan of Oslo, An interview with Awad Abdel Fattah," Israeli Occupation Archive, November 14, 2012.

Cook, Jonathan. “Land Law Is Final Nail in the Two-State Solution Coffin,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, March/April 2017, pp. 8, 17..

Cook, Jonathan. “The Nakba Continues: Israel Continues Its Theft of Palestinian Natural Resources," Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, January/February 2014, pp. 14-15.

Cook, Jonathan. "Newspeak, Netanyahu-Style: Portraying Israeli Ethnic Cleansers as Victims,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, November/December 2016, pp. 8-9.

Cook, Jonathan. “On Nakba Day, Israelis forced to confront a guilty secret," Mondoweiss, May 15, 2014.

Cook, Jonathan. “Only Palestinian Village Remaining in Central Israel Threatened With Demolition," Washington Report on Middle East Affairs,” May, 2015, pp. 14-15.

Cook, Jonathan. “Palestinians ask Israeli court to reject land grab law: Israel’s move to retroactively legalise settler homes in the occupied West Bank has triggered a storm of criticism,” Al Jazeera, February 10, 2017.

Cook, Jonathan. “Papal Visit to Israel Takes Place Amid Increasing Violence Against Christians," Washington Report on Middle East Affairs,” August 2014, pp. 20-21.

Cook, Jonathan. “Plan Lieberman: Blueprint for a Purely Jewish State,” CounterPunch, June 28, 1012.

Cook, Jonathan. “Welcome to Nazareth," The Link, August, 2012. Also available at Israeli Occupation Archive.

Cook, Jonathan. “Why Israel has silenced the 1948 story of Nazareth’s survival,”  Jonathan-Cook.net  January 12, 2016. [Originally published in Mondoweiss] [Excerpt: "The reason for Nazareth’s survival are the actions of one individual. Ben Dunkelman, a Canadian Jew who was the commander of the Israeli army’s Seventh Armoured Brigade, disobeyed orders to expel Nazareth’s residents.”]

Cook, Jonathan, Dylan Collins and Ezz Zanoun. "Nakba survivors share their stories of loss and hope: Three Palestinian refugees share their stories of displacement, loss and hope to return to their villages,” Al Jazeera, May 19, 2016.

Crowcroft, Orlando. “What does al-Nakba Day mean for Palestinians?” International Business Times, May 14, 2015.

Curiel, Ilana. “Turning Bedouin village into Jewish settlement is racist,'Ynet [Israel News], September 29, 2012.

Dajani, Jamal. “Your Indepedence is our Nakba," Huffington Post, May 25, 2011.

Dana, Joseph. “Foundation Myths: Stifling debate on the Nakba — the Arabic word for catastrophe and how Palestinians refer to Israel’s founding — prevents a free and open discussion of the historical record,” Tablet, June 1, 2011.

Dana, Joseph. “Israel’s strategy to seize Jerusalem on display for all to see,” The National, April 25, 2012.

Dana, Joseph. “Occupation & Nakba: Interview with Ariella Azoulay & Adi Ophir,” +972, May 14, 2011.

Dana, Seif. "The 1967 Naksa: The making of the new Middle East: The seeds of the current troubled Middle Eastern scene were sown in the June 1967 war that Israel started,” Al Jazeera, June 10, 2016. 

Daraghmeh, Mohammed. “Nakba Day 2013: Palestinians Mark 65th Anniversary Of 1948 Displacement," Huffington Post, May 15, 2013.

Darwish, Mahmoud. “I Belong There,” poets.org. [poem by Mahmoud Darwish, 1941 - 2008; from Unfortunately, It Was Paradise by Mahmoud Darwish, translated and edited by Munir Akash and Carolyn Forché with Sinan Antoon and Amira El-Zein. Copyright © 2003 by the Regents of the University of California.]

Dearden, Lizzie. “Nearly half of Israeli Jews believe in ethnic cleansing, survey finds; Israeli President Reuven Rivlin called the findings a ‘wake-up call for Israeli society,’” Independent [UK], March 8, 2016.

Decker, Stefanie. "Nakba 70 years on: Refugees remember lost homeland: Palestinian tells Al Jazeera 'all refugees in Gaza feel the occupation standing on your chest', as they get ready to commemorate the day when tens of thousands were expelled from their homes in 1948,” Al Jazeera, May 15, 2018.

Deger, Allison. “Destroyed Palestinian village outfitted with 1,000 JNF trees memorializing Denver couple’s dead dogs," Mondoweiss, May 30, 2014.

Deger, Allison. “Dispatch from the Negev: Bedouins brace for doom, under Prawer Plan," Mondoweiss, July 30, 2013.

Deger, Allison. “IDF uses inhabited Palestinian villages as military playground," Mondoweiss, August 8, 2012.

Deger, Allison. “Im Tirtzu protests 'nakba bullshit' at Tel Aviv University," Mondoweiss, May 14, 2013.

Deger, Allison. “Major olive producing village ordered to uproot 1,400 trees by May 1,” Mondoweiss, April 28, 2012.

Deger, Allison. “More than 700 rabbis, cantors and rabbinical students protest E1 construction," Mondoweiss, January 7, 2013.

Deger, Allison. “Nakba denial: ‘NYT’ removes the word ‘expulsion’ from article describing Palestinian refugees,” Mondoweiss, December 2, 2011.

Deger, Allison. "The sacking of Jaffa during the Palestinian Nakba, as narrated by three Omars,” Mondoweiss, May 15, 2016.

Deger, Allison. “The symbol of Nakba: Deir Yassin remembered," Mondoweiss, April 10, 2012.

Deger, Allison. “Two Palestinian youths killed by Israeli army live-fire during Nakba Day demonstration" [outside of Ofer prison in the West Bank], Mondoweiss, May 15, 2014.

Doherty, Benjamin. “Nakba denial and rape culture at Peter Beinart’s Open Zion," Electronic Intifada, November 4, 2013.

Doherty, Benjamin. “Video testimony of a Palmach fighter who expelled Palestinians during the Nakba,” Electronic Intifada, December 29, 2011.

Doherty, Benjamin. “Watch: Short film ["Mirror Image"] reflects on mirror taken from Palestinian village in 1948," Electronic Intifada, February 18, 2014.

Drakula25. "Settler Colonialism: Resources,” Libcom.org, February 25, 2014.



29 2


E-G

The Economist. “The Palestinians' West Bank, Squeze them out: As Jewish settlements expand, the Palestinians are being driven away," May 4, 2013.

The Economist. “We built this city on rock’n'roll: Secular Jewish settlers in the West Bank want fun but face hard times,” October 21, 2010.

Eichner, Itamar. "Source: Israel will help Palestinians leave Gaza, if they have new country to go to. Official says Gazans could even depart from Israeli airports, subject been raised in cabinet meetings but no nation willing to take them in; PM says he is 'advancing a broad campaign in Gaza' in wake of recent tensions,” YNet News, August 20, 2019. 

Eid, Haidar. "Personal reflections on the Nakba," Mondoweiss, May 28, 2013.

Ein-Gil, Ehud. "Israel Did Do Ethnic Cleansing in 1948. My Father’s Words Prove It; Historian Benny Morris is right when he mentions the ‘atmosphere of transfer’ that gripped Israel from April 1948, but he errs when he claims that this atmosphere was never translated into policy,” Ha’aretz, October 20, 2016.

El-Ad, Hagai. "Transfer of Palestinians has always been the Israeli consensus. Opinion: The media can express as much shock as it likes over news that the cabinet has discussed Israel funding the dispatch of Gazans from the Strip, but one can draw a straight line from the creation of the state in 1948, through Prime Minister Levi Eshkol and Defense Minister Moshe Dayan post-1967 and all the way to Netanyahu, Smotrich and Gantz today,” Ynet, August 27, 2019.

Eldar, Akiva. "Documents: Israel used Waqf land to build settlements, separation fence," Ha’aretz, August 5, 2012.

Eldar, Akiva. "Israel admits it revoked residency rights of quarter million Palestinians since 1967: Many of those prevented from returning were students or young professionals, working aboard to support their families," Ha'aretz, June 12, 2012.

Eldar, Akiva. “Israel effectively annexes Palestinian land near Jordan Valley,” Ha’aretz, November 18, 2011.

Eldar, Akiva. “Israel’s Ulpana neighborhood is built on years of land theft and forgery,” Ha’aretz, April 24, 2012.

Eldar, Akiva. "Israeli official: Housing ministry invaded privately-owned Palestinian land: Col. Ofer Hindi tells Knesset committee that Defense Ministry did not take the necessary steps to prevent a road near Givat Ze'ev from being expropriated from Palestinians," Ha’aretz, September 1, 2012.

The Electronic Intifada. “Israel forces Palestinians to demolish their own homes,” December 31, 2010.

The Electronic Intifada. “Israeli authorities flout court order to provide Bedouins with water,” April 2, 2012.

Elia, Nada. "On Nakba Day I want the right to be angry,” Mondoweiss, May 15, 2017.

Elia, Nada. “Palestinians on Nakba Day 2016 — Defiant, Undeterred and Organizing,” Mondoweiss, May 13, 2016.

Elkhuzundar, Nader. “View from Palestine: Nakba Day and the Catastrophe of Israeli Conquest,” International Business Times, May 16, 2014. [“The old might have died, but the young will never forget.”]

Elliott, James. “The ethnic cleansing of the Jordan Valley," Mondoweiss, Ferbruary 19, 2013.

Ellis, Marc. “The Ongoing Nakba and the Jewish Conscience,” Palestine Center, May 27, 2010.

El-Hasan, Hasan Afif. “For the Palestinians, al-Nakba Did not End in 1948," The Palestine Chronicle, December 24, 2013.

Elmuti, Dina. “The scars of Deir Yassin and our determination to survive,"  Electronic Intifada, April 7, 2014.

Elnatour, Zakaria. “Letter from Zakaria Elnatour, a refugee, to a Jewish student,” (from Zakaria Elnatour to Gil Shner), Zochrot, April, 2009.

Elshaikh, Eman. “How Israel Physically Erased the Palestinians After 1948,” Muftah,  June 1, 2016.

Elshaikh, Eman. “Israel Erases Palestinian Symbols to Colonize Memory,” Muftah  June 8, 2016.

Elshaikh, Eman. "The Nakba Continues, and Resistance Must, Too,” Muftah  May 18, 2016.

Elshaikh, Eman. “The Palestinian Nakba and Israel’s Collective Forgetting,” Muftah  May 25, 2016.

Erekat, Saeb. “Israel can't erase the Nakba from history: Palestine recognized Israel's right to exist in 1988, but Israel's government is asking Palestinians to deny the existence of our people and the horrors that befell us in 1948," Palestine News Network, May 15, 2014.

Erekat, Saeb. “Israel Must Recognize Its Responsibility for the Nakba, the Palestinian Tragedy: For true reconciliation between Israelis and Palestinians, Israel must recognize what it has done to the Palestinian people over the last 68 years,” Haaretz,  May 15, 2016. [Behind paywall.]

Erekat, Saeb. “The returning issue of Palestine’s refugees,” Guardian [UK], December 10, 2010.

Esber, Rosemary M. “In new book, Palestinians, Israeli Jews reflect on history of ethnic cleansing," Electronic Intifada, January 17, 2014

Esber, Rosemary M. “When Israel compensated Germans for land in Palestine," Electronic Intifada, June 5, 2013.

Estrin, Daniel. "Israel Uses Cover Of U.S. Election To Destroy Palestinian Homes, Critics Say,” NPR, November 4, 2020. 

Estrin, Daniel. "Israeli lawyer uses inside knowledge against settler group: A few years ago, Mohammad Abu Ta'a discovered that some storage trailers had disappeared from a plot of land in Jerusalem belonging to his family. Then, the family received a letter informing them they were now trespassers,” The Wichita Eagle, June 21, 2016.

Etkes, Dror. “For one Palestinian village: A judge, settler and demolisher: The High Court justice who gave the army a green light to expel an entire Palestinian village just happens to live in a nearby settlement, one of many that thrives on their dispossession," +972, May, 2012.

Etkes, Dror. "Undoing the myth of Israel's flagship settlements. The settler movement likes to pretend its flagship settlement bloc, Gush Etzion, was built entirely on land purchased by Jews decades before Israel’s founding. History says otherwise,” +972, December 31, 2016.

Falk, Richard. “The Nakba: 2012," Citizen Pilgrimage, May 17, 2012.

Finkelstein, Norman. “Finkelstein on Morris, on the root cause of the conflict,” Mondoweiss, May 23, 2010.

Finkelstein, Norman. “Myths, Old and New,” Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 21,
No. 1 (Autumn, 1991), pp. 66-89. Available online as a PDF here.

Fisk, Robert. "I watched a Palestinian family lose their land 25 years ago – and this week I returned to find them. ‘We don’t eat, drink or sleep. Do we stay in other people’s homes? My husband is crippled, we are both old. This is a tyranny,’  Independent [UK], October 4, 2018.

Fisk, Robert. "Israel is building another 1,000 homes on Palestinian land. Where's the outrage? Never in the field of human rights has so much been owed by so many to so few,” Independent [UK], August 23, 2018.

Flapan, Simha. “The Palestinian Exodus of 1948,"  Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 16, No. 4 (Summer, 1987), pp. 3-26. [Excerpted from a chapter in Simha Flaphan, The Birth of Israel, Pantheon Books, 1987.] Downloadable as a PDF here.

Israeli Occupation Archive. “The Disinherited: Syria’s 130,000 Golan Height Refugees,” July 30, 2010; introduction to (and including) Fogelman, Shay, “What happened to the 130 thousand Syrian citizens who resided in the Golan Heights in June 1967? According to the official Israeli version, the vast majority fled into the depth of Syria by the end of the war. According to military documents and eyewitness reports, tens of thousands were expelled in a transfer that reminds that of the residents of Lod [Lydda] and Ramle [al-Ramla] in 1948.” Ha’aretz, July 30, 2010.

Freed, Sam. "For Israelis the Nakba is a footnote. For Palestinians it's the heart of the conflict,” +972, May 26, 2019.

Galili, Amaya. “And what would your grandfather say? What my grandfather did during the Nakba?Zochrot, May, 2012.

Galili, Amaya. “Have a happy Nakba: Teaching about the Nakba in Israeli education systems," translation to English: Charles Kamen, edited by Ami Asher, Zochrot, April, 2013.

Gandhi's Be Magazine. “On Nakba Day, We Ask: Who Takes the First Steps Toward Peace?" May 15, 2015.

Gann, Tom. “Whitewashing Colonialism,” Jadaliyya, April, 2013. [Review of Sharon Rotbard, White City, Black City: Architecture and War in Tel Aviv and Jaffa. Translated from Hebrew by Orin Gat. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2015.]

Gendzier, Irene. “How Much Did We Know?" Israeli Occupation Archive, November 29, 2012.

Gendzier, Irene. “What the US knew and chose to forget in 1948 and why it matters in 2009,” Zmag,ˆ January 23, 2009.

Ghosh, Bobby. “Is America Islamophobic? What the anti-mosque uproar tells us about how the U.S. regards Muslims,” Time Magazine, August 30, 2010.

Ghraieb, Omar. “Why I vowed not to have children in Gaza," Electronic Intifada, July 22, 2014.

Gilad, Moshe. “Searching for the lost Palestinian villages, From Al-Tantura to Ein Hod: a journey past Palestinian buildings and villages that once lay along the Mediterranean coast," Ha’aretz, November 24, 2012. [Translation to English: Charles Kamen]

Gilbert, Samuel. "Palestinians forced to demolish own homes: Israeli rules mean Palestinians in East Jerusalem wreck their own homes to avoid bulldozers and fines,” Al Jazeera, March 23, 2014.

Glunts, Ira. "U. of Haifa stops Nakba commemoration, as prof writes hate post calling for ‘Many Nakbas’,” Mondoweiss, May 18, 2012.

Goldman, Lisa. “On the Nakba, Jewish identity, and memory," +972, May 15, 2012.

Gordon, Jeremy. “Brian Eno Compares "Racist" Israel to the Klan, Blasts "Hypocritical" America for Support; Letter posted on David Byrne's website asks, "Why does America continue its blind support of this one-sided exercise in ethnic cleansing?Pitchfork, July 30, 2014.

Gordon, Neve.  “Erasing the Nakba: Israel's Tireless Efforts to Conceal the Historical Events Leading to Its Creation," CounterPunch, May 15, 2012.

Gordon, Neve. “Uprooting 30,000 Bedouin in Israel," Al Jazeera English, April 3, 2013.

Gorenberg, Gershom. "Israel Knew All Along That Settlements, Home Demolitions Were Illegal; New evidence shows government's adviser on international law said in 1968 that demolishing terror suspects' homes violates Geneva Convention,” Ha’aretz, May 19, 2015.

Gottlieb, Rabbi Lynn. “Reflections on Nakba Day," The Palestinian Talmud, Blog of the Jewish Voice for Peace Rabbinical Council, May 17, 2013.

Green, Todd. “Is America Becomming More Islamophobic?” Huffington Post, June 26, 2015.

Greenstein, Ran. “The many denials of liberal Zionism. From its origins until today, liberal Zionism has been unable to reconcile Israeli policies of dispossession and military control with the image of a democratic state. Is it merely a matter of semantics, or inherent to the ideology? Part two of Ran Greenstein’s analysis." +972  October 6, 2014.

Greig, Rebecca. “Occupation from within: the Arab Bedouin in Israel: At the beginning of this year the Israeli government announced that it will displace more than 70,000 Arab Bedouin from their ancestral homes," NewStatesman, August 31, 2012.

Guarnieri, Mya. “A Palestinian mother grapples daily with the traumas of the Nakba," +972  May 15, 2012.

Gurvitz, Yossi. “Default IDF position: Supporting outlaws. The IDF clarifies that instead of removing an illegal outpost, it prefers to defend it – and the Palestinian farmers pay the price," Isolated Incident [blog], May 16, 2013.

Gurvitz, Yossi [for Yesh Din]. “How the Israeli gov't rewards land thieves. In a closed conversation, the head of the Beit El Yeshiva exposes that he received millions of shekels from the State of Israel in compensation for his seminary’s violations of the law – with the quiet assistance of a senior Knesset member," +972, May 9, 2014.

Gurvitz, Yossi [for Yesh Din]. “Streamlining the theft of Palestinian land. Without any compunction, the Beit El Yeshiva was even willing to defraud settlers," +972, November 22, 2013.

Gurvitz, Yossi. "Purging the Nakba. Or how an Israeli security agency takes on a monstrosity, the truth,” Mondoweiss, July 6, 2019. [Excerpt: “[O]ur government is making certain all we’ll have will be the myths. The facts will be locked away, so a new generation of Israelis can be indoctrinated. When you fight for human rights, your main tool is historical truth, and the problem is using it correctly to penetrate the wall of denial. The basic concept is an ancient one: You shall know the truth, and the truth shall set you free. Doing so in the age of misinformation is hard enough. Doing it when the government removed the historical fact is well nigh impossible. In a few bureaucratic moves, the government turned everyone who wielded uncomfortable truths into a conspiracy monger.”]

Gurvitz, Yossi. "The Israeli right can’t condemn Charlottesville because its whispered policy is, Nakba,” Mondoweiss, August 16, 2017.

Gurvitz, Yossi. “Pretending away the Nakba only perpetuates the conflict. When Czechs prefer to keep silent and repress their history, it's a problem, but it is not an immanent danger to the country. When Israelis prefer to pretend thee was no ethnic cleansing here, it's a wholly different question: the conflict won't end unless Israel admits to the injustice it caused." +972, February 12, 2013.

Gvirtz, Amos. “Another Acre and Another Goat,” Gush Shalom, May 5, 2010.

Gvirtz, Amos. “Warning — Racist Legislation,” On the Left Side,  June 16, 2013.




H-I

Ha’aretz. “Abbas: It's time to end the Nakba of the Palestinian People," May 15, 2008.

Ha’aretz. “'Israel is the nation-state of Jews alone': Netanyahu responds to TV star who said Arabs are equal citizens. Prime minister reacts to Rotem Sela, who in her Instagram story criticized culture minister's warning against Arab parties: 'Arabs, too, God help us, are human beings,’ March 10, 2019.

Ha’aretz [editorial]. “Cleansing the Jordan Valley," [Excerpt: "Except for the fact that this is a cruel and inhuman policy that stands in opposition to every democratic and civilized principle, this behavior proves that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's call to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to renew peace negotiations is nothing but a ploy"], February 4, 2013.

Ha’aretz [editorial]. “Deportation of American living in West Bank shows Israel's obsessive fear of Palestinian population. The idea of 'illegal immigration' to the West Bank only proves Israel's obsessive fear of Palestinian population growth,” April 21, 2019.

Ha’aretz [editorial]. “Nakba is part of Israel's history," May 15, 2012.

Ha’aretz. "Sephardi Chief Rabbi Says non-Jews Forbidden From Living in the Land of Israel: Rabbi Yitzhak Yosef argues that Jewish law prohibits non-Jews from living in Israel unless they have accepted Noachide laws, adding that some non-Jews live in Israel to serve the Jewish population,” March 28, 2016. 

Ha’aretz [editorial]. “The silent expulsion,” June 22, 2010.

Haber, Jerry. “Israel’s “Arab Problem” — Part Two,” [re. Rabbi Daniel Gordis], Magnes Zionist, November 2, 2010. 

Haddad, Bassam and Noura Erakat. “Ongoing Ethnic Cleansing: Israeli Settlers to Take Over Another Palestinian Home," Jadaliyya, December 31, 2012.

Haddad, Bassam,  Noura Erakat, and Jack Saba, “The Infrastructure of Israeli Settler Colonialism (Part 1): The Jordan Valley," Jadaliyya, May 26, 2013.

Haddad, Saleem. "The Dispossessed: Sixty-seven years ago, Israel created a Jewish state, and my grandmother was made homeless,” Slate.com, May 14, 2015.

Hadid, Diaa. “Restrictions on Palestinians living in Israel with spouses now in its 10th year," Washington Post, June 12, 2013.

Hallaj, Muhammad. “Recollections of the Nakba through a Teenager's Eyes,” Journal of Palestine Studies  Vol. 38, No. 1 (Autumn 2008), pp. 66-73.

Hallinan, Conn. “Ethnic Cleansing and Israel: The Ultimate Aim is the Transfer of Arab Israelis," CounterPunch, March 3, 2009.

Halper, Jeff. “Judaizing’ Beit Hanina in East Jerusalem, with backing from Americans,” Mondoweiss, March 31, 2012.

Halper, Jeff. “The Message of the Bulldozers,” CounterPunch, August 16, 2010.

Halper, Jeff. “The process of transfer continues: The Jerusalem Municipality plans to demolish 88 houses in Silwan, Easy Jerusalem," Electronic Intifada, June 3, 2005.

Hammad, Maya. "Decades of Resilience, Stateless Gazan Refugees in Jordan,” Palestinian Return Centre, June 5, 2018. [Downloadable report (54 pages). "This report on Gazan refugees in Jordan, is the culmination of a nine-month investigation which included ethnographic fieldwork conducted in UNRWA-administered Palestinian refugee camps in Jordan. Gazan refugees were displaced to Jordan after the 1967 Israeli occupation and remained until today a stateless and marginalized”]

Hammad, Shatha. "For first time in 70 years, Palestinians return to their villages; To commemorate Land Day, group of Palestinian refugees returned to the villages they were expelled from in 1948,” Al-Jazeera, March 30, 2018.

Hammerman, Ilana. "In the Jordan Valley I Saw Ethnic Cleansing With My Bare Eyes. Israel is persistently and systematically destroying the lives of the Bedouin communities throughout the Jordan Rift Valley, who once numbered in the tens of thousands, in order to limit these areas to Jews alone,”  Haaretz, May 11, 2018.

Hammerman, Ilana. "Israel's ethnic cleansing continues,” Haaretz, August 31, 2019. ["And let our struggle be a reminder to both secular and religious people that Jews who are a partner to ethnic cleansing, by action or inaction, have forgotten – and if they grew up in Israel maybe never knew – what it is to be Jewish.”]

Hammond, Jeremy. "Benny Morris’s Untenable Denial of the Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine,” Foreign Policy Journal, November 14, 2016. ["Israeli historian Benny Morris denies the ethnic cleansing of Palestine, but his own research shows that this was indeed how Israel came into being.”]

Hammond, Jeremy. "How Great Britain Facilitated the Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine,” Foreign Policy Journal, November 2, 2018.

Hammond, Jeremy. "The New York Times on “Nakba”: Whitewashing the Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine,” Foreign Policy Journal, May 15, 2017.

Hammond, Jeremy. "NYT Peddles ‘From Time Immemorial’ Hoax About Palestine as Fact,” Foreign Policy Journal, January 28, 2015.

Hammond, Jeremy. "What Is Nakba Day? Here’s the Truth the Mainstream Media Won’t Tell You,” Foreign Policy Journal, May 15, 2019.

Harkov, Lahav. "From Gaza to Paraguay? The Israeli government's 1969 transfer plans. The plan was approved in the same year as the Mossad stopped hunting Nazis, including in Paraguay, where notorious doctor Josef Mengele and many other Nazis were living at the time,” Jerusalem Post, August 12, 2020. ["The Mossad drew up the deal with Paraguayan dictator Alfredo Stroessner, who was responsible for the murder of thousands of Paraguayans, including indigenous people.”]

Hart, Alan. “Ethnic Cleansing: A Nicer Way," Dissident Voice, January 5, 2013.

Hass, Amira. "Absentee news. The Israeli media is a senior collaborator in blotting out our hostile foreign rule over the Palestinians,” Ha’aretz, February 19, 2019. [Excerpt: "So here is a very partial list (due to the shortage of space) of some of the components of Israel’s institution of dispossession, which creates that missing news.”]

Hass, Amira. “Bedouin face displacement in West Bank corridor, regardless of Israel's construction plans, Whether recently approved plans for construction on the E-1 area materialize or not, Israel plans to relocate the local Bedouin population—against their will," Ha’aretz, December 5, 2012.

Hass, Amira. “Destruction of Palestinian Villages Is Not a Matter of Perspective: An NGO has issued a second edition of its successful Nakba map, showing 601 Palestinian villages and 194 Syrian villages destroyed in 1948 and 1967, respectively, as well as destroyed Jewish communities,” Ha’aretz, July 31, 2015.

Hass, Amira. “Expulsion without trucks,” Ha’aretz, February 10, 2010.

Hass, Amira. “From Yamit to the Jordan Valley, the IDF continues to force Arabs from their homes: Three decades after the IDF expelled Bedouins from Sinai, destruction and demolition of Arab homes continues throughout the West Bank,” Ha’aretz, April 16, 2012.

Hass, Amira. “IDF destroys West Bank village after declaring it military zone,” Ha’aretz, July 21, 2010.

Hass, Amira. “IDF razes Palestinian infrastructure in West Bank communities: According to UN data, Israel razed some 400 Palestinian structures in the West Bank's Area C between the start of the year and mid-August, including 120 homes," Ha’aretz, August 30, 2012.

Hass, Amira. “IDF will go on keeping Jordan Valley Palestinian-free; IDF commanders and their subordinates will learn the lesson after Col. Shalom Eisner's act - they'll check for any subversive cameras before going on to do what is unexceptional in the Wild East," Ha’aretz, April 18, 2012.

Hass, Amira. "Israel Plans to Destroy Only Water Source of Shepherds in West Bank Village: Move comes despite Israeli authorities telling international agencies that there would be no demolitions during the month of Ramadan,” Ha’aretz, June 18, 2016.

Hass, Amira. “Israel turned the Nakba into a 63-year process; Israel crowns itself as the winner in the global competition of victimhood; yet it manufactures methods of oppression and dispossession,” Ha’aretz, May 18, 2012.

Hass, Amira. “Israeli colonialism, plain and simple: In two court decisions involving shoving Palestinians off their land, Supreme Court justices have confirmed what Israel’s critics are saying: that Israel has been a colonialist entity since 1948," Ha’aretz,  May 11, 2015.

Hass, Amira. "Israeli right resurrects ‘voluntary transfer’ of Palestinians, despite 50 years of failure. The proposal by a ‘senior government official’ to assist emigration from Gaza joins the efforts of esteemed Israeli leaders and professors, but they haven’t been able to suppress Palestinian aspirations,” Ha’aretz,  August 24, 2019.

Hass, Amira. "The Israeli occupation is a system meant to tighten the screws on Palestinians. A reminder that while there are different actors implementing the occupation, their strategy is one,” Ha’aretz, May 6, 2019. [Excerpt: “In this column I am asking my readers as well as my editors to remember that the actions of the Israel Defense Forces and its civilian arms – the Civil Administration and the settler militias – which are reported on separately and are ostensibly unconnected, are part of a systematic continuum.”]

Hass, Amira. "Israel's Right to Sweep Away Palestinians: Expelling Palestinians is a paradigm that’s alive and well in the Jews’ state - a plan that was carried out and that is always waiting to be replicated,” Ha’aretz, June 8, 2016.

Hass, Amira. “The law: ass or donkey: The interpretation of Israeli law depends where you build your illegal dwelling," Ha’aretz, June 18, 2012.

Hass, Amira. "Racist Knesset candidates borrow ideology from Labor's occupation pioneers. When Israeli governments in the 1960s and 1970s worked hard to steal Palestinian land while quoting God’s promises to atheists, they paved the way for parties promoting Jewish supremacy,” Ha’aretz, March 11, 2019.

Hass, Amira. "Soldiers have to shoot at Palestinians. It's Israel's way to keep them in check. Israel admits it: The military is in the West Bank to protect settlements. The notion that we want peace is old fake news,” Ha’aretz, April 28, 2019. [Excerpt: "Today we speak the truth: The soldiers are in the West Bank to protect the settlement project. In East Jerusalem, which was occupied and annexed, the policemen and employees of private security firms are deployed to enable the settlers to embitter the lives of more Palestinians so that they’ll evacuate their homes for more settlements, which will embitter the lives of more Palestinians so that they’ll abandon or sell their homes and flee.”]

Hasson, Nir. “Construction in Jerusalem neighborhoods beyond Green Line peaked in 2012," Ha’aretz, January 3, 2013.

Hasson, Nir. “Israel set to approve 1,100 new Jerusalem homes beyond the Green Line,” Ha’aretz, September 27, 2011.

Hasson, Nir. “Israel stripped thousands of Jerusalem Arabs of residency in 2008," Ha’aretz, December 2, 2009.

Hasson, Nir. "Jerusalem to demolish Palestinian homes in 'Peace Forest', let settlers build. After demolitions ordered for homes of hundreds of Palestinians under guise of zoning, Jerusalem municipality changes plans to allow for settler construction” Ha’aretz, April 14, 2019.

Hasson, Nir. “Wary Israel Tried to Conceal East Jerusalem's Annexation in 1967, Documents Reveal; And it wasn’t the only time Israel tried to hide its actions for fear of the world's response,” Ha’aretz, April 18, 2017.

Hastings, Thayer. “6.8 million Palestinian refugees and counting — Towards a popular strategy for resisting forcible displacement," [for BADIL Resource Center], Mondoweiss, August 1, 2013.

Hatuqu, Dalia and Gregg Carlstrom. “Palestinians mark 'Nakba' day amid violence: Israeli troops kill two Palestinians during a Nakba day demonstration near the West Bank city of Ramallah," Al Jazeera, May 15, 2014.

Hawara, Yara. "Israel’s Relentless Land Grabs: How Palestinians Resist,” al-Shabaka,  April 9, 2018. 

Hazkani, Shay. “Catastrophic thinking: Did Ben-Gurion try to rewrite history? The file in the state archives contains clear evidence that researchers at the time did not paint the full picture of Israel's role in creating the Palestinian refugee problem," Ha’aretz, May 18, 2013.

Hearst, David. "Israel’s annexation plan is the Nakba revisited. In its current formulation, Israel knows only one direction: to deepen its domination over a people whose land it has stolen and continues to steal,” Quds News Network, May 18, 2013.

Herman, Edward “Israel's Approved Ethnic Cleansing, Part 1: Making 'facts on the ground,'" Z Magazine, April 2001.

Herman, Edward. “Israel's Approved Ethnic Cleansing, Part 2: U.S. official protection," Z Magazine, May 2001.

Herman, Edward. “Israel's Approved Ethnic Cleansing, Part 3: How the Media Protects It," Z Magazine, June 2001.

Herschman, Betty. “The silent transfer of Palestinians from Jerusalem: It is no accident that eight Palestinian neighborhoods of Jerusalem wound up beyond the separation barrier. Since annexing Jerusalem in 1967, Israel has manipulated migratory trends toward an unstated goal: absorbing the land without the people,” +972, August 4, 2015.

Hilwi, Rasha. “From the Rubble, Palestinian Village of Kafr Birim Declares its Return,” Al-Akhbar English, August 16, 2013.

Horn, Jordana. “'Population transfer may be war crime,' Falk asks Israel to prevent violations of Int'l law in East Jerusalem,” Jerusalem Post, July 1, 2010.

Horowitz, Adam. “Eyewitness to the Nakba,” Mondoweiss, September 8, 2010. ["Ammon Neumann sharing his memory of the Nakba with Zochrot.”]

Horowitz, Adam. “‘I was not a party to, and never will be, to the planting of trees on expropriated and stolen land’: Former South African Ambassador to Israel rejects JNF trees planted in his name, Mondoweiss, June 14, 2013.

Horowitz, Adam. "In 1948 the Nakba was carried out by the military, in 2013 it continues in courtrooms,” Mondoweiss, May 15, 2013.

Horowitz, Adam. "#Nakbasurvivor: Telling the story of the Nakba in the internet age,”  Mondoweiss, May 13, 2011.

Horowitz, Adam. "VIDEO: An Israeli soldier recounts the Nakba,” Mondoweiss, December 29, 2011.

Horowitz, Adam. “‘We must expel Arabs and take their place’: Institute for Palestine Studies publishes 1937 Ben-Gurion letter advocating the expulsion of Palestinians,” Mondoweiss, March 28, 2012.

Horowitz, Adam. "Winona LaDuke: 'We can't talk about Israel because we are Israel,” Mondoweiss, November 21, 2012.

Houk, Marian. “Ethnic Cleansing continues – Israeli lawyers tell UN Palestinian Jerusalemites targeted,” Jerusalem Quarterly, Winter 2011.

Hovel, Revital. “State Defends Practice of Razing Homes of Arab Terrorists but Not Jewish Ones; High Court petition says practice violates international law; petitioners [8 human rights organizations - ML] argue that Israel did not demolish homes of suspected murderers of Mohammed Abu Khdeir,” Ha'aretz, May 15, 2013.

Howeidy, Amira. "Documenting the catastrophe: Interview with Salman Abu Sitta,” Al-Ahram Weekly, January, 1998.

Human Rights Watch. "Israel: Jerusalem Palestinians Stripped of Status; Discriminatory Residency Revocations,” August 8, 2017. [Excerpt: “The discriminatory system pushes many Palestinians to leave their home city in what amounts to forcible transfers, a serious violation of international law. Israel claims to treat Jerusalem as a unified city, but the reality is effectively one set of rules for Jews and another for Palestinians…”]

Ibrahim, Isra. "Israel kills dozens of Palestinians protesting US Embassy move to Jerusalem,” Black Youth Project, May 15, 2018. 

Inminds.com. "Benny Morris - historian or plain old racist?” July 25, 2011.

Institute for Middle East Understanding. "Fact Sheet: The Nakba: 65 Years of Dispossession & Apartheid,” May 8, 2013.

Institute for Middle East Understanding. "FAQ on the Nakba: The Nakba and Palestinian Refugees Today.”

Institute for Middle East Understanding [IMEU]. "65th Anniversary of the Adoption of Plan Dalet,” March 8, 2013. [Fact sheet.]

Institute for Palestine Studies. "The Nakba - In The Words of Palestinians,” 2016[?]. 

Institute for Palestine Studies. “1948: Sixty Three Years On . . . [Nakba Resources and Khalidi Transcript],” May, 2011.

International Campaign to Protect Palestinian Residencey Rights in Jerusalem. “Palestinian right to Jerusalem only valid for 10 years,”  July 24, 2013.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Army Dumps Rubble And Sand On Farmland Near Bethlehem,” April 11, 2016. ["The land in question is frequently targeted by Israeli colonists and soldiers in an attempt to illegally occupy it, to pave a road and make it part of the nearby Daniel colony, built on Palestinian lands.’]

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Daghlas: “Israel Approves More Land Theft of Hundreds of Dunams Near Nablus,” April 24, 2016. [Ghassan Daghlas is the "Palestinian official in charge of the Israeli settlements file in the northern part of the occupied West Bank.”]

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Dr. Ashrawi Denounces Israel’s Decision To Build Hundreds Of Colonialist Units,” April 14, 2016.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Ex-detainee Forced to Divorce Wife for Treatment,” June 16, 2016.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Israel Approves 891 Units in Gilo Colony; Confiscates 102 Dunams From Beit Sahour,” December 17, 2015.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Israeli Media: US Donors Transferred One Billion Shekels for Settlements,” December 9, 2015. [“(W)ithin the last five years”]

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Israeli Settlements: 153 New West Bank Units Approved.” January 27, 2016.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Israeli Settlers Bulldoze Palestinian Agricultural Lands South Of Bethlehem,” June 8, 2016.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Jerusalem: 82 New Settlement Units Announced,” June 8, 2016.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “PCBS [Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics]: “Israel Controls More than 85% of the Land of Historical Palestine,” May 15, 2016.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Key Muslim and Christian Holy Sites Erased from “Old City” Map,” June 13, 2016.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “PCHR {Palestinian Centre for Human Rights]: “The Nakba At 68: A Catastrophe Born Of Discrimination And Impunity,” May 15, 2016.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “Property Demolished for Illegal Settlement Expansion,” [in Beit Jala], August 2, 2012

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “UNRWA Report: Gaza Seige Illegal and in Violation of Humanitarian Law,” June 18, 2016.

International Middle East Media Center [IMEMC]. “US Criticizes Decision to Add Seized Church Grounds to Settlement Bloc,” January 10, 2016.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “al-Arakib razed for the sixth time,” October 14, 2010.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Constructive Resistance in al-Aqaba,” May 28, 2013.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Demolitions: Israel's path of destruction through the Jordan Valley,” March 27, 2012.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Ethnic cleansing continiues: Bedouin village Al Araqib demolished for the third time,” August 10, 2013.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Israel: Charging house demolition victims to pay costs of demolition equipment,” October 31, 2011.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Israeli forces demolish 17 buildings in northern West Bank,” (Khirbet Tana; for the second time), January 10, 2011.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Israeli police demolish tent of evicted Sheikh Jarrah family for the fifth time,” December 14, 2009.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Khan Al-Ahmar: Forced expulsion of Bedouins from Area C,”  December 13, 2011.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Al-Nakba day: The biggest crisis in the history of Palestine,” May 14, 2016.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Nakba Day demonstration in Al Walaja: “Al Walaja is one of the symbols of the past and present displacement,” May 16, 2014.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM, Team Ramallah]. “Right of Return still key – Nakba Day demonstrations violently suppressed by Israeli forces,” May 15, 2013.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Summary of nine days of demolitions and displacement in Al Maleh, Jordan Valley,” January 30, 2013.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Two blindfolded and detained by Israeli military in illegal demolition near Al Hadidya, Jordan Valley,” June 11, 2011.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “Village of Khirbet Tana completely demolished by Israeli military,” March 9, 2011.

International Solidarity Movement [ISM]. “We die a little biti nside each time": 2 more homes demolished in Bedouin village of Umm Al Kheer,” January 6, 2012.

International Women's Peace Service. “Colonist land grabs in Kufr ad-Dik,” May 22, 2014.

International Women's Peace Service. “Jordan Valley: To Exist Is To Resist,” April 26, 2014.

International Women's Peace Service. “Raping the Land They Do Not Own: Kufr ad-Dik Resists,” May 30, 2014. ["It was so different this time around. It had gotten much worse…”]

International Women's Peace Service. “Two More Martyrs as the Nakba Continues,” May 15, 2014.

Ir Amim. “Displaced in their Own City:  The Impact of Israeli Policy in East Jerusalem on the Palestinian Neighborhoods of the City beyond the Separation Barrier,” report, June, 2015.

Iraqi, Amjad. "Don’t wait for Israeli archives to prove what Palestinians already know. Israeli authorities are deliberately concealing historical documents to undermine evidence of the state’s dark and violent origins. And the world is still falling for it,” +972, July 7, 2019. [Excerpt: "The world should not have to constantly catch up to what Palestinians have always known about the Nakba. Many Palestinians reading about Safsaf in Haaretz would have reached for their copies of All That Remains or other collections, correctly assuming they would find the same facts recorded years before. Descendants of Safsaf’s survivors would likely know the harrowing story by heart, having heard it from their grandparents’ own lips.”]

Iraqi, Amjad. “High Court okays plan to raze Arab village, build Jewish one in its place: By upholding the state’s explicitly racist plan for Umm el-Hiran, the court shows again that it cares more about Israel’s Jewish character than about democracy and justice,” +972, May 11. 2015.

Iraqi, Amjad. “38 years later, Israel gives Palestinians new reasons to mark Land Day: Like other Palestinian national days, Land Day commemorations are less about the historical event as they are reminders of things happening today. Despite years of active struggles, Palestinians are finding themselves protesting the same threats to their land rights in 2014 as they were in 1976,” +972, March 30, 2014.

Irin. “A housing crisis yet demolitions in East Jerusalem,” January 31, 2014.

Irin. 'Jordan Valley families expelled from Israeli "firing zone" during Gaza atack remail uprooted," January 2, 2013. [Reposted to Electronic Intifada]

Irving, Sarah. “Battle to preserve Palestine's history rages in new novel,”  [Radwa Ashour’s The Woman From Tantoura] Electronic Intifada, July 8, 2014.

Irving, Sarah. “On Western “left” appropriation of Palestinian Nakba,” Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2014.

Irving, Sarah. “The silent reminders of Israel’s robbery,” [review of Erased from Space and Consciousness: Israel and the Depopulated Palestinian Villages of 1948 by Noga Kadman (Indiana University Press, 2015)], Electronic Intifada, December 28, 2015.




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Jabareen, Hassan. "Jewish Nation State Law: Q&A with Adalah’s Hassan Jabareen,” Mondoweiss, August 13, 2018.

Jadaliyya Reports. “Lest We Forget: The Palestinian Oral History Archives,” Jadaliyya, May 16, 2015.

Jadaliyya Reports. “The Ongoing Nakba: Palestinian Refugees from Syria in Lebanon,” Jadaliyya, December 26, 2013. [Report issued by National Institute of Social Care & Vocational Training (NISCVT).]

Jadaliyya Reports. “Sixty-Six Years of Ongoing Nakba – Back to Basics: The Right of Return is a National and Inalienable Right,” Jadaliyya, May 15, 2014. [Press release  issued by sixty-eight organizations on the occassion of the sixty-sixth commermoration of the Nakba.]

Jaheleen, Jamal. "The families of Khan Al-Ahmar insist on their right to remain and defend their village,” Mondoweiss, September 7, 2018. Also see: B’Tselem, "Communities facing expulsion: The Khan al-Ahmar area,” September 5, 2018 [updated]; Rebuilding Alliance, "Khan al Ahmar fact sheet,” [2017].

Jamal, Ben. “What the Nakba means to me: Ben Jamal,” Palestine Solidarity Campaign, May 3, 2016.

Jarzmik, Oscar. "The Israeli Government Is Stripping Thousands of Palestinian Bedouin of Their Citizenship,” Muftah, August 31, 2017.

Jeffay, Nathan. "Rising Chorus Backs Israeli Annexation of West Bank; Extreme Option is Openly Floated in Ruling Party Ranks," Jewish Daily Forward, January 21, 2013.

Jerusalem Post, "Court rules to allow removal of Palestinian E1 tents," January 6, 2013.

Jewish News [UK]. "MP [Sir Bob Russell (Colchester)] accuses Israel of “ethnically cleansing” Bedouin Arabs," July 18, 2013.

Jewish Telegraphic Agency. “‘Nakba’ removed from textbooks,” July 23, 2009.

Jewish Telegraphic Agency. “Thousands of Arab Israelis march for Palestinian right of return,” Jewish Journal, May 12, 2016.

Jewish Voice for Peace. “Al-Nakba Fact Sheet,” (pdf).

Jewish Voice for Peace. “Facing the Nakba in 2016,” Website for JVP, May 15, 2016.

Jewish Voice for Peace. "Netanyahu’s campaign pledge to annex West Bank confirms Israel is greatest threat to region,” Press Release, September 10, 2019.

Jiryis, Fida. “We Shall Return: The Story of Iqrit,” The Palestine Chronicle, May 5, 2012.

Johnson, Jimmy. “The right of return and the limits of the anti-Apartheid framework," Mondoweiss, December 10, 2012. 

Johnson, Jimmy. “A Primer on the Colonialism of Israel's Settlers," Truthout, July 9, 2012.

Jordan Valley Solidarity. “Israel whitewashes its ethnic cleansing with plans to 'help' Bedouins," August 4, 2012. Website for Jordan Valley Authority: http://www.jordanvalleysolidarity.org

Jordan Valley Solidarity. “Settlers deleting Arabic place names on road signs," August 10. 2012.

Jordan Valley Solidarity. “Urgent call to action following demolition of Al Maleh village in Jordan Valley," January 24, 2013.

Just Foreign Policy. “Get the Facts: Land Confiscation and the Palestinian Protest Villages," January, 2013.

Kanaaneh, Hatim. "By their bulldozers you will know them,” Mondoweiss, January 21, 2017.

Kane, Alex. “Israeli government kills plan to uproot Bedouin,” Mondoweiss, December 12, 2013.

Kane, Alex. “Memo to American Jews: Discover the Nakba,” Mondoweiss, July 6, 2010.

Kane, Alex. “What Obama missed: Protests of settler highway that will cut J’lem neighborhood in two," Mondoweiss, March 23, 2013.

Kane, Alex. “Zochrot and BADIL bring Nakba to U.S. audience," Mondoweiss, March 22, 2015. 

Karam (Muhannad). “Recollection and memory, Al-Nakba continues," International Solidarity Movement, May 15, 2015. ["(W)ritten by the medic that was present on the scene on May 15th 2014, during the killing of Mohammad Odeh and Nadeem Nuwwarah as protesters commemorated al-Nakba near Ofer Military Prison.”]

Karmi, Ghada. "After the Nakba: An Experience of Exile in England,” Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 28, No. 3 (Spring, 1999), pp. 52-63

Karmi, Ghada. “Blowback: Israel's bogus narrative on Palestinian refugees," Los Angeles Times, April 12, 2011.

Karpel, Dalia. "'A story of survival and rebirth' The Palestinians Who Didn't Flee During the Nakba: Historian Adel Manna tells the story of the 120,000 Palestinians who remained in Israel in 1948 while 750,000 were driven out,” Haaretz, September 22, 2017.

Kashti, Or. “Israel pulls textbook with chapter on Nakba," Ha'aretz, October 19, 2009.

Kate. “Israeli military attacks Nakba Day protests with live fire," Mondoweiss, May 16, 2015.

Keller, Adam. “The bulldozers and Netanyahu’s truth,” AdamKellerBlogspot, September 17, 2011.

Kestler-D’Amours, Jillian. “Israel criminalizes commemoration of the Nakba," Electronic Intifada, March 29, 2011

Kestler-D’Amours, Jillian. “Israel finds new “home” for Bedouins: a garbage dump,” Electronic Intifada, October 28, 2011

Kestler-D’Amours, Jillian. “Map of destroyed villages aims to teach Israelis about Nakba," Electronic Intifada, April 22, 2013.

Kestler-D’Amours, Jillian. “This time they destroyed everything: Uprooted Bedouin face more evictions," Electronic Intifada, May 24, 2013.

Kestler-D’Amours, Jillian. "Youth move back to Palestinian village stolen from their families,” Electronic Intifada, April 8, 2013.

Khalek, Rania. "The Nation magazine’s shameful history of aiding ethnic cleansing in Palestine ,” Electronic Intifada, May 19, 2015.

Khalel, Sharen. "‘Settlers are free to take what they want’: Palestinian landowners fear for the worst as land-grab law is passed,” Mondoweiss, February 17, 2017.

Khalel, Sharen. "‘Train of Return’ rolls through Bethlehem as refugees commemorate Nakba Day,” Mondoweiss, May 15, 2016.

Khalidi, Rashid. “Rashid Khalidi Responds to Avra Shapiro and Gil Troy [re the building of an Israeli museum of 'tolerance' on an illegally occupied Palestinian Muslim cemetery]," The Daily Beast, April 20, 2011.

Khalidi, Walid. “On Nakba Day 2012," Journal of Palestine Studies, May 15, 2012. Also available at Israeli Occupation Archive.

Khalidi, Walid, “Plan Dalet: Master Plan for the Conquest of Palestine," Middle East Forum, November 1961, reprinted with a new commentary in the Journal of Palestine Studies, Beirut, vol. 18, no. 69, 1988.

Khoury, Elias. “Rethinking the Nakba,” Critical Inquiry, Vol. 38, No. 2 (Winter 2012), pp. 250-266. [Available as downloadable pdf here.]

Khoury, Jack. “High Court rejects petition against Israel’s controversial ‘Nakba Law,” Ha’aretz, January 5, 2012.

Khoury, Jack. "Israel Revokes Citizenship of Hundreds of Negev Bedouin, Leaving Them Stateless; Some were citizens for 40 years, served in the army and paid their taxes, but had their status canceled with a single keystroke and no further explanation,” Ha’aretz, August 25, 2017.

Kimmerling, Baruch. “Top Israeli historian analyzes Benny Morris’s shocking interview,” Electronic Intifada, January 27, 2004. [Original: "Benny Morris’s Shocking Interview,” History News Network,  January 26, 2004.]

Klein, Steven. 'iNakba - New interactive app documents destroyed Palestinian villages: 'People have started uploading photos of destroyed villages,' says Zochrot's Raneen Jeries, who adds that maps are a political tool," Ha’aretz, May 5, 2014.

King, Laura. “Israel's demolition policy strikes hard," Los Angeles Times, February 12, 2003.

Kommalapati, Narendra Mohan. “Destroying Palestinian society is deliberate Israeli policy, says Amira Hass,” Greenleft Weekly [Au], April 10, 2015.

Kopty, Abir. “Israel's civil service bill distorts 64 years of Palestinian history," The National, July 10, 2012.

Korotzer, Bud. “In Photos: Remembering the Nakba,” DesertPeace, March 22, 2015.

Kossoff, Julian. "An Israeli plan from 1969 to resettle 60,000 Gazans in Paraguay has been uncovered in a declassified state archive,” Business Insider [msn.com], August 30, 2020. ["Transferring populations from one place to another was common to these [Israeli policymakers] people. All of them were basically immigrants. Most of the policymakers came from other countries to the State of Israel," he said. "In the eyes of today, the idea of transferring the population is quite strange….It wasn't considered human rights abuse.”]

Kraft, Dina. "Palestinians Uncover History of the Nakba, Even as Israel Cuts Them Off From Their Sources. For Palestinian historians researching the 1948 exodus of their people, the greatest challenge is getting access to the few surviving documents of the period: most are locked away in Israeli archives,” Haaretz, April 20, 2018. [Behind paywall; cached version available here.]

Krystall, Nathan. “The De-Arabization of West Jerusalem 1947-50,” Journal of Palestine Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, 1997-1998.

Kudami, Ramah. “67 Years of Nakba: The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine Continues," The US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation, May 15, 2015.

Ladizhinskaya, Assia. “A Palestinian journey back in time to a place called home:
Sixty-five years after his family fled their beloved village, a Palestinian refugee gets to realize his dream and see what is left of his fantasy
," +972, March 15, 2014.

Landsmann, Carolina. "Seinfeld’s National Home Outlaws Leftist Politicians,” Haaretz, March 6, 2019. [Excerpt: "When Justice Isaac Amit understood where (attorney Yoav) Many was going, he asked, “In your view, is anyone who opposes the Law of Return not a Zionist and unable to be in the Knesset?” Many then shared his interpretation of the Law of Return. “The Law of Return has a purpose – to ensure that Israel has a Jewish majority,” he said. Justice Menachem Mazuz queried, “Who said that’s the purpose of the Law of Return?” Many replied, “With all due respect to the Law of Return, it’s a shorthand for something else, … to ensure something that was more important to the state’s founders – the existence of a Jewish majority in the Land of Israel.” But the bottom line, (Justice Menachem) Mazuz pressed him, is that “anyone who objects to the Law of Return can’t be represented in the Knesset? This means that Arabs have no place in the Knesset? Please say yes or no, and if no, how does that fit?” But (attorney) Many insisted, “This is the state and that’s how it is.”Mazuz understood. “Is the fact that someone has an opinion about the Law of Return sufficient to disqualify him?” he asked. And Many finally broke down and admitted, “That’s sufficient.” “Am I supposed to be embarrassed by what I said just now?” Many asked at the end of the hearing. In a word, yes.”]

Lapid, Arnon. “Palmachnic Testimony: We Expelled, We Bombed, We Killed; Yerachmiel Kahnovich from Kibbutz Degania Aleph tells about his part in the Independence War," Yedi'ot Hakibbutz, February 15, 2013. [English translation by Ami Asher, Zochrot]

Laub, Karin. “Israel To Evict Hundreds Of Palestinians From West Bank Hamlets," Huffington Post, July 24, 2012.

Lavie, Aviv. “Right of remembrance," Ha’aretz, August, 2004.

Lazaroff, Tovah. “Jordan Valley announces 10-year plan to triple population. “Between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean there will be 1 nation with sovereignty, and that is Israel,” Bayit Yehudi minister says," May 9, 2014.

Lazaroff, Tovah. “Peace Now: 1,577 settlement tenders issued in 2011,” Jerusalem Post, January 11, 2012.

Lendman, Stephen. “In Palestine, Demolitions and Dispossessions,” Palestine Chronicle, July 31, 2010.

Lev, David. “Yesha Museums to Finally get Government Funding," Israel National News, November 13, 2012.

Levine, Joseph. "NYT op-ed describing Israel as a place of refuge is missing the word, Palestinians,” Mondoweiss, February 9, 2018.

Levinson, Chiam. "At least 166 homes in Israeli settlement built on private Palestinian land; Haaretz has obtained a certified map of the West bank settlement of Eli, drafted by the Civil Administration to clarify what lands could be included in zoning plan for settlement, which reveals houses were built on Palestinian property," Ha’aretz, January 23, 2013.

Levinson, Chaim. "Beit El land deal was based on forged documents, probe finds; According to documents the wives of the heads of the Beit El yeshiva and of a National Union MK bought land together from a dead Palestinian," Ha’aretz, June 22,  2012.

Levinson, Chaim. “IDF destroy ‘unauthorized’ Bedouin reservoirs built before state’s creation,” Ha’aretz, December 12, 2010.

Levison, Chaim. "IDF razes Palestinian West Bank encampment despite being told it had no authority to operate there," Ha’aretz, February 4, 2013.

Levy, Daniel. "Of Herrings and Elephants: Benny Morris and 'Palestinian Rejectionism,'" The Daily Beast, April 16, 2012. Also available at Israeli Occupation Archive.

Levy, Gideon. 'Arab villages, bulldozed from our memory: Our beloved Tel Aviv, whose reputation for enlightenment and openness is world renowned, is built in part on ruined Palestinian villages - and refuses to acknowledge it,"  Ha’aretz,  August 31, 2012. Also available at Israeli Occupation Archive.

Levy, Gideon. “Ethnic cleansing of Palestinians, or, democratic Israel at work: While we are still desperately concealing, denying and repressing our major ethnic cleansing of 1948 - over 600,000 refugees, some who fled in fear of the Israel Defense Forces and its predecessors, some who were expelled by force - it turns out that 1948 nver ended, that its spirit is still with usHa’aretz, May 12, 2011.

Levy, Gideon. "Even Ben-Gurion Thought ‘Most Jews Are Thieves’,” Haaretz, October 3, 2020. [Excerpt: "The quote in the headline wasn’t uttered by an antisemitic leader, a Jew hater or a neo-Nazi. The words are those of the founder of the State of Israel, two months after it was founded. Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion was furious, or at least pretended to be, at a meeting of his political party Mapai, in light of the wave of looting of Arab property by the new Israelis throughout the nascent state.”]

Levy, Gideon. “A heritage covered up,” Ha’aretz, March 1, 2010.

Levy, Gideon. “Israeli Jews should mark Nakba Day, too,” Ha’aretz, May 15, 2012.

Levy, Gideon. “A traveling exhibition of a Palestinian exodus: Photos from the UNRWA archives are on display in Jerusalem, telling the ongoing story of Palestinian refugees,” Ha’aretz, December 6, 2013.

Levy, Gideon. "Water torture: IDF confiscates water containers from Palestinians and Bedouins in Jordan Valley," Ha’aretz, July 8, 2012.

Levy, Gideon. "Why Didn't You Tell Us About the Palestinian Village of Tantura?” Ha’aretz, April 25, 2020.

Levy, Gideon, and Alex Levac. "In the South Hebron Hills, a quiet population transfer is underway. Wildcat Jewish settlement outposts are springing up everywhere in the Jordan Valley and the West Bank alike, but shepherd Mahmoud Hamamdi’s home was illegal and therefore had to be demolished,” Ha'aretz, September 27, 2019.

Levy, Gideon, and Alex Levac. "Israel Is Turning an Ancient Palestinian Village Into a National Park for Settlers. The unbelievable story of a village outside Jerusalem: from its destruction in 1948 to the ticket issued last week by a parks ranger to a descendant of its refugees, who had the gall to harvest the fruits of his labor on his own land,” Ha’aretz,  October 25, 2019.  

Levy, Noah and Bronstein, Eitan. "Repairing the Nakba": Interview with Noa Levy about organizing The Nakba ceremony at Tel Aviv University," Zochrot, July, 2012.

Levy, Sara. "Israeli denial and the Nakba," Socialist Worker, November 10,2014. ["A shorter version of this interview was previously published at Electronic Intifada."]

Lidman, Melanie. "Municipality 'hiding' house demolitions in e.J'lem," Jerusalem Post, July 13, 2012.

Liebling, A. J. "Life in the Gaza Strip,” The New Yorker, March 9. 1957. ["There are Palestinians on the Gaza beach who say, 'My land is five miles from here, and they have taken it to give it to men from ten thousand miles away.’”]

Lynfield, Ben. "Palestinians Pressured to Leave 'Area C' of Occupied West Bank by Israel; Is 'Silent Transfer' a Prelude to Annexation of Arab Land?," Jewish Daily Forward, March 5, 2013.

Laub, Karen and Ibrahim Barzak. "Nakba Day: UN documents Palestinian exodus; As Palestinians mark the Nakba’s 66th anniversary on Thursday, the photos tell the story of the refugee crisis that has transitioned from temporary to seemingly permanent,” The National [UAE], May 15, 2014.

Lubin, Orly. "Photographing what is absent," Ha'aretz, September 18, 2007. [Translation: Charles Kamen]

Lustick, Ian S. "The Red Thread of Israel's “Demographic Problem,” Middle East Policy, March 25, 2019. ["The struggle to respond to the demographic imperative has run like a red thread through the history of the Zionist movement and the State of Israel: from partition, to transfer, to mass immigration of non‐Jews, to disengagement from Gaza, to statistical manipulation. Now there are signs of a new approach to the problem, an approach asserting the centrality, not of a Jewish majority capable of democratically enforcing Jewish rule over the country, but of a Jewish state strong enough to rule a non‐Jewish majority.”]



ref9 2


M-P

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Ma'an News Agency. “Annual 'March of Return' draws thousands of Palestinians to the Negev,” May 14, 2016.

Ma'an News Agency. “Demolitions continue in East Jerusalem despite housing crisis,” January 31, 2014.

Ma'an News Agency. “Group: Israel demolished 27 Jordan Valley homes in January,” February 6, 2014.

Ma'an News Agency. “Hundreds protest against Negev house demolitions,” January 10, 2014.

Ma'an News Agency. “Israel delivers 12 demolition, stop-work notices in Qalqiliya,” December 7, 2015.

Ma'an News Agency. “Israel demolishes homes in Bedouin village for 92nd time,” December 24, 2015.

Ma'an News Agency. “Israeli forces continue demolition campaign across West Bank,” April 7, 2016.

Ma'an News Agency. “The ABCs of Israeli demolitions in the West Bank," August 16, 2012.

Ma’an News Agency. “Thousands bury youths slain by Israel on Nakba Day,” May 20, 2014.

Ma'an News Agency. “Thousands mark Nakba Day in the West Bank and Gaza,” May 16, 2013.

Ma’an News Agency. “Thousands rally in West Bank, Gaza to mark Nakba Day,” May 15, 2014.

Ma'an News Agency. “PLO: Absentee property law 'perpetuates the Nakba,' April 23, 2015.

Ma'an News Agency. “UNRWA digitizes Palestinian refugee experience," November 29, 2013. [UNRWA photo and film archive for Palestine refugees]

Makhoul, Ameer. “The struggle for al-Araqib is the struggle for Palestine,” Electronic Intifada, March 4, 2011.

Makhoul, Manar. “Un-erasing the Nakba: Palestinian Identity in Israel since the first Intifada," Mondoweiss, March 13, 2013.

Mamdani, Mahmood. “Settler Colonialism: Then and Now,” December 6, 2012. [Text of 10th Edward Said Memorial Lecture, Princeton University, Thursday, December 6, 2012. Reading Text (no footnotes)]

Marlowe, Jen. "Israel’s Mizrahi Activists Are Fighting the Racist Nation-State Law. Echoing the country’s Black Panther movement of the early 1970s, they’re challenging the false binary of Arab vs. Jew, which the law strengthens,” The Nation, May 27, 2020.

Merryman-Lotze, Mike. "On the 70th anniversary of the Nakba, a look back at the Palestinian struggle for their right of return,” AFSC Blog, May 14, 2018.

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Masalha, Nur. “A Critique of Benny Morris,” Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 21, No. 1 (Autumn, 1991), pp. 90-97. Available online as a PDF here.

Masalha, Nur. "Remembering the Palestinian Nakba: Commemoration, Oral History and Narratives of Memory," Holy Land Studies: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 7/2, 2008.

Massad, Joseph. "Nakba: The forgotten 19th century origins of the Palestinian catastrophe. Zionist Jewish colonisation of Palestine was a culmination of European Christian efforts to colonise the country in the 1800s,” Middle East Eye, May 14, 2020.

Massad, Joseph. Podcast Ep 20: Joseph Massad on annexation, Electronic Intifada, July 7, 2020. [Interviewed by Nora Barrows-Friedman.]

Massad, Joseph. “Resisting the Nakba,” Electronic Intifada, May 16, 2008. [Excerpt: "The Nakba is in fact much older than 60 years and it is still with us, pulsating with life and coursing through history by piling up more calamities upon the Palestinian people. I hold that the Nakba is a historical epoch that is 127 years old and is ongoing.”]

Massad, Joseph. “The Future of the Nakba,” Electronic Intifada, May 13, 2018. [Excerpt: "Israeli leaders continue to regale their own people and the world with assurances that the Nakba is not just a past and present process of dispossessing the Palestinian people of their lands and expelling them, but rather one that must continue to preserve the future survival of Israel. The Nakba then turns out to be not just a past event and an ongoing process in the present, but a calamity that has a decidedly planned future ahead of it. If so, what might that future be?”]

Matar, Dina. "Whose “Ethnic Cleansing?”: Israel’s Appropriation of the Palestinian NarrativeAl-Shabaka, March 26, 2017.

Matar, Haggai. “High Court: Palestinians have no planning rights: By rejecting a petition by Palestinian residents of Area C, Israel’s High Court of Justice effectively cemented two separate planning regimes on the same plot of land: one for Jews, another for Palestinians," +972, June 12, 2015.

Matar, Haggai. “Police besiege, arrest activists planning to commemorate Nakba in Tel Aviv,” +972, April 26, 2012.

Mawassi, Ansam. "A Palestinian student teaches [Israeli] Jews about the Nakba," Zochrot (website), August, 2013. [Trans. by Charles Kamen]

McCarthy, Rory. "Negev desert nomads on the move again to make way for Israel's barrier: Security fence and spread of Jewish settlement risks way of life for thousands,"  The Guardian [UK], February 27, 2007.

Melom, Mercedes. "The Forcible Transfer of the Palestinian People from the Jordan Valley," Forced Population Transfer in Palestine: Thinking Practically about Return," Spring-Summer, 2012.

Mennonite Central Committee. “Fact Sheet: [Palestinian] Refugees,” January 3, 2018. 

Mermelstein, Hannah. “Overdue Books: Returning Palestine’s “Abandoned Property” of 1948,” Jerusalem Quarterly, Autumn 2011, 47.

Merriman, Rima Najjar. "Reasons Why Palestinians Can Be Hopeful on Nakba Day, 2013," Palestine Chronicle, May 18, 2013.

Merryman-Lotze, Mike. "Israel’s settlement policy in the occupied Palestinian territory,” American Friends Service Committee website, accessed December 27, 2016.

Meyers, Sarah. "A Jewish Prayer for Nakba Day (which was Wednesday),” In the Periphery [blog], May 17, 2013.

Mezzofiore, Gianluca. "Israel Committed Ethnic Cleansing Not Genocide in 1948, Says Top Academic: Oxford professor Derek Penslar claims Israelis should accept Zionist revisionist work," International Business Times, March 14, 2013. [For the counter-argument see Professor Francis A. Boyle, "The Palestinian Genocide By Israel," CounterCurrents, August 30, 2013.]

Middle East Children's Alliance. "Infographic Marks 65 Years of Nakba" [2014].

Middle East Children's Alliance. "Nakba means Catastrophe," May 15, 2014.

Middle East Eye. "Israeli press review: New policy seeks to have Palestinians leave Gaza forever,” August 21, 2019.

Middle East Eye. "Israel's far right slate makes annexation official policy ahead of September election. Ayelet Shaked issues list of 'core values' including extending Israeli sovereignty over the West Bank and upholding the nation-state law,” August 5, 2019. 

Middle East Monitor. “Ben-Gurion letter sheds new light on Nakba,” May 27, 2015.

Middle East Monitor. "Israel actively pushing Palestinians to leave Gaza,” August 20, 2019. 

Middle East Monitor. "Israel demolishes Bedouin village for the 42nd time," September 12, 2012.

Middle East Monitor. "Israel occupation marks 66th anniversary of the Nakba by razing more Palestinian homes,” May 15, 2014.

Middle East Monitor. "‘Israel forced 3,000 Palestinians out of their homes in Jerusalem over 15 years,’ says B’Tselem,” April 29, 2019. [Excerpt: “The
Palestinians in occupied Jerusalem “have no choice” but to build without
permits because the Israeli municipality rarely grants the right to build
or extend homes. The authorities estimate that between 15,000 and
20,000 Arab homes have been built or extended without planning
permission in the past five years. / “Thousands of Palestinians in
the city are living under constant threat to their homes and
businesses; in many cases, the authorities follow through on this
threat or force residents to demolish the structures themselves,”
said B’Tselem. “Israel does not see the residents of East Jerusalem
[the Palestinians] as human beings with equal rights, but as people
it strives to remove from their homes, as they are an obstacle to
Judaising the city.” / The measures adopted by Israel to achieve
that end, added the respected human rights group, are all illegal.
“[The authorities are] deliberately denying Palestinians construction
permits for residential and other purposes, issuing demolition
orders for structures built without a permit for lack of choice,
and demolishing dozens of such structures a year.” Israel,
concluded B’Tselem, has implemented this policy, designed
to clear parts of the city of Palestinians, since occupying the
West Bank and annexing East Jerusalem and the surrounding
villages [in 1967].”]

Middle East Monitor. "Israel founders were ‘thieves’, Israeli
historian says
,” October 6, 2020. [Excerpt: "Another senior
writer at Haaretz, Gideon Levy, commented that the words
“most of the Jews are thieves”, “wasn’t uttered by an
antisemitic leader, a Jew hater or a neo-Nazi, but by the
founder of the State of Israel, two months after it was
founded. Levy said that the Israeli authorities “turned a
blind eye and thus encouraged the looting, despite all
the denunciations, the pretense and a few ridiculous trials.”]

Middle East Monitor. "Israeli fury over UN report denouncing IDF force against Nakba Day protesters,” February 20, 2014.

Middle East Monitor. "Journeys ‘Home’ – Internally displaced Palestinians and the Nakba villages,” May 15, 2016. [Photos by Rich Wiles.]

Middle East Monitor. "Knesset bans Arab minister from proposing law to punish Nakba-denial,” February 20, 2014. [Ahmed Al Tibi]

Middle East Monitor. "Knesset criminalises the commemoration of the “Nakba,” February 27, 2014.

Middle East Monitor. "A new Nakba looms as Israel plans ethnic cleansing of Palestinian village in the Negev," October 15, 2012.

Middle East Monitor, "Senior IDF officer admits 'live-fire zones' used to expel Palestinians in the West Bank,” May 21, 2014. [Excerpt: "A senior IDF officer has told a Knesset committee that military training in live-fire zones in the West Bank “is used as a way of reducing the number of Palestinians living nearby, and serves as an important part of the campaign against Palestinian illegal construction”, according to a report in Israeli daily Haaretz.”]

Miftah, "1948-1967. The Palestinian Exodus: The Palestinian refugee problem," [factsheet]. Downloadable as a pdf here.

Milligan, Paul. "Mass grave uncovered containing dozens of Palestinians killed in 1948 war that founded Israel,” Daily Mail [UK], May 31, 2013.

Mondoweiss Editors. "On Nakba day, Palestinian civil society in besieged Gaza decries collective failure to ensure accountability for Israeli massacre," Mondoweiss, May 15, 2015.

Mondoweiss Editors. "Defying official censorship orders, Brown and RISD students hold Nakba discussion inside Hillel,” Mondoweiss, May 12, 2016.

Mondoweiss Editors. "Vermont artist creates 45-foot ‘street comic’ telling story of the Nakba,” Mondoweiss, May 13, 2016. [The individual panels of “Najawa” can be viewed online at Red Wedge Magazine.]

Moon, Sara, Bella Crowe, Ruth Knappe. "Cycle ’48: Remapping the Nakba," Mondoweiss, February 23, 2015.

Moore, Jack. "Israel NGO B'Tselem Support Claim Palestinians Killed Without Reason on Nakba Day," [GRAPHIC], International Business Times, May 21, 2014.  

Moran, Rona and Miryam Wijler. "One rightest group's [Regavim] creeping state influence, on both sides of the Green Line: Whether in Area C of the West Bank, in the Negev, the Galilee or in 'mixed cities,' Regavim has one clear goal: the selective implementation of planning and construction laws, encouraging the state to demolish Palestinian homes or public buildings," +972, September 5, 2012.

Morany, Myssana. “Israel aims new Nakba-style weapon at Arab citizens. A new law paves the way for a fresh wave of home demolitions in Palestinian towns and villages throughout Israel. Its passing is proof that the land grab begun by Israel in 1948 never ended,” +972, May 15, 2017.

Morrison, Seth. "The JNF is Helping the Israeli Government Steal a Palestinian Family’s HouseThe Forward, February 6, 2018.

Moshman, David. "Palestinians Erased from Space and Consciousness,” Huffington Post, February 24, 2016. [Review of Erased from Space and Consciousness: Israel and the Depopulated Palestinian Villages of 1948, by Noga Kadman.]

Mossawa Center ["The Advocacy Center for Arab Citizens in Israel"]. "Nakba 2017: 69 Years of Displacement,” Website for Mossawa, May 3, 2017.

Moussa, Ahmad. "The Palestinian Nakba: A time to remember global indigenous struggles," Mondoweiss, May 15, 2015.

Moussa, Emad. "Please don’t call us ‘Arab’,” Mondoweiss, May 31, 2020. [“(R)eferring to Palestinians as simply ‘Arabs’ helps sustain the Zionist denial of the Palestinians as an independent identity and culture. The rationale goes as follows: if there is no distinct Palestinian identity, then there is no or has not been such thing as Palestine. And, accordingly, Israel is not an invader or an occupier.”]

Moving Forward [The Editors], "The Nakba in numbers: Displacement of the Palestinians and destruction of their villages,” April 7, 2018.

Muaddi, Qassam. "The top 5 misconceptions about the Palestinian Nakba,” Quds News Network, May 11, 2020.

Muaddi, Qassam. "What does the Nakba mean in 2020? Three young female Palestinians answer. “I always imagine the day that the camps will become empty. I ask myself, as we’re returning, will we feel sad for the camps?” Quds News Network, May 15, 2020.

Munayyer, Yousef.  "Blaming the Victim," Newsweek/The Daily Beast, June 1, 2012.

Munayyer, Yousef. “Ethnic Cleansing by Any Other Name: Changes in Israeli Military Orders Effective Today Target Palestinians,” The Jerusalem Fund, April 13, 2010.

Munayyer, Yousef. “First Step to Peace: Conquering Nakba Denial, Newsweek/DailyBeast, May 3, 2012.

Munayyer, Yousef. "How Many is Too Many?Newsweek/DailyBeast, August 16, 2012.

Munayyer, Yousef. "The limits of liberal Zionism: 'NYT' columnist Roger Cohen misrepresents the Nakba and the right of return," Mondoweiss, January 18, 2013.

Munayyer, Yousef. "Mr. President, Don't Forget the Nakba," Newsweek/DailyBeast, March 19, 2013.

Munayyer, Yousef. “Nakba Day is a reminder that George Mitchell can’t ignore Palestinian refugees,” Mondoweiss, May 17, 2010.

Munayyer, Yousef. "NY Times Euphemizes the Nakba," The Jerusalem Fund, December 20, 2013.

Munayyer, Yousef. “Top 10 Facts You Probably Didn't Know About the #Nakba," The Jerusalem Fund, May 14, 2012.

Munayyer, Yousef. “Why the Prawer Plan Is Just a Continuation of the Nakba," The Jerusalem Fund, July 17, 2013.

Murad, Nora Lester. “Stolen Books, Stolen Identity: What Did Israel Do with Palestinians' Literary Heritage?," Arabic Literature (in English), January 20, 2013.

Murphy, Maureen Claire. “Book casts new light on Palestine’s ethnic cleansing," Electronic Intifada, September 28, 2009. [Review of Rosemarie Esber's book Under the Cover of War: The Zionist Expulsion of the Palestinians.]

Murphy, Maureen Claire. “I can coexist with Israelis but only when I return home," says Nakba survivor," Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2014.

Murphy, Maureen Claire. “Israel moves to corral Bedouins in camps,” Electronic Intifada, October 15, 2019. ["Israel is moving to forcibly transfer some 36,000 Bedouins into displacement camps as part of a plan to develop the southern Naqab desert, a human rights group warns.”]

Murphy, Maureen Claire. “Israel pushing Palestinians to leave Gaza,” Electronic Intifada, August 19, 2019. ["Every two in three Palestinians in Gaza is a refugee from lands inside what is now Israel. That government forbids them from exercising their right to return as enshrined in international law because they are not Jews. The senior Israeli official was reported by The Times of Israel as saying that his government is asking countries to absorb Palestinians emigrating from Gaza.”]

Musih, Norma. “Learning the Nakba as a condition for peace and reconciliation,” Zochrot, October 2005.

Mutter, Paul. “UK, France, Germany and Portugal condemn Israeli plan to build 1,000 new settlement homes,” Mondoweiss, December 20, 2011.

Najaer, Muki. “Silent Nakba: Israel's Slow Displacement of Palestinian Farmers," Thirsting for Justice, August 19, 2013.

Nakhleh, Khalil. “Al Nakba of 1948: Older Than 60 Years for Sure, But How Long Will It Persist?CounterPunch, March 21-23, 2008.

Nassar, Tamara. "Fight to save Jaffa’s last Muslim cemetery from Israeli bulldozers,” Electronic Intifada, March 1, 2018.

Nassar, Tamara. “Israel fast-tracks expulsions of Palestinian communities,” Electronic Intifada, January 9, 2018.

Nassar, Tamara. "Israel forces Umm al-Hiran villagers to “agree” to expulsion,” Electronic Intifada, April 12, 2018.

Nassar, Tamara. "Israel passes law entrenching apartheid,” Electronic Intifada, July 19, 2018.

Nassar, Tamara. "My family’s Nakba story,” Mondoweiss, Juky 22, 2016.

Nassar, Tamara. "Netanyahu tells first graders he’ll annex West Bank settlements,” Electronic Intifada  September 2, 2019.

The National Institute of Social Care & Vocational Training (NISCVT)]. “The Ongoing Nakba: Palestinian Refugees from Syria in Lebanon," January 8, 2014 [also see Jadaliyya Reports, December 26, 2013].

Naylor, Hugh. “Bedouin are 'squatters' on their own land," The National, June 11, 2012.

Naylor, Hugh. “Israel refused to renew residency rights of at least 240,000 Palestinians, records show," The National, June 13, 2012.

Nebehay, Stephanie. “U.N. rights inquiry says Israel must remove settlers," Reuters, January 31, 2013.

Nebehay, Stephanie. "U.N. rights investigator accuses Israel of 'ethnic cleansing,'" Reuters, March 21, 2014.

Negev Coexistence Forum for Civil Equality. "Even the dead face eviction at Al-Arakib," May 23, 2014.

Nevel, Donna. "What We Talk About When We Don’t Talk About The Nakba,” The Forward, March 29, 2017.

Nevel, Donna. "BADIL and Zochrot Speaking Tour: Centering the Nakba and the right of return,Mondoweiss, March 6, 2015.

Nevel, Donna. “Facing the Nakba,” Radical Teacher, December 22, 2017.

Nevel, Donna. "Jews Say No! publishes ‘Moving Forward’ to highlight Jewish National Fund role in the Nakba,” Mondoweiss, May 9, 2018.

Nevel, Donna. "Making Visible the Nakba: A U.S.-Based Education Project," The Huffington Post, February 26, 2014.

Newman, Marcy. “Zionist Narratives of Palestinian Land: American Independence Park,” Body on the Line [blog], June 30, 2009.

Nieuwhof, Adri. "Jewish National Fund “repents” for erasing Palestinian villages," Electronic Intifada, December 9, 2013.

Nofal, Mamdouh, Fawaz Turki, Haidar Abdel Shafi, Inea Bushnaq, Yezid Sayigh. Shafiq al-Hout, Salma Khadra Jayyusi, and Musa Budeiri, "Reflections on Al-Nakba," Journal of Palesine Studies, Vol. 28, No. 1, (Autumn, 1998), pp. 5-35

Norr, Henry. "Palestinian ghettos, created by violence, have been Israeli plan since '67 — Amira Hass," Mondoweiss, January 21, 2013.

Norton, Ben and Max Blumenthal, "Israel Begins Ethnically Cleansing Bedouin Community to Build Jews-Only Town. The newest Israeli human rights abuses raise severe questions about the country's claim to be a democracy,” AlterNet, January 18, 2017.

Nsasra, Mansour. “Before you expel the Bedouin…: Despite the government’s approval of the Prawer proposals, the Bedouin will not relinquish their claim to their historical land,” Ha’aretz, September 24, 2011.

Nuseibah, Munir. "Decades of Displacing Palestinians: How Israel Does It,” Al-Shabaka, June 18, 2013.

Nuseibah, Munir. "Israel's dangerous new transfer tactic in Jerusalem,” Policy Brief for al-Shabaka, Ma’an News Agency, April 13, 2016.

Nuseibah, Munir. "The Second Nakba: Displacement of Palestinians in and after the 1967 Occupation; June 1967, an Endless Six-Day War,” orientxxi, June 1, 2017. [Excerpt: "While the Nakba represented a catastrophic historic event in the collective consciousness of the Palestinian people, it was followed only 19 years later by another horrific war which resulted in the displacement of a quarter to one third of the Palestinian population and the beginning of a new era in which the whole of it got to live under a complex Israeli regime. This additional event got to be known as “the Naksa”, which can be translated as a serious quick escalation of an earlier catastrophe.”]

Odeh, Ayman. "How Israel Bulldozes Democracy,” New York Times, February 12, 2017.

Odeh, Ayman. "Israel Celebrates Its Independence, We Mourn Our Loss,” New York Times, April 18, 2018. 

Odeh, Ayman. "MK Odeh: 'Nakba not just a painful past, also possibility for shared future,’ i24 News, May 15, 2016.

Odgaard, Lena. "West Bank Bedouins fear 'a second nakba': An Israeli plan to forcibly transfer Bedouins to nearby Palestinian villages has met with staunch resistance,"  Al Jazeera English, January 21, 2013.

Ofir, Jonathan. "‘Barbarism by an educated and cultured people’ — Dawayima massacre was worse than Deir Yassin,” Mondoweiss, February 7, 2016.

Ofir, Jonathan. "‘Ethnic cleansing’ becomes ‘No ethnic cleansing’ in Israeli history by Benny Morris,” Mondoweiss, February 7, 2016.

Ofir, Jonathan. "Israeli Defense Ministry dep’t is dedicated to covering up evidence of the Nakba — ‘Haaretz,’ Mondoweiss, July 5, 2019.

Ofir, Jonathan. "Legalizing the theft of Palestinian land has been Israeli policy since Day 1,” Mondoweiss, February 7, 2017. 

Ofir, Jonathan. "The Mukhtar’s sworn testimony – more on the 1948 Dawaymeh Massacre,” Mondoweiss, February 12, 2016. 

Ofir, Jonathan. "The Tantura massacre of 1948 and the academic character assassination of Teddy Katz,” Mondoweiss, March 3, 2016. [“All of the men of Tantura [in Israel] were taken to the cemetery of the village, and they put them in lines, and they ordered them to begin digging, and every line that finished digging just was shot and fell down to the holes. Which I guess reminds at least a few of you, something that had to do with Germans, three years after the end of 2nd World War.”  —Teddy Katz, lecture, Olean, NY, April 14th 2005.”]

Ophir, Adi. "Regime change passes through its zero year: 1948, Adir Ophir responds to Eitan Bronstein on the importance of Zochrot," Zochrot, June, 2012. [Translation by Charles Kamen and Ami Asher]

Omer-Man, Michael Schaeffer. "Hundreds protest forced transfer, destruction of Palestinian village Susya: Despite a pending High Court case, the village is facing imminent destruction and forced population transfer. State Department, EU foreign ministers have all called on Israel to let the villagers stay on their land," +972, July 24, 2015.

Omer-Man, Michael Schaeffer. "Senior Israeli gov’t minister warns Palestinians of ‘third Nakba’: Tzachi Hanegbi, a close ally of Netanyahu, threatens Palestinians with ethnic cleansing in response to the latest round of violence,” +972, July 24, 2017.

Oppenheimer, Yehudit. "Netanyahu’s transfer plan is met with silent complicity. The prime minister’s proposal to revoke the residency status of 100,000 East Jerusalemites sends an unequivocal message to all Arabs living under Israeli rule: your rights are rooted in our good will alone, and conditionally so. The silence of Israel’s ‘democratic’ camp is deafening," +972, November 14, 2015.

Oron, Assaf. “Law Enforcement” Destroys Prayer House, Homes, School – Just Because They’re for Arabs,” Israel: The Only Democracy in the Middle East? November 30, 2011.

Oron, Assaf and Ehud Krinis. "Settler Front-Group Presses Government to Accelerate Demolition Frenzy, Tripping Itself Up in the Process," The Villages Group, March 17, 2012.

Ortiz, Fabíola. "Palestinian nakba continues,” The New Age [South Africa], October 12, 2016.

Osborne. Peter. "How bulldozers, Bedouin and ethnic cleansing herald the death of the two-state solution: Bedouin villagers of Khan al-Ahmar fear their long-threatened West Bank community may be demolished within days,” Middle East Eye, June 16, 2018.

Othman, Deanna. "The Nakba equipped me with a spirit born of catastrophe but destined for triumph," Sixteen Minurtes to Palestine, May 15, 2014.

Pace, Jacob. "From Al Nakba to ‘Anata: 56 Years of Home Demolitions,” Electronic Intifada, December 7, 2004.

Palestine Legal. "70 Years of Nakba Demands a Reckoning,” PalestinLegal.org, May 15, 2018. ["Today, we at Palestine Legal recommit ourselves to defending the civil and constitutional rights of people in the U.S. who advocate for Palestinian freedom. We will continue our work to ensure that there can be a reckoning for Israeli atrocities, and that our elected officials get the message, loud and clear, that we will not accept complicity in and enabling of Israel’s crimes.”]

Palestine Solidarity Campaign, “Statement: Palestine is being built out of existence,” April 22, 2016. ["This Saturday an advert will appear in the Guardian reaffirming our right – indeed our duty – to boycott Israel. The advert is based on the below statement…”]

Palestine News Network. "Kairos Palestine Condemns the Destruction of Bab Al-Shams," January 14, 2013.

Palestinian Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions National Committee (BNC). "BDS: Upholding our Rights, Resisting the Ongoing Nakba: The BNC Commemorates the 69th Anniversary of the Palestinian Nakba,” BDSMovement.net, May 14, 2017.

Palestinian Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions National Committee (BNC). "On Nakba day, Palestinian civil society in besieged Gaza decries collective failure to ensure accountability for Israeli massacre," BDSMovement.net, May 15, 2015.

Palestinian Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions National Committee (BNC). "Palestinians on US Embassy Opening in Jerusalem & 70 Years of the Ongoing Nakba,” BDSMovement.net, May 14, 2018.

Palestinian Council of Human Rights Organizations. "For Palestinians, the Nakba has been perpetuated for decades,"  Mondoweiss (orig, in Al-Haq website), May 15, 2012.

Palestinian Information Center. "Araqib village razed for the 45th time," December 11, 2012.

Palestinian Information Center. "OCHA: Israeli occupation destroys 13 houses weekly in West Bank," September 24, 2012.

Palestinian Return Centre. "Press Statement: The Palestinian Nakba 72 Years On,” May 14, 2020.

Pappe, Ilan. "Ethnic Cleansing in Palestine: Ilan Pappé interviewed by Alejandra Ríos,” The Bullet, September 16, 2016.

Pappe, Ilan. [Excerpts from the book] The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine, Oneworld Publications, 2006.

Pappe, Ilan. “Finding the Truth Amid Israel’s Lies,” Electronic Intifada, May 30, 2018. ["it would have been possible to write the “new history” of 1948 without a single new declassified document, but only if these open sources, as I call them, had been read with non-Zionist lenses.”]

Pappe, Ilan. "The '48 Nakba & The Zionist Quest for its Completion," Between the Lines, October 2002. ["(B)ased upon the transcript of a lecture presented by Dr. Pappe to the Right To Return Coalition - Al Awda UK, held at the School for Oriental and African Studies in London Monday 16th September 2002. It is hereby published after receiving Dr. Pappe's consent and editorial remarks. [BTL]; reprinted in Bint Jbeil.

Pappe, Ilan. "The Nakba: A crime watched, ignored and remembered. The steadfastness of the Palestinians is like the age-old olive trees in Palestine that succeed in resurfacing between the European pines,” Middle East Eye, May 15, 2015.

Pappe, Ilan. "Israel coined the term 'Nakba' and is still implementing it," The Electronic Intifada, July 20, 2012.

Pappe, Ilan. "Israel’s latest attempt to erase Palestine,” The Electronic Intifada, July 25, 2019. ["The attempt to suppress official documentation of the ethnic cleansing of Palestinians in 1948 is not new. But efforts by teams from the Israeli defense ministry to remove sensitive documents from Israeli archives – as reported by the Haaretz newspaper recently – must be understood in a new political climate and are not simply an attempt to spare Israeli governments embarrassment, as some have suggested.”]

Pappe, Ilan. "Myth: The Palestinians Voluntarily Left Their Homeland in 1948,” Verso Books Blog, May 10, 2017. [Excerpt from the book Ten Myths About Israel, by Ilan Pappe, Verso Books, 2017.]

Pappe, Ilan. "Peace begins with Israel ending the Nakba,” Mondoweiss, May 17, 2018.

Pappe, Ilan. "The Value of Viewing Israel-Palestine Through the Lens of Settler-Colonialism,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, March 24, 2017.

Pappe, Ilan. “Were they expelled? The history, historiography and relevance of the Palestinian refugee problem,” Zochrot.

Pappe, Ilan. "When Israeli denial of Palestinian existence becomes genocidal," Electronic Intifada, April 20, 2013.

Pappe, Ilan and Samer Jaber. "Ethnic Cleansing by All Means: The real Israeli ‘peace’ policy," Mondoweiss, October 17, 2014.

Paq, Anne. “Always on My Mind,” Electronic Intifada, July 26, 2018. [“I don’t lose hope. I dream to go back. I am sure the time will come. The sun will rise again. The Israelis did not study history. All occupiers go. We can live together but we should put an end to the occupation, and create a democratic state for all under democratic laws.”]

Paq, Anne. “In photos: al-Walaja village faces “slow death” as Israel takes its land,” Electronic Intifada, March 24, 2014.

Parry, Nigel. "Nakba widely misrepresented as an anti-Israeli protest instead of a Palestinian commemoration," Electronic Intifada, May 15, 2001

Parry, William. "De-colonising the mind - a former Zionist fighter's journey. Tikva Honig-Parnass joined the Palmach militia as it ethnically cleansed Palestinians and now works to expose the crime,” Al Jazeera, May 8, 2018.

Parsons, Laila. "The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine (review),"  Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, Volume 29, Number 3, 2009, pp. 585-586. Downloadable [through Project Muse (not free)] pdf here.

Patel, Yumna. "Israel approves nearly 5,000 new settlement units in occupied West Bank. The Netanyahu government has advanced plans for 4,948 new settlement units in the West Bank, signalling an end to the pretense that Israel has halted its annexation plans in exchange for normalization with Arab countries, Mondoweiss, October 15, 2020.

Pekkonen, Heli. "Wiping a Village Off the Map: The Destruction of a Herder Community in Northern Jordan Valley," The Israeli Committee Against Home Demolitions, January 29, 2013.

Palumbo-Liu, David. "Why Solidarity Between the Movement for Black Lives and Palestine Makes Sense,” Truthout, August 24, 2016. 

Peled, Miko. “Ethnic Cleansing of an Invented People,” MikoPeled, December 20, 2011.

Peled-Elhanan, Nurit. “I will mourn on Nakba Day,” (originally distributed by email) Israeli Occupation Archives, March 20, 2010.

Pessah, Tom. "Mapping the Palestinian villages erased and replaced with Jewish towns, A new map seeks to provide new information on the Palestinian cities, towns, and villages that were erased and replaced since the inception of the Zionist movement,” +972, January 29, 2017.

Pessah, Tom. "The Nakba: Addressing Israeli arrogance. For Israelis wishing to participate in a common struggle, relieving ourselves of our ignorance and arrogance should be the top priority. Not for the sake of Palestinians – for our own sake, to restore our own humanity," +972, May 15, 2013

Pessah, Tom. "'Truth commission' uncovers the history of Bedouin dispossession. An informal ‘Public Truth Commission’ set out to find exactly what happened to the Negev Bedouin between 1948 and 1960. While Bedouin witnesses told stories of massacres, rape and expulsions, former Israeli soldiers said they were just following orders." +972, December 14, 2014.

Pessah, Tom. "The violent roots of Israel's Labor party. The Labor party’s glory days included the Nakba, conquering and settling the West Bank and East Jerusalem and other affairs Israeli society has yet to begin processing," +972, March 9, 2015.

Pessah, Tom. "Why the inconvenient truths of the Nakba must be recognized," +972, May 14, 2012.

Piterberg, Gabriel. "Erasures: How the founding myths of Israel dictated conceptual removal of Palestinians, during and after physical removal. The invention of ‘retroactive transfer’ and ‘present absentees’ as the glacial euphemisms of ethnic cleansing,"  New Left Review,  No. 10, July-August 2001.

Pollard, Ruth. “Bedouin battle to stay in their villages ends in rubble,” Sydney Morning Herald,” November 5, 2011.

Prusher, Ilene. "Israel's Absentee Property Law exposes an absence of morality in Jerusalem: Upholding a 63-year old law allowing Israel to confiscate "absentee" properties of Palestinian-owned homes in Jerusalem sends a dangerous message and puts up a road block to peace,"  Ha'aretz, June 7, 2013.

Punia, Aarushi. "Remembering the Nakba through Palestinian literature. Palestinian literature on the Nakba creates a sense of community through the narration of memory,” Mondoweiss, May 11, 2020.

Purkiss, Jessica. "Archeology as a tool of the occupation," Middle East Monitor, October 16, 2014.



Daily life in tents for 6,000 Palestinian residents of Nahr Al-Barid Refugee Camp in Tarablus, Lebanon, 1952. Today, the population of the camp is more than 40,000.


Q-Z

Raanan, Yeela. “Alert: Thousands of police evacuating and demolishing the village of El-Araqib in the Israeli Negev,” Israel: The Only Democracy in the Middle East? July 27, 2010.

Rabbis for Human Rights. "Against Begin-Praver: All the Facts About Bedouin Settlement in the Negev." May 30, 2013.

Rabbis for Human Rights. "Background information on the Begin Plan," March 5, 2013.

Rabbis for Human Rights. “Tell JNF not to Evict Families from East Jerusalem,” [petition], February 23, 2012.

Rabbis for Human Rights. "Settler lies about land ownership as a method of eviction and judaization," August 7, 2012.

Rabbis for Human Rights. "Theodore Bikel: It Hurts that the Descendents of Anatevka Expel Israeli Bedouin," YouTube video, May 31, 2013.

Radi, Tareq. "66 years ago today 42 members of my family were slaughtered in Deir Yassin," Mondoweiss, April 9, 2014.

Ramahi, Sawsan. "On the anniversary of the Nakba: I haven’t forgotten, Mum,” Middle East Monitor, May 17, 2016.

Rashad, Haifa. "Nakba Memoricide: Genocide Studies and the Zionist/Israeli Genocide of Palestine," Holy Land Studies, Volume 13, Page 1-23.

Ravid, Barak. "Citing National Security, Israel Likely to Keep Army File on Palestinian Refugees From 1948 Sealed: File includes research material commissioned by Ben-Gurion to 'prove' refugees were not expelled in 1948 War of Independence,” Haaretz, September 20, 2016. [Behind Ha’aretz's paywall]

Raz, Adam. “Secret Israeli Document Reveals Plan to Keep Arabs Off Their Lands. A document unsealed after 60 years reveals the Israeli government’s secret intentions behind the imposition of a military government on the country’s Arab citizens in 1948: not to enhance security but to ensure Jewish control of the land," Haaretz, January 31, 2020. {Excerpt: "Why did the state continue to conceal a report that was written more than six decades ago? The explanation might lie in a cabinet session in July 1959, in which Education Minister Zalman Aranne stated that “among the conclusions are some that are political.” In other words, security had nothing to do with it. He added, “The thing must be done, but not revealed, such as Judaizing Galilee, for example.”]

Raz, Adam. "When Israel Placed Arabs in Ghettos Fenced by Barbed Wire. Censored documents in Israel's State Archives reveal disturbing truths about the military restrictions imposed on Arab city dwellers during the War of Independence,” Haaretz, May 28, 2020. 

Raz, Eyal. "1,500 Palestinians face expulsion to make way for IDF 'Firing Zone 918," +972, August 29, 2012.

Regan, Bernard. "Review of The Palestine Nakba,” Red Pepper, June 20, 2012.

Rego, Nasser. "Israel, 1948 and Memoricide: The 1948 Al-'Araquib/Negev Massacre and its Legacy," Holy Land Studies, Vol. 11, pp. 201-215. November, 2012.

Rego, Nasser. "The Nakba and the Farm,” The Nakba Files, August 3, 2016. ["I mediate my ethical relation to the Nakba via the farm. This is no how-to-resist-the-Nakba guide. Rather, it is a probing of what it means to have recently come to be in the good company of those who are actively returning to and working the land, engaging the Nakba in ways that break the mold.”]

Rego, Nasser. "Zionists massacred Bedouins in 1948, threaten them again today,"  Electronic Intifada, August 20, 2013. ["The Prawer Plan is not a renewal of an old catastrophe: it is characteristic of ongoing colonialism. This means that the Nakba is a continuing phenomenonrather than limited to a certain time period."]

Reider, Dimi. "Israel’s Changing Nakba Narrative," The Palestine Chronicle, May 20. 2014.

Rempel, Terry. "Of War and Population Transfer," Media Monitors Network, October 18, 2002.

Reuters. "Israel Bans Use of Palestinian Term 'Nakba' in Textbooks: Term describing 'catastrophe' of 1948 was introduced in Arab schools in 2007, under Labor education min,” Ha'aretz, July 22, 2009. [See http://www.haaretz.com/israel-bans-use-of-palestinian-term-nakba-in-textbooks-1.280515]

Reuters. "Israeli razing of Palestinian homes at peak: Aid groups say Israeli demolition of Palestinian homes is at 5-year high,” Al Jazeera, February 7, 2014.

Reuters. "UN rights investigator accuses Israel of 'ethnic cleansing,' Richard Falk says more than 11,000 Palestinians have lost their right to live in Jerusalem since 1996," Jerusalem Post, March 21, 2014.

Rinat, Zafrir. "Report: Jewish settlers now control dozens of West Bank springs; UN agency says most of springs are located on private Palestinian land, publishes testimonies by Palestinians who say they are afraid of approaching water sources due to settler violence," Ha'aretz, March 20, 2012.

Robbins, Annie. "Autopsy reveals Nakba Day protester [Nadim Nuwara, a young Palestinian] killed by [Israeli] live ammunition," Mondoweiss, June 13, 2014.

Robbins, Annie. “Hiding in plain sight," Mondoweiss, June 15, 2013. ["On Thursday June 13, 2013 in an interview on IDF Radio the commander of the 53rd Battalion of the Givati Brigade, Yitzhak Pundak, confirmed that forces under his command ethnically cleansed Palestinian villages in 1948."]

Robbins, Annie. “Israel destroys dairy farm in occupied Palestine,” Mondoweiss, May 3, 2012.

Robbins, Annie. “Israeli Embassy tries to deflect protest over Bedouin relocation — it's for their own good,” Mondoweiss, July 2, 2013.

Robbins, Annie. “Israelis defy Nakba law on Independence Day,” Mondoweiss, May 14, 2011.

Robbins, Annie. "Jerusalem municipality ‘taking advantage’ of US elections to expand settlements,” Mondoweiss, July 27, 2016.

Robbins, Annie. "Stealing Palestine dunam by dunam," Mondoweiss, July 29, 2012.

Robbins, Annie. “Your ‘independence’ day is our Nakba”: Thousands of Palestinian citizens of Israel join ‘march of return’ to destroyed village of Lubya," Mondoweiss, May 7, 2014.

Ronen, Gil. "100-Year-Old General: We Razed Arab Villages, So What? Brig Gen. (res.) Yitzhak Pundak: If we hadn't done it, there would be a million more Arabs and there would be no Israel," Israel National News, June 13, 2013.

Ronen, Yaël. "The insecure residence of East Jerusalem Palestinians: The goal of Israel’s policies in East Jerusalem is to shrink the size of the city’s Palestinian population. Here’s how,” +972, November 30, 2017.

Rose, Jacqueline. "Rereading: Khirbet Khizeh by S Yizhar: In his novella of the 1948 war, the Israeli writer S Yizhar sought to preserve the memory of the Palestinian nakba. Jacqueline Rose on a haunting tale that still stirs intense controversy," The Guardian [UK], March 11, 2011.

Rose, Liz. "Sanitizing the Nakba, in ‘The New York Times Book Review'," Mondoweiss, March 123, 2015.

Rosen, Rabbi Brant. "A Jewish Prayer for Nakba Day,” Shalom Rav, April 19, 2018.

Rosen, Rabbi Brant. “A Reckoning for Yom Ha’atzmau,” Shalom Rav, May 13, 2011.

Rosen, Rabbi Brant. "B'tselem Reports on Israel's 'De Facto Annexation' of Area C," Shalom Rav, June 12, 2013.

Rosen, Rabbi Brant. "Israeli Government Poised to Evict 40,000 Bedouin - Please Act Now," Shalom Rav, May 31, 2013.

Rosen, Rabbi Brant. "The Prawer Plan Passes First Knesset Reading," Shalom Rav, June 24, 2013.

Rosen, Rabbi Brant. “Tell JNF to Cease its Practice of Ethnic Cleansing,” Shalom Rav, November 23, 2012.

Rosen, Rabbi Brant. “Why I Support the Palestinian Law of Return,” Shalom Rav, May 7, 2017.

Ross, Robert. "How the New York Times erases Israel's crimes," Electronic Intifada, December 29, 2012.

Rotem, Michal. "In Al-Arakib, even the dead face eviction: The Bedouin village of Al-Arakib has been demolished 63 times since 2010. Now it’s dealing with its latest challenge: eviction orders for the deceased," +972,  May 26, 2014. [Translated by Yehudit Keshet]

Rotem, Noam. "The ethnic cleansing of al-Sindiyana: True reconciliation can only begin once we acknowledge past injustices. And there’s a lot to own up to,” +972,  September 14, 2016.

Roth, Natasha. "Demolishing Palestinian structures is the norm — not the exception: A sharp increase in demolitions of structures in the West Bank displaces over 120 Palestinians, drawing media attention and a harsh response from the United Nations," +972, August 19, 2015.

Roth, Natasha. "In five-year high, Israel demolishes 143 Palestinian structures in single month: Israel demolished 143 Palestinian structures in August, the highest such total in five years. The wave of demolitions came amid severe heat waves and has left children homeless as they start the new school year," +972, September 5, 2015.

Roth, Natasha. "A living legacy of displacement: The impulses that drove the dispossession of the 1948 war are still acted on today, on both sides of the borders it forged,” +972,  June 19, 2015.

Roth, Natasha. "The road out of the occupation runs through the Nakba: As long as Israelis deny, distort and repress the expulsion of over 750,000 Palestinians, we will never truly accept and absorb the end of the occupation," +972, April 11, 2015.

Rothchild, Alice. "Ending memoricide– the Nakba Museum project," Mondoweiss,  June 18, 2015.

Rothchild, Alice. “‘What is this, delusional?’ (the west’s deafening silence on the Judaization of Jerusalem),Mondoweiss,  January 10, 2011.

Rothman, Moriel. “The JNF: Planting Trees or Uprooting Families?Huffington Post, November 23, 2011.

Ruttenberg, Roee. "Israel's n**** word: efforts to teach it, and attempts to erase it: My thoughts about Nakba, Nakba Day, and the so-called Nakba law are simple. Silencing another’s narrative does not make that narrative go away. And in a similar vein, giving a voice to another’s narrative does not invalidate one’s own," +972, May 14, 2012.

Sabella, Zack. "Days Lost But Not Forgotten: My Family’s Account of Nakba Day,” Huffington Post, May 13, 2016.

Saksena, Rahul. "The Never-Ending Nakba: Israel mass-expelled Palestinians from their lands 70 years ago. The displacement hasn’t stopped since,” In These Times, May 18, 2018.

Salfiti, Wasim. "My Family's History with Nakba," Huffington Post, May 18, 2012.

Samaha, Nour. “Foreign fighters support Israel’s settlements: The Jewish Defence League has dispatched French “militants” for a “show of solidarity” in illegal West